Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Scantlet noun [ Old French eschantelet corner.] A small pattern; a small quantity. [ Obsolete] Sir M. Hale.

Scantling adjective [ See Scant , adjective ] Not plentiful; small; scanty. [ Obsolete] Jer. Taylor.

Scantling noun [ Confer Old French eschantillon , French échantillon , a sample, pattern, example. In some senses confused with scant insufficient. See Scantle , transitive verb ]
1. A fragment; a bit; a little piece. Specifically: (a) A piece or quantity cut for a special purpose; a sample. [ Obsolete]

Such as exceed not this scantling ; -- to be solace to the sovereign and harmless to the people.
Bacon.

A pretty scantling of his knowledge may taken by his deferring to be baptized so many years.
Milton.

(b) A small quantity; a little bit; not much. [ Obsolete]

Reducing them to narrow scantlings .
Jer. Taylor.

2. A piece of timber sawed or cut of a small size, as for studs, rails, etc.

3. The dimensions of a piece of timber with regard to its breadth and thickness; hence, the measure or dimensions of anything.

4. A rough draught; a rude sketch or outline.

5. A frame for casks to lie upon; a trestle. Knight.

Scantly adverb
1. In a scant manner; not fully or sufficiently; narrowly; penuriously. Dryden.

2. Scarcely; hardly; barely.

Scantly they durst their feeble eyes dispread
Upon that town.
Fairfax.

We hold a tourney here to-morrow morn,
And there is scantly time for half the work.
Tennyson.

Scantness noun The quality or condition of being scant; narrowness; smallness; insufficiency; scantiness. " Scantness of outward things." Barrow.

Scanty adjective [ Compar. Scantier ; superl. Scantiest .] [ From Scant , adjective ]
1. Wanting amplitude or extent; narrow; small; not abundant.

His dominions were very narrow and scanty .
Locke.

Now scantier limits the proud arch confine.
Pope.

2. Somewhat less than is needed; insufficient; scant; as, a scanty supply of words; a scanty supply of bread.

3. Sparing; niggardly; parsimonious.

In illustrating a point of difficulty, be not too scanty of words.
I. Watts.

Syn. -- Scant; narrow; small; poor; deficient; meager; scarce; chary; sparing; parsimonious; penurious; niggardly; grudging.

Scape noun [ Latin scapus shaft, stem, stalk; confer Greek ... a staff: confer French scape . Confer Scepter .]
1. (Botany) A peduncle rising from the ground or from a subterranean stem, as in the stemless violets, the bloodroot, and the like.

2. (Zoology) The long basal joint of the antennæ of an insect.

3. (Architecture) (a) The shaft of a column. (b) The apophyge of a shaft.

Scape transitive verb & i. [ imperfect & past participle Scaped ; present participle & verbal noun Scaping .] [ Aphetic form of escape .] To escape. [ Obsolete or Poetic.] Milton.

Out of this prison help that we may scape .
Chaucer.

Scape noun
1. An escape. [ Obsolete]

I spake of most disastrous chances, . . .
Of hairbreadth scapes in the imminent, deadly breach.
Shak.

2. Means of escape; evasion. [ Obsolete] Donne.

3. A freak; a slip; a fault; an escapade. [ Obsolete]

Not pardoning so much as the scapes of error and ignorance.
Milton.

4. Loose act of vice or lewdness. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Scape-wheel noun (Horol.) The wheel in an escapement (as of a clock or a watch) into the teeth of which the pallets play.

Scapegallows noun One who has narrowly escaped the gallows for his crimes. [ Colloq.] Dickens.

Scapegoat noun [ Scape (for escape ) + goat .]
1. (Jewish Antiq.) A goat upon whose head were symbolically placed the sins of the people, after which he was suffered to escape into the wilderness. Lev. xvi. 10.

2. Hence, a person or thing that is made to bear blame for others. Tennyson.

Scapegrace noun A graceless, unprincipled person; one who is wild and reckless. Beaconsfield.

Scapeless adjective (Botany) Destitute of a scape.

Scapement noun [ See Scape , v. , Escapement .] Same as Escapement , 3.

Scaphander noun [ Greek ..., ..., anything hollowed + ..., ..., a man: confer French scaphandre .] The case, or impermeable apparel, in which a diver can work while under water.

