|Scutellum Scu·tel"lum noun
; plural Scutella
. [ New Latin , neut. dim. of Latin scutum
a shield.] 1. (Botany) A rounded apothecium having an elevated rim formed of the proper thallus, the fructification of certain lichens. 2. (Zoology) (a) The third of the four pieces forming the upper part of a thoracic segment of an insect. It follows the scutum, and is followed by the small postscutellum; a scutella. See Thorax . (b) One of the transverse scales on the tarsi and toes of birds; a scutella.
Scutibranch Scu"ti·branch adjective (Zoology) Scutibranchiate. -- noun One of the Scutibranchiata.
Scutibranchia Scu`ti·bran"chi·a noun plural [ New Latin ] (Zoology) Same as Scutibranchiata .
Scutibranchian Scu`ti·bran"chi·an noun (Zoology) One of the Scutibranchiata.
Scutibranchiata Scu`ti·bran`chi·a"ta noun plural [ New Latin See Scutum , and Branchia .] (Zoology) An order of gastropod Mollusca having a heart with two auricles and one ventricle. The shell may be either spiral or shieldlike. » It is now usually regarded as including only the Rhipidoglossa and the Docoglossa. When originally established, it included a heterogenous group of mollusks having shieldlike shells, such as Haliotis, Fissurella, Carinaria, etc.
Scutibranchiate Scu`ti·bran"chi·ate adjective (Zoology) Having the gills protected by a shieldlike shell; of or pertaining to the Scutibranchiata. -- noun One of the Scutibranchiata.
Scutiferous Scu·tif"er·ous adjective [ Latin scutum shield + -ferous .] Carrying a shield or buckler.
Scutiform Scu"ti·form adjective [ Latin scutum shield + -form : confer French scutiforme .] Shield-shaped; scutate.
Scutiger Scu"ti·ger noun [ New Latin , from Latin scutum shield + gerere to bear.] (Zoology) Any species of chilopod myriapods of the genus Scutigera . They sometimes enter buildings and prey upon insects.
Scutiped Scu"ti·ped adjective [ Latin scutum a shield + pes , pedis , a foot: confer French scutipède .] (Zoology) Having the anterior surface of the tarsus covered with scutella, or transverse scales, in the form of incomplete bands terminating at a groove on each side; -- said of certain birds.
Scutter Scut"ter intransitive verb
[ Confer Scuttle
, intransitive verb
] To run quickly; to scurry; to scuttle.
[ Prov. Eng.]
A mangy little jackal . . . cocked up his ears and tail, and scuttered across the shallows. Kipling.
Scuttle Scut"tle noun [ Anglo-Saxon scutel a dish, platter; confer Icelandic skutill ; both from Latin scutella , dim. of scutra , scuta , a dish or platter; confer scutum a shield. Confer Skillet .] 1. A broad, shallow basket. 2. A wide-mouthed vessel for holding coal: a coal hod.
Scuttle Scut"tle intransitive verb
[ For scuddle
, from scud
.] To run with affected precipitation; to hurry; to bustle; to scuddle.
With the first dawn of day, old Janet was scuttling about the house to wake the baron. Sir W. Scott.
Scuttle Scut"tle noun A quick pace; a short run. Spectator.
Scuttle Scut"tle noun [ Old French escoutille , French éscoutille , confer Spanish escotilla ; probably akin to Spanish escotar to cut a thing so as to make it fit, to hollow a garment about the neck, perhaps originally, to cut a bosom-shaped piece out, and of Teutonic origin; confer Dutch schoot lap, bosom, German schoss , Goth. skauts the hem of a garnment. Confer Sheet an expanse.] 1. A small opening in an outside wall or covering, furnished with a lid. Specifically: (a) (Nautical) A small opening or hatchway in the deck of a ship, large enough to admit a man, and with a lid for covering it, also, a like hole in the side or bottom of a ship. (b) An opening in the roof of a house, with a lid. 2. The lid or door which covers or closes an opening in a roof, wall, or the like. Scuttle butt , or Scuttle cask (Nautical) , a butt or cask with a large hole in it, used to contain the fresh water for daily use in a ship. Totten.
Scuttle Scut"tle transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Scuttled ; present participle & verbal noun Scuttling .] 1. To cut a hole or holes through the bottom, deck, or sides of (as of a ship), for any purpose. 2. To sink by making holes through the bottom of; as, to scuttle a ship.
