Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Schistose (?; 277), Schist*ous adjective [ Confer French schisteux .] (Geol.) Of or pertaining to schist; having the structure of a schist.

Schistosity noun [ Confer French schistosité .] (Geol.) The quality or state of being schistose.

Schizo- [ Greek ... to split, cleave.] A combining form denoting division or cleavage ; as, schizo genesis, reproduction by fission or cell division.

Schizocœle noun [ Schizo- + Greek ... hollow.] (Anat.) See Enterocœle .

Schizocœlous adjective (Zoology) Pertaining to, or of the nature of, a schizocœle.

Schizocarp noun [ Schizo- + Greek ... fruit.] (Botany) A dry fruit which splits at maturity into several closed one-seeded portions.

Schizogenesis noun [ Schizo- + genesis .] (Biol.) Reproduction by fission. Haeckel.

Schizognath noun [ See Schizognathous .] (Zoology) Any bird with a schizognathous palate.

Schizognathism noun (Zoology) The condition of having a schizognathous palate.

Schizognathous adjective [ Schizo- + Greek ... the jaw.] (Zoology) Having the maxillo- palatine bones separate from each other and from the vomer, which is pointed in front, as in the gulls, snipes, grouse, and many other birds.

Schizognathæ noun plural [ New Latin ] (Zoology) The schizognathous birds.

Schizomycetes noun plural , [ New Latin , from Greek ... to split + ..., -..., a fungus.] (Biol.) An order of Schizophyta , including the so-called fission fungi, or bacteria. See Schizophyta , in the Supplement.

Schizonemertea noun plural [ New Latin See Schizo -, and Nemertes .] (Zoology) A group of nemerteans comprising those having a deep slit along each side of the head. See Illust. in Appendix.

Schizont (skī"zŏnt or skīz"ŏnt) noun [ Greek ..., ..., p.pr., cleaving.] (Zoology) In certain Sporozoa, a cell formed by the growth of a sporozoite or merozoite (in a cell or corpuscle of the host) which segment by superficial cleavage, without encystment or conjugation, into merozoites.

Schizopelmous adjective [ Schizo- + Greek pe`lma the sole of the foot.] (Zoology) Having the two flexor tendons of the toes entirely separate, and the flexor hallucis going to the first toe only.

Schizophyte noun [ Schizo- + Greek ... a plant.] (Biol.) One of a class of vegetable organisms, in the classification of Cohn, which includes all of the inferior forms that multiply by fission, whether they contain chlorophyll or not.

Schizopod noun (Zoology) one of the Schizopoda. Also used adjectively.

Schizopod (?; 277), Schi*zop"o*dous adjective Of or pertaining to a schizopod, or the Schizopoda.

Schizopoda noun plural , [ New Latin See Schizo -, and -poda .] (Zoology) A division of shrimplike Thoracostraca in which each of the thoracic legs has a long fringed upper branch (exopodite) for swimming.

Schizorhinal adjective [ Schizo- + rhinal .]
1. (Anat.) Having the nasal bones separate.

2. (Zoology) Having the anterior nostrils prolonged backward in the form of a slit.

Schlich noun [ G.; akin to LG. slick mud, Dutch slijk , Middle High German slīch .] (Metal.) The finer portion of a crushed ore, as of gold, lead, or tin, separated by the water in certain wet processes. [ Written also slich , slick .]

Schmelze noun [ German schmelz , schmelzglas .] A kind of glass of a red or ruby color, made in Bohemia.

Schnapps noun [ G., a dram of spirits.] Holland gin. [ U.S.]

Schneiderian adjective (Anat.) Discovered or described by C. V. Schneider , a German anatomist of the seventeenth century.

Schneiderian membrane , the mucous membrane which lines the nasal chambers; the pituitary membrane.

Schnorrer noun [ Yiddish, from German schnurrer , from schnurren to hum, whir, hence, from the sound of the musical instrument used by strolling beggars, to beg.] Among the Jews, a beggar.

Schoharie grit (Geol.) The formation belonging to the middle of the three subdivisions of the Corniferous period in the American Devonian system; -- so called from Schoharie , in New York, where it occurs. See the Chart of Geology .

Scholar noun [ Middle English scoler , Anglo-Saxon scōlere , from Latin scholaris belonging to a school, from schola a school. See School .]
1. One who attends a school; one who learns of a teacher; one under the tuition of a preceptor; a pupil; a disciple; a learner; a student.

I am no breeching scholar in the schools.

2. One engaged in the pursuits of learning; a learned person; one versed in any branch, or in many branches, of knowledge; a person of high literary or scientific attainments; a savant. Shak. Locke.

3. A man of books. Bacon.

4. In English universities, an undergraduate who belongs to the foundation of a college, and receives support in part from its revenues.

Syn. -- Pupil; learner; disciple. -- Scholar , Pupil . Scholar refers to the instruction, and pupil to the care and government, of a teacher. A scholar is one who is under instruction; a pupil is one who is under the immediate and personal care of an instructor; hence we speak of a bright scholar , and an obedient pupil .

Scholarity noun [ Old French scholarité , or Late Latin scholaritas .] Scholarship. [ Obsolete] B. Jonson.

Scholarlike adjective Scholarly. Bacon.

Scholarly adjective Like a scholar, or learned person; showing the qualities of a scholar; as, a scholarly essay or critique. -- adverb In a scholarly manner.

Scholarship noun
1. The character and qualities of a scholar; attainments in science or literature; erudition; learning.

A man of my master's . . . great scholarship .

2. Literary education. [ R.]

Any other house of scholarship .

