Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Confer Italian scorsa
a course, and English discourse
.] Barter; exchange; trade.
And recompensed them with a better scorse . Spenser.
Scorse transitive verb [ Written also scourse , and scoss .]
1. To barter or exchange. [ Obsolete] Spenser. 2. To chase. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Scorse intransitive verb To deal for the purchase of anything; to practice barter. [ Obsolete] B. Jonson.
Scortatory adjective [ Latin scortator a fornicator, from scortari to fornicate, scortum a prostitute.] Pertaining to lewdness or fornication; lewd.
Scot noun A name for a horse. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Scot noun [ Confer Latin Skoti , plural, Anglo-Saxon Scotta , plural Skottas , Sceottas .] A native or inhabitant of Scotland; a Scotsman, or Scotchman.
[ Icelandic skot
; or Old French escot
, French écot
, Late Latin scottum
, from a kindred German word; akin to Anglo-Saxon scot
, and English shot
; confer Anglo-Saxon sceótan
to shoot, to contribute. See Shoot
, and confer Shot
.] A portion of money assessed or paid; a tax or contribution; a mulct; a fine; a shot. Scot and lot
, formerly, a parish assessment laid on subjects according to their ability.
[ Eng.] Cowell. Now, a phrase for obligations of every kind regarded collectivelly.
Experienced men of the world know very well that it is best to pay scot and lot as they go along. Emerson.
[ ?], adjective Free from payment of scot; untaxed; hence, unhurt; clear; safe.
Do as much for this purpose, and thou shalt pass scot-free . Sir W. Scott.
Then young Hay escaped scot-free to Holland. A. Lang.
Scotal, Scotale noun [ Scot + ale .] (O. Eng. Law) The keeping of an alehouse by an officer of a forest, and drawing people to spend their money for liquor, for fear of his displeasure.
[ Confer Scottish
.] Of or pertaining to Scotland, its language, or its inhabitants; Scottish. Scotch broom (Botany)
, the Cytisus scoparius . See Broom .
-- Scotch dipper
, or Scotch duck (Zoology)
, the bufflehead; -- called also Scotch teal , and Scotchman .
-- Scotch fiddle
, the itch.
[ Low] Sir W. Scott.
-- Scotch mist
, a coarse, dense mist, like fine rain.
-- Scotch nightingale (Zoology)
, the sedge warbler.
[ Prov. Eng.] -- Scotch pebble
. See under pebble .
-- Scotch pine (Botany) See Riga fir .
-- Scotch thistle (Botany)
, a species of thistle ( Onopordon acanthium ); -- so called from its being the national emblem of the Scotch.
1. The dialect or dialects of English spoken by the people of Scotland. 2. Collectively, the people of Scotland.
Scotch transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Scotched
; present participle & verbal noun Scotching
.] [ Confer Prov. English scote
a prop, and Walloon ascot
a prop, ascoter
to prop, French accoter
, also Armor. skoaz
the shoulder, skoazia
to shoulder up, to prop, to support, W. ysgwydd
a shoulder, ysgwyddo
to shoulder. Confer Scoat
.] [ Written also scoatch
.] To shoulder up; to prop or block with a wedge, chock, etc., as a wheel, to prevent its rolling or slipping.
Scotch noun A chock, wedge, prop, or other support, to prevent slipping; as, a scotch for a wheel or a log on inclined ground.
Scotch transitive verb
[ Probably the same word as scutch
; confer Norw. skoka
, a swingle for flax; perhaps akin to English shake
.] To cut superficially; to wound; to score.
We have scotched the snake, not killed it. Shak. Scotched collops (Cookery)
, a dish made of pieces of beef or veal cut thin, or minced, beaten flat, and stewed with onion and other condiments; -- called also Scotch collops .
[ Written also scotcht collops
Scotch noun A slight cut or incision; a score. Walton.
