Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Sate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Sated
; present participle & verbal noun Sating
.] [ Probably shortened from satiate
: confer Latin satur
full. See Satiate
.] To satisfy the desire or appetite of; to satiate; to glut; to surfeit.
Crowds of wanderers sated with the business and pleasure of great cities. Macaulay.
Sate imperfect of Sit .
But sate an equal guest at every board. Lowell.
[ Confer Satin
.] A kind of dress goods made of cotton or woolen, with a glossy surface resembling satin.
Sateless adjective Insatiable. [ R.] Young.
[ French, from Latin satelles
, an attendant.] 1. An attendant attached to a prince or other powerful person; hence, an obsequious dependent.
of power." I. Disraeli. 2. (Astron.) A secondary planet which revolves about another planet; as, the moon is a satellite of the earth. See Solar system , under Solar . Satellite moth (Zoology)
, a handsome European noctuid moth ( Scopelosoma satellitia ).
Satellite adjective (Anat.) Situated near; accompanying; as, the satellite veins, those which accompany the arteries.
Satellitious adjective Pertaining to, or consisting of, satellites. [ R.] Cheyne.
[ Latin Satanas
. See Satan
[ Obsolete] Chaucer. Wyclif.
[ Latin satiatus
, past participle of satiare
to satisfy, from sat
, enough. See Sad
, and confer Sate
.] Filled to satiety; glutted; sated; -- followed by with or of .
of applause." Pope.
Satiate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Satiated
; present participle & verbal noun Satiating
.] 1. To satisfy the appetite or desire of; to feed to the full; to furnish enjoyment to, to the extent of desire; to sate; as, to satiate appetite or sense.
These [ smells] rather woo the sense than satiate it. Bacon.
I may yet survive the malice of my enemies, although they should be satiated with my blood. Eikon Basilike. 2. To full beyond natural desire; to gratify to repletion or loathing; to surfeit; to glut. 3. To saturate.
[ Obsolete] Sir I. Newton. Syn.
-- To satisfy; sate; suffice; cloy; gorge; overfill; surfeit; glut. -- Satiate
. These words differ principally in degree. To content
is to make contented, even though every desire or appetite is not fully gratified. To satisfy
is to appease fully the longings of desire. To satiate
is to fill so completely that it is not possible to receive or enjoy more; hence, to overfill; to cause disgust in.
Content with science in the vale of peace. Pope.
His whole felicity is endless strife; Beaumont.
No peace, no satisfaction , crowns his life.
He may be satiated , but not satisfied . Norris.
Satiation noun Satiety.
[ Latin satietas
, from satis
, enough: confer French satiété
.] The state of being satiated or glutted; fullness of gratification, either of the appetite or of any sensual desire; fullness beyond desire; an excess of gratification which excites wearisomeness or loathing; repletion; satiation.
In all pleasures there is satiety . Hakewill.
But thy words, with grace divine Milton. Syn.
Imbued, bring to their sweetness no satiety .
-- Repletion; satiation; surfeit; cloyment.
[ French satin
(cf. Portuguese setim
), from Italian setino
, from seta
silk, Latin saeta
, a thick, stiff hair, a bristle; or possibly ultimately of Chinese origin; confer Chin. sz-tün
, sz- twan
. Confer Sateen
.] A silk cloth, of a thick, close texture, and overshot woof, which has a glossy surface.
Cloths of gold and satins rich of hue. Chaucer. Denmark satin
, a kind of lasting; a stout worsted stuff, woven with a satin twill, used for women's shoes.
-- Farmer's satin
. See under Farmer .
-- Satin bird (Zoology)
, an Australian bower bird. Called also satin grackle .
-- Satin flower (Botany) See Honesty , 4.
-- Satin spar
. (Min.) (a) A fine fibrous variety of calcite, having a pearly luster
. (b) A similar variety of gypsum.
-- Satin sparrow (Zoology)
, the shining flycatcher ( Myiagra nitida ) of Tasmania and Australia. The upper surface of the male is rich blackish green with a metallic luster.
-- Satin stone
, satin spar.
Satin weave A style of weaving producing smooth- faced fabric in which the warp interlaces with the filling at points distributed over the surface.
[ French, from satin
. See Satin
.] 1. A thin kind of satin. 2. A kind of cloth made of cotton warp and woolen filling, used chiefly for trousers.
Satinette noun One of a breed of fancy frilled pigeons allied to the owls and turbits, having the body white, the shoulders tricolored, and the tail bluish black with a large white spot on each feather.
