Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Scarce, Scarcely adverb 1. With difficulty; hardly; scantly; barely; but just.
With a scarce well-lighted flame. Milton.
The eldest scarcely five year was of age. Chaucer.
Slowly she sails, and scarcely stems the tides. Dryden.
He had scarcely finished, when the laborer arrived who had been sent for my ransom. W. Irving. 2. Frugally; penuriously.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Scarcement noun (Arch. & Engin.) An offset where a wall or bank of earth, etc., retreats, leaving a shelf or footing.
Scarceness, Scarcity noun The quality or condition of being scarce; smallness of quantity in proportion to the wants or demands; deficiency; lack of plenty; short supply; penury; as, a scarcity of grain; a great scarcity of beauties. Chaucer.
A scarcity of snow would raise a mutiny at Naples. Addison.
Praise . . . owes its value to its scarcity . Rambler.
The value of an advantage is enhanced by its scarceness . Collier. Syn.
-- Deficiency; lack; want; penury; dearth; rareness; rarity; infrequency.
Scard noun A shard or fragment. [ Obsolete]
Scare transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Scared
; present participle & verbal noun Scaring
.] [ Middle English skerren
, Icelandic skirra
to bar, prevent, skirrask
to shun , shrink from; or from Middle English skerre
, adj., scared, Icelandic skjarr
; both perhaps akin to English sheer
to turn.] To frighten; to strike with sudden fear; to alarm.
The noise of thy crossbow Shak. To scare away
Will scare the herd, and so my shoot is lost.
, to drive away by frightening.
-- To scare up
, to find by search, as if by beating for game.
[ Slang] Syn.
-- To alarm; frighten; startle; affright; terrify.
Scare noun Fright; esp., sudden fright produced by a trifling cause, or originating in mistake. [ Colloq.]
Scarecrow noun 1. Anything set up to frighten crows or other birds from cornfields; hence, anything terifying without danger.
A scarecrow set to frighten fools away. Dryden. 2. A person clad in rags and tatters.
No eye hath seen such scarecrows . I'll not march with them through Coventry, that's flat. Shak. 3. (Zoology) The black tern.
[ Prov. Eng.]
1. An alarm of fire. [ Obsolete] 2. A fire causing alarm. [ Obsolete] Fuller.
Scarf (skärf) noun [ Icelandic skarfr .] A cormorant. [ Scot.]
; plural Scarfs
, rarely Scarves
(skärvz). [ Confer Old French escharpe
a pilgrim's scrip, or wallet (hanging about the neck), French écharpe
sash, scarf; probably from Old High German scharpe
pocket; also (from the French) Danish skiærf
; Swedish skärp
, Prov. German schärfe
, LG. scherf
, German schärpe
; and also Anglo-Saxon scearf
a fragment; possibly akin to English scrip
a wallet. Confer Scarp
a scarf.] An article of dress of a light and decorative character, worn loosely over the shoulders or about the neck or the waist; a light shawl or handkerchief for the neck; also, a cravat; a neckcloth.
Put on your hood and scarf . Swift.
With care about the banners, scarves , and staves. R. Browning.
Scarf transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Scarfed
; present participle & verbal noun Scarfing
.] 1. To throw on loosely; to put on like a scarf.
"My sea-gown scarfed
about me." Shak. 2. To dress with a scarf, or as with a scarf; to cover with a loose wrapping. Shak.
Scarf transitive verb [ Swedish skarfva to eke out, to join together, skarf a seam, joint; confer Danish skarre to joint, to unite timber, Icelandic skara to clinch the planks of a boat, German scharben to chop, to cut small.] (a) To form a scarf on the end or edge of, as for a joint in timber, metal rods, etc. (b) To unite, as two pieces of timber or metal, by a scarf joint.