Scotch rite (Freemasonry) The ceremonial observed by one of the Masonic systems , called in full the Ancient and Accepted Scotch Rite; also, the system itself, which confers thirty-three degrees, of which the first three are nearly identical with those of the York rite.
Scotch terrier (Zoology) One of a breed of small terriers with long, rough hair.
Scotch-hopper noun Hopscotch.
Scotching noun (Masonry) Dressing stone with a pick or pointed instrument.
; plural Scotchmen 1. A native or inhabitant of Scotland; a Scot; a Scotsman. 2. (Nautical) A piece of wood or stiff hide placed over shrouds and other rigging to prevent chafe by the running gear. Ham. Nav. Encyc.
Scoter noun [ Confer Prov. English scote to plow up.] (Zoology) Any one of several species of northern sea ducks of the genus Oidemia . » The European scoters are Oidemia nigra , called also black duck , black diver , surf duck ; and the velvet, or double, scoter ( O. fusca ). The common American species are the velvet, or white-winged, scoter ( O. Deglandi ), called also velvet duck , white-wing , bull coot , white-winged coot ; the black scoter ( O. Americana ), called also black coot , butterbill , coppernose ; and the surf scoter, or surf duck ( O. perspicillata ), called also baldpate , skunkhead , horsehead , patchhead , pishaug , and spectacled coot . These birds are collectively called also coots . The females and young are called gray coots , and brown coots .
Scoth transitive verb To clothe or cover up. [ Obsolete]
Scotia noun [ Latin , from Greek skoti`a darkness, a sunken molding in the base of a pillar, so called from the dark shadow it casts, from sko`tos darkness.] (Architecture) A concave molding used especially in classical architecture.
[ Latin ] Scotland
O Scotia ! my dear, my native soil! Burns.
Scotist noun (Eccl. Hist.) A follower of (Joannes) Duns Scotus , the Franciscan scholastic ( d. 1308), who maintained certain doctrines in philosophy and theology, in opposition to the Thomists , or followers of Thomas Aquinas, the Dominican scholastic.
Scotograph noun [ Greek sko`tos darkness + -graph .] An instrument for writing in the dark, or without seeing. Maunder.
Scotoma noun [ Latin ] (Medicine) Scotomy.
Scotomy noun [ New Latin scotomia , from Greek ... dizziness, from ... to darken, from sko`tos darkness: confer French scotomie .]
1. Dizziness with dimness of sight. [ Obsolete] Massinger. 2. (Medicine) Obscuration of the field of vision due to the appearance of a dark spot before the eye.
Scotoscope noun [ Greek sko`tos darkness + -scope .] An instrument that discloses objects in the dark or in a faint light. [ Obsolete] Pepys.
[ For older Scottis
Scottish. See Scottish
.] Of or pertaining to the Scotch; Scotch; Scottish; as, Scots law; a pound Scots (1s. 8d.).
Scottering noun The burning of a wad of pease straw at the end of harvest. [ Prov. Eng.]
Scotticism noun An idiom, or mode of expression, peculiar to Scotland or Scotchmen.
That, in short, in which the Scotticism of Scotsmen most intimately consists, is the habit of emphasis. Masson.
Scotticize transitive verb To cause to become like the Scotch; to make Scottish. [ R.]
[ From Scot
a Scotchman: confer Anglo-Saxon Scyttisc
, and English Scotch
] Of or pertaining to the inhabitants of Scotland, their country, or their language; as, Scottish industry or economy; a Scottish chief; a Scottish dialect.
Scottish terrier (Zoology) Same as Scotch terrier .
[ Probably from Prov. E. & Scotch scunner
, to loathe, to disgust, akin to Anglo-Saxon scunian
to shun. See Shun
.] A mean, worthless fellow; a rascal; a villain; a man without honor or virtue.
Go, if your ancient, but ignoble blood Pope.
Has crept through scoundrels ever since the flood.