Scutum Scu"tum noun
; plural Scuta
. [ Latin ] 1. (Rom. Antiq.) An oblong shield made of boards or wickerwork covered with leather, with sometimes an iron rim; -- carried chiefly by the heavy-armed infantry. 2. (O. Eng. Law) A penthouse or awning.
[ Obsolete] Burrill. 3. (Zoology) (a) The second and largest of the four parts forming the upper surface of a thoracic segment of an insect. It is preceded by the prescutum and followed by the scutellum. See the Illust. under Thorax . (b) One of the two lower valves of the operculum of a barnacle.
Scybala Scyb"a·la noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek sky`balon dung.] (Medicine) Hardened masses of feces.
Scye Scye (sī) noun Arm scye, a cutter's term for the armhole or part of the armhole of the waist of a garment. [ Cant]
Scyle Scyle (sīl) transitive verb [ Anglo-Saxon scylan to withdraw or remove.] To hide; to secrete; to conceal. [ Obsolete]
Scylla Scyl"la noun A dangerous rock on the Italian coast opposite the whirpool Charybdis on the coast of Sicily, -- both personified in classical literature as ravenous monsters. The passage between them was formerly considered perilous; hence, the saying "Between Scylla and Charybdis," signifying a great peril on either hand.
Scyllarian Scyl·la"ri·an noun (Zoology) One of a family ( Scyllaridæ ) of macruran Crustacea, remarkable for the depressed form of the body, and the broad, flat antennæ. Also used adjectively.
Scyllite Scyl"lite noun (Chemistry) A white crystalline substance of a sweetish taste, resembling inosite and metameric with dextrose. It is extracted from the kidney of the dogfish (of the genus Scyllium ), the shark, and the skate.
Scyllæa Scyl·læ"a noun [ New Latin See Scylla .] (Zoology) A genus of oceanic nudibranchiate mollusks having the small branched gills situated on the upper side of four fleshy lateral lobes, and on the median caudal crest. » In color and form these mollusks closely imitate the fronds of sargassum and other floating seaweeds among which they live.
Scymetar Scym"e·tar noun See Scimiter .
Scypha Scy"pha noun
; plural Scyphae
. [ New Latin ] (Botany) See Scyphus , 2 (b) .
Scyphiform Scy"phi·form adjective [ Latin scyphus a cup + -form .] (Botany) Cup-shaped.
Scyphistoma Scy·phis"to·ma noun
; plural Scyphistomata
. [ New Latin , from Greek sky`fos
a cup + sto`ma
the mouth.] (Zoology) The young attached larva of Discophora in the stage when it resembles a hydroid, or actinian.
Scyphobranchii Scy`pho·bran"chi·i noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek sky`fos a cup + bra`gchion a gill.] (Zoology) An order of fishes including the blennioid and gobioid fishes, and other related families.
Scyphomedusæ Scy`pho·me·du"sæ noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek sky`fos cup + New Latin medusa .] (Zoology) Same as Acraspeda , or Discophora .
Scyphophori Scy·phoph"o·ri noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek sky`fos a cup + fe`rein to bear.] (Zoology) An order of fresh-water fishes inhabiting tropical Africa. They have rudimentary electrical organs on each side of the tail.
Scyphus Scy"phus noun
; plural Scyphi
. [ Latin , a cup, Greek sky`fos
.] 1. (Antiq.) A kind of large drinking cup, -- used by Greeks and Romans, esp. by poor folk. 2. (Botany) (a) The cup of a narcissus, or a similar appendage to the corolla in other flowers. (b) A cup-shaped stem or podetium in lichens. Also called scypha . See Illust. of Cladonia pyxidata , under Lichen .
[ Middle English sithe
, Anglo-Saxon sīðe, sigðe
; akin to Icelandic sigðr
a sickle, LG. segd
, Old High German segansa
sickle, scythe, German sense
scythe, and to English saw
a cutting instrument. See Saw
.] [ Written also sithe
.] 1. An instrument for mowing grass, grain, or the like, by hand, composed of a long, curving blade, with a sharp edge, made fast to a long handle, called a snath , which is bent into a form convenient for use.
The sharp-edged scythe shears up the spiring grass. Drayton.
Whatever thing Milton. 2. (Antiq.) A scythe-shaped blade attached to ancient war chariots.
The scythe of Time mows down.
Scythe Scythe transitive verb To cut with a scythe; to cut off as with a scythe; to mow.
Time had not scythed all that youth begun. Shak.
Scythed Scythed adjective Armed with scythes, as a chariot.