Scarf noun (a) In a piece which is to be united to another by a scarf joint, the part of the end or edge that is tapered off, rabbeted, or notched so as to be thinner than the rest of the piece. (b) A scarf joint. Scarf joint (a) A joint made by overlapping and bolting or locking together the ends of two pieces of timber that are halved, notched, or cut away so that they will fit each other and form a lengthened beam of the same size at the junction as elsewhere
. (b) A joint formed by welding, riveting, or brazing together the overlapping scarfed ends, or edges, of metal rods, sheets, etc.
-- Scarf weld
. See under Weld .
Scarification noun [ Latin scarificatio : confer French scarification .] The act of scarifying.
Scarificator noun [ Confer French scarificateur .] (Surg.) An instrument, principally used in cupping, containing several lancets moved simultaneously by a spring, for making slight incisions.
Scarifier noun 1. One who scarifies. 2. (Surg.) The instrument used for scarifying. 3. (Agriculture) An implement for stripping and loosening the soil, without bringing up a fresh surface.
You have your scarifiers to make the ground clean. Southey.
Scarify transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Scarified
; present participle & verbal noun Scarifying
.] [ French scarifier
, Latin scarificare
, from Greek ... to scratch up, from ... a pointed instrument.] 1. To scratch or cut the skin of; esp. (Medicine) , to make small incisions in, by means of a lancet or scarificator, so as to draw blood from the smaller vessels without opening a large vein. 2. (Agriculture) To stir the surface soil of, as a field.
Scariose, Scarious adjective
[ French scarieux
, New Latin scariosus
. Confer Scary
.] (Botany) Thin, dry, membranous, and not green. Gray.
[ New Latin : confer French scarlatine
. See Scarlet
.] (Medicine) Scarlet fever.
-- Scar`la*ti"nal adjective
(# or #) adjective
Scarless adjective Free from scar. Drummond.
[ Middle English scarlat
, Old French escarlate
, French écarlate
(cf. Pr. escarlat
, Spanish & Portuguese escarlata
, Italian scarlatto
, Late Latin scarlatum
), from Persian sakirlāt
.] A deep bright red tinged with orange or yellow, -- of many tints and shades; a vivid or bright red color. 2. Cloth of a scarlet color.
All her household are clothed with scarlet . Prov. xxxi. 21.
Scarlet adjective Of the color called scarlet; as, a scarlet cloth or thread. Scarlet admiral (Zoology)
, the red admiral. See under Red . -- Scarlet bean (Botany) , a kind of bean ( Phaseolus multiflorus ) having scarlet flowers; scarlet runner.
-- Scarlet fever (Medicine)
, a contagious febrile disease characterized by inflammation of the fauces and a scarlet rash, appearing usually on the second day, and ending in desquamation about the sixth or seventh day.
-- Scarlet fish (Zoology)
, the telescope fish; -- so called from its red color. See under Telescope .
-- Scarlet ibis (Zoology) See under Ibis .
-- Scarlet maple (Botany)
, the red maple. See Maple .
-- Scarlet mite (Zoology)
, any one of numerous species of bright red carnivorous mites found among grass and moss, especially Thombidium holosericeum and allied species. The young are parasitic upon spiders and insects.
-- Scarlet oak (Botany)
, a species of oak ( Quercus coccinea ) of the United States; -- so called from the scarlet color of its leaves in autumn.
-- Scarlet runner (Botany)
, the scarlet bean.
-- Scarlet tanager
. (Zoology) See under Tanager .
Scarlet transitive verb To dye or tinge with scarlet.
The ashy paleness of my cheek Ford.
Is scarleted in ruddy flakes of wrath.
Scarmage, Scarmoge noun A slight contest; a skirmish. See Skirmish .
Such cruel game my scarmoges disarms. Spenser.
[ Icelandic skarn
; akin to Anglo-Saxon scearn
. Confer Shearn
[ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.] Ray. Scarn bee (Zoology)
, a dung beetle.
