Webster's Dictionary, 1913
1. The act or process of forming a channel or channels. 2. A channel or a system of channels; a groove.
[ French, from Latin cantion
song. See Cantion
.] A song. Shak.
Chanson de geste
[ French, prop., song of history.] Any Old French epic poem having for its subject events or exploits of early French history, real or legendary, and written originally in assonant verse of ten or twelve syllables. The most famous one is the Chanson de Roland .
Langtoft had written in the ordinary measure of the later chansons de geste . Saintsbury.
; plural Chansonnettes
. [ French, dim. of chanson
.] A little song.
These pretty little chansonnettes that he sung.
Chant transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Chanted
; present participle & verbal noun Chanting
.] [ French chanter
, from Latin cantare
, intens. of canere
to sing. Confer Cant
affected speaking, and see Hen
.] 1. To utter with a melodious voice; to sing.
The cheerful birds . . . do chant sweet music. 2. To celebrate in song.
The poets chant in the theaters. 3. (Mus.) To sing or recite after the manner of a chant, or to a tune called a chant.
Chant intransitive verb 1. To make melody with the voice; to sing.
to the sound of the viol." Amos vi. 5. 2. (Mus.) To sing, as in reciting a chant. To chant (or chaunt) horses
, to sing their praise; to overpraise; to cheat in selling. See Chaunter . Thackeray.
[ French chant
, from Latin cantus
singing, song, from canere
to sing. See Chant
, transitive verb
] 1. Song; melody. 2. (Mus.) A short and simple melody, divided into two parts by double bars, to which unmetrical psalms, etc., are sung or recited. It is the most ancient form of choral music. 3. A psalm, etc., arranged for chanting. 4. Twang; manner of speaking; a canting tone.
His strange face, his strange chant . Ambrosian chant
, See under Ambrosian
. Chant royal
[ French], in old French poetry, a poem containing five strophes of eleven lines each, and a concluding stanza. -- each of these six parts ending with a common refrain.
-- Gregorian chant
. See under Gregorian .
Chantant adjective [ French singing.] (Mus.) Composed in a melodious and singing style.
[ Confer French chanteur
.] 1. One who chants; a singer or songster. Pope. 2. The chief singer of the chantry. J. Gregory. 3. The flute or finger pipe in a bagpipe. See Bagpipe . 4. (Zoology) The hedge sparrow.
Chanterelle noun [ French] (Botany) A name for several species of mushroom, of which one ( Cantharellus cibrius ) is edible, the others reputed poisonous.
[ Confer French chanter
to sing, and Chant
] A sailor's song.
May we lift a deep-sea chantey such as seamen use at sea? Kipling.
[ French Chanteclair
, name of the cock in the Roman du Renart
( Reynard the Fox
to chant + clair
clear. See Chant
, and Clear
.] A cock, so called from the clearness or loudness of his voice in crowing.
Chanting (chȧnt"ĭng) noun Singing, esp. as a chant is sung. Chanting falcon (Zoology) , an African falcon ( Melierax canorus or musicus ). The male has the habit, remarkable in a bird of prey, of singing to his mate, while she is incubating.
Chantor noun A chanter.
Chantress noun [ Confer Old French chanteresse .] A female chanter or singer. Milton.
; plural Chantries
. [ Old French chanterie
, from chanter
to sing.] 1. An endowment or foundation for the chanting of masses and offering of prayers, commonly for the founder. 2. A chapel or altar so endowed. Cowell.
Chaomancy noun [ Greek ... the atmosphere + -mancy .] Divination by means of appearances in the air.
[ Latin chaos
chaos (in senses 1 & 2), Greek cha`os
, from cha`inein
) to yawn, to gape, to open widely. Confer Chasm
.] 1. An empty, immeasurable space; a yawning chasm.
Between us and there is fixed a great chaos . 2. The confused, unorganized condition or mass of matter before the creation of distinct and orderly forms. 3. Any confused or disordered collection or state of things; a confused mixture; confusion; disorder.