Scaphism noun [ Greek ska`fh a trough.] An ancient mode of punishing criminals among the Persians, by confining the victim in a trough, with his head and limbs smeared with honey or the like, and exposed to the sun and to insects until he died.

Scaphite noun [ Latin scapha a boat, from Greek ska`fh a boat, anything dug or scooped out, from ska`ptein to dig.] (Paleon.) Any fossil cephalopod shell of the genus Scaphites , belonging to the Ammonite family and having a chambered boat-shaped shell. Scaphites are found in the Cretaceous formation.

Scaphocephalic adjective (Anat.) Of, pertaining to, or affected with, scaphocephaly.

Scaphocephaly noun [ Greek ska`fh a boat + kefalh` head.] (Anat.) A deformed condition of the skull, in which the vault is narrow, elongated, and more or less boat-shaped.

Scaphocerite noun [ Greek ska`fh boat + English cerite .] (Zoology) A flattened plate or scale attached to the second joint of the antennæ of many Crustacea.

Scaphognathite noun [ Greek ska`fh boat + gna`qos jaw.] (Zoology) A thin leafike appendage (the exopodite) of the second maxilla of decapod crustaceans. It serves as a pumping organ to draw the water through the gill cavity.

Scaphoid adjective [ Greek ska`fh a boat + -oid : confer French scaphoïde .] (Anat.) Resembling a boat in form; boat-shaped. -- noun The scaphoid bone.

Scaphoid bone (a) One of the carpal bones, which articulates with the radius; the radiale . (b) One of the tarsal bones; the navicular bone. See under Navicular .

Scapholunar adjective [ Scapho id + lunar .] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the scaphoid and lunar bones of the carpus. -- noun The scapholunar bone.

Scapholunar bone , a bone formed by the coalescence of the scaphoid and lunar in the carpus of carnivora.

Scaphopoda noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ska`fh a boat + -poda .] (Zoology) A class of marine cephalate Mollusca having a tubular shell open at both ends, a pointed or spadelike foot for burrowing, and many long, slender, prehensile oral tentacles. It includes Dentalium, or the tooth shells, and other similar shells. Called also Prosopocephala , and Solenoconcha .

Scapiform adjective (Botany) Resembling a scape, or flower stem.

Scapolite (skăp"o*līt) noun [ Greek ... a staff, or Latin scapus a stem, stalk + -lite : confer French scapolite .] (Mon.) A grayish white mineral occuring in tetragonal crystals and in cleavable masses. It is essentially a silicate of alumina and soda.

» The scapolite group includes scapolite proper, or wernerite, also meionite, dipyre, etc.

Scapple (skăp"p'l) transitive verb [ Confer Old French eskapeler , eschapler , to cut, hew, Late Latin scapellare . Confer Scabble .] (a) To work roughly, or shape without finishing, as stone before leaving the quarry. (b) To dress in any way short of fine tooling or rubbing, as stone. Gwilt.

Scapula (skăp"u*lȧ) noun ; plural Latin Scapulæ , English Scapulas . [ Latin ]
1. (Anat.) The principal bone of the shoulder girdle in mammals; the shoulder blade.

2. (Zoology) One of the plates from which the arms of a crinoid arise.

Scapular adjective [ Confer French scapulaire . Confer Scapulary .] Of or pertaining to the scapula or the shoulder.

Scapular arch (Anat.) , the pectoral arch. See under pectoral . -- Scapular region , or Scapular tract (Zoology) , a definite longitudinal area over the shoulder and along each side of the back of a bird, from which the scapular feathers arise.

Scapular noun (Zoology) One of a special group of feathers which arise from each of the scapular regions and lie along the sides of the back.

Scapular, Scapulary noun [ French scapulaire , Late Latin scapularium , scapulare , from Latin scapula shoulder blade.]
1. (R. C. Ch.) (a) A loose sleeveless vestment falling in front and behind, worn by certain religious orders and devout persons. (b) The name given to two pieces of cloth worn under the ordinary garb and over the shoulders as an act of devotion. Addis & Arnold.

2. (Surg.) A bandage passing over the shoulder to support it, or to retain another bandage in place.

Scapulary adjective Same as Scapular , adjective

Scapulary noun (Zoology) Same as 2d and 3d Scapular .

