Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Charterhouse noun A well known public school and charitable foundation in the building once used as a Carthusian monastery ( Chartreuse ) in London.

Charterist noun Same as Chartist .

Chartism noun [ French charte charter. Confer Charte , Chart .] The principles of a political party in England (1838-48), which contended for universal suffrage, the vote by ballot, annual parliaments, equal electoral districts, and other radical reforms, as set forth in a document called the People's Charter .

Chartist noun A supporter or partisan of chartism. [ Eng.]

Chartless adjective
1. Without a chart; having no guide.

2. Not mapped; uncharted; vague. Barlow.

Chartographer noun , Char`to*graph"ic adjective , Char*tog"ra*phy noun , etc. Same as Cartographer , Cartographic , Cartography , etc.

Chartomancy noun [ Latin charta paper + -mancy . Confer Cartomancy .] Divination by written paper or by cards.

Chartometer noun [ Chart + -meter .] An instrument for measuring charts or maps.

Chartreuse noun [ French]
1. A Carthusian monastery; esp. La Grande Chartreuse , mother house of the order, in the mountains near Grenoble, France.

2. An alcoholic cordial, distilled from aromatic herbs; -- made at La Grande Chartreuse .

Chartreux noun [ French] A Carthusian.

Chartulary noun See Cartulary .

Charwoman noun ; plural Charwomen . [ See Char a chore.] A woman hired for odd work or for single days.

Chary adjective [ Anglo-Saxon cearig careful, from cearu care. See Care .] Careful; wary; cautious; not rash, reckless, or spendthrift; saving; frugal.

His rising reputation made him more chary of his fame.
Jeffrey.

Charybdis noun [ Latin , Greek ....] A dangerous whirlpool on the coast of Sicily opposite Scylla on the Italian coast. It is personified as a female monster. See Scylla .

Chasable adjective Capable of being chased; fit for hunting. Gower.

Chase transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Chased ; present participle & verbal noun Chasing .] [ Old French chacier , French chasser , from (assumed) Late Latin captiare , from Latin captare to strive to seize. See Catch .]
1. To pursue for the purpose of killing or taking, as an enemy, or game; to hunt.

We are those which chased you from the field.
Shak.

Philologists, who chase
A panting syllable through time and place.
Cowper.

2. To follow as if to catch; to pursue; to compel to move on; to drive by following; to cause to fly; -- often with away or off ; as, to chase the hens away.

Chased by their brother's endless malice from prince to prince and from place to place.
Knolles.

3. To pursue eagerly, as hunters pursue game.

Chasing each other merrily.
Tennyson.

Chase intransitive verb To give chase; to hunt; as, to chase around after a doctor. [ Colloq.]

Chase noun [ Confer French chasse , from chasser . See Chase , v. ]
1. Vehement pursuit for the purpose of killing or capturing, as of an enemy, or game; an earnest seeking after any object greatly desired; the act or habit of hunting; a hunt. "This mad chase of fame." Dryden.

You see this chase is hotly followed.
Shak.

2. That which is pursued or hunted.

Nay, Warwick, seek thee out some other chase ,
For I myself must hunt this deer to death.
Shak.

3. An open hunting ground to which game resorts, and which is private properly, thus differing from a forest, which is not private property, and from a park, which is inclosed. Sometimes written chace . [ Eng.]

4. (Court Tennis) A division of the floor of a gallery, marked by a figure or otherwise; the spot where a ball falls, and between which and the dedans the adversary must drive his ball in order to gain a point.

Chase gun (Nautical) , a cannon placed at the bow or stern of an armed vessel, and used when pursuing an enemy, or in defending the vessel when pursued. -- Chase port (Nautical) , a porthole from which a chase gun is fired. -- Stern chase (Nautical) , a chase in which the pursuing vessel follows directly in the wake of the vessel pursued.

Chase noun [ French cháse , from Latin capsa box, case. See Case a box.] (Print.)
1. A rectangular iron frame in which pages or columns of type are imposed.

2. (Mil.) The part of a cannon from the reënforce or the trunnions to the swell of the muzzle. See Cannon .

3. A groove, or channel, as in the face of a wall; a trench, as for the reception of drain tile.

4. (Shipbuilding) A kind of joint by which an overlap joint is changed to a flush joint, by means of a gradually deepening rabbet, as at the ends of clinker-built boats.

Chase transitive verb [ A contraction of enchase .]
1. To ornament (a surface of metal) by embossing, cutting away parts, and the like.

2. To cut, so as to make a screw thread.

Chaser noun
1. One who or that which chases; a pursuer; a driver; a hunter.

2. (Nautical) Same as Chase gun , esp. in terms bow chaser and stern chaser . See under Bow , Stern .

Chasible noun See Chasuble .

Chasing noun The art of ornamenting metal by means of chasing tools; also, a piece of ornamental work produced in this way.

Chasm noun [ Latin chasma , Greek ..., from ... to grape, to open wide. See Chaos .]
1. A deep opening made by disruption, as a breach in the earth or a rock; a yawning abyss; a cleft; a fissure.

That deep, romantic chasm which slanted down the green hill.
Coleridge.

2. A void space; a gap or break, as in ranks of men.

Memory . . . fills up the chasms of thought.
Addison.

Chasmed adjective Having gaps or a chasm. [ R.]

Chasmy adjective Of or pertaining to a chasm; abounding in chasms. Carlyle.

They cross the chasmy torrent's foam-lit bed.
Wordsworth.

Chasse noun [ French, from chassé , past participle of chasser to chase.] A movement in dancing, as across or to the right or left.

Chasse intransitive verb (Dancing) To make the movement called chassé; as, all chassé ; chassé to the right or left.