Luke xvi. 26 (Rhemish Trans.).
Chaotic (ka*ŏt"ĭk) adjective Resembling chaos; confused.
Chaotically adverb In a chaotic manner.
chŏp) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Chapped
chŏpt); present participle & verbal noun Chapping
.] [ See Chop
to cut.] 1. To cause to open in slits or chinks; to split; to cause the skin of to crack or become rough.
Then would unbalanced heat licentious reign,
Crack the dry hill, and chap the russet plain.
Nor winter's blast chap her fair face. 2. To strike; to beat.
Chap intransitive verb
1. To crack or open in slits; as, the earth chaps ; the hands chap . 2. To strike; to knock; to rap. [ Scot.]
[ From Chap
, transitive verb & i.
] 1. A cleft, crack, or chink, as in the surface of the earth, or in the skin. 2. A division; a breach, as in a party.
Many clefts and chaps in our council board. 3. A blow; a rap.
[ Middle English chaft
; of Scand. origin; confer Icel kjaptr
jaw, Swedish Käft
, Dutch kiæft
; akin to German kiefer
, and English jowl
. Confer Chops
.] 1. One of the jaws or the fleshy covering of a jaw; -- commonly in the plural, and used of animals, and colloquially of human beings.
His chaps were all besmeared with crimson blood.
He unseamed him [ Macdonald] from the nave to the chaps . 2. One of the jaws or cheeks of a vise, etc.
[ Perh. abbreviated from chapman
, but used in a more general sense; or confer Danish kiæft
jaw, person, English chap
jaw.] 1. A buyer; a chapman.
If you want to sell, here is your chap . 2. A man or boy; a youth; a fellow.
Chap intransitive verb
[ See Cheapen
.] To bargain; to buy.
Chaparajos noun plural [ Mex. Spanish ] Overalls of sheepskin or leather, usually open at the back, worn, esp. by cowboys, to protect the legs from thorny bushes, as in the chaparral; -- called also chapareras or colloquial chaps . [ Spanish Amer.]
Chapareras noun plural
[ Mex. Spanish ] Same as Chaparajos .
[ Spanish Amer.]
Chaparral noun [ Spanish , from chaparro an evergeen oak.] Chaparral cock ; fem . Chaparral hen (Zoology) , a bird of the cuckoo family ( Geococcyx Californianus ), noted for running with great speed. It ranges from California to Mexico and eastward to Texas; -- called also road runner , ground cuckoo , churea , and snake killer .
1. A thicket of low evergreen oaks. 2. An almost impenetrable thicket or succession of thickets of thorny shrubs and brambles.
[ See Chap
to cheapen.] Any small book carried about for sale by chapmen or hawkers. Hence, any small book; a toy book.
[ French, a churchman's cope, a cover, a chape, from Latin cappa
. See Cap
.] 1. The piece by which an object is attached to something, as the frog of a scabbard or the metal loop at the back of a buckle by which it is fastened to a strap. 2. The transverse guard of a sword or dagger. 3. The metal plate or tip which protects the end of a scabbard, belt, etc. Knight.
; plural Chapeux
. [ French, from Old French chapel
hat. See Chaplet
.] 1. A hat or covering for the head. 2. (Her.) A cap of maintenance. See Maintenance .
Chaped past participle or adjective Furnished with a chape or chapes. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
[ Old French chapele
, French chapelle
, from Late Latin capella
, orig., a short cloak, hood, or cowl; later, a reliquary, sacred vessel, chapel; dim. of cappa
, cloak, cape, cope; also, a covering for the head. The chapel where St. Martin's cloak was preserved as a precious relic, itself came to be called capella
, whence the name was applied to similar paces of worship, and the guardian of this cloak was called capellanus
, or chaplain. See Cap
, and confer Chaplain
.] 1. A subordinate place of worship
; as, (a) a small church, often a private foundation, as for a memorial
; (b) a small building attached to a church
; (c) a room or recess in a church, containing an altar.