3. Maintenance for a scholar; a foundation for the support of a student. T. Warton.

Syn. -- Learning; erudition; knowledge.

Scholastic adjective [ Latin scholasticus , Greek ..., from ... to have leisure, to give lectures, to keep a school, from ... leisure, a lecture, a school: confer French scholastique , scolastique . See School .]
1. Pertaining to, or suiting, a scholar, a school, or schools; scholarlike; as, scholastic manners or pride; scholastic learning. Sir K. Digby.

2. Of or pertaining to the schoolmen and divines of the Middle Ages (see Schoolman ); as, scholastic divinity or theology; scholastic philosophy. Locke.

3. Hence, characterized by excessive subtilty, or needlessly minute subdivisions; pedantic; formal.

Scholastic noun
1. One who adheres to the method or subtilties of the schools. Milton.

2. (R. C. Ch.) See the Note under Jesuit .

Scholastical adjective & noun Scholastic.

Scholastically adverb In a scholastic manner.

Scholasticism noun The method or subtilties of the schools of philosophy; scholastic formality; scholastic doctrines or philosophy.

The spirit of the old scholasticism . . . spurned laborious investigation and slow induction.
J. P. Smith.

Scholia noun plural See Scholium .

Scholiast noun [ Greek ..., from ... a scholium: confer French scoliate . See Scholium .] A maker of scholia; a commentator or annotator.

No . . . quotations from Talmudists and scholiasts . . . ever marred the effect of his grave temperate discourses.

Scholiastic adjective Of or pertaining to a scholiast, or his pursuits. Swift.

Scholiaze intransitive verb [ Confer Greek ....] To write scholia. [ Obsolete] Milton.

Scholical adjective [ Latin scholicus , Greek ..., from .... See School .] Scholastic. [ Obsolete] Hales.

Scholion noun [ New Latin ] A scholium.

A judgment which follows immediately from another is sometimes called a corollary, or consectary . . . One which illustrates the science where it appears, but is not an integral part of it, is a scholion .
Abp. Thomson (Laws of Thought).

Scholium noun ; plural Latin Scholia , English Scholiums . [ New Latin , from Greek ..., from .... See School .]
1. A marginal annotation; an explanatory remark or comment; specifically, an explanatory comment on the text of a classic author by an early grammarian.

2. A remark or observation subjoined to a demonstration or a train of reasoning.

Scholy noun A scholium. [ Obsolete] Hooker.

Scholy intransitive verb & t. To write scholia; to annotate. [ Obsolete]

School noun [ For shoal a crowd; probably confused with school for learning.] A shoal; a multitude; as, a school of fish.

School noun [ Middle English scole , Anglo-Saxon sc...lu , Latin schola , Greek ... leisure, that in which leisure is employed, disputation, lecture, a school, probably from the same root as ..., the original sense being perhaps, a stopping, a resting. See Scheme .]
1. A place for learned intercourse and instruction; an institution for learning; an educational establishment; a place for acquiring knowledge and mental training; as, the school of the prophets.

Disputing daily in the school of one Tyrannus.
Acts xix. 9.

2. A place of primary instruction; an establishment for the instruction of children; as, a primary school ; a common school ; a grammar school .

As he sat in the school at his primer.

3. A session of an institution of instruction.

How now, Sir Hugh! No school to- day?

4. One of the seminaries for teaching logic, metaphysics, and theology, which were formed in the Middle Ages, and which were characterized by academical disputations and subtilties of reasoning.

At Cambridge the philosophy of Descartes was still dominant in the schools .

5. The room or hall in English universities where the examinations for degrees and honors are held.

6. An assemblage of scholars; those who attend upon instruction in a school of any kind; a body of pupils.

What is the great community of Christians, but one of the innumerable schools in the vast plan which God has instituted for the education of various intelligences?

7. The disciples or followers of a teacher; those who hold a common doctrine, or accept the same teachings; a sect or denomination in philosophy, theology, science, medicine, politics, etc.

Let no man be less confident in his faith . . . by reason of any difference in the several schools of Christians.
Jer. Taylor.

8. The canons, precepts, or body of opinion or practice, sanctioned by the authority of a particular class or age; as, he was a gentleman of the old school .

His face pale but striking, though not handsome after the schools .
A. S. Hardy.

9. Figuratively, any means of knowledge or discipline; as, the school of experience.

Boarding school , Common school , District school , Normal school , etc. See under Boarding , Common , District , etc. -- High school , a free public school nearest the rank of a college. [ U. S.] -- School board , a corporation established by law in every borough or parish in England, and elected by the burgesses or ratepayers, with the duty of providing public school accommodation for all children in their district. -- School committee , School board , an elected committee of citizens having charge and care of the public schools in any district, town, or city, and responsible for control of the money appropriated for school purposes. [ U. S.] -- School days , the period in which youth are sent to school. -- School district , a division of a town or city for establishing and conducting schools. [ U.S.] -- Sunday school , or Sabbath school , a school held on Sunday for study of the Bible and for religious instruction; the pupils, or the teachers and pupils, of such a school, collectively.

School transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Schooled ; present participle & verbal noun Schooling .]
1. To train in an institution of learning; to educate at a school; to teach.

He's gentle, never schooled , and yet learned.

2. To tutor; to chide and admonish; to reprove; to subject to systematic discipline; to train.

It now remains for you to school your child,
And ask why God's Anointed be reviled.

The mother, while loving her child with the intensity of a sole affection, had schooled herself to hope for little other return than the waywardness of an April breeze.

Schoolbook noun A book used in schools for learning lessons.

Schoolboy noun A boy belonging to, or attending, a school.