Satinwood noun (Botany) The hard, lemon-colored, fragrant wood of an East Indian tree ( Chloroxylon Swietenia ). It takes a lustrous finish, and is used in cabinetwork. The name is also given to the wood of a species of prickly ash ( Xanthoxylum Caribæum ) growing in Florida and the West Indies.
Satiny adjective Like or composed of satin; glossy; as, to have a satiny appearance; a satiny texture.
Sation noun [ Latin satio , from serere , satum , to sow.] A sowing or planting. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.
[ Latin satira
, from satura
) a dish filled with various kinds of fruits, food composed of various ingredients, a mixture, a medley, from satur
full of food, sated, from sat
, enough: confer French satire
. See Sate
, and confer Saturate
.] 1. A composition, generally poetical, holding up vice or folly to reprobation; a keen or severe exposure of what in public or private morals deserves rebuke; an invective poem; as, the Satires of Juvenal. 2. Keeness and severity of remark; caustic exposure to reprobation; trenchant wit; sarcasm. Syn.
-- Lampoon; sarcasm; irony; ridicule; pasquinade; burlesque; wit; humor.
Satiric, Satirical adjective [ Latin satiricus : confer French satirique .]
1. Of or pertaining to satire; of the nature of satire; as, a satiric style. 2. Censorious; severe in language; sarcastic; insulting. " Satirical rogue." Shak. Syn. -- Cutting; caustic; poignant; sarcastic; ironical; bitter; reproachful; abusive. -- Sa*tir"ic*al*ly , adverb -- Sa*tir"ic*al*ness , noun
[ Confer French satiriste
.] One who satirizes; especially, one who writes satire.
The mighty satirist , who . . . had spread terror through the Whig ranks. Macaulay.
Satirize transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Satirized
; present participle & verbal noun Satirizing
.] [ Confer French satiriser
.] To make the object of satire; to attack with satire; to censure with keenness or severe sarcasm.
It is as hard to satirize well a man of distinguished vices, as to praise well a man of distinguished virtues. Swift.
[ Middle English satisfaccioun
, French satisfaction
, from Latin satisfactio
, from satisfacere
to satisfy. See Satisfy
.] 1. The act of satisfying, or the state of being satisfied; gratification of desire; contentment in possession and enjoyment; repose of mind resulting from compliance with its desires or demands.
The mind having a power to suspend the execution and satisfaction of any of its desires. Locke. 2. Settlement of a claim, due, or demand; payment; indemnification; adequate compensation.
We shall make full satisfaction . Shak. 3. That which satisfies or gratifies; atonement.
Die he, or justice must; unless for him Milton. Syn.
Some other, able, and as willing, pay
The rigid satisfaction , death for death.
-- Contentment; content; gratification; pleasure; recompense; compensation; amends; remuneration; indemnification; atonement.
Satisfactive adjective Satisfactory.
Satisfactive discernment of fish. Sir T. Browne.
[ Confer French satisfactoire
.] 1. Giving or producing satisfaction; yielding content; especially, relieving the mind from doubt or uncertainty, and enabling it to rest with confidence; sufficient; as, a satisfactory account or explanation. 2. Making amends, indemnification, or recompense; causing to cease from claims and to rest content; compensating; atoning; as, to make satisfactory compensation, or a satisfactory apology.
A most wise and sufficient means of redemption and salvation, by the satisfactory and meritorious death and obedience of the incarnate Son of God, Jesus Christ. Bp. Sanderson.
-- Sat`is*fac"to*ri*ly adverb
Satisfiable adjective That may be satisfied.
Satisfier noun One who satisfies.
Satisfy transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Satisfied
; present participle & verbal noun Satisfying
.] [ Old French satisfier
; Latin satis
enough + -ficare
(in comp.) to make; confer French satisfaire
, Latin satisfacere
. See Sad
, and Fact
.] 1. In general, to fill up the measure of a want of (a person or a thing); hence, to grafity fully the desire of; to make content; to supply to the full, or so far as to give contentment with what is wished for.
Death shall . . . with us two Milton. 2. To pay to the extent of claims or deserts; to give what is due to; as, to satisfy a creditor. 3. To answer or discharge, as a claim, debt, legal demand, or the like; to give compensation for; to pay off; to requite; as, to satisfy a claim or an execution. 4. To free from doubt, suspense, or uncertainty; to give assurance to; to set at rest the mind of; to convince; as, to satisfy one's self by inquiry.
Be forced to satisfy his ravenous maw.
The standing evidences of the truth of the gospel are in themselves most firm, solid, and satisfying . Atterbury. Syn.
-- To satiate; sate; content; grafity; compensate. See Satiate
Satisfy intransitive verb
1. To give satisfaction; to afford gratification; to leave nothing to be desired. 2. To make payment or atonement; to atone. Milton.
