Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ See Saxhorn
, and Tube
.] (Mus.) A powerful instrument of brass, curved somewhat like the Roman buccina , or tuba.
[ Latin saxifraga
, from saxifragus
rock + frangere
to break: confer French saxifrage
. See Fracture
, and confer Sassafras
.] (Botany) Any plant of the genus Saxifraga , mostly perennial herbs growing in crevices of rocks in mountainous regions. Burnet saxifrage
, a European umbelliferous plant ( Pimpinella Saxifraga ).
-- Golden saxifrage
, a low half-succulent herb ( Chrysosplenium oppositifolium ) growing in rivulets in Europe; also, C. Americanum , common in the United States. See also under Golden .
-- Meadow saxifrage
, or Pepper saxifrage
. See under Meadow .
[ Latin saxifragus
: confer French saxifrage
. See Saxifrage
.] Dissolving stone, especially dissolving stone in the bladder.
[ Latin Saxo
, plural Saxones
, from the Saxon national name; confer Anglo-Saxon plural Seaxe
, from seax
a knife, a short sword, a dagger (akin to Old High German sahs
, and perhaps to Latin saxum
rock, stone, knives being originally made of stone); and confer German Sachse
, plural Sachsen
. Confer Saxifrage
.] 1. (a) One of a nation or people who formerly dwelt in the northern part of Germany, and who, with other Teutonic tribes, invaded and conquered England in the fifth and sixth centuries. (b) Also used in the sense of Anglo- Saxon . (c) A native or inhabitant of modern Saxony. 2. The language of the Saxons; Anglo- Saxon. Old Saxon
, the Saxon of the continent of Europe in the old form of the language, as shown particularly in the "Heliand", a metrical narration of the gospel history preserved in manuscripts of the 9th century.
Saxon adjective Of or pertaining to the Saxons, their country, or their language. (b) Anglo-Saxon. (c) Of or pertaining to Saxony or its inhabitants. Saxon blue (Dyeing) , a deep blue liquid used in dyeing, and obtained by dissolving indigo in concentrated sulphuric acid. Brande & C. -- Saxon green (Dyeing) , a green color produced by dyeing with yellow upon a ground of Saxon blue.
Saxonic adjective Relating to the Saxons or Anglo- Saxons.
Saxonism noun An idiom of the Saxon or Anglo-Saxon language. T. Warton.
Saxonist noun One versed in the Saxon language.
Saxonite noun (Min.) See Mountain soap , under Mountain .
Saxony noun [ So named after the kingdom of Saxony , reputed to produce fine wool.]
1. A kind of glossy woolen cloth formerly much used. 2. Saxony yarn, or flannel made of it or similar yarn.
Saxony yarn A fine grade of woolen yarn twisted somewhat harder and smoother than zephyr yarn.
[ A.A.J. Sax
, the inventor (see Saxhorn
) + Greek ... tone.] (Mus.) A wind instrument of brass, containing a reed, and partaking of the qualities both of a brass instrument and of a clarinet.
(sā), obsolete imperfect
. Saw. Chaucer.
[ Aphetic form of assay
.] 1. Trial by sample; assay; sample; specimen; smack.
If those principal works of God . . . be but certain tastes and says , as it were, of that final benefit. Hooker.
Thy tongue some say of breeding breathes. Shak. 2. Tried quality; temper; proof.
He found a sword of better say . Spenser. 3. Essay; trial; attempt.
[ Obsolete] To give a say at
, to attempt. B. Jonson.
Say transitive verb To try; to assay. [ Obsolete] B. Jonson.
[ Middle English saie
, French saie
, from Latin saga
, equiv. to sagum
, a coarse woolen mantle; confer Greek sa`gos
. See Sagum
.] 1. A kind of silk or satin.
Thou say , thou serge, nay, thou buckram lord! Shak. 2. A delicate kind of serge, or woolen cloth.
His garment neither was of silk nor say . Spenser.
Say transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Said
(sĕd), contracted from sayed
; present participle & verbal noun Saying
.] [ Middle English seggen
, Anglo-Saxon secgan
; akin to Old Saxon seggian
, Dutch zeggen
, LG. seggen
, Old High German sagēn
, German sagen
, Icelandic segja
, Swedish säga
, Danish sige
, Lithuanian sakyti
; confer OL. insece
tell, relate, Greek 'e`nnepe
. Confer Saga
a saying.] 1. To utter or express in words; to tell; to speak; to declare; as, he said many wise things.
Arise, and say how thou camest here. Shak. 2. To repeat; to rehearse; to recite; to pronounce; as, to say a lesson.
Of my instruction hast thou nothing bated Shak.
In what thou hadst to say ?
After which shall be said or sung the following hymn. Bk. of Com. Prayer. 3. To announce as a decision or opinion; to state positively; to assert; hence, to form an opinion upon; to be sure about; to be determined in mind as to.
But what it is, hard is to say . Milton. 4. To mention or suggest as an estimate, hypothesis, or approximation; hence, to suppose; -- in the imperative, followed sometimes by the subjunctive; as, he had, say fifty thousand dollars; the fox had run, say ten miles.
Say , for nonpayment that the debt should double, Shak. It is said
Is twenty hundred kisses such a trouble?
, or They say
, it is commonly reported; it is rumored; people assert or maintain.
- - That is to say
, that is; in other words; otherwise.
Say intransitive verb To speak; to express an opinion; to make answer; to reply.
You have said ; but whether wisely or no, let the forest judge. Shak.
To this argument we shall soon have said ; for what concerns it us to hear a husband divulge his household privacies? Milton.
[ From Say
, transitive verb
; confer Saw
a saying.] A speech; something said; an expression of opinion; a current story; a maxim or proverb.
[ Archaic or Colloq.]
