Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Scumber intransitive verb
[ Confer Discumber
.] To void excrement.
[ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.] Massinger.
Scumber noun Dung. [ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.]
Scumble transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Scumbled
; present participle & verbal noun Scumbling
.] [ Freq. of scum
. √ 158.] (Fine Arts) To cover lighty, as a painting, or a drawing, with a thin wash of opaque color, or with color-crayon dust rubbed on with the stump, or to make any similar additions to the work, so as to produce a softened effect.
Scumbling noun 1. (Fine Arts) (a) A mode of obtaining a softened effect, in painting and drawing, by the application of a thin layer of opaque color to the surface of a painting, or part of the surface, which is too bright in color, or which requires harmonizing. (b) In crayon drawing, the use of the stump. 2. The color so laid on. Also used figuratively.
Shining above the brown scumbling of leafless orchards. Latin Wallace.
Scummer intransitive verb To scumber. [ Obsolete] Holland.
Scummer noun Excrement; scumber. [ Obsolete]
[ Confer Old French escumoire
, French écumoire
. See Scum
, and confer Skimmer
.] An instrument for taking off scum; a skimmer.
Scumming noun (a) The act of taking off scum. (b) That which is scummed off; skimmings; scum; -- used chiefly in the plural.
Scummy adjective Covered with scum; of the nature of scum. Sir P. Sidney.
Scunner transitive verb
[ Confer Shun
.] To cause to loathe, or feel disgust at.
[ Scot. & Prov. Eng.]
Scunner intransitive verb To have a feeling of loathing or disgust; hence, to have dislike, prejudice, or reluctance. [ Scot. & Prov. Eng.] C. Kingsley.
Scunner noun A feeling of disgust or loathing; a strong prejudice; abhorrence; as, to take a scunner against some one. [ Scot. & Prov. Eng.] Carlyle.
Scup noun [ Dutch schop .] A swing. [ Local, U.S.]
Scup noun [ Contr. from American Indian mishcüp , from mishe-kuppi large, thick-scaled.] (Zoology) A marine sparoid food fish ( Stenotomus chrysops , or S. argyrops ), common on the Atlantic coast of the United States. It appears bright silvery when swimming in the daytime, but shows broad blackish transverse bands at night and when dead. Called also porgee , paugy , porgy , scuppaug . » The same names are also applied to a closely allied Southern species ( Stenotomus Gardeni ).
[ Contr. from Amer. Indian mishcuppauog
, plural of mishcup
.] (Zoology) See 2d Scup .
[ Old French escopir
, to spit, perhaps for escospir
, Latin ex + conspuere
to spit upon; prefix con-
to spit. Confer Spit
] (Nautical) An opening cut through the waterway and bulwarks of a ship, so that water falling on deck may flow overboard; -- called also scupper hole . Scupper hose (Nautical)
, a pipe of leather, canvas, etc., attached to the mouth of the scuppers, on the outside of a vessel, to prevent the water from entering. Totten.
-- Scupper nail (Nautical)
, a nail with a very broad head, for securing the edge of the hose to the scupper.
-- Scupper plug (Nautical)
, a plug to stop a scupper. Totten.
Scuppernong (skŭp"pẽr*nŏng) noun [ Probably of American Indian origin.] (Botany) An American grape, a form of Vitis vulpina , found in the Southern Atlantic States, and often cultivated.
(skûr) intransitive verb
[ Confer Scour
to run.] To move hastily; to scour.
[ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.
[ Anglo-Saxon scurf
, or from Scand.; confer Swedish skorf
, Danish skurv
, Icelandic skurfur
, Dutch schurft
, German schorf
; all akin to Anglo-Saxon scurf
, and to Anglo-Saxon sceorfan
to scrape, to gnaw, German schürfen
to scrape, and probably also to English scrape
. Confer Scurvy
.] 1. Thin dry scales or scabs upon the body; especially, thin scales exfoliated from the cuticle, particularly of the scalp; dandruff. 2. Hence, the foul remains of anything adherent.
The scurf is worn away of each committed crime. Dryden. 3. Anything like flakes or scales adhering to a surface.
There stood a hill not far, whose grisly top Milton. 4. (Botany) Minute membranous scales on the surface of some leaves, as in the goosefoot. Gray.
Belched fire and rolling smoke; the rest entire
Shone with a glossy scurf .
Scurff noun The bull trout. [ Prov. Eng.]
1. Quality or state of being scurfy. 2. (Botany) Scurf.
[ Compar. Scurfier
; superl. Scurfiest
.] Having or producing scurf; covered with scurf; resembling scurf.
Scurrier noun One who scurries.
[ Latin scurrilis
, from scurra
a *buffoon, jester: confer French scurrile
.] Such as befits a buffoon or vulgar jester; grossly opprobrious or loudly jocose in language; scurrilous; as, scurrile taunts.
The wretched affectation of scurrile laughter. Cowley.
A scurrile or obscene jest will better advance you at the court of Charles than your father's ancient name. Sir W. Scott.
[ Latin scurrilitas
: confer French scurrilité
.] 1. The quality or state of being scurrile or scurrilous; mean, vile, or obscene jocularity.
Your reasons . . . have been sharp and sententious, pleasant without scurrility . Shak. 2. That which is scurrile or scurrilous; gross or obscene language; low buffoonery; vulgar abuse.
Interrupting prayers and sermons with clamor and scurrility . Macaulay. Syn.
-- Scurrilousness; abuse; insolence; vulgarity; indecency.
[ See Scurrile
.] 1. Using the low and indecent language of the meaner sort of people, or such as only the license of buffoons can warrant; as, a scurrilous fellow. 2. Containing low indecency or abuse; mean; foul; vile; obscenely jocular; as, scurrilous language.