Scoundrel adjective Low; base; mean; unprincipled.
Scoundreldom noun The domain or sphere of scoundrels; scoundrels, collectively; the state, ideas, or practices of scoundrels. Carlyle.
Scoundrelism noun The practices or conduct of a scoundrel; baseness; rascality. Cotgrave.
(skour) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Scoured
; present participle & verbal noun Scouring
.] [ Akin to LG. schüren
, Dutch schuren
, German scheuern
, Danish skure
; Swedish skura
; all possibly from Late Latin escurare
, from Latin ex
to take care. Confer Cure
.] 1. To rub hard with something rough, as sand or Bristol brick, especially for the purpose of cleaning; to clean by friction; to make clean or bright; to cleanse from grease, dirt, etc., as articles of dress. 2. To purge; as, to scour a horse. 3. To remove by rubbing or cleansing; to sweep along or off; to carry away or remove, as by a current of water; -- often with off or away .
[ I will] stain my favors in a bloody mask, Shak. 4.
Which, washed away, shall scour my shame with it.
[ Perhaps a different word; confer Old French escorre
, Italian scorrere
, both from Latin excurrere
to run forth. Confer Excursion
.] To pass swiftly over; to brush along; to traverse or search thoroughly; as, to scour the coast.
Not so when swift Camilla scours the plain. Pope. Scouring barrel
, a tumbling barrel. See under Tumbling .
-- Scouring cinder (Metal.)
, a basic slag, which attacks the lining of a shaft furnace. Raymond.
-- Scouring rush
. (Botany) See Dutch rush , under Dutch .
-- Scouring stock (Woolen Manuf.)
, a kind of fulling mill.
Scour intransitive verb 1. To clean anything by rubbing. Shak. 2. To cleanse anything.
Warm water is softer than cold, for it scoureth better. Bacon. 3. To be purged freely; to have a diarrhœa. 4. To run swiftly; to rove or range in pursuit or search of something; to scamper.
So four fierce coursers, starting to the race, Dryden.
Scour through the plain, and lengthen every pace.
Scour noun Diarrhœa or dysentery among cattle.
Scour transitive verb To cleanse or clear, as by a current of water; to flush.
If my neighbor ought to scour a ditch. Blackstone.
Scour noun 1. The act of scouring. 2. A place scoured out by running water, as in the bed of a stream below a fall.
If you catch the two sole denizens [ trout] of a particular scour , you will find another pair installed in their place to-morrow. Grant Allen.
Scourage noun Refuse water after scouring.
Scourer noun 1. One who, or that which, scours. 2. A rover or footpad; a prowling robber.
In those days of highwaymen and scourers . Macaulay.
[ French escourgée
, from Latin excoriata
) a stripped off (lash or whip), from excoriare
to strip, to skin. See Excoriate
.] 1. A lash; a strap or cord; especially, a lash used to inflict pain or punishment; an instrument of punishment or discipline; a whip.
Up to coach then goes Chapman. 2. Hence, a means of inflicting punishment, vengeance, or suffering; an infliction of affliction; a punishment.
The observed maid, takes both the scourge and reins.
Sharp scourges of adversity. Chaucer.
What scourge for perjury Shak.
Can this dark monarchy afford false Clarence?
Scourge transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Scourged
; present participle & verbal noun Scourging
.] [ From Scourge
: confer Old French escorgier
.] 1. To whip severely; to lash.
Is it lawful for you to scourge a . . . Roman? Acts xxii. 25. 2. To punish with severity; to chastise; to afflict, as for sins or faults, and with the purpose of correction.
Whom the Lord loveth he chasteneth, and scourgeth every son whom he receiveth. Hebrew xii. 6. 3. To harass or afflict severely.
To scourge and impoverish the people. Brougham.
Scourger noun One who scourges or punishes; one who afflicts severely.
The West must own the scourger of the world. Byron.
(skōrs) transitive verb See Scorse .