Satisfyingly adverb So as to satisfy; satisfactorily.
Sative adjective [ Latin sativus , from serere , satum, to sow.] Sown; propagated by seed. [ Obsolete] Evelyn.
Satle transitive verb & i. To settle. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Satrap noun [ Latin satrapes , Greek ..., from OPers. khshatrapāvan ruler: confer French satrape .] The governor of a province in ancient Persia; hence, a petty autocrat despot.
Satrapal adjective Of or pertaining to a satrap, or a satrapy.
Satrapess noun A female satrap.
Satrapical adjective Satrapal. [ R.]
; plural Satrapies
. [ Latin satrapia
, Greek ...: confer French satrapie
.] The government or jurisdiction of a satrap; a principality. Milton.
Satsuma ware (? or ?). (Fine Arts) A kind of ornamental hard-glazed pottery made at Satsuma in Kiushu, one of the Japanese islands.
Saturable adjective [ Latin saturabilis : confer French saturable .] Capable of being saturated; admitting of saturation. -- Sat`u*ra*bil"i*ty noun
[ Latin saturans
, present participle See Saturate
.] Impregnating to the full; saturating.
1. (Chemistry) A substance used to neutralize or saturate the affinity of another substance. 2. (Medicine) An antacid, as magnesia, used to correct acidity of the stomach.
Saturate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Saturated
; present participle & verbal noun Saturating
.] [ Latin saturatus
, past participle of saturare
to saturate, from satur
full of food, sated. See Satire
.] 1. To cause to become completely penetrated, impregnated, or soaked; to fill fully; to sate.
Innumerable flocks and herds covered that vast expanse of emerald meadow saturated with the moisture of the Atlantic. Macaulay.
Fill and saturate each kind Emerson. 2. (Chemistry) To satisfy the affinity of; to cause to become inert by chemical combination with all that it can hold; as, to saturate phosphorus with chlorine.
With good according to its mind.
Saturate p. adjective
[ Latin saturatus
, past participle ] Filled to repletion; saturated; soaked.
Dries his feathers saturate with dew. Cowper.
The sand beneath our feet is saturate Longfellow.
With blood of martyrs.
Saturated adjective Saturated color (Optics) , a color not diluted with white; a pure unmixed color, like those of the spectrum.
1. Filled to repletion; holding by absorption, or in solution, all that is possible; as, saturated garments; a saturated solution of salt. 2. (Chemistry) Having its affinity satisfied; combined with all it can hold; -- said of certain atoms, radicals, or compounds; thus, methane is a saturated compound. Contrasted with unsaturated . » A saturated compound may exchange certain ingredients for others, but can not take on more without such exchange.
Saturation noun [ Latin saturatio : confer French saturation .]
1. The act of saturating, or the state of being saturating; complete penetration or impregnation. 2. (Chemistry) The act, process, or result of saturating a substance, or of combining it to its fullest extent. 3. (Optics) Freedom from mixture or dilution with white; purity; -- said of colors. » The degree of saturation of a color is its relative purity, or freedom from admixture with white.
Saturator noun [ Latin ] One who, or that which, saturates.
Saturday noun [ Middle English Saterday , Anglo-Saxon Sæterdæg , Sæterndæg , Sæternesdæg , literally, Saturn's day, from Latin Saturnus Saturn + Anglo-Saxon dæg day; confer Latin dies Saturni .] The seventh or last day of the week; the day following Friday and preceding Sunday.
Saturity noun [ Latin saturitas , from satur full of food, sated.] The state of being saturated; fullness of supply. [ Obsolete] Warner.
[ Latin Saturnus
, literally, the sower, from serere
, to sow. See Season
.] 1. (Roman Myth.) One of the elder and principal deities, the son of Cœlus and Terra (Heaven and Earth), and the father of Jupiter. The corresponding Greek divinity was Kro`nos , later CHro`nos , Time. 2. (Astron.) One of the planets of the solar system, next in magnitude to Jupiter, but more remote from the sun. Its diameter is seventy thousand miles, its mean distance from the sun nearly eight hundred and eighty millions of miles, and its year, or periodical revolution round the sun, nearly twenty-nine years and a half. It is surrounded by a remarkable system of rings, and has eight satellites. 3. (Alchem.) The metal lead.
Saturnalia noun plural
[ Latin See Saturn
.] 1. (Rom. Antiq.) The festival of Saturn, celebrated in December, originally during one day, but afterward during seven days, as a period of unrestrained license and merriment for all classes, extending even to the slaves. 2. Hence: A period or occasion of general license, in which the passions or vices have riotous indulgence.