Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Cetraric adjective Pertaining to, or derived from, the lichen, Iceland moss ( Cetaria Islandica ).

Cetraric acid . See Cetrarin .

Cetrarin noun [ From Cetraria Islandica, the scientific name of Iceland moss.] (Chemistry) A white substance extracted from the lichen, Iceland moss ( Cetraria Islandica ). It consists of several ingredients, among which is cetraric acid , a white, crystalline, bitter substance.

Cetyl noun [ Greek ... whale + -yl .] (Chemistry) A radical, C 16 H 33 , not yet isolated, but supposed to exist in a series of compounds homologous with the ethyl compounds, and derived from spermaceti.

Cetylic adjective (Chemistry) Of, pertaining to, or derived from, spermaceti.

Cetylic alcohol (Chemistry) , a white, waxy, crystalline solid, obtained from spermaceti, and regarded as homologous with ordinary, or ethyl, alcohol; ethal; -- called also cetyl alcohol .

Ceylanite noun [ French, from Ceylan Ceylon.] (Min.) A dingy blue, or grayish black, variety of spinel. It is also called pleonaste . [ Written also ceylonite .]

Ceylonese adjective Of or pertaining to Ceylon. -- noun sing. & plural A native or natives of Ceylon.

Cha (chä) noun [ Chin. ch‘a .] [ Also chaa , chais , tsia , etc.] Tea; -- the Chinese (Mandarin) name, used generally in early works of travel, and now for a kind of rolled tea used in Central Asia.

A pot with hot water . . . made with the powder of a certain herb called chaa , which is much esteemed.
Tr. J. Van Linschoten's Voyages (1598).

Chab (chăb) noun (Zoology) The red-bellied woodpecker ( Melanerpes Carolinus ).

Chabasite (kăb"ȧ*sīt), Cab"a*zite (kăb"ȧ*zīt) noun [ Greek chabazi`os one of twenty species of stones mentioned in the poem Peri` li`qwn , ascribed to Orpheus.] (Min.) A mineral occuring in glassy rhombohedral crystals, varying in color from white to yellow or red. It is essentially a hydrous silicate of alumina and lime. Called also chabasie .

Chablis (shȧ*blē") noun [ French] A white wine made near Chablis, a town in France.

Chabouk Cha*buk" noun [ Hind. chābuk horsewhip.] A long whip, such as is used in the East in the infliction of punishment. Balfour.

Chace noun See 3d Chase , noun , 3.

Chace transitive verb To pursue. See Chase transitive verb

Chachalaca noun [ Native name, probably given in imitation of its cry.] (Zoology) The Texan guan ( Ortalis vetula ). [ written also chiacalaca .]

Chack (chăk) intransitive verb To toss up the head frequently, as a horse to avoid the restraint of the bridle.

Chacma noun [ Native name.] A large species of African baboon ( Cynocephalus porcarius ); -- called also ursine baboon . [ See Illust. of Baboon .]

Chaconne noun [ French, from Spanish chacona .] (Mus.) An old Spanish dance in moderate three-four measure, like the Passacaglia, which is slower. Both are used by classical composers as themes for variations.

Chad (shăd) noun See Shad . [ Obsolete]

Chafe (chāf) transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Chafed (chāft); p pr. & verbal noun Chafing .] [ Middle English chaufen to warm, Old French chaufer , French chauffer , from Latin calefacere , calfacere , to make warm; calere to be warm + facere to make. See Caldron .]
1. To excite heat in by friction; to rub in order to stimulate and make warm.

To rub her temples, and to chafe her skin.
Spenser.

2. To excite passion or anger in; to fret; to irritate.

Her intercession chafed him.
Shak.

3. To fret and wear by rubbing; as, to chafe a cable.

Two slips of parchment which she sewed round it to prevent its being chafed .
Sir W. Scott.

Syn. -- To rub; fret; gall; vex; excite; inflame.

Chafe intransitive verb To rub; to come together so as to wear by rubbing; to wear by friction.

Made its great boughs chafe together.
Longfellow.

The troubled Tiber chafing with her shores.
Shak.

2. To be worn by rubbing; as, a cable chafes .

3. To have a feeling of vexation; to be vexed; to fret; to be irritated. Spenser.

He will chafe at the doctor's marrying my daughter.
Shak.

Chafe noun
1. Heat excited by friction.

2. Injury or wear caused by friction.

3. Vexation; irritation of mind; rage.

The cardinal in a chafe sent for him to Whitehall.
Camden.

Chafer noun
1. One who chafes.

2. A vessel for heating water; -- hence, a dish or pan.

A chafer of water to cool the ends of the irons.
Baker.

Chafer noun [ Anglo-Saxon ceafor ; akin to Dutch kever , G këfer .] (Zoology) A kind of beetle; the cockchafer. The name is also applied to other species; as, the rose chafer .

Chafery noun [ See Chafe , transitive verb ] (Iron Works) An open furnace or forge, in which blooms are heated before being wrought into bars.