Chariots scythed , Glover.
On thundering axles rolled.
Scytheman Scythe"man noun
; plural Scythemen One who uses a scythe; a mower. Macaulay.
Scythestone Scythe"stone` noun A stone for sharpening scythes; a whetstone.
Scythewhet Scythe"whet` noun (Zoology) Wilson's thrush; -- so called from its note. [ Local, U.S.]
Scythian Scyth"i·an adjective Of or pertaining to Scythia (a name given to the northern part of Asia, and Europe adjoining to Asia), or its language or inhabitants. Scythian lamb . (Botany) See Barometz .
Scythian Scyth"i·an noun 1. A native or inhabitant of Scythia; specifically (Ethnol.) , one of a Slavonic race which in early times occupied Eastern Europe. 2. The language of the Scythians.
Scytodermata Scy`to·der"ma·ta noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ... a hide + ... a skin.] (Zoology) Same as Holothurioidea .
Sdain Sdain v. & noun Disdain. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Sdeath Sdeath interj. [ Corrupted from God's death .] An exclamation expressive of impatience or anger. Shak.
Sdeign Sdeign transitive verb To disdain.
But either sdeigns with other to partake. Spenser.
Señor Se·ñor" noun [ Spanish Confer Senior .] A Spanish title of courtesy corresponding to the English Mr . or Sir ; also, a gentleman.
Señora Se·ño"ra noun [ Spanish ] A Spanish title of courtesy given to a lady; Mrs.; Madam; also, a lady.
Señorita Se`ño·ri"ta noun [ Spanish ] A Spanish title of courtesy given to a young lady; Miss; also, a young lady.
[ Middle English see
, Anglo-Saxon sǣ
; akin to Dutch zee
, Old Saxon & Old High German sēo
, German see
, OFries. se
, Danish sö
, Swedish sjö
, Icelandic sær
, Goth. saiws
, and perhaps to Latin saevus
fierce, savage. √151a.] 1. One of the larger bodies of salt water, less than an ocean, found on the earth's surface; a body of salt water of second rank, generally forming part of, or connecting with, an ocean or a larger sea; as, the Mediterranean Sea ; the Sea of Marmora; the North Sea ; the Carribean Sea . 2. An inland body of water, esp. if large or if salt or brackish; as, the Caspian Sea ; the Sea of Aral; sometimes, a small fresh-water lake; as, the Sea of Galilee. 3. The ocean; the whole body of the salt water which covers a large part of the globe.
I marvel how the fishes live in the sea . Shak.
Ambiguous between sea and land Milton. 4. The swell of the ocean or other body of water in a high wind; motion or agitation of the water's surface; also, a single wave; a billow; as, there was a high sea after the storm; the vessel shipped a sea . 5. (Jewish Antiq.) A great brazen laver in the temple at Jerusalem; -- so called from its size.
The river horse and scaly crocodile.
He made a molten sea of ten cubits from brim to brim, round in compass, and five cubits the height thereof. 2 Chron. iv. 2. 6. Fig.: Anything resembling the sea in vastness; as, a sea of glory. Shak.
All the space . . . was one sea of heads. Macaulay.
is often used in the composition of words of obvious signification; as, sea
- worn, and the like. It is also used either adjectively or in combination with substantives; as, sea
-bird, or sea
acorn, or sea
-acorn. At sea
, upon the ocean; away from land; figuratively, without landmarks for guidance; lost; at the mercy of circumstances.
"To say the old man was at sea
would be too feeble an expression." G. W. Cable
-- At full sea at the height of flood tide; hence, at the height.
"But now God's mercy was at full sea
." Jer. Taylor.
-- Beyond seas
, or Beyond the sea
or the seas (Law)
, out of the state, territory, realm, or country. Wharton.
-- Half seas over
, half drunk.
[ Colloq.] Spectator.
-- Heavy sea
, a sea in which the waves run high.
-- Long sea
, a sea characterized by the uniform and steady motion of long and extensive waves.
-- Short sea
, a sea in which the waves are short, broken, and irregular, so as to produce a tumbling or jerking motion.
-- To go to sea
, to adopt the calling or occupation of a sailor.
Sea acorn Sea" a"corn (Zoology) An acorn barnacle ( Balanus ).
Sea adder Sea" ad"der (Zoology) (a) The European fifteen-spined stickleback ( Gasterosteus spinachia ); -- called also bismore . (b) The European tanglefish, or pipefish ( Syngnathus acus ).
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