Sarment Sar"ment noun [ Latin sarmentum a twig, from sarpere to cut off, to trim: confer French sarment .] (Botany) A prostrate filiform stem or runner, as of the strawberry. See Runner .
Sarmentaceous Sar`men·ta"ceous adjective (Botany) Bearing sarments, or runners, as the strawberry.
Sarmentose Sar`men·tose" adjective [ Latin sarmentosus : confer French sarmenteux . See Sarment .] (Botany) (a) Long and filiform, and almost naked, or having only leaves at the joints where it strikes root; as, a sarmentose stem. (b) Bearing sarments; sarmentaceous.
Sarmentous Sar·men"tous adjective (Botany) Sarmentose.
Sarn Sarn noun [ W. sarn a causeway, paving.] A pavement or stepping-stone. [ Prov. Eng.] Johnson.
Sarong Sa"rong noun [ Malay sārung .] A sort of petticoat worn by both sexes in Java and the Malay Archipelago. Balfour (Cyc. of India)
Saros Sa"ros noun [ New Latin , from Greek ...] (Astron) A Chaldean astronomical period or cycle, the length of which has been variously estimated from 3,600 years to 3,600 days, or a little short of 10 years. Brande & C.
Sarplar Sar"plar noun [ Confer Late Latin sarplare . See Sarplier .] A large bale or package of wool, containing eighty tods, or 2,240 pounds, in weight. [ Eng.]
Sarplier Sar"plier noun [ French serpillière ; confer Pr. sarpelheira , Late Latin serpelleria , serpleria , Catalan sarpallera , Spanish arpillera .] A coarse cloth made of hemp, and used for packing goods, etc. [ Written also sarpelere .] Tyrwhitt.
Sarpo Sar"po noun [ Corruption of Spanish sapo a toad.] (Zoology) A large toadfish of the Southern United States and the Gulf of Mexico ( Batrachus tau , var. pardus ).
Sarracenia Sar`ra·ce"ni·a noun [ New Latin So named after a Dr. Sarrazin of Quebec.] (Botany) A genus of American perennial herbs growing in bogs; the American pitcher plant. » They have hollow pitcher-shaped or tubular leaves, and solitary flowers with an umbrella-shaped style. Sarracenia purpurea , the sidesaddle flower, is common at the North; S. flava , rubra , Drummondii , variolaris , and psittacina are Southern species. All are insectivorous, catching and drowning insects in their curious leaves. See Illust . of Sidesaddle flower, under Sidesaddle .
Sarrasin, Sarrasine Sar"ra·sin, Sar"ra·sine noun [ French sarrasine , Late Latin saracina . See Saracen .] (Fort.) A portcullis, or herse. [ Written also sarasin .]
Sarsa Sar"sa noun Sarsaparilla. [ Written also sarza .]
Sarsaparilla Sar`sa·pa·ril"la noun [ Spanish zarzaparrilla ; zarza a bramble (perhaps from Bisc. zartzia ) + parra a vine, or Parillo , a physician said to have discovered it.] (Botany) (a) Any plant of several tropical American species of Smilax . (b) The bitter mucilaginous roots of such plants, used in medicine and in sirups for soda, etc. » The name is also applied to many other plants and their roots, especially to the Aralia nudicaulis , the wild sarsaparilla of the United States.
Sarsaparillin Sar`sa·pa·ril"lin noun See Parillin .
Sarse Sarse noun [ French sas , Old French saas , Late Latin setatium , from Latin seta a stiff hair.] A fine sieve; a searce. [ Obsolete]
Sarse Sarse transitive verb To sift through a sarse. [ Obsolete]
Sarsen Sar"sen noun [ Etymol. uncertain; perhaps for saracen stone , i.e., a heathen or pagan stone or monument.] One of the large sandstone blocks scattered over the English chalk downs; -- called also sarsen stone , and Druid stone . [ Eng.]
Sarsenet Sarse"net noun See Sarcenet .
Sart Sart noun An assart, or clearing. [ Obsolete] Bailey.
Sartorial Sar·to"ri·al adjective
[ See Sartorius
.] 1. Of or pertaining to a tailor or his work.
Our legs skulked under the table as free from sartorial impertinences as those of the noblest savages. Lowell. 2. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the sartorius muscle.
Sartorius Sar·to"ri·us noun [ New Latin , from Latin sartor a patcher, tailor, from sarcire , sartum , to patch, mend.] (Anat.) A muscle of the thigh, called the tailor's muscle , which arises from the hip bone and is inserted just below the knee. So named because its contraction was supposed to produce the position of the legs assumed by the tailor in sitting.
Sarum use Sa"rum use` (Ch. of Eng.) A liturgy, or use , put forth about 1087 by St. Osmund, bishop of Sarum , based on Anglo-Saxon and Norman customs.
Sash Sash noun [ Pers. shast a sort of girdle.] A scarf or band worn about the waist, over the shoulder, or otherwise; a belt; a girdle, -- worn by women and children as an ornament; also worn as a badge of distinction by military officers, members of societies, etc.
Sash Sash transitive verb To adorn with a sash or scarf. Burke.