Chasse noun [ See Chasse- cafÉ ] A small potion of spirituous liquor taken to remove the taste of coffee, tobacco, or the like; -- originally chasse-café , lit., "coffee chaser."

Chasse-café noun [ French, from chasser to chase + café coffee.] See Chasse , noun , above.

Chasse-marée noun [ French, from chasser to chase + marée tide.] (Nautical) A French coasting lugger.

Chasselas noun [ French, from the village of Chasselas .] A white grape, esteemed for the table.

Chassepot noun [ From the French inventor, A. A. Chassepot .] (Mil.) A kind of breechloading, center-fire rifle, or improved needle gun.

Chasseur noun [ French, a huntsman. See Chase to pursue.]
1. (Mil.) One of a body of light troops, cavalry or infantry, trained for rapid movements.

2. An attendant upon persons of rank or wealth, wearing a plume and sword.

The great chasseur who had announced her arrival.
W. Irving.

Chassis noun [ French châssis .] (Mil.) A traversing base frame, or movable railway, along which the carriage of a barbette or casemate gun moves backward and forward. [ See Gun carriage .]

Chassis noun The under part of an automobile, consisting of the frame (on which the body is mounted) with the wheels and machinery.

Chast (chāst) transitive verb to chasten. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Chaste (chāst) adjective [ French chaste , from Latin castus pure, chaste; confer Greek kaqaro`s pure, Sanskrit çudth to purify.]


1. Pure from unlawful sexual intercourse; virtuous; continent. "As chaste as Diana." Shak.

Whose bed is undefiled and chaste pronounced.
Milton.

2. Pure in thought and act; innocent; free from lewdness and obscenity, or indecency in act or speech; modest; as, a chaste mind; chaste eyes.

3. Pure in design and expression; correct; free from barbarisms or vulgarisms; refined; simple; as, a chaste style in composition or art.

That great model of chaste , lofty, and eloquence, the Book of Common Prayer.
Macaulay.

4. Unmarried. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Syn. -- Undefiled; pure; virtuous; continent; immaculate; spotless.

Chaste tree . Same as Agnus castus .

Chastely adverb In a chaste manner; with purity.

Chasten (chā"s'n) transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Chastened (-s'nd); present participle & verbal noun Chastening .] [ Middle English chastien , Old French Chastier , French Ch...tier , from Latin castigare to punish, chastise; castus pure + agere to lead, drive. See Chaste , Act , and confer Castigate , Chastise .]
1. To correct by punishment; to inflict pain upon the purpose of reclaiming; to discipline; as, to chasten a son with a rod.

For whom the Lord loveth he chasteneth .
Hebrew xii. 6.

2. To purify from errors or faults; to refine.

They [ classics] chasten and enlarge the mind, and excite to noble actions.
Layard.

Syn. -- To chastise; punish; correct; discipline; castigate; afflict; subdue; purify. To Chasten , Punish , Chastise . To chasten is to subject to affliction or trouble, in order to produce a general change for the better in life or character. To punish is to inflict penalty for violation of law, disobedience to authority, or intentional wrongdoing. To chastise is to punish a particular offense, as with stripes, especially with the hope that suffering or disgrace may prevent a repetition of faults.

Chastened adjective Corrected; disciplined; refined; purified; toned down. Sir. W. Scott.

Of such a finished chastened purity.
Tennyson.

Chastener noun One who chastens.

Chasteness noun
1. Chastity; purity.

2. (Literature & Art) Freedom from all that is meretricious, gaudy, or affected; as, chasteness of design.

Chastisable adjective Capable or deserving of chastisement; punishable. Sherwood.

Chastise (chăs*tīz") transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Chastised (- tīzd"); present participle & verbal noun Chastising .] [ Middle English chastisen ; chastien + ending -isen + modern -ise , -ize , Latin - izare , Greek -i`zein . See Chasten .]
1. To inflict pain upon, by means of stripes, or in any other manner, for the purpose of punishment or reformation; to punish, as with stripes.

How fine my master is! I am afraid
He will chastise me.
Shak.

I am glad to see the vanity or envy of the canting chemists thus discovered and chastised .
Boyle.

2. To reduce to order or obedience; to correct or purify; to free from faults or excesses.

The gay, social sense, by decency chastised .
Thomson.

Syn. -- See Chasten .

Chastisement noun [ From Chastise .] The act of chastising; pain inflicted for punishment and correction; discipline; punishment.

Shall I so much dishonor my fair stars,
On equal terms to give him chastesement !
Shak.

I have borne chastisement ; I will not offend any more.
Job xxxiv. 31.

Chastiser noun One who chastises; a punisher; a corrector. Jer. Taylor.

The chastiser of the rich.
Burke.

Chastity noun [ French chasteté , from Latin castitas , from castus . See Chaste .]
1. The state of being chaste; purity of body; freedom from unlawful sexual intercourse.

She . . . hath preserved her spotless chastity .
T. Carew.

2. Moral purity.

So dear to heaven is saintly chastity ,
That, when a soul is found sicerely so
A thousand liveried angels lackey her.
Milton.

3. The unmarried life; celibacy. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

4. (Literature & Art) Chasteness.

Chasuble noun [ French chasuble , Late Latin casubula , cassibula , casula , a hooded garment, covering the person like a little house; confer Italian casupola , casipola , cottage, dim of Latin casa cottage.] (Eccl.) The outer vestment worn by the priest in saying Mass, consisting, in the Roman Catholic Church, of a broad, flat, back piece, and a narrower front piece, the two connected over the shoulders only. The back has usually a large cross, the front an upright bar or pillar, designed to be emblematical of Christ's sufferings. In the Greek Church the chasuble is a large round mantle. [ Written also chasible , and chesible .]