Webster's Dictionary, 1913
1. Of or pertaining to the Saturnalia. 2. Of unrestrained and intemperate jollity; riotously merry; dissolute. " Saturnalian amusement." Burke.
[ Latin Saturnius
.] 1. (Roman Myth.) Of or pertaining to Saturn, whose age or reign, from the mildness and wisdom of his government, is called the golden age . 2. Hence: Resembling the golden age; distinguished for peacefulness, happiness, contentment.
Augustus, born to bring Saturnian times. Pope. 3. (Astron.) Of or pertaining to the planet Saturn; as, the Saturnian year. Saturnian verse (Pros.)
, a meter employed by early Roman satirists, consisting of three iambics and an extra syllable followed by three trochees, as in the line: -- Thĕ quēen
Saturnian noun (Zoology) Any one of numerous species of large handsome moths belonging to Saturnia and allied genera. The luna moth, polyphemus, and promethea, are examples. They belong to the Silkworn family, and some are raised for their silk. See Polyphemus .
Saturnicentric adjective (Astron.) Appearing as if seen from the center of the planet Saturn; relating or referred to Saturn as a center.
[ Latin Saturnus
the god Saturn, also, the planet Saturn: confer French saturnin
of or pertaining to lead (Saturn, in old chemistry, meaning lead), saturnien
saturnine, saturnian. See Saturn
.] 1. Born under, or influenced by, the planet Saturn. 2. Heavy; grave; gloomy; dull; -- the opposite of mercurial ; as, a saturnine person or temper. Addison. 3. (Old Chem.) Of or pertaining to lead; characterized by, or resembling, lead, which was formerly called Saturn .
[ Archaic] Saturnine colic (Medicine)
, lead colic.
Saturnism noun (Medicine) Plumbism. Quain.
Saturnist noun A person of a dull, grave, gloomy temperament. W. Browne.
[ Latin satyrus
, Greek ...: confer French satyre
.] 1. (Class. Myth.) A sylvan deity or demigod, represented as part man and part goat, and characterized by riotous merriment and lasciviousness.
Rough Satyrs danced; and Fauns, with cloven heel, Milton. 2. (Zoology) Any one of many species of butterflies belonging to the family Nymphalidæ . Their colors are commonly brown and gray, often with ocelli on the wings. Called also meadow browns . 3. (Zoology) The orang- outang.
From the glad sound would not be absent long.
[ Latin , from Greek .... See Satyr
.] Immoderate venereal appetite in the male. Quain.
Satyric, Satyrical adjective [ Latin satyricus , Greek satyriko`s .] Of or pertaining to satyrs; burlesque; as, satyric tragedy. P. Cyc.
Satyrion noun [ Latin , from Greek saty`rion .] (Botany) Any one of several kinds of orchids. [ Obsolete]
Sauba ant (Zoology) A South American ant ( Œcodoma cephalotes ) remarkable for having two large kinds of workers besides the ordinary ones, and for the immense size of its formicaries. The sauba ant cuts off leaves of plants and carries them into its subterranean nests, and thus often does great damage by defoliating trees and cultivated plants.
[ French, from Old French sausse
, Late Latin salsa
, properly, salt pickle, from Latin salsus
salted, salt, past participle of salire
to salt, from sal
salt. See Salt
, and confer Saucer
to plunge.] 1. A composition of condiments and appetizing ingredients eaten with food as a relish; especially, a dressing for meat or fish or for puddings; as, mint sauce ; sweet sauce , etc.
High sauces and rich spices fetched from the Indies. Sir S. Baker. 2. Any garden vegetables eaten with meat.
[ Prov. Eng. & Colloq. U.S.] Forby. Bartlett.
Roots, herbs, vine fruits, and salad flowers . . . they dish up various ways, and find them very delicious sauce to their meats, both roasted and boiled, fresh and salt. Beverly. 3. Stewed or preserved fruit eaten with other food as a relish; as, apple sauce , cranberry sauce , etc.
[ U.S.] "Stewed apple sauce
." Mrs. Lincoln (Cook Book). 4. Sauciness; impertinence.
[ Low.] Haliwell. To serve one the same sauce
, to retaliate in the same kind.
(sas) transitive verb
[ Confer French saucer
.] [ imperfect & past participle Sauced
(sast); present participle & verbal noun Saucing
(sa"sĭng).] 1. To accompany with something intended to give a higher relish; to supply with appetizing condiments; to season; to flavor. 2. To cause to relish anything, as if with a sauce; to tickle or gratify, as the palate; to please; to stimulate; hence, to cover, mingle, or dress, as if with sauce; to make an application to.
Earth, yield me roots; Shak. 3. To make poignant; to give zest, flavor or interest to; to set off; to vary and render attractive.
Who seeks for better of thee, sauce his palate
With thy most operant poison!
Then fell she to sauce her desires with threatenings. Sir P. Sidney.
Thou sayest his meat was sauced with thy upbraidings. Shak. 4. To treat with bitter, pert, or tart language; to be impudent or saucy to.
[ Colloq. or Low]
I'll sauce her with bitter words. Shak.
Sauce (sōs) noun [ French] (Fine Art) A soft crayon for use in stump drawing or in shading with the stump.
[ Etymol. uncertain.] (Botany) Jack-by-the-hedge. See under Jack .
[ See Sauce
, and Saucy
.] A saucy, impudent person; especially, a pert child.