Sash Sash noun [ French châssis a frame, sash, from châsse a shrine, reliquary, frame, Latin capsa . See Case a box.] 1. The framing in which the panes of glass are set in a glazed window or door, including the narrow bars between the panes. 2. In a sawmill, the rectangular frame in which the saw is strained and by which it is carried up and down with a reciprocating motion; -- also called gate . French sash , a casement swinging on hinges; - - in distinction from a vertical sash sliding up and down.
Sash Sash transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Sashed ; present participle & verbal noun Sashing .] To furnish with a sash or sashes; as, to sash a door or a window.
Sashery Sash"er·y noun
[ From 1st Sash
.] A collection of sashes; ornamentation by means of sashes.
Distinguished by their sasheries and insignia. Carlyle.
Sashoon Sash"oon noun [ Etymology uncertain.] A kind of pad worn on the leg under the boot. [ Obsolete] Nares.
Sasin Sa"sin noun (Zoology) The Indian antelope ( Antilope bezoartica, or cervicapra ), noted for its beauty and swiftness. It has long, spiral, divergent horns.
Sassaby, Sassabye Sas"sa·by, Sas"sa·bye noun (Zoology) A large African antelope ( Alcelaphus lunata ), similar to the hartbeest, but having its horns regularly curved.
Sassafras Sas"sa·fras noun [ French sassafras (cf. Italian sassafrasso , sassafras , Spanish sasafras , salsafras , salsifrax , salsifragia , saxifragia ), from Latin saxifraga saxifrage. See Saxifrage .] (Botany) An American tree of the Laurel family ( Sassafras officinale ); also, the bark of the roots, which has an aromatic smell and taste. Australian sassafras , a lofty tree ( Doryophora Sassafras ) with aromatic bark and leaves. -- Chilian sassafras , an aromatic tree ( Laurelia sempervirens ). -- New Zealand sassafras , a similar tree ( Laurelia Novæ Zelandiæ ). - - Sassafras nut . See Pichurim bean . -- Swamp sassafras , the sweet bay ( Magnolia glauca ). See Magnolia .
Sassanage Sas"sa·nage noun [ See Sarse a sieve.] Stones left after sifting. Smart.
Sassarara Sas`sa·ra"ra noun
[ Perh. a corruption of certiorari
, the name of a writ.] A word used to emphasize a statement.
Out she shall pack, with a sassarara . Goldsmith.
Sasse Sasse noun [ Dutch sas , from French sas the basin of a waterfall.] A sluice or lock, as in a river, to make it more navigable. [ Obsolete] Pepys.
Sassenach Sas"sen·ach noun [ Gael. sasunnach .] A Saxon; an Englishman; a Lowlander. [ Celtic] Sir W. Scott.
Sassolin, Sassoline Sas"so·lin, Sas"so·line noun [ From Sasso , a town in Italy: confer French sassolin .] (Min.) Native boric acid, found in saline incrustations on the borders of hot springs near Sasso, in the territory of Florence.
Sassorol, Sassorolla Sas"so·rol, Sas`so·rol"la noun (Zoology) The rock pigeon. See under Pigeon .
Sassy bark Sas"sy bark` (Botany) The bark of a West African leguminous tree ( Erythrophlæum Guineense , used by the natives as an ordeal poison, and also medicinally; -- called also mancona bark .
Sastra Sas"tra noun Same as Shaster .
Sastrugi Sas·tru"gi Incorrect, but common, var. of Zastrugi .
Sat Sat imperfect of Sit . [ Written also sate .]
Satan Sa"tan noun
[ Hebrew sātān
an adversary, from sātan
to be adverse, to persecute: confer Greek ..., ..., Latin Satan
.] The grand adversary of man; the Devil, or Prince of darkness; the chief of the fallen angels; the archfiend.
I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven. Luke x. 18.
Satanic, Satanical Sa·tan"ic, Sa·tan"ic·al adjective
[ Confer French satanique
, Greek ....] Of or pertaining to Satan; having the qualities of Satan; resembling Satan; extremely malicious or wicked; devilish; infernal.
strength." " Satanic
Detest the slander which, with a Satanic smile, exults over the character it has ruined. Dr. T. Dwight.
Satanism Sa"tan·ism noun The evil and malicious disposition of Satan; a diabolical spirit. [ R.]
Satanist Sa"tan·ist noun A very wicked person. [ R.] Granger.
Satanophany Sa`tan·oph"a·ny noun [ Satan + Greek ... to appear.] An incarnation of Satan; a being possessed by a demon. [ R.] O. A. Brownson.
Satchel Satch"el noun
[ Old French sachel
, from Latin saccellus
, dim. of saccus
. See Sack
a bag.] A little sack or bag for carrying papers, books, or small articles of wearing apparel; a hand bag.
[ Spelled also sachel
The whining schoolboy with his satchel . Shak.
Sate Sate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Sated
; present participle & verbal noun Sating
.] [ Probably shortened from satiate
: confer Latin satur
full. See Satiate
.] To satisfy the desire or appetite of; to satiate; to glut; to surfeit.
Crowds of wanderers sated with the business and pleasure of great cities. Macaulay.
Sate Sate imperfect of Sit .
But sate an equal guest at every board. Lowell.