The absurd and scurrilous sermon which had very unwisely been honored with impeachment. Macaulay. Syn.
-- Opprobrious; abusive; reproachful; insulting; insolent; offensive; gross; vile; vulgar; low; foul; foul-mouthed; indecent; scurrile; mean. -- Scur"ril*ous*ly
Scurrit noun (Zoology) The lesser tern ( Sterna minuta ). [ Prov. Eng.]
Scurry intransitive verb
[ Confer Scur
.] To hasten away or along; to move rapidly; to hurry; as, the rabbit scurried away.
Scurry noun Act of scurrying; hurried movement.
Scurvily adverb In a scurvy manner.
Scurviness noun The quality or state of being scurvy; vileness; meanness.
[ Compar. Scurvier
; superl. Scurviest
.] [ From Scurf
; confer Scurvy
] 1. Covered or affected with scurf or scabs; scabby; scurfy; specifically, diseased with the scurvy.
"Whatsoever man . . . be scurvy
or scabbed." Lev. xxi. 18, 20. 2. Vile; mean; low; vulgar; contemptible.
trick." Ld. Lytton.
That scurvy custom of taking tobacco. Swift.
[ He] spoke spoke such scurvy and provoking terms. Shak.
[ Probably from the same source as scorbute
, but influenced by scurf
, adj.; confer Dutch scheurbuik
scurvy, German scharbock
, Late Latin scorbutus
. Confer Scorbute
.] (Medicine) A disease characterized by livid spots, especially about the thighs and legs, due to extravasation of blood, and by spongy gums, and bleeding from almost all the mucous membranes. It is accompanied by paleness, languor, depression, and general debility. It is occasioned by confinement, innutritious food, and hard labor, but especially by lack of fresh vegetable food, or confinement for a long time to a limited range of food, which is incapable of repairing the waste of the system. It was formerly prevalent among sailors and soldiers. Scurvy grass
; or confer Icelandic skarfa
kāl scurvy grass
.] (Botany) A kind of cress ( Cochlearia officinalis ) growing along the seacoast of Northern Europe and in arctic regions. It is a remedy for the scurvy, and has proved a valuable food to arctic explorers. The name is given also to other allied species of plants.
[ Confer Icelandic skott
a fox's tail. √ 159.] [ Obsolete] The tail of a hare, or of a deer, or other animal whose tail is short, esp. when carried erect; hence, sometimes, the animal itself.
"He ran like a scut
How the Indian hare came to have a long tail, whereas that part in others attains no higher than a scut . Sir T. Browne.
My doe with the black scut . Shak.
Scuta noun plural See Scutum .
[ Late Latin scutagium
, from Latin scutum
a shield.] (Eng. Hist.) Shield money; commutation of service for a sum of money. See Escuage .
Scutal adjective Of or pertaining to a shield.
A good example of these scutal monstrosities. Cussans.
Scutate adjective [ Latin scutatus armed with a shield, from scutum a shield.]
1. Buckler-shaped; round or nearly round. 2. (Zoology) Protected or covered by bony or horny plates, or large scales.
Scutch transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Scutched
; present participle & verbal noun Scutching
.] [ See Scotch
to cut slightly.] 1. To beat or whip; to drub.
[ Old or Prov. Eng. & Scot.] 2. To separate the woody fiber from (flax, hemp, etc.) by beating; to swingle. 3. To loosen and dress the fiber of (cotton or silk) by beating; to free (fibrous substances) from dust by beating and blowing. Scutching machine
, a machine used to scutch cotton, silk, or flax; -- called also batting machine .
1. A wooden instrument used in scutching flax and hemp. 2. The woody fiber of flax; the refuse of scutched flax. "The smoke of the burning scutch ." Cuthbert Bede.
Scutch grass (Botany) A kind of pasture grass ( Cynodon Dactylon ). See Bermuda grass : also Illustration in Appendix.
[ Aphetic form of escutcheon
.] 1. An escutcheon; an emblazoned shield. Bacon.
The corpse lay in state, with all the pomp of scutcheons , wax lights, black hangings, and mutes. Macaulay. 2. A small plate of metal, as the shield around a keyhole. See Escutcheon , 4.
Scutcheoned adjective Emblazoned on or as a shield.
Scutcheoned panes in cloisters old. Lowell.
1. One who scutches. 2. An implement or machine for scutching hemp, flax, or cotton, etc.; a scutch; a scutching machine.
[ Latin scutum
a shield, a buckler. See Scudo
.] 1. A small shield.
[ Obsolete] Skelton. 2. An old French gold coin of the value of 3s. 4d. sterling, or about 80 cents. 3. (Zoology) A bony scale of a reptile or fish; a large horny scale on the leg of a bird, or on the belly of a snake.
; plural Scutellæ
. [ New Latin , fem. dim. of Latin scutum
.] (Zoology) See Scutellum , noun , 2.
Scutellate, Scutellated adjective
[ Latin scutella
a dish, salver. Confer Scuttle
a basket.] 1. (Zoology) Formed like a plate or salver; composed of platelike surfaces; as, the scutellated bone of a sturgeon. Woodward. 2.
[ See Scutellum
.] (Zoology) Having the tarsi covered with broad transverse scales, or scutella; -- said of certain birds.
Scutellation noun (Zoology) The entire covering, or mode of arrangement, of scales, as on the legs and feet of a bird.
Scutelliform adjective [ Latin scutella a dish + -form .]
1. Scutellate. 2. (Botany) Having the form of a scutellum.