Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Scopeline adjective (Zoology) Scopeloid.
Scopeloid adjective [ New Latin Scopelus , typical genus (fr. Greek ... a headland) + - oid .] (Zoology) Like or pertaining to fishes of the genus Scopelus , or family Scopelodæ , which includes many small oceanic fishes, most of which are phosphorescent. -- noun (Zoology) Any fish of the family Scopelidæ .
Scopiferous adjective [ Latin scopae , scopa + -ferous .] (Zoology) Bearing a tuft of brushlike hairs.
Scopiform adjective [ Latin scopae , scopa , a broom + -form .] Having the form of a broom or besom. "Zeolite, stelliform or scopiform ." Kirwan.
[ Latin scopae
, a broom + pes
, a foot.] (Zoology) Same as Scopuliped .
Scoppet transitive verb
[ From Scoop
, transitive verb
] To lade or dip out.
[ Obsolete] Bp. Hall.
Scops owl [ New Latin scops , from Greek ... the little horned owl.] (Zoology) Any one of numerous species of small owls of the genus Scops having ear tufts like those of the horned owls, especially the European scops owl ( Scops giu ), and the American screech owl ( S. asio ).
Scoptic, Scoptical adjective [ Greek skwptiko`s , from skw`ptein to mock, to scoff at.] Jesting; jeering; scoffing. [ Obsolete] South. -- Scop"tic*al*ly , adverb [ Obsolete]
, Latin Scopulæ
. [ Latin scopulae
, plural a little broom.] (Zoology) (a) A peculiar brushlike organ found on the foot of spiders and used in the construction of the web. (b) A special tuft of hairs on the leg of a bee.
Scopuliped noun [ Latin scopulae , plural, a little broom (fr. scopae a broom) + pes , pedis , foot.] (Zoology) Any species of bee which has on the hind legs a brush of hairs used for collecting pollen, as the hive bees and bumblebees.
Scopulous adjective [ Latin scopulosus , from scopulus a rock, Greek ....] Full of rocks; rocky. [ Obsolete]
[ Late Latin scorbutus
: confer French scorbut
. See Scurvy
[ Obsolete] Purchas.
Scorbutic, Scorbutical adjective [ Confer French scorbutique .] (Medicine) Of or pertaining to scurvy; of the nature of, or resembling, scurvy; diseased with scurvy; as, a scorbutic person; scorbutic complaints or symptoms. -- Scor*bu"tic*al*ly , adverb
[ Late Latin See Scorbute
.] (Medicine) Scurvy.
Scorce noun Barter.
[ Obsolete] See Scorse
(skôrch) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Scorched
; present participle & verbal noun Scorching
.] [ Middle English scorchen
, probably akin to scorcnen
; confer Norw. skrokken
shrunk up, skrekka
, to shrink, to become wrinkled up, dial. Swedish skråkkla
to wrinkle (see Shrug
); but perhaps influenced by Old French escorchier
to strip the bark from, to flay, to skin, French écorcher
, Late Latin excorticare
; Latin ex
from + cortex
, bark (cf. Cork
); because the skin falls off when scorched.] 1. To burn superficially; to parch, or shrivel, the surface of, by heat; to subject to so much heat as changes color and texture without consuming; as, to scorch linen.
Summer drouth or singèd air Milton. 2. To affect painfully with heat, or as with heat; to dry up with heat; to affect as by heat.
Never scorch thy tresses fair.
Lashed by mad rage, and scorched by brutal fires. Prior. 3. To burn; to destroy by, or as by, fire.
Power was given unto him to scorch men with fire. Rev. xvi. 8.
The fire that scorches me to death. Dryden.
Scorch intransitive verb 1. To be burnt on the surface; to be parched; to be dried up.
Scatter a little mungy straw or fern amongst your seedlings, to prevent the roots from scorching . Mortimer. 2. To burn or be burnt.
He laid his long forefinger on the scarlet letter, which forthwith seemed to scorch into Hester's breast, as if it had been red hot. Hawthorne.
Scorch intransitive verb To ride or drive at great, usually at excessive, speed; -- applied chiefly to automobilists and bicyclists. [ Colloq.] -- Scorch"er , noun [ Colloq.]
Scorching adjective Burning; parching or shriveling with heat. -- Scorch"ing*ly , adverb -- Scorch"ing*ness , noun
[ Anglo-Saxon scor
twenty, from sceran
, to shear, cut, divide; or rather the kindred Icelandic skor
incision, twenty, akin to Danish skure
a notch, Swedish skåra
. See Shear
.] 1. A notch or incision; especially, one that is made as a tally mark; hence, a mark, or line, made for the purpose of account.
Whereas, before, our forefathers had no other books but the score and the tally, thou hast caused printing to be used. Shak. 2. An account or reckoning; account of dues; bill; hence, indebtedness.
He parted well, and paid his score . Shak. 3. Account; reason; motive; sake; behalf.
But left the trade, as many more Hudibras.
Have lately done on the same score .
You act your kindness in Cydaria's score . Dryden. 4. The number twenty, as being marked off by a special score or tally; hence, in plural , a large number.
