Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Sarmatian, Sarmatic adjective [ Latin Sarmaticus .] Of or pertaining to Sarmatia, or its inhabitants, the ancestors of the Russians and the Poles.
[ Latin sarmentum
a twig, from sarpere
to cut off, to trim: confer French sarment
.] (Botany) A prostrate filiform stem or runner, as of the strawberry. See Runner .
Sarmentaceous adjective (Botany) Bearing sarments, or runners, as the strawberry.
[ Latin sarmentosus
: confer French sarmenteux
. See Sarment
.] (Botany) (a) Long and filiform, and almost naked, or having only leaves at the joints where it strikes root; as, a sarmentose stem. (b) Bearing sarments; sarmentaceous.
Sarmentous adjective (Botany) Sarmentose.
Sarn noun [ W. sarn a causeway, paving.] A pavement or stepping-stone. [ Prov. Eng.] Johnson.
Sarong noun [ Malay sārung .] A sort of petticoat worn by both sexes in Java and the Malay Archipelago. Balfour (Cyc. of India)
Saros noun [ New Latin , from Greek ...] (Astron) A Chaldean astronomical period or cycle, the length of which has been variously estimated from 3,600 years to 3,600 days, or a little short of 10 years. Brande & C.
[ Confer Late Latin sarplare
. See Sarplier
.] A large bale or package of wool, containing eighty tods, or 2,240 pounds, in weight.
Sarplier noun [ French serpillière ; confer Pr. sarpelheira , Late Latin serpelleria , serpleria , Catalan sarpallera , Spanish arpillera .] A coarse cloth made of hemp, and used for packing goods, etc. [ Written also sarpelere .] Tyrwhitt.
Sarpo noun [ Corruption of Spanish sapo a toad.] (Zoology) A large toadfish of the Southern United States and the Gulf of Mexico ( Batrachus tau , var. pardus ).
[ New Latin So named after a Dr. Sarrazin
of Quebec.] (Botany) A genus of American perennial herbs growing in bogs; the American pitcher plant.
» They have hollow pitcher-shaped or tubular leaves, and solitary flowers with an umbrella-shaped style. Sarracenia purpurea
, the sidesaddle flower, is common at the North; S. flava
, and psittacina
are Southern species. All are insectivorous, catching and drowning insects in their curious leaves. See Illust
. of Sidesaddle flower, under Sidesaddle
Sarrasin, Sarrasine noun
[ French sarrasine
, Late Latin saracina
. See Saracen
.] (Fort.) A portcullis, or herse.
[ Written also sarasin
Sarsa noun Sarsaparilla. [ Written also sarza .]
Sarsaparilla noun [ Spanish zarzaparrilla ; zarza a bramble (perhaps from Bisc. zartzia ) + parra a vine, or Parillo , a physician said to have discovered it.] (Botany) (a) Any plant of several tropical American species of Smilax . (b) The bitter mucilaginous roots of such plants, used in medicine and in sirups for soda, etc. » The name is also applied to many other plants and their roots, especially to the Aralia nudicaulis , the wild sarsaparilla of the United States.
Sarse noun [ French sas , Old French saas , Late Latin setatium , from Latin seta a stiff hair.] A fine sieve; a searce. [ Obsolete]
Sarse transitive verb To sift through a sarse. [ Obsolete]
Sarsen noun [ Etymol. uncertain; perhaps for saracen stone , i.e., a heathen or pagan stone or monument.] One of the large sandstone blocks scattered over the English chalk downs; -- called also sarsen stone , and Druid stone . [ Eng.]
Sart noun An assart, or clearing. [ Obsolete] Bailey.
[ See Sartorius
.] 1. Of or pertaining to a tailor or his work.
Our legs skulked under the table as free from sartorial impertinences as those of the noblest savages. Lowell. 2. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the sartorius muscle.
Sartorius noun [ New Latin , from Latin sartor a patcher, tailor, from sarcire , sartum , to patch, mend.] (Anat.) A muscle of the thigh, called the tailor's muscle , which arises from the hip bone and is inserted just below the knee. So named because its contraction was supposed to produce the position of the legs assumed by the tailor in sitting.
Sarum use (Ch. of Eng.) A liturgy, or use , put forth about 1087 by St. Osmund, bishop of Sarum , based on Anglo-Saxon and Norman customs.