He no sooner said out his say , but up rises a cunning snap. L'Estrange.
That strange palmer's boding say , Sir W. Scott.
That fell so ominous and drear
Full on the object of his fear.
Sayer noun One who says; an utterer.
Mr. Curran was something much better than a sayer of smart sayings. Jeffrey.
[ French Confer Say
a kind of serge.] A mixed stuff, called also sagathy . See Sagathy .
Saying noun That which is said; a declaration; a statement, especially a proverbial one; an aphorism; a proverb.
Many are the sayings of the wise, Milton. Syn.
In ancient and in modern books enrolled.
-- Declaration; speech; adage; maxim; aphorism; apothegm; saw; proverb; byword.
Sayman noun [ Say sample + man .] One who assays. [ Obsolete] Bacon.
Saymaster noun A master of assay; one who tries or proves. [ Obsolete] "Great saymaster of state." B. Jonson.
obsolete past participle of Senge , to singe. Chaucer.
Sblood interj. An abbreviation of God's blood ; -- used as an oath. [ Obsolete] Shak.
[ Middle English scab
; confer Anglo-Saxon scæb
, Dan. & Swedish skab
, and also Latin scabies
, from scabere
to scratch, akin to English shave
. See Shave
, and confer Shab
.] 1. An incrustation over a sore, wound, vesicle, or pustule, formed by the drying up of the discharge from the diseased part. 2. The itch in man; also, the scurvy.
[ Colloq. or Obsolete] 3. The mange, esp. when it appears on sheep. Chaucer. 4. A disease of potatoes producing pits in their surface, caused by a minute fungus ( Tiburcinia Scabies ). 5. (Founding) A slight irregular protuberance which defaces the surface of a casting, caused by the breaking away of a part of the mold. 6. A mean, dirty, paltry fellow.
[ Low] Shak. 7. A nickname for a workman who engages for lower wages than are fixed by the trades unions; also, for one who takes the place of a workman on a strike.
Scab intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Scabbed
; present participle & verbal noun Scabbing
.] To become covered with a scab; as, the wound scabbed over.
Scab noun (Botany) Any one of various more or less destructive fungus diseases attacking cultivated plants, and usually forming dark-colored crustlike spots.
[ Middle English scaubert
, Old French escaubers
, plural, scabbards, probably of German or Scan. origin; confer Icelandic skālpr
scabbard, and German bergen
to conceal. Confer Hauberk
.] The case in which the blade of a sword, dagger, etc., is kept; a sheath.
Nor in thy scabbard sheathe that famous blade. Fairfax. Scabbard fish (Zoology)
, a long, compressed, silver-colored tænioid fish ( Lepidopus caudatus, or argyreus ), found on the European coasts, and more abundantly about New Zealand, where it is called frostfish and considered an excellent food fish.
Scabbard transitive verb To put in a scabbard.
Scabbard plane See Scaleboard plane , under Scaleboard .
1. Abounding with scabs; diseased with scabs. 2. Fig.: Mean; paltry; vile; worthless. Bacon.
Scabbedness noun Scabbiness.
Scabbily adverb In a scabby manner.
Scabbiness noun The quality or state of being scabby.
Scabble transitive verb See Scapple .
[ Compar. Scabbier
; superl. Scabbiest
.] 1. Affected with scabs; full of scabs. 2. Diseased with the scab, or mange; mangy. Swift.
Scabies noun (Medicine) The itch.
Scabious adjective [ Latin scabiosus , from scabies the scab: confer French scabieux .] Consisting of scabs; rough; itchy; leprous; as, scabious eruptions. Arbuthnot.
[ Confer French scabieuse
. See Scabious
] (Botany) Any plant of the genus Scabiosa , several of the species of which are common in Europe. They resemble the Compositæ , and have similar heads of flowers, but the anthers are not connected. Sweet scabious
. (a) Mourning bride
. (b) A daisylike plant ( Erigeron annuus ) having a stout branching stem.
[ See Scapple
.] A fragment or chip of stone.
[ Written also scabline
Scabredity noun [ Latin scabredo , from scaber rough.] Roughness; ruggedness. [ Obsolete] Burton.
[ Latin scabrosus
, from scaber
rough: confer French scabreux
.] 1. Rough to the touch, like a file; having small raised dots, scales, or points; scabby; scurfy; scaly. Arbuthnot. 2. Fig.: Harsh; unmusical.
His verse is scabrous and hobbling. Dryden.
Scabrousness noun The quality of being scabrous.
Scabwort noun (Botany) Elecampane.
[ Gael. & Ir. sgadan
a herring.] (Zoology) (a) A small carangoid fish ( Trachurus saurus ) abundant on the European coast, and less common on the American. The name is applied also to several allied species. (b) The goggler; -- called also big-eyed scad . See Goggler . (c) The friar skate.
[ Scot.] (d) The cigar fish, or round robin.
[ Old French eschafault
, French échafaud
; probably originally the same word as E. & French catafalque
, Italian catafalco
. See Catafalque
.] 1. A temporary structure of timber, boards, etc., for various purposes, as for supporting workmen and materials in building, for exhibiting a spectacle upon, for holding the spectators at a show, etc.
Pardon, gentles all, Shak. 2. Specifically, a stage or elevated platform for the execution of a criminal; as, to die on the scaffold .
The flat, unraised spirits that have dared
On this unworthy scaffold to bring forth
So great an object.
That a scaffold of execution should grow a scaffold of coronation. Sir P. Sidney. 3. (Metal.) An accumulation of adherent, partly fused material forming a shelf, or dome-shaped obstruction, above the tuyères in a blast furnace.
Scaffold transitive verb To furnish or uphold with a scaffold.
Scaffoldage noun A scaffold. [ R.] Shak.