Saucebox, go, meddle with your lady's fan, A. Brewer.
And prate not here!
Saucepan noun A small pan with a handle, in which sauce is prepared over a fire; a stewpan.
[ French saucière
, from sauce
. See Sauce
.] 1. A small pan or vessel in which sauce was set on a table.
[ Obsolete] Bacon. 2. A small dish, commonly deeper than a plate, in which a cup is set at table. 3. Something resembling a saucer in shape.
Specifically: (a) A flat, shallow caisson for raising sunken ships. (b) A shallow socket for the pivot of a capstan.
Saucily adverb In a saucy manner; impudently; with impertinent boldness. Addison.
Sauciness noun The quality or state of being saucy; that which is saucy; impertinent boldness; contempt of superiors; impudence.
Your sauciness will jest upon my love. Shak. Syn.
-- Impudence; impertinence; rudeness; insolence. See Impudence
Saucisson, Saucisse noun
[ French, from saucisse
sausage. See Sausage
.] 1. (Mining or Gun.) A long and slender pipe or bag, made of cloth well pitched, or of leather, filled with powder, and used to communicate fire to mines, caissons, bomb chests, etc. 2. (Fort.) A fascine of more than ordinary length.
[ Compar. Saucier
; superl. Sauciest
.] [ From Sauce
.] 1. Showing impertinent boldness or pertness; transgressing the rules of decorum; treating superiors with contempt; impudent; insolent; as, a saucy fellow.
Am I not protector, saucy priest? Shak. 2. Expressive of, or characterized by, impudence; impertinent; as, a saucy eye; saucy looks.
We then have done you bold and saucy wrongs. Shak. Syn.
-- Impudent; insolent; impertinent; rude.
Sauerkraut noun [ G., from sauer sour + kraut herb, cabbage.] Cabbage cut fine and allowed to ferment in a brine made of its own juice with salt, -- a German dish.
Sauf adjective Safe. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Sauf conj. & preposition Save; except. [ Obsolete] " Sauf I myself." Chaucer.
Saufly adverb Safely. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Sauger noun (Zoology) An American fresh-water food fish ( Stizostedion Canadense ); -- called also gray pike , blue pike , hornfish , land pike , sand pike , pickering , and pickerel .
obsolete imperfect sing. of See . Chaucer.
Sauks noun plural (Ethnol.) Same as Sacs .
Saul noun Soul. [ Obsolete]
Saul noun Same as Sal , the tree.
Saulie noun A hired mourner at a funeral. [ Scot.] Sir W. Scott.
[ Old French , French saut
, from Latin saltus
. See Salt
a leap.] A rapid in some rivers; as, the Sault Ste. Marie.
[ U.S.] Bartlett.
Saunders-blue noun [ Corrupted from French cendres bleues blue ashes.] A kind of color prepared from calcined lapis lazuli; ultramarine; also, a blue prepared from carbonate of copper. [ Written also sanders-blue .]
Saunter intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Sauntered
; present participle & verbal noun Sauntering
.] [ Written also santer
.] [ Probably from French s'aventurer
to adventure (one's self), through a shortened form s'auntrer
. See Adventure
, noun & v.
] To wander or walk about idly and in a leisurely or lazy manner; to lounge; to stroll; to loiter.
One could lie under elm trees in a lawn, or saunter in meadows by the side of a stream. Masson. Syn.
-- To loiter; linger; stroll; wander.
Saunter noun A sauntering, or a sauntering place.
That wheel of fops, that saunter of the town. Young.
Saunterer noun One who saunters.
Saur noun [ Contracted from Gael. salachar filth, nastiness, from salach nasty, from sal filth, refuse.] Soil; dirt; dirty water; urine from a cowhouse. [ Prov. Eng.]
Saurel noun (Zoology) Any carangoid fish of the genus Trachurus , especially T. trachurus , or T. saurus , of Europe and America, and T. picturatus of California. Called also skipjack , and horse mackerel .
Sauria noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ... a lizard.] (Zoology) A division of Reptilia formerly established to include the Lacertilia, Crocodilia, Dinosauria, and other groups. By some writers the name is restricted to the Lacertilia.
Saurian adjective (Zoology) Of or pertaining to, or of the nature of, the Sauria. -- noun One of the Sauria.
Saurioid adjective (Zoology) Same as Sauroid .
Saurobatrachia noun plural
[ New Latin See Sauria
, and Batrachia
.] (Zoology) The Urodela.
Saurognathous adjective [ Greek ... a lizard + ... the jaw.] (Zoology) Having the bones of the palate arranged as in saurians, the vomer consisting of two lateral halves, as in the woodpeckers ( Pici ).
Sauroid adjective [ Greek ... a lizard + -oid : confer Greek ... lizardlike.] (Zoology) (a) Like or pertaining to the saurians. (b) Resembling a saurian superficially; as, a sauroid fish.
[ See Sauroid
, and Ichnite
.] (Paleon.) The fossil track of a saurian.
Sauropoda noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ... a lizard + -poda .] (Paleon.) An extinct order of herbivorous dinosaurs having the feet of a saurian type, instead of birdlike, as they are in many dinosaurs. It includes the largest known land animals, belonging to Brontosaurus, Camarasaurus, and allied genera. See Illustration in Appendix.
Sauropsida noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ... a lizard + ... appearance.] (Zoology) A comprehensive group of vertebrates, comprising the reptiles and birds.