Sash noun [ Pers. shast a sort of girdle.] A scarf or band worn about the waist, over the shoulder, or otherwise; a belt; a girdle, -- worn by women and children as an ornament; also worn as a badge of distinction by military officers, members of societies, etc.
Sash transitive verb To adorn with a sash or scarf. Burke.
[ French châssis
a frame, sash, from châsse
a shrine, reliquary, frame, Latin capsa
. See Case
a box.] 1. The framing in which the panes of glass are set in a glazed window or door, including the narrow bars between the panes. 2. In a sawmill, the rectangular frame in which the saw is strained and by which it is carried up and down with a reciprocating motion; -- also called gate . French sash
, a casement swinging on hinges; - - in distinction from a vertical sash sliding up and down.
Sash transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Sashed
; present participle & verbal noun Sashing
.] To furnish with a sash or sashes; as, to sash a door or a window.
[ From 1st Sash
.] A collection of sashes; ornamentation by means of sashes.
Distinguished by their sasheries and insignia. Carlyle.
Sashoon noun [ Etymology uncertain.] A kind of pad worn on the leg under the boot. [ Obsolete] Nares.
Sasin noun (Zoology) The Indian antelope ( Antilope bezoartica, or cervicapra ), noted for its beauty and swiftness. It has long, spiral, divergent horns.
Sassaby, Sassabye noun (Zoology) A large African antelope ( Alcelaphus lunata ), similar to the hartbeest, but having its horns regularly curved.
[ French sassafras
(cf. Italian sassafrasso
, Spanish sasafras
), from Latin saxifraga
saxifrage. See Saxifrage
.] (Botany) An American tree of the Laurel family ( Sassafras officinale ); also, the bark of the roots, which has an aromatic smell and taste. Australian sassafras
, a lofty tree ( Doryophora Sassafras ) with aromatic bark and leaves.
-- Chilian sassafras
, an aromatic tree ( Laurelia sempervirens ).
-- New Zealand sassafras
, a similar tree ( Laurelia Novæ Zelandiæ ).
- - Sassafras nut
. See Pichurim bean .
-- Swamp sassafras
, the sweet bay ( Magnolia glauca ). See Magnolia .
[ See Sarse
a sieve.] Stones left after sifting. Smart.
[ Perh. a corruption of certiorari
, the name of a writ.] A word used to emphasize a statement.
Out she shall pack, with a sassarara . Goldsmith.
Sasse noun [ Dutch sas , from French sas the basin of a waterfall.] A sluice or lock, as in a river, to make it more navigable. [ Obsolete] Pepys.
Sassenach noun [ Gael. sasunnach .] A Saxon; an Englishman; a Lowlander. [ Celtic] Sir W. Scott.
Sassolin, Sassoline noun [ From Sasso , a town in Italy: confer French sassolin .] (Min.) Native boric acid, found in saline incrustations on the borders of hot springs near Sasso, in the territory of Florence.
Sassorol, Sassorolla noun (Zoology) The rock pigeon. See under Pigeon .
Sassy bark (Botany) The bark of a West African leguminous tree ( Erythrophlæum Guineense , used by the natives as an ordeal poison, and also medicinally; -- called also mancona bark .
Sastrugi Incorrect, but common, var. of Zastrugi .
Sat imperfect of Sit .
[ Written also sate
[ Hebrew sātān
an adversary, from sātan
to be adverse, to persecute: confer Greek ..., ..., Latin Satan
.] The grand adversary of man; the Devil, or Prince of darkness; the chief of the fallen angels; the archfiend.
I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven. Luke x. 18.
Satanic, Satanical adjective
[ Confer French satanique
, Greek ....] Of or pertaining to Satan; having the qualities of Satan; resembling Satan; extremely malicious or wicked; devilish; infernal.
strength." " Satanic
Detest the slander which, with a Satanic smile, exults over the character it has ruined. Dr. T. Dwight.
Satanism noun The evil and malicious disposition of Satan; a diabolical spirit. [ R.]
Satanist noun A very wicked person. [ R.] Granger.
Satanophany noun [ Satan + Greek ... to appear.] An incarnation of Satan; a being possessed by a demon. [ R.] O. A. Brownson.
[ Old French sachel
, from Latin saccellus
, dim. of saccus
. See Sack
a bag.] A little sack or bag for carrying papers, books, or small articles of wearing apparel; a hand bag.
[ Spelled also sachel
The whining schoolboy with his satchel . Shak.