Amongst three or four score hogsheads. Shak.
At length the queen took upon herself to grant patents of monopoly by scores . Macaulay. 5. A distance of twenty yards; -- a term used in ancient archery and gunnery. Halliwell. 6. A weight of twenty pounds.
[ Prov. Eng.] 7. The number of points gained by the contestants, or either of them, in any game, as in cards or cricket. 8. A line drawn; a groove or furrow. 9. (Mus.) The original and entire draught, or its transcript, of a composition, with the parts for all the different instruments or voices written on staves one above another, so that they can be read at a glance; -- so called from the bar, which, in its early use, was drawn through all the parts. Moore (Encyc. of Music). In score (Mus.)
, having all the parts arranged and placed in juxtaposition. Smart.
-- To quit scores
, to settle or balance accounts; to render an equivalent; to make compensation.
Does not the earth quit scores with all the elements in the noble fruits that issue from it? South.
(skōr) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Scored
(skōrd); present participle & verbal noun Scoring
.] 1. To mark with lines, scratches, or notches; to cut notches or furrows in; to notch; to scratch; to furrow; as, to score timber for hewing; to score the back with a lash.
Let us score their backs. Shak.
A briar in that tangled wilderness M. Arnold. 2. Especially, to mark with significant lines or notches, for indicating or keeping account of something; as, to score a tally. 3. To mark or signify by lines or notches; to keep record or account of; to set down; to record; to charge.
Had scored her white right hand.
Madam, I know when, Swift.
Instead of five, you scored me ten.
Nor need I tallies thy dear love to score . Shak. 4. To engrave, as upon a shield.
[ R.] Spenser. 5. To make a score of, as points, runs, etc., in a game. 6. (Mus.) To write down in proper order and arrangement; as, to score an overture for an orchestra. See Score , noun , 9. 7. (Geol.) To mark with parallel lines or scratches; as, the rocks of New England and the Western States were scored in the drift epoch.
Score intransitive verb
1. To keep the score in a game; to act as scorer. 2. To make or count a point or points, as in a game; to tally. 3. To run up a score, or account of dues.
Scorer noun One who, or that which, scores.
; plural Scoriæ
. [ Latin , from Greek ..., from ... dung, ordure.] 1. The recrement of metals in fusion, or the slag rejected after the reduction of metallic ores; dross. 2. Cellular slaggy lava; volcanic cinders.
Scoriac adjective Scoriaceous. E. A. Poe.
Scoriaceous adjective [ Confer French scoriacé .] Of or pertaining to scoria; like scoria or the recrement of metals; partaking of the nature of scoria.
Scorie noun (Zoology) The young of any gull. [ Written also scaurie .] [ Prov. Eng.]
[ Confer French scorification
. See Scorify
.] (Chemistry) The act, process, or result of scorifying, or reducing to a slag; hence, the separation from earthy matter by means of a slag; as, the scorification of ores.
Scorifier noun (Chemistry) One who, or that which, scorifies; specifically, a small flat bowl-shaped cup used in the first heating in assaying, to remove the earth and gangue, and to concentrate the gold and silver in a lead button.
Scoriform adjective In the form of scoria.
Scorify transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Scorified
; present participle & verbal noun Scorifying
.] [ Scoria
: confer French scorifier
.] (Chemistry) To reduce to scoria or slag; specifically, in assaying, to fuse so as to separate the gangue and earthy material, with borax, lead, soda, etc., thus leaving the gold and silver in a lead button; hence, to separate from, or by means of, a slag.
Scorious adjective Scoriaceous. Sir T. Browne.
[ Middle English scorn
, Old French escarn
, of German origin; confer Old High German skern
to mock; but confer also Old French escorner
to mock.] 1. Extreme and lofty contempt; haughty disregard; that disdain which springs from the opinion of the utter meanness and unworthiness of an object.
Scorn at first makes after love the more. Shak.
And wandered backward as in scorn , Emerson. 2. An act or expression of extreme contempt.
To wait an æon to be born.
Every sullen frown and bitter scorn Dryden. 3. An object of extreme disdain, contempt, or derision.
But fanned the fuel that too fast did burn.
Thou makest us a reproach to our neighbors, a scorn and a derision to them that are round about us. Ps. xliv. 13. To think scorn
, to regard as worthy of scorn or contempt; to disdain.
"He thought scorn
to lay hands on Mordecai alone." Esther iii. 6.
-- To laugh to scorn
, to deride; to make a mock of; to ridicule as contemptible. Syn.
-- Contempt; disdain; derision; contumely; despite; slight; dishonor; mockery.
Scorn transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Scorned
(skôrnd); present participle & verbal noun Scoring
.] [ Middle English scornen
, Old French escarnir
. See Scorn
] 1. To hold in extreme contempt; to reject as unworthy of regard; to despise; to contemn; to disdain.
I scorn thy meat; 't would choke me. Shak.
This my long sufferance, and my day of grace, Milton.
Those who neglect and scorn shall never taste.
We scorn what is in itself contemptible or disgraceful. C. J. Smith. 2. To treat with extreme contempt; to make the object of insult; to mock; to scoff at; to deride.
