Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Chaplet noun [ French chapelet , dim. of Old French chapel hat, garland, dim. from Late Latin cappa . See Cap , and confer Chapelet , Chapeau .]
1. A garland or wreath to be worn on the head.

2. A string of beads, or part of a string, used by Roman Catholic in praying; a third of a rosary, or fifty beads.

Her chaplet of beads and her missal.
Longfellow.

3. (Architecture) A small molding, carved into beads, pearls, olives, etc.

4. (Man.) A chapelet. See Chapelet , 1.

5. (Founding) A bent piece of sheet iron, or a pin with thin plates on its ends, for holding a core in place in the mold.

6. A tuft of feathers on a peacock's head. Johnson.

Chaplet noun A small chapel or shrine.

Chaplet transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Chapleted .] To adorn with a chaplet or with flowers. R. Browning.

Chapman noun ; plural Chapmen . [ Anglo-Saxon ceápman ; ceáp trade + man man; akin to Dutch koopman , Swedish köpman , Danish kiöpmand , German kaufmann .f. Chap to cheapen, and see Cheap .]
1. One who buys and sells; a merchant; a buyer or a seller. [ Obsolete]

The word of life is a quick commodity, and ought not, as a drug to be obtruded on those chapmen who are unwilling to buy it.
T. Fuller.

2. A peddler; a hawker.

Chappy Full of chaps; cleft; gaping; open.

Chaps noun plural The jaws, or the fleshy parts about them. See Chap . "Open your chaps again." Shak.

Chaps noun plural Short for Chaparajos . [ Colloq.]

Chapter noun [ Old French chapitre , French chapitre , from Latin capitulum , dim. of caput head, the chief person or thing, the principal division of a writing, chapter. See Chief , and cf, Chapiter .]
1. A division of a book or treatise; as, Genesis has fifty chapters .

2. (Eccl.) (a) An assembly of monks, or of the prebends and other clergymen connected with a cathedral, conventual, or collegiate church, or of a diocese, usually presided over by the dean. (b) A community of canons or canonesses. (c) A bishop's council. (d) A business meeting of any religious community.

3. An organized branch of some society or fraternity as of the Freemasons. Robertson.

4. A meeting of certain organized societies or orders.

5. A chapter house. [ R.] Burrill.

6. A decretal epistle. Ayliffe.

7. A location or compartment.

In his bosom! In what chapter of his bosom?
Shak.

Chapter head , or Chapter heading , that which stands at the head of a chapter, as a title. -- Chapter house , a house or room where a chapter meets, esp. a cathedral chapter. -- The chapter of accidents , chance. Marryat.

Chapter transitive verb
1. To divide into chapters, as a book. Fuller.

2. To correct; to bring to book, i. e. , to demand chapter and verse. [ Obsolete] Dryden.

Chaptrel noun [ See Chapiter .] (Architecture) An impost. [ Obsolete]

Char noun [ French] A car; a chariot. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Char noun [ Middle English cherr , char a turning, time, work, Anglo-Saxon cerr , cyrr , turn, occasion, business, from cerran , cyrran , to turn; akin to Old Saxon kërian , Old High German chëran , German kehren . Confer Chore , Ajar .] Work done by the day; a single job, or task; a chore. [ Written also chare .] [ Eng.]

When thou hast done this chare , I give thee leave
To play till doomsday.
Shak.

Char transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Charred ; present participle & verbal noun Charring .] [ Prob. the same word as char to perform (see Char , noun ), the modern use coming from charcoal , prop. coal- turned , turned to coal.]
1. To reduce to coal or carbon by exposure to heat; to reduce to charcoal; to burn to a cinder.

2. To burn slightly or partially; as, to char wood.

Char-a-bancs noun ; plural Chars-a-banc . [ French] A long, light, open vehicle, with benches or seats running lengthwise.

Char, Chare transitive verb [ See 3d Char .]
1. To perform; to do; to finish. [ Obsolete] Nores.

Thet char is chared , as the good wife said when she had hanged her husband.
Old Proverb.

2. To work or hew, as stone. Oxf. Gloss.

Char, Chare intransitive verb To work by the day, without being a regularly hired servant; to do small jobs.

Char, Charr noun [ Ir. cear , Gael. ceara , lit., red, blood-colored, from cear blood. So named from its red belly.] (Zoology) One of the several species of fishes of the genus Salvelinus , allied to the spotted trout and salmon, inhabiting deep lakes in mountainous regions in Europe. In the United States, the brook trout ( Salvelinus fontinalis ) is sometimes called a char .