Scapulet noun [ Dim. of scapula .] (Zoology) A secondary mouth fold developed at the base of each of the armlike lobes of the manubrium of many rhizostome medusæ. See Illustration in Appendix.

Scapulo- A combining form used in anatomy to indicate connection with , or relation to , the scapula or the shoulder ; as, the scapulo -clavicular articulation, the articulation between the scapula and clavicle.

Scapus noun [ Latin ] See 1st Scape .

Scar noun [ Old French escare , French eschare an eschar, a dry slough (cf. Italian & Spanish escara ), Latin eschara , from Greek ... hearth, fireplace, scab, eschar. Confer Eschar .]
1. A mark in the skin or flesh of an animal, made by a wound or ulcer, and remaining after the wound or ulcer is healed; a cicatrix; a mark left by a previous injury; a blemish; a disfigurement.

This earth had the beauty of youth, . . . and not a wrinkle, scar , or fracture on all its body.
T. Burnet.

2. (Botany) A mark left upon a stem or branch by the fall of a leaf, leaflet, or frond, or upon a seed by the separation of its support. See Illust. . under Axillary .

Scar transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Scarred ; present participle & verbal noun Scarring .] To mark with a scar or scars.

Yet I'll not shed her blood;
Nor scar that whiter skin of hers than snow.
Shak.

His cheeks were deeply scarred .
Macaulay.

Scar intransitive verb To form a scar.

Scar noun [ Scot. scar , scaur , Icelandic sker a skerry, an isolated rock in the sea; akin to Danish skiær , Swedish skär . Confer Skerry .] An isolated or protruding rock; a steep, rocky eminence; a bare place on the side of a mountain or steep bank of earth. [ Written also scaur .]

O sweet and far, from cliff and scar ,
The horns of Elfland faintly blowing.
Tennyson.

Scar noun [ Latin scarus , a kind of fish, Greek ska`ros .] (Zoology) A marine food fish, the scarus, or parrot fish.

Scarab, Scarabee noun [ Latin scarabaeus ; confer French scarabée .] (Zoology) Any one of numerous species of lamellicorn beetles of the genus Scarabæus , or family Scarabæidæ , especially the sacred, or Egyptian, species ( Scarabæus sacer , and S. Egyptiorum ).

Scarab, Scarabee noun Same as Scarabæus .

Scaraboid adjective [ Scarab + -oid .] (Zoology) Of or pertaining to the family Scarabæidæ , an extensive group which includes the Egyptian scarab, the tumbledung, and many similar lamellicorn beetles.

Scaraboid noun (Zoology) A scaraboid beetle.

Scarabæus noun [ Latin ] (Zoology) Same as Scarab .

Scarabæus noun (Egypt. Archæol.) A conventionalized representation of a beetle, with its legs held closely at its sides, carved in natural or made in baked clay, and commonly having an inscription on the flat underside.

Scaramouch noun [ French scaramouche , Italian scaramuccio , scaramuccia , originally the name of a celebrated Italian comedian; confer Italian scaramuccia , scaramuccio , French escarmouche , skirmish. Confer Skirmish .] A personage in the old Italian comedy (derived from Spain) characterized by great boastfulness and poltroonery; hence, a person of like characteristics; a buffoon.

Scarce (skârs) adjective [ Compar. Scarcer (skâr"sẽr); superl. Scarcest .] [ Middle English scars , Old French escars , eschars , Late Latin scarpsus , excarpsus , for Latin excerptus , past participle of excerpere to pick out, and hence to contract, to shorten; ex (see Ex- ) + carpere . See Carpet , and confer Excerp .]
1. Not plentiful or abundant; in small quantity in proportion to the demand; not easily to be procured; rare; uncommon.

You tell him silver is scarcer now in England, and therefore risen one fifth in value.
Locke.

The scarcest of all is a Pescennius Niger on a medallion well preserved.
Addison.

2. Scantily supplied (with); deficient (in); - - with of . [ Obsolete] "A region scarce of prey." Milton.

3. Sparing; frugal; parsimonious; stingy. [ Obsolete] "Too scarce ne too sparing." Chaucer.

To make one's self scarce , to decamp; to depart. [ Slang]

Syn. -- Rare; infrequent; deficient. See Rare .