His fellow, that lay by his bed's side, Chaucer.
Gan for to laugh, and scorned him full fast.
To taunt and scorn you thus opprobriously. Shak. Syn.
-- To contemn; despise; disdain. See Contemn
(skôrn) intransitive verb To scoff; to mock; to show contumely, derision, or reproach; to act disdainfully.
He said mine eyes were black and my hair black, Shak.
And, now I am remembered, scorned at me.
Scorner noun One who scorns; a despiser; a contemner; specifically, a scoffer at religion.
of death." Spenser.
Surely he scorneth the scorners : but he giveth grace unto the lowly. Prov. iii. 34.
Scornful adjective 1. Full of scorn or contempt; contemptuous; disdainful.
Scornful of winter's frost and summer's sun. Prior.
Dart not scornful glances from those eyes. Shak. 2. Treated with scorn; exciting scorn.
The scornful mark of every open eye. Shak. Syn.
-- Contemptuous; disdainful; contumelious; reproachful; insolent. -- Scorn"ful*ly
Scorny adjective Deserving scorn; paltry. [ Obsolete]
Scorodite noun [ German scorodit ; -- so called in allusion to its smell under the blowpipe, from Greek ... garlic.] (Min.) A leek-green or brownish mineral occurring in orthorhombic crystals. It is a hydrous arseniate of iron. [ Written also skorodite .]
Scorpene noun [ French scorpène , from Latin scorpaena a kind of fish, Greek ....] (Zoology) A marine food fish of the genus Scorpæna , as the European hogfish ( S. scrofa ), and the California species ( S. guttata ).
; plural Scorpiones
. [ Latin ] 1. (Zoology) A scorpion. 2. (Astron.) (a) The eighth sign of the zodiac, which the sun enters about the twenty-third day of October, marked thus [ &scorpio;] in almanacs. (b) A constellation of the zodiac containing the bright star Antares. It is drawn on the celestial globe in the figure of a scorpion.
Scorpiodea noun plural
[ New Latin ] (Zoology) Same as Scorpiones .
Scorpioid, Scorpioidal adjective [ Greek ...; ... a scorpion + ... form.]
1. Having the inflorescence curved or circinate at the end, like a scorpion's tail.
[ French, from Latin scorpio
, Greek ..., perhaps akin to English sharp
.] 1. (Zoology) Any one of numerous species of pulmonate arachnids of the order Scorpiones, having a suctorial mouth, large claw-bearing palpi, and a caudal sting.
» Scorpions have a flattened body, and a long, slender post- abdomen formed of six movable segments, the last of which terminates in a curved venomous sting. The venom causes great pain, but is unattended either with redness or swelling, except in the axillary or inguinal glands, when an extremity is affected. It is seldom if ever destructive of life. Scorpions are found widely dispersed in the warm climates of both the Old and New Worlds. 2. (Zoology) The pine or gray lizard ( Sceloporus undulatus ).
[ Local, U. S.] 3. (Zoology) The scorpene. 4. (Script.) A painful scourge.
My father hath chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions . 1 Kings xii. 11. 5. (Astron.) A sign and constellation. See Scorpio . 6. (Antiq.) An ancient military engine for hurling stones and other missiles. Book scorpion
. (Zoology) See under Book .
-- False scorpion
. (Zoology) See under False , and Book scorpion .
-- Scorpion bug
, or Water scorpion (Zoology) See Nepa .
-- Scorpion fly (Zoology)
, a neuropterous insect of the genus Panorpa . See Panorpid .
-- Scorpion grass (Botany)
, a plant of the genus Myosotis . M. palustris is the forget-me-not.
-- Scorpion senna (Botany)
, a yellow-flowered leguminous shrub ( Coronilla Emerus ) having a slender joined pod, like a scorpion's tail. The leaves are said to yield a dye like indigo, and to be used sometimes to adulterate senna.
-- Scorpion shell (Zoology)
, any shell of the genus Pteroceras. See Pteroceras .
-- Scorpion spiders
, any one of the Pedipalpi.
-- Scorpion's tail (Botany)
, any plant of the leguminous genus Scorpiurus , herbs with a circinately coiled pod; -- also called caterpillar .
-- Scorpion's thorn (Botany)
, a thorny leguminous plant ( Genista Scorpius ) of Southern Europe.
-- The Scorpion's Heart (Astron.)
, the star Antares in the constellation Scorpio.
Scorpiones noun plural [ New Latin ] (Zoology) A division of arachnids comprising the scorpions.
Scorpionidea noun plural
[ New Latin ] (Zoology) Same as Scorpiones .
Scorpionwort noun (Botany) A leguminous plant ( Ornithopus scorpioides ) of Southern Europe, having slender curved pods.
[ New Latin Scorpaena
, a typical genus (see Scorpene
) + - oid
.] (Zoology) Of or pertaining to the family Scorpænidæ , which includes the scorpene, the rosefish, the California rockfishes, and many other food fishes. [ Written also scorpænid .] See Illust. under Rockfish .