Chara noun [ New Latin , of uncertain origin.] (Botany) A genus of flowerless plants, having articulated stems and whorled branches. They flourish in wet places.

Charact noun A distinctive mark; a character; a letter or sign. [ Obsolete] See Character .

In all his dressings, characts , titles, forms.
Shak.

Character noun [ Latin , an instrument for marking, character, Greek ..., from ... to make sharp, to cut into furrows, to engrave: confer French caractère .]


1. A distinctive mark; a letter, figure, or symbol.

It were much to be wished that there were throughout the world but one sort of character for each letter to express it to the eye.
Holder.

2. Style of writing or printing; handwriting; the peculiar form of letters used by a particular person or people; as, an inscription in the Runic character .

You know the character to be your brother's?
Shak.

3. The peculiar quality, or the sum of qualities, by which a person or a thing is distinguished from others; the stamp impressed by nature, education, or habit; that which a person or thing really is; nature; disposition.

The character or that dominion.
Milton.

Know well each Ancient's proper character ;
His fable, subject, scope in every page;
Religion, Country, genius of his Age.
Pope.

A man of . . . thoroughly subservient character .
Motley.

4. Strength of mind; resolution; independence; individuality; as, he has a great deal of character .

5. Moral quality; the principles and motives that control the life; as, a man of character ; his character saves him from suspicion.

6. Quality, position, rank, or capacity; quality or conduct with respect to a certain office or duty; as, in the miserable character of a slave; in his character as a magistrate; her character as a daughter.

7. The estimate, individual or general, put upon a person or thing; reputation; as, a man's character for truth and veracity; to give one a bad character .

This subterraneous passage is much mended since Seneca gave so bad a character of it.
Addison.

8. A written statement as to behavior, competency, etc., given to a servant. [ Colloq.]

9. A unique or extraordinary individuality; a person characterized by peculiar or notable traits; a person who illustrates certain phases of character; as, Randolph was a character ; Cæsar is a great historical character .

10. One of the persons of a drama or novel.

» "It would be well if character and reputation were used distinctively. In truth, character is what a person is; reputation is what he is supposed to be. Character is in himself, reputation is in the minds of others. Character is injured by temptations, and by wrongdoing; reputation by slanders, and libels. Character endures throughout defamation in every form, but perishes when there is a voluntary transgression; reputation may last through numerous transgressions, but be destroyed by a single, and even an unfounded, accusation or aspersion." Abbott.

Character transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Charactered .]


1. To engrave; to inscribe. [ R.]

These trees shall be my books.
And in their barks my thoughts I 'll character .
Shak.

2. To distinguish by particular marks or traits; to describe; to characterize. [ R.] Mitford.

Characterism noun [ Greek ... a characterizing.] A distinction of character; a characteristic. [ Obsolete] Bp. Hall.

Characteristic adjective [ Greek ...: confer French charactéristique .] Pertaining to, or serving to constitute, the character; showing the character, or distinctive qualities or traits, of a person or thing; peculiar; distinctive.

Characteristic clearness of temper.
Macaulay.

Characteristic noun
1. A distinguishing trait, quality, or property; an element of character; that which characterized. Pope.

The characteristics of a true critic.
Johnson.

2. (Math.) The integral part (whether positive or negative) of a logarithm.

Characteristical adjective Characteristic.

Characteristically adverb In a characteristic manner; in a way that characterizes.

Characterization noun The act or process of characterizing.

Characterize transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Characterized ; present participle & verbal noun Characterizing .] [ Late Latin characterizare , Greek ...: confer French charactériser .]
1. To make distinct and recognizable by peculiar marks or traits; to make with distinctive features.

European, Asiatic, Chinese, African, and Grecian faces are Characterized .
Arbuthnot.

2. To engrave or imprint. [ Obsolete] Sir M. Hale.

3. To indicate the character of; to describe.

Under the name of Tamerlane he intended to characterize King William.
Johnson.

4. To be a characteristic of; to make, or express the character of.

The softness and effeminacy which characterize the men of rank in most countries.
W. Irving.

Syn. -- To describe; distinguish; mark; designate; style; particularize; entitle.

Characterless adjective Destitute of any distinguishing quality; without character or force.

Charactery noun
1. The art or means of characterizing; a system of signs or characters; symbolism; distinctive mark.

Fairies use flowers for their charactery .
Shak.

2. That which is charactered; the meaning. [ Obsolete]

I will construe to thee
All the charactery of my sad brows.
Shak.

