Webster's Dictionary, 1913
School-teacher noun One who teaches or instructs a school. -- School"-teach`ing , noun
Schooldame noun A schoolmistress.
Schoolery noun Something taught; precepts; schooling. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Schoolfellow noun One bred at the same school; an associate in school.
Schoolgirl noun A girl belonging to, or attending, a school.
Schoolhouse noun A house appropriated for the use of a school or schools, or for instruction.
1. Instruction in school; tuition; education in an institution of learning; act of teaching. 2. Discipline; reproof; reprimand; as, he gave his son a good schooling . Sir W. Scott. 3. Compensation for instruction; price or reward paid to an instructor for teaching pupils.
[ See School
a shoal.] (Zoology) Collecting or running in schools or shoals.
Schooling species like the herring and menhaden. G. B. Goode.
Schoolma'am noun A schoolmistress. [ Colloq.U.S.]
Schoolmaid noun A schoolgirl. Shak.
; plural Schoolmen One versed in the niceties of academical disputation or of school divinity.
» The schoolmen
were philosophers and divines of the Middle Ages, esp. from the 11th century to the Reformation, who spent much time on points of nice and abstract speculation. They were so called because they taught in the mediæval universities and schools of divinity.
Schoolmaster noun 1. The man who presides over and teaches a school; a male teacher of a school.
Let the soldier be abroad if he will; he can do nothing in this age. There is another personage abroad, -- a person less imposing, -- in the eyes of some, perhaps, insignificant. The schoolmaster is abroad; and I trust to him, armed with his primer, against the soldier in full military array. Brougham. 2. One who, or that which, disciplines and directs.
The law was our schoolmaster , to bring us unto Christ. Gal. iii. 24.
Schoolmate noun A pupil who attends the same school as another.
Schoolmistress noun A woman who governs and teaches a school; a female school-teacher.
Schoolroom noun A room in which pupils are taught.
Schoolship noun A vessel employed as a nautical training school, in which naval apprentices receive their education at the expense of the state, and are trained for service as sailors. Also, a vessel used as a reform school to which boys are committed by the courts to be disciplined, and instructed as mariners.
Schoolward adverb Toward school. Chaucer.
[ See the Note below. Confer Shun
.] (Nautical) Originally, a small, sharp-built vessel, with two masts and fore-and-aft rig. Sometimes it carried square topsails on one or both masts and was called a topsail schooner . About 1840, longer vessels with three masts, fore-and- aft rigged, came into use, and since that time vessels with four masts and even with six masts, so rigged, are built. Schooners with more than two masts are designated three-masted schooners , four- masted schooners , etc. See Illustration in Appendix.
» The first schooner
ever constructed is said to have been built in Gloucester, Massachusetts, about the year 1713, by a Captain Andrew Robinson, and to have received its name from the following trivial circumstance: When the vessel went off the stocks into the water, a bystander cried out,"O, how she scoons
!" Robinson replied, " A scooner
let her be;" and, from that time, vessels thus masted and rigged have gone by this name. The word scoon
is popularly used in some parts of New England to denote the act of making stones skip along the surface of water. The Scottish scon
means the same thing. Both words are probably allied to the Icelandic skunda
, to make haste, hurry, Anglo-Saxon scunian
to avoid, shun, Prov. English scun
. In the New England records, the word appears to have been originally written scooner
. Babson, in his "History of Gloucester," gives the following extract from a letter written in that place Sept. 25, 1721, by Dr. Moses Prince, brother of the Rev. Thomas Prince, the annalist of New England: "This gentleman (Captain Robinson) was first contriver of schooners
, and built the first of that sort about eight years since."
Schooner noun [ D.] A large goblet or drinking glass, -- used for lager beer or ale. [ U.S.]
Schorl (shôrl) noun [ German schörl ; confer Swedish skörl .] (Min.) Black tourmaline. [ Written also shorl .]
Schorlaceous adjective Partaking of the nature and character of schorl; resembling schorl.
Schorlous adjective Schorlaceous.
Schorly > adjective Pertaining to, or containing, schorl; as, schorly granite.
Schottish, Schottische noun [ French schottish , schotisch from German schottisch Scottish, Scotch.] A Scotch round dance in 2-4 time, similar to the polka, only slower; also, the music for such a dance; -- not to be confounded with the Écossaise .
Schreibersite noun [ Named after Carl von Schreibers , of Vienna.] (Min.) A mineral occurring in steel-gray flexible folia. It contains iron, nickel, and phosphorus, and is found only in meteoric iron.
Schwann's sheath [ So called from Theodor Schwann , a German anatomist of the 19th century.] (Anat.) The neurilemma.
Schwann's white substance (Anat.) The substance of the medullary sheath.
Schwanpan noun Chinese abacus.
Schweitzerkäse noun [ German schweizerkäse Swiss cheese.] Gruyère cheese.
Schwenkfelder, Schwenkfeldian noun A member of a religious sect founded by Kaspar von Schwenkfeld, a Silesian reformer who disagreed with Luther, especially on the deification of the body of Christ.
[ See Sciagraphy
.] 1. (Architecture) An old term for a vertical section of a building; -- called also sciagraphy . See Vertical section , under Section . 2. (Physics ) A radiograph.
[ Written also skiagraph
Sciagraphical adjective [ Confer French sciagraphique , Greek ....] Pertaining to sciagraphy. - - Sci`a*graph"ic*al*ly , adverb
[ Greek ..., from ... drawing in light and shade; ... a shadow + ... to delineate, describe: confer French sciagraphie
.] 1. The art or science of projecting or delineating shadows as they fall in nature. Gwilt. 2. (Architecture) Same as Sciagraph .