Scaroid adjective [ Scarus + - oid .] (Zoology) Of or pertaining to the Scaridæ , a family of marine fishes including the parrot fishes.
[ Old French escharpe
. See 2d Scarf
.] (Her.) A band in the same position as the bend sinister, but only half as broad as the latter.
[ Aphetic form of Escarp
.] 1. (Fort.) The slope of the ditch nearest the parapet; the escarp. 2. A steep descent or declivity.
Scarp transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Scarped
; present participle & verbal noun Scarping
.] To cut down perpendicularly, or nearly so; as, to scarp the face of a ditch or a rock.
From scarped cliff and quarried stone. Tennyson.
Sweep ruins from the scarped mountain. Emerson.
Scarring noun A scar; a mark.
We find upon the limestone rocks the scarrings of the ancient glacier which brought the bowlder here. Tyndall.
Scarry adjective Bearing scars or marks of wounds.
[ See 4th Scar
.] Like a scar, or rocky eminence; containing scars. Holinshed.
[ Latin See Scar
a kind of fish.] (Zoology) A Mediterranean food fish ( Sparisoma scarus ) of excellent quality and highly valued by the Romans; -- called also parrot fish .
Scary noun [ Prov. English scare scraggy.] Barren land having only a thin coat of grass. [ Prov. Eng.]
[ From Scare
.] 1. Subject to sudden alarm.
[ Colloq. U. S.] Whittier. 2. Causing fright; alarming.
[ Colloq. U. S.]
Scasely adverb Scarcely; hardly. [ Obsolete or Colloq.] Robynson (More's Utopia)
Scat (skăt) interj. Go away; begone; away; -- chiefly used in driving off a cat.
Scat noun A shower of rain. [ Prov. Eng.] Wright.
Scat, Scatt noun [ Icelandic skattr .] Tribute. [ R.] "Seizing scatt and treasure." Longfellow.
Scatch noun [ French escache .] A kind of bit for the bridle of a horse; -- called also scatchmouth . Bailey.
Scatches noun plural
[ Old French eschaces
, French échasses
, from Dutch schaats
a high-heeled shoe, a skate. See Skate
, for the foot.] Stilts.
[ Prov. Eng.]
(skāt) noun See Skate , for the foot.
Scatebrous adjective [ Latin scatebra a gushing up of water, from scatere to bubble, gush.] Abounding with springs. [ Obsolete]
(skăth; 277) noun
[ Icelandic skaði
; akin to Danish skade
, Swedish skada
, Anglo-Saxon sceaða
, foe, injurer, Old Saxon skaðo
, Dutch schade
, harm, injury, Old High German scade
, German schade
; confer Greek 'askhqh`s
unharmed. Confer Scathe
] Harm; damage; injury; hurt; waste; misfortune.
[ Written also scathe
But she was somedeal deaf, and that was skathe . Chaucer.
Great mercy, sure, for to enlarge a thrall, Spenser.
Whose freedom shall thee turn to greatest scath .
Wherein Rome hath done you any scath , Shak.
Let him make treble satisfaction.
(skā&thlig;; 277), Scath
(skăth; 277) , transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Scathed
(skā&thlig;d or skătht); present participle & verbal noun Scathing
(skā&thlig;"ĭng or skăth"-).] [ Icelandic skaða
; akin to Anglo-Saxon sceaðan
, Danish skade
, Swedish skada
, D. & German schaden
, Old High German scadōn
, Goth. skaþjan
.] To do harm to; to injure; to damage; to waste; to destroy.
As when heaven's fire Milton.
Hath scathed the forest oaks or mountain pines.
Strokes of calamity that scathe and scorch the soul. W. Irving.
Scathful adjective Harmful; doing damage; pernicious. Shak. -- Scath"ful*ness , noun
Scathless adjective Unharmed. R. Latin Stevenson.
He, too, . . . is to be dismissed scathless. Sir W. Scott.
Scathly adjective Injurious; scathful. [ Obsolete]