Chafewax, Chaffwax noun (Eng. Law) Formerly a chancery officer who fitted wax for sealing writs and other documents.

Chafeweed noun (Botany) The cudweed ( Gnaphalium ), used to prevent or cure chafing.

Chaff noun [ AC. ceaf ; akin to Dutch kaf , German kaff .]


1. The glumes or husks of grains and grasses separated from the seed by threshing and winnowing, etc.

So take the corn and leave the chaff behind.
Dryden.

Old birds are not caught with caff .
Old Proverb.

2. Anything of a comparatively light and worthless character; the refuse part of anything.

The chaff and ruin of the times.
Shak.

3. Straw or hay cut up fine for the food of cattle.

By adding chaff to his corn, the horse must take more time to eat it. In this way chaff is very useful.
Ywatt.

4. Light jesting talk; banter; raillery.

5. (Botany) The scales or bracts on the receptacle, which subtend each flower in the heads of many Compositæ , as the sunflower. Gray.

Chaff cutter , a machine for cutting, up straw, etc., into "chaff" for the use of cattle.

Chaff intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Chaffed ; present participle & verbal noun Chaffing .] To use light, idle language by way of fun or ridicule; to banter.

Chaff transitive verb To make fun of; to turn into ridicule by addressing in ironical or bantering language; to quiz.

Morgan saw that his master was chaffing him.
Thackeray.

A dozen honest fellows . . . chaffed each other about their sweethearts.
C. Kingsley.

Chaffer noun One who chaffs.

Chaffer noun [ Middle English chaffare , cheapfare ; Anglo-Saxon ceáp a bargain, price + faru a journey; hence, originally, a going to barain, to market. See Cheap , and Fare .] Bargaining; merchandise. [ Obsolete] Holished.

Chaffer intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Chaffered ; present participle & verbal noun Chaffering .] [ Middle English chaffaren , from chaffare , chapfare , cheapfare , a bargaining. See Chaffer , noun ]


1. To treat or dispute about a purchase; to bargain; to haggle or higgle; to negotiate.

To chaffer for preferments with his gold.
Dryden.

2. To talk much and idly; to chatter. Trench.

Chaffer transitive verb
1. To buy or sell; to trade in.

He chaffered chairs in which churchmen were set.
Spenser.

2. To exchange; to bandy, as words. Spenser.

Chafferer noun One who chaffers; a bargainer.

Chaffern noun [ See Chafe , transitive verb ] A vessel for heating water. [ Obsolete] Johnson.

Chaffery noun Traffic; bargaining. [ Obsolete] Spenser.

Chaffinch noun [ Confer Chiff- chaff .] (Zoology) A bird of Europe ( Fringilla cœlebs ), having a variety of very sweet songs, and highly valued as a cage bird; -- called also copper finch .

Chaffing noun The use of light, frivolous language by way of fun or ridicule; raillery; banter.

Chaffless adjective Without chaff.

Chaffy adjective
1. Abounding in, or resembling, chaff.

Chaffy grain beneath the thresher's flail.
Coleridge.

2. Light or worthless as chaff.

Slight and chaffy opinion.
Glanvill.

3. (Botany) (a) Resembling chaff; composed of light dry scales. (b) Bearing or covered with dry scales, as the under surface of certain ferns, or the disk of some composite flowers.

Chafing noun [ See Chafe , transitive verb ] The act of rubbing, or wearing by friction; making by rubbing.

Chafing dish , a dish or vessel for cooking on the table, or for keeping food warm, either by coals, by a lamp, or by hot water; a portable grate for coals. -- Chafing gear (Nautical) , any material used to protect sails, rigging, or the like, at points where they are exposed to friction.

Chætetes noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... hair.] (Zoology) A genus of fossil corals, common in the lower Silurian limestones.

Chætiferous adjective [ Greek ... hair + -ferous .] (Zoology) Bearing setæ.

Chætodont noun [ Greek ... hair + ..., ..., tooth.] (Zoology) A marine fish of the family Chætodontidæ . The chætodonts have broad, compressed bodies, and usually bright colors.

Chætodont adjective Of or pertaining to the Chætodonts or the family Chætodontidæ .

Chætognath adjective (Zoology) Of or pertaining to the Chætognatha.

Chætognatha noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ... hair + ... jaw.] (Zoöl) An order of free-swimming marine worms, of which the genus Sagitta is the type. They have groups of curved spines on each side of the head.

Chætopod adjective (Zoology) Pertaining to the Chætopoda. -- noun One of the Chætopoda.

Chætopoda noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ... hair + -poda .] (Zoology) A very extensive order of Annelida, characterized by the presence of lateral setæ, or spines, on most or all of the segments. They are divided into two principal groups: Oligochæta, including the earthworms and allied forms, and Polychæta, including most of the marine species.

Chætotaxy noun [ Greek ... hair + ... arrangement.] (Zoology) The arrangement of bristles on an insect.