Charade noun [ French charade , confer Pr. charrada long chat, It ciarlare to chat, whence English charlatan .] A verbal or acted enigma based upon a word which has two or more significant syllables or parts, each of which, as well as the word itself, is to be guessed from the descriptions or representations.

Charbocle noun Carbuncle. [ Written also Charboncle .] [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Charbon noun [ French, coal, charbon.]
1. (Far.) A small black spot or mark remaining in the cavity of the corner tooth of a horse after the large spot or mark has become obliterated.

2. A very contagious and fatal disease of sheep, horses, and cattle. See Maligmant pustule .

Charcoal noun [ See Char , transitive verb , to burn or to reduce to coal, and Coal .]
1. Impure carbon prepared from vegetable or animal substances; esp., coal made by charring wood in a kiln, retort, etc., from which air is excluded. It is used for fuel and in various mechanical, artistic, and chemical processes.

2. (Fine Arts) Finely prepared charcoal in small sticks, used as a drawing implement.

Animal charcoal , a fine charcoal prepared by calcining bones in a closed vessel; -- used as a filtering agent in sugar refining, and as an absorbent and disinfectant. -- Charcoal blacks , the black pigment, consisting of burnt ivory, bone, cock, peach stones, and other substances. -- Charcoal drawing (Fine Arts) , a drawing made with charcoal. See Charcoal , 2. Until within a few years this material has been used almost exclusively for preliminary outline, etc., but at present many finished drawings are made with it. -- Charcoal point , a carbon pencil prepared for use in an electric light apparatus. -- Mineral charcoal , a term applied to silky fibrous layers of charcoal, interlaminated in beds of ordinary bituminous coal; -- known to miners as mother of coal .

Chard (chärd) noun [ Confer French carde esculent thistle.]
1. The tender leaves or leafstalks of the artichoke, white beet, etc., blanched for table use.

2. A variety of the white beet, which produces large, succulent leaves and leafstalks.

Chare (châr) noun A narrow street. [ Prov. Eng.]

Chare noun & v. A chore; to chore; to do. See Char .

Charge (chärj) transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Charged (chärjd); present participle & verbal noun Charging .] [ Old French chargier , French charger , from Late Latin carricare , from Latin carrus wagon. Confer Cargo , Caricature , Cark , and see Car .]
1. To lay on or impose, as a load, tax, or burden; to load; to fill.

A carte that charged was with hay.
Chaucer.

The charging of children's memories with rules.
Locke.

2. To lay on or impose, as a task, duty, or trust; to command, instruct, or exhort with authority; to enjoin; to urge earnestly; as, to charge a jury; to charge the clergy of a diocese; to charge an agent.

Moses . . . charged you to love the Lord your God.
Josh. xxii. 5.

Cromwell, I charge thee, fling away ambition.
Shak.

3. To lay on, impose, or make subject to or liable for.

When land shall be charged by any lien.
Kent.

4. To fix or demand as a price; as, he charges two dollars a barrel for apples.

5. To place something to the account of as a debt; to debit, as, to charge one with goods. Also, to enter upon the debit side of an account; as, to charge a sum to one.

6. To impute or ascribe; to lay to one's charge.

No more accuse thy pen, but charge the crime
On native sloth and negligence of time.
Dryden.

7. To accuse; to make a charge or assertion against (a person or thing); to lay the responsibility (for something said or done) at the door of.

If he did that wrong you charge him with.
Tennyson.

8. To place within or upon any firearm, piece of apparatus or machinery, the quantity it is intended and fitted to hold or bear; to load; to fill; as, to charge a gun; to charge an electrical machine, etc.

Their battering cannon charged to the mouths.
Shak.

9. To ornament with or cause to bear; as, to charge an architectural member with a molding.

10. (Her.) To assume as a bearing; as, he charges three roses or; to add to or represent on; as, he charges his shield with three roses or.

11. To call to account; to challenge. [ Obsolete]

To charge me to an answer.
Shak.

12. To bear down upon; to rush upon; to attack.

Charged our main battle's front.
Shak.

Syn. -- To intrust; command; exhort; instruct; accuse; impeach; arraign. See Accuse .

Charge intransitive verb
1. To make an onset or rush; as, to charge with fixed bayonets.

Like your heroes of antiquity, he charges in iron.
Glanvill.

" Charge for the guns!" he said.
Tennyson.