Sciatheric, Sciatherical adjective [ Greek ..., from ... a sundial; ... a shadow + ... to hunt, to catch.] Belonging to a sundial. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne. -- Sci`a*ther"ic*al*ly , adverb [ Obsolete] J. Gregory.
[ French sciatique
, Late Latin sciaticus
, from Latin ischiadicus
, Greek .... See Ischiadic
.] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the hip; in the region of, or affecting, the hip; ischial; ischiatic; as, the sciatic nerve, sciatic pains.
Sciatic noun [ Confer French sciatique .] (Medicine) Sciatica.
[ New Latin ] (Medicine) Neuralgia of the sciatic nerve, an affection characterized by paroxysmal attacks of pain in the buttock, back of the thigh, or in the leg or foot, following the course of the branches of the sciatic nerve. The name is also popularly applied to various painful affections of the hip and the parts adjoining it. See Ischiadic passion , under Ischiadic .
Sciatical adjective (Anat.) Sciatic.
Sciatically adverb With, or by means of, sciatica.
Scibboleth noun Shibboleth. [ Obsolete]
[ French, from Latin scientia
, from sciens
, present participle of scire
to know. Confer Conscience
.] 1. Knowledge; knowledge of principles and causes; ascertained truth of facts.
If we conceive God's sight or science , before the creation, to be extended to all and every part of the world, seeing everything as it is, . . . his science or sight from all eternity lays no necessity on anything to come to pass. Hammond.
Shakespeare's deep and accurate science in mental philosophy. Coleridge. 2. Accumulated and established knowledge, which has been systematized and formulated with reference to the discovery of general truths or the operation of general laws; knowledge classified and made available in work, life, or the search for truth; comprehensive, profound, or philosophical knowledge.
All this new science that men lere [ teach]. Chaucer.
Science is . . . a complement of cognitions, having, in point of form, the character of logical perfection, and in point of matter, the character of real truth. Sir W. Hamilton. 3. Especially, such knowledge when it relates to the physical world and its phenomena, the nature, constitution, and forces of matter, the qualities and functions of living tissues, etc.; -- called also natural science , and physical science .
Voltaire hardly left a single corner of the field entirely unexplored in science , poetry, history, philosophy. J. Morley. 4. Any branch or department of systematized knowledge considered as a distinct field of investigation or object of study; as, the science of astronomy, of chemistry, or of mind.
» The ancients reckoned seven sciences, namely, grammar, rhetoric, logic, arithmetic, music, geometry, and astronomy; -- the first three being included in the Trivium
, the remaining four in the Quadrivium
Good sense, which only is the gift of Heaven, Pope. 5. Art, skill, or expertness, regarded as the result of knowledge of laws and principles.
And though no science , fairly worth the seven.
His science , coolness, and great strength. G. A. Lawrence.
. Applied science
is a knowledge of facts, events, or phenomena, as explained, accounted for, or produced, by means of powers, causes, or laws. Pure science
is the knowledge of these powers, causes, or laws, considered apart
, or as pure from all applications. Both these terms have a similar and special signification when applied to the science of quantity; as, the applied
and pure mathematics
. Exact science
is knowledge so systematized that prediction and verification, by measurement, experiment, observation, etc., are possible. The mathematical and physical sciences are called the exact sciences
. Comparative sciences
, Inductive sciences
. See under Comparative , and Inductive . Syn.
-- Literature; art; knowledge. -- Science
is literally knowledge
, but more usually denotes a systematic and orderly arrangement of knowledge. In a more distinctive sense, science
embraces those branches of knowledge of which the subject-matter is either ultimate principles, or facts as explained by principles or laws thus arranged in natural order. The term literature
sometimes denotes all compositions not embraced under science
, but usually confined to the belles-lettres
. [ See Literature
is that which depends on practice and skill in performance. "In science
, scimus ut sciamus
; in art, scimus ut producamus
. And, therefore, science
may be said to be investigations of truth; but one, science
, inquires for the sake of knowledge; the other, art
, for the sake of production; and hence science
is more concerned with the higher truths, art
with the lower; and science
never is engaged, as art
is, in productive application. And the most perfect state of science
, therefore, will be the most high and accurate inquiry; the perfection of art
will be the most apt and efficient system of rules; art always throwing itself into the form of rules." Karslake.
Science transitive verb To cause to become versed in science; to make skilled; to instruct. [ R.] Francis.
Scient adjective [ Latin sciens , - entis , present participle] Knowing; skillful. [ Obsolete] Cockeram.
Scienter adverb [ Latin ] (Law) Knowingly; willfully. Bouvier.
Sciential adjective [ Late Latin scientialis , from Latin scientia .] Pertaining to, or producing, science. [ R.] Milton.
[ French scientifique
; Latin scientia
science + facere
to make.] 1. Of or pertaining to science; used in science; as, scientific principles; scientific apparatus; scientific observations. 2. Agreeing with, or depending on, the rules or principles of science; as, a scientific classification; a scientific arrangement of fossils. 3. Having a knowledge of science, or of a science; evincing science or systematic knowledge; as, a scientific chemist; a scientific reasoner; a scientific argument.
Bossuet is as scientific in the structure of his sentences. Landor. Scientific method
, the method employed in exact science and consisting of: ( a ) Careful and abundant observation and experiment. ( b ) generalization of the results into formulated "Laws" and statements.
Sciænoid adjective [ Latin sciæna a kind of fish (fr. Greek ...) + -oid .] (Zoology) Of or pertaining to the Sciænidæ , a family of marine fishes which includes the meagre, the squeteague, and the kingfish.