Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Scripturian noun A Scripturist. [ Obsolete]
Scripturist noun One who is strongly attached to, or versed in, the Scriptures, or who endeavors to regulate his life by them.
The Puritan was a Scripturist , -- a Scripturist with all his heart, if as yet with imperfect intelligence . . . he cherished the scheme of looking to the Word of God as his sole and universal directory. Palfrey.
[ See Script
.] Writing; document; scroll.
[ Obsolete] "Of every scrit
and bond." Chaucer.
Scritch noun A screech.
Perhaps it is the owlet's scritch . Coleridge.
[ From older scrivein
, Old French escrivain
, French écrivain
, Late Latin scribanus
, from Latin scribere
to write. See Scribe
.] 1. A professional writer; one whose occupation is to draw contracts or prepare writings. Shak.
The writer better scrivener than clerk. Fuller. 2. One whose business is to place money at interest; a broker.
[ Obsolete] Dryden. 3. A writing master.
[ Prov. Eng.] Halliwell. Scrivener's palsy
. See Writer's cramp , under Writer .
; plural Scrobiculæ
. [ New Latin See Scrobiculate
.] (Zoology) One of the smooth areas surrounding the tubercles of a sea urchin.
Scrobicular adjective (Zoology) Pertaining to, or surrounding, scrobiculæ; as, scrobicular tubercles.
Scrobiculate, Scrobiculated adjective [ Latin scrobiculus , dim. of scrobis a ditch or trench.] (Botany) Having numerous small, shallow depressions or hollows; pitted.
Scrod, Scrode noun A young codfish, especially when cut open on the back and dressed. [ Written also escrod .] [ Local, U.S.]
Scroddled ware Mottled pottery made from scraps of differently colored clays.
[ Latin scrofulae
, from scrofa
a breeding sow, because swine were supposed to be subject to such a complaint, or by a fanciful comparison of the glandular swellings to little pigs; perhaps akin to Greek ... an old sow: confer French scrofules
. Confer Scroyle
.] (Medicine) A constitutional disease, generally hereditary, especially manifested by chronic enlargement and cheesy degeneration of the lymphatic glands, particularly those of the neck, and marked by a tendency to the development of chronic intractable inflammations of the skin, mucous membrane, bones, joints, and other parts, and by a diminution in the power of resistance to disease or injury and the capacity for recovery. Scrofula is now generally held to be tuberculous in character, and may develop into general or local tuberculosis (consumption).
Scrofulide noun (Medicine) Any affection of the skin dependent on scrofula.
[ Confer French scrofuleux
.] 1. Pertaining to scrofula, or partaking of its nature; as, scrofulous tumors; a scrofulous habit of body. 2. Diseased or affected with scrofula.
Scrofulous persons can never be duly nourished. Arbuthnot.
[ Confer Scrag
, or Gael. sgrogag
anything shriveled, from sgrog
to compress, shrivel.] A stunted shrub, bush, or branch.
[ Prov. Eng. & Scot.]
Scroggy adjective Abounding in scrog; also, twisted; stunted. [ Prov. Eng. & Scot.] Halliwell.
[ A dim. of Middle English scroue
(whence English escrow
), Old French escroe
, French écrou
entry in the jail book, Late Latin scroa
scroll, probably of Teutonic origin; confer OD. schroode
a strip, shred, slip of paper, akin to English shred
. Confer Shred
.] 1. A roll of paper or parchment; a writing formed into a roll; a schedule; a list.
The heavens shall be rolled together as a scroll . Isa. xxxiv. 4.
Here is the scroll of every man's name. Shak. 2. (Architecture) An ornament formed of undulations giving off spirals or sprays, usually suggestive of plant form. Roman architectural ornament is largely of some scroll pattern. 3. A mark or flourish added to a person's signature, intended to represent a seal, and in some States allowed as a substitute for a seal.
[ U.S.] Burrill. 4. (Geom.) Same as Skew surface . See under Skew . Linen scroll (Architecture) See under Linen .
-- Scroll chuck (Machinery)
, an adjustable chuck, applicable to a lathe spindle, for centering and holding work, in which the jaws are adjusted and tightened simultaneously by turning a disk having in its face a spiral groove which is entered by teeth on the backs of the jaws.
-- Scroll saw
. See under Saw .
Scrolled adjective Formed like a scroll; contained in a scroll; adorned with scrolls; as, scrolled work.
Scrophularia noun [ New Latin So called because it was reputed to be a remedy for scrofula .] (Botany) A genus of coarse herbs having small flowers in panicled cymes; figwort.
Scrophulariaceous adjective (Botany) Of or pertaining to a very large natural order of gamopetalous plants ( Scrophulariaceæ , or Scrophularineæ ), usually having irregular didynamous flowers and a two-celled pod. The order includes the mullein, foxglove, snapdragon, figwort, painted cup, yellow rattle, and some exotic trees, as the Paulownia .
Scrotal adjective (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the scrotum; as, scrotal hernia.
Scrotiform adjective [ Latin scrotum scrotum + -form .] Purse-shaped; pouch-shaped.
Scrotocele noun [ Scrotum + Greek kh`lh a tumor: confer French scrotocèle .] (Medicine) A rupture or hernia in the scrotum; scrotal hernia.
Scrotum noun [ Latin ] (Anat.) The bag or pouch which contains the testicles; the cod.
Scrouge transitive verb [ Etymol. uncertain.] To crowd; to squeeze. [ Prov. Eng. & Colloq. U.S.]
[ See Escrow
.] 1. A scroll.
[ Obsolete] Palsgrave. 2. A clipping from skins; a currier's cuttings.