2. To demand a price; as, to charge high for goods.

3. To debit on an account; as, to charge for purchases.

4. To squat on its belly and be still; -- a command given by a sportsman to a dog.

Charge noun [ French charge , from charger to load. See Charge , transitive verb , and confer Cargo , Caricature .]
1. A load or burder laid upon a person or thing.

2. A person or thing commited or intrusted to the care, custody, or management of another; a trust.

» The people of a parish or church are called the charge of the clergyman who is set over them.

3. Custody or care of any person, thing, or place; office; responsibility; oversight; obigation; duty.

'Tis a great charge to come under one body's hand.
Shak.

4. Heed; care; anxiety; trouble. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

5. Harm. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

6. An order; a mandate or command; an injunction.

The king gave cherge concerning Absalom.
2. Sam. xviii. 5.

7. An address (esp. an earnest or impressive address) containing instruction or exhortation; as, the charge of a judge to a jury; the charge of a bishop to his clergy.

8. An accusation of a wrong of offense; allegation; indictment; specification of something alleged.

The charge of confounding very different classes of phenomena.
Whewell.

9. Whatever constitutes a burden on property, as rents, taxes, lines, etc.; costs; expense incurred; -- usually in the plural.

10. The price demanded for a thing or service.

11. An entry or a account of that which is due from one party to another; that which is debited in a business transaction; as, a charge in an account book.

12. That quantity, as of ammunition, electricity, ore, fuel, etc., which any apparatus, as a gun, battery, furnace, machine, etc., is intended to receive and fitted to hold, or which is actually in it at one time

13. The act of rushing upon, or towards, an enemy; a sudden onset or attack, as of troops, esp. cavalry; hence, the signal for attack; as, to sound the charge .

Never, in any other war afore, gave the Romans a hotter charge upon the enemies.
Holland.

The charge of the light brigade.
Tennyson.

14. A position (of a weapon) fitted for attack; as, to bring a weapon to the charge .

15. (Far.) A sort of plaster or ointment.

16. (Her.) A bearing. See Bearing , noun , 8.

17. [ Confer Charre .] Thirty-six pigs of lead, each pig weighing about seventy pounds; -- called also charre .

18. Weight; import; value.

Many suchlike "as's" of great charge .
Shak.

Back charge . See under Back , adjective -- Bursting charge . (a (Mil.) The charge which bursts a shell, etc. (b (Mining) A small quantity of fine powder to secure the ignition of a charge of coarse powder in blasting. -- Charge and discharge (Equity Practice) , the old mode or form of taking an account before a master in chancery. -- Charge sheet , the paper on which are entered at a police station all arrests and accusations. -- To sound the charge , to give the signal for an attack.

Syn. -- Care; custody; trust; management; office; expense; cost; price; assault; attack; onset; injunction; command; order; mandate; instruction; accusation; indictment.

Chargé d'affaires noun ; plural Chargés d'affaires . [ French, "charged with affairs."] A diplomatic representative, or minister of an inferior grade, accredited by the government of one state to the minister of foreign affairs of another; also, a substitute, ad interim , for an ambassador or minister plenipotentiary.

Chargeable adjective
1. That may be charged, laid, imposed, or imputes; as, a duty chargeable on iron; a fault chargeable on a man.

2. Subject to be charge or accused; liable or responsible; as, revenues chargeable with a claim; a man chargeable with murder.

3. Serving to create expense; costly; burdensome.

That we might not be chargeable to any of you.
2. Thess. iii. 8.

For the sculptures, which are elegant, were very chargeable .
Evelyn.

Chargeableness noun The quality of being chargeable or expensive. [ Obsolete] Whitelocke.

Chargeably adverb At great cost; expensively. [ Obsolete]

Chargeant adjective [ French chargeant , from charger to load.] Burdensome; troublesome. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Chargeful adjective Costly; expensive. [ Obsolete]

The fineness of the gold and chargeful fashion.
Shak.

Chargehouse noun A schoolhouse. [ Obsolete]

Chargeless adjective Free from, or with little, charge.

Chargeous adjective Burdensome. [ Obsolete]

I was chargeous to no man.
Wyclif, (2 Cor. xi. 9).

Charger noun
1. One who, or that which charges.

2. An instrument for measuring or inserting a charge.

3. A large dish. [ Obsolete]

Give me here John Baptist's head in a charger .
Matt. xiv. 8.

4. A horse for battle or parade. Macaulay.

And furious every charger neighed.
Campbell.

Chargeship noun The office of a chargé d'affaires .

Charily adverb In a chary manner; carefully; cautiously; frugally.