» In Catholic churches, and also in cathedrals and abbey churches, chapels
are usually annexed in the recesses on the sides of the aisles. Gwilt. 2. A place of worship not connected with a church; as, the chapel of a palace, hospital, or prison. 3. In England, a place of worship used by dissenters from the Established Church; a meetinghouse. 4. A choir of singers, or an orchestra, attached to the court of a prince or nobleman. 5. (Print.) (a) A printing office, said to be so called because printing was first carried on in England in a chapel near Westminster Abbey. (b) An association of workmen in a printing office. Chapel of ease
. (a) A chapel or dependent church built for the ease or a accommodation of an increasing parish, or for parishioners who live at a distance from the principal church. (b) A privy. (Law)
-- Chapel master
, a director of music in a chapel; the director of a court or orchestra.
-- To build a chapel (Nautical)
, to chapel a ship. See Chapel , transitive verb , 2.
-- To hold a chapel
, to have a meeting of the men employed in a printing office, for the purpose of considering questions affecting their interests.
Chapel transitive verb
1. To deposit or inter in a chapel; to enshrine. [ Obsolete] Beau. & Fl. 2. (Nautical) To cause (a ship taken aback in a light breeze) so to turn or make a circuit as to recover, without bracing the yards, the same tack on which she had been sailing.
Chapeless adjective Without a chape.
[ French See Chaplet
.] 1. A pair of straps, with stirrups, joined at the top and fastened to the pommel or the frame of the saddle, after they have been adjusted to the convenience of the rider.
[ Written also chaplet
.] 2. A kind of chain pump, or dredging machine.
; plural Chapellanies
. [ Confer English chapellenie
, Late Latin capellania
. See Chaplain.] A chapel within the jurisdiction of a church; a subordinate ecclesiastical foundation.
Chapelry noun [ Confer Old French chapelerie .] The territorial district legally assigned to a chapel.
[ French chaperon
. See Chape
.] 1. A hood; especially, an ornamental or an official hood.
His head and face covered with a chaperon , out of which there are but two holes to look through. 2. A device placed on the foreheads of horses which draw the hearse in pompous funerals. 3. A matron who accompanies a young lady in public, for propriety, or as a guide and protector.
Chaperon transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Chaperoned
; present participle & verbal noun Chaperoning
.] [ Confer French chaperonner
, from chaperon
.] To attend in public places as a guide and protector; to matronize.
Fortunately Lady Bell Finley, whom I had promised to chaperon , sent to excuse herself.
Chaperonage noun Attendance of a chaperon on a lady in public; protection afforded by a chaperon.
Chapfallen adjective Having the lower chap or jaw drooping, -- an indication of humiliation and dejection; crestfallen; discouraged. See Chopfallen .
[ Old French chapitel
, French chapiteau
, from Latin capitellum
, dim. of caput
head. Confer Capital
.] 1. (Architecture) A capital [ Obsolete] See Chapital . Ex. xxxvi. 38. 2. (Old Eng. Law) A summary in writing of such matters as are to be inquired of or presented before justices in eyre, or justices of assize, or of the peace, in their sessions; -- also called articles . Jacob.
[ French chapelain
, from Late Latin capellanus
, from capella
. See Chapel
.] 1. An ecclesiastic who has a chapel, or who performs religious service in a chapel. 2. A clergyman who is officially attached to the army or navy, to some public institution, or to a family or court, for the purpose of performing divine service. 3. Any person (clergyman or layman) chosen to conduct religious exercises for a society, etc.; as, a chaplain of a Masonic or a temperance lodge.
; plural Chaplaincies The office, position, or station of a chaplain. Swift.
Chaplainship noun 1. The office or business of a chaplain.
The Bethesda of some knight's chaplainship . 2. The possession or revenue of a chapel. Johnson.
Chapless adjective Having no lower jaw; hence, fleshless. [ R.] "Yellow, chapless skulls." Shak.