[ Confer Old French escrouselle
a kind of vermin, escrouelles
, plural, scrofula, French écrouelles
, from (assumed) Late Latin scrofellae
for Latin scrofulae
. See Scrofula
, and confer Cruels
.] A mean fellow; a wretch.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
(skrŭb) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Scrubbed
(skrŭbd); present participle & verbal noun Scrubbing
.] [ Middle English scrobben
, probably of Dutch or Scand. origin; confer Danish skrubbe
, Swedish skrubba
, Dutch schrobben
, LG. schrubben
.] To rub hard; to wash with rubbing; usually, to rub with a wet brush, or with something coarse or rough, for the purpose of cleaning or brightening; as, to scrub a floor, a doorplate.
Scrub intransitive verb To rub anything hard, especially with a wet brush; to scour; hence, to be diligent and penurious; as, to scrub hard for a living.
Scrub noun 1. One who labors hard and lives meanly; a mean fellow.
"A sorry scrub
We should go there in as proper a manner as possible; nor altogether like the scrubs about us. Goldsmith. 2. Something small and mean. 3. A worn-out brush. Ainsworth. 4. A thicket or jungle, often specified by the name of the prevailing plant; as, oak scrub , palmetto scrub , etc. 5. (Stock Breeding) One of the common live stock of a region of no particular breed or not of pure breed, esp. when inferior in size, etc.
[ U.S.] Scrub bird (Zoology)
, an Australian passerine bird of the family Atrichornithidæ , as Atrichia clamosa ; -- called also brush bird .
-- Scrub oak (Botany)
, the popular name of several dwarfish species of oak. The scrub oak of New England and the Middle States is Quercus ilicifolia , a scraggy shrub; that of the Southern States is a small tree ( Q. Catesbæi ); that of the Rocky Mountain region is Q. undulata , var. Gambelii .
-- Scrub robin (Zoology)
, an Australian singing bird of the genus Drymodes .
Scrub adjective Mean; dirty; contemptible; scrubby.
How solitary, how scrub , does this town look! Walpole.
No little scrub joint shall come on my board. Swift. Scrub game
, a game, as of ball, by unpracticed players.
-- Scrub race
, a race between scrubs, or between untrained animals or contestants.
Scrubbed adjective Dwarfed or stunted; scrubby.
Scrubber noun 1. One who, or that which, scrubs; esp., a brush used in scrubbing. 2. (Gas Manuf.) A gas washer. See under Gas .
Scrubboard noun A baseboard; a mopboard.
[ Compar. Scrubbier
; superl. Scrubbiest
.] Of the nature of scrub; small and mean; stunted in growth; as, a scrubby cur.
woods." Duke of Argyll.
Scrubstone noun A species of calciferous sandstone. [ Prov. Eng.]
[ See Scurf
[ Confer Scuff
.] The nape of the neck; the loose outside skin, as of the back of the neck.
Scrumptious adjective Nice; particular; fastidious; excellent; fine. [ Slang]
Scrunch transitive verb & intransitive verb
[ Confer Scranch
.] To scranch; to crunch. Dickens.
[ Latin scrupulus
a small sharp or pointed stone, the twenty-fourth part of an ounce, a scruple, uneasiness, doubt, dim. of scrupus
a rough or sharp stone, anxiety, uneasiness; perhaps akin to Greek ... the chippings of stone, ... a razor, Sanskrit kshura
: confer French scrupule
.] 1. A weight of twenty grains; the third part of a dram. 2. Hence, a very small quantity; a particle.
I will not bate thee a scruple . Shak. 3. Hesitation as to action from the difficulty of determining what is right or expedient; unwillingness, doubt, or hesitation proceeding from motives of conscience.
He was made miserable by the conflict between his tastes and his scruples . Macaulay. To make scruple
, to hesitate from conscientious motives; to scruple. Locke.
Scruple intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Scrupled
; present participle & verbal noun Scrupling
.] To be reluctant or to hesitate, as regards an action, on account of considerations of conscience or expedience.
We are often over-precise, scrupling to say or do those things which lawfully we may. Fuller.
Men scruple at the lawfulness of a set form of divine worship. South.
Scruple transitive verb 1. To regard with suspicion; to hesitate at; to question.
Others long before them . . . scrupled more the books of heretics than of gentiles. Milton. 2. To excite scruples in; to cause to scruple.
Letters which did still scruple many of them. E. Symmons.
Scrupler noun One who scruples.
Scrupulist noun A scrupler. [ Obsolete]
Scrupulize transitive verb To perplex with scruples; to regard with scruples. [ Obsolete] Bp. Montagu.
[ Latin scrupulositas
.] The quality or state of being scrupulous; doubt; doubtfulness respecting decision or action; caution or tenderness from the fear of doing wrong or offending; nice regard to exactness and propriety; precision.
The first sacrilege is looked on with horror; but when they have made the breach, their scrupulosity soon retires. Dr. H. More.
Careful, even to scrupulosity , . . . to keep their Sabbath. South.
[ Latin scrupulosus
: confer French scrupuleux
.] 1. Full of scruples; inclined to scruple; nicely doubtful; hesitating to determine or to act, from a fear of offending or of doing wrong.
Abusing their liberty, to the offense of their weak brethren which were scrupulous . Hooker. 2. Careful; cautious; exact; nice; as, scrupulous abstinence from labor; scrupulous performance of duties. 3. Given to making objections; captious.
Equality of two domestic powers Shak. 4. Liable to be doubted; doubtful; nice.
Breed scrupulous faction.
The justice of that cause ought to be evident; not obscure, not scrupulous . Bacon. Syn.
-- Cautious; careful; conscientious; hesitating. -- Scru"pu*lous*ly
Scrutable adjective Discoverable by scrutiny, inquiry, or critical examination. [ R.] Dr. H. More.