Webster's Dictionary, 1913

Search Webster
Word starts with Word or meaning contains
Sarcoderm sar`co*der"ma noun [ New Latin sarcoderma . See Sarco- , and Derm .] (Botany) (a) A fleshy covering of a seed, lying between the external and internal integuments. (b) A sarcocarp.

Sarcodic adjective (Biol.) Of or pertaining to sarcode.

Sarcoid adjective [ Greek .... See Sarcode .] (Biol.) Resembling flesh, or muscle; composed of sarcode.

Sarcolactic adjective [ Sarco- + lactic .] (Physiol. Chem.) Relating to muscle and milk; as, sarcolactic acid . See Lactic acid , under Lactic .

Sarcolemma noun [ New Latin , from Greek sa`rx , sa`rkos , flesh + ... rind, skin.] (Anat.) The very thin transparent and apparently homogeneous sheath which incloses a striated muscular fiber; the myolemma.

Sarcoline adjective [ Greek sa`rx , sa`rkos , flesh.] (Min.) Flesh-colored.

Sarcologic, Sarcological adjective Of or pertaining to sarcology.

Sarcology noun [ Sarco- + -logy : confer French sarcologie .] That part of anatomy which treats of the soft parts. It includes myology, angiology, neurology, and splanchnology.

Sarcoma noun ; plural Latin Sarcomata (# or #), English sarcomas . [ New Latin , from Greek ..., from sa`rx , sa`rkos , flesh.] (Medicine) A tumor of fleshy consistence; -- formerly applied to many varieties of tumor, now restricted to a variety of malignant growth made up of cells resembling those of fetal development without any proper intercellular substance.

Sarcomatous adjective (Medicine) Of or pertaining to sarcoma; resembling sarcoma.

Sarcophaga noun plural [ New Latin , neut. plural See Sarcophagus .] (Zoology) A suborder of carnivorous and insectivorous marsupials including the dasyures and the opossums.

Sarcophaga noun [ New Latin , fem. sing. See Sarcophagus .] (Zoology) A genus of Diptera, including the flesh flies.

Sarcophagan noun
1. (Zoology) Any animal which eats flesh, especially any carnivorous marsupial.

2. (Zoology) Any fly of the genus Sarcophaga.

Sarcophagous adjective (Zoology) Feeding on flesh; flesh-eating; carnivorous.

Sarcophagus noun ; plural Latin Sarcophagi , English Sarcophaguses . [ Latin , from Greek sarkofa`gos , properly, eating flesh; sa`rx , sa`rkos , flesh + fagei^n to eat. Confer Sarcasm .]
1. A species of limestone used among the Greeks for making coffins, which was so called because it consumed within a few weeks the flesh of bodies deposited in it. It is otherwise called lapis Assius , or Assian stone , and is said to have been found at Assos, a city of Lycia. Holland.

2. A coffin or chest-shaped tomb of the kind of stone described above; hence, any stone coffin.

3. A stone shaped like a sarcophagus and placed by a grave as a memorial.

Sarcophagy noun [ Greek sarkofagi`a . See Sarcophagus .] The practice of eating flesh.

Sarcophile noun [ Sacro- + Greek ... a lover.] (Zoology) A flesh-eating animal, especially any one of the carnivorous marsupials.

Sarcoptes noun [ New Latin , from Greek sa`rx , sa`rkos , flesh + ko`ptein to cut.] (Zoology) A genus of parasitic mites including the itch mites.

Sarcoptid noun (Zoology) Any species of the genus Sarcoptes and related genera of mites, comprising the itch mites and mange mites. -- adjective Of or pertaining to the itch mites.

Sarcorhamphi noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek sa`rx , sa`rkos , flesh + ... beak.] (Zoology) A division of raptorial birds comprising the vultures.

Sarcoseptum noun ; plural Sarcosepta . [ Sarco- + septum .] (Zoology) One of the mesenteries of an anthozoan.

Sarcosin noun (Physiol. Chem.) A crystalline nitrogenous substance, formed in the decomposition of creatin (one of the constituents of muscle tissue). Chemically, it is methyl glycocoll.

Sarcosis noun [ New Latin , from Greek ..., from sa`rx , sa`rkos , flesh.] (Medicine) (a) Abnormal formation of flesh. (b) Sarcoma.

Sarcotic adjective [ Greek ...: confer French sarcotique .] (Medicine) Producing or promoting the growth of flesh. [ R.] -- noun A sarcotic medicine. [ R.]

Sarcous adjective [ Greek sa`rx , sa`rkos , flesh.] (Anat.) Fleshy; -- applied to the minute structural elements, called sarcous elements , or sarcous disks , of which striated muscular fiber is composed.

Sarculation noun [ Latin sarculatio . See Sarcle .] A weeding, as with a hoe or a rake.

Sard noun [ Latin sarda , Greek ..., or ... (sc. ...), i.e., Sardian stone, from ... Sardian, ... Sardes, the capital of Lydia: confer French sarde . Confer Sardius .] (Min.) A variety of carnelian, of a rich reddish yellow or brownish red color. See the Note under Chalcedony .

Sardachate noun [ Latin sardachates : confer French sardachate . See Sard , and Agate .] (Min.) A variety of agate containing sard.

Sardan, Sardel noun [ Italian sardella . See Sardine a fish.] (Zoology) A sardine. [ Obsolete]

Sardel noun A precious stone. See Sardius .

Sardine noun [ French sardine (cf. Spanish sardina , sarda , Italian sardina , sardella ), Latin sardina , sarda ; confer Greek ..., ...; so called from the island of Sardinia , Greek ....] (Zoology) Any one of several small species of herring which are commonly preserved in olive oil for food, especially the pilchard, or European sardine ( Clupea pilchardus ). The California sardine ( Clupea sagax ) is similar. The American sardines of the Atlantic coast are mostly the young of the common herring and of the menhaden.

Sardine noun See Sardius .

Sardinian adjective [ Latin Sardinianus .] Of or pertaining to the island, kingdom, or people of Sardinia. -- noun A native or inhabitant of Sardinia.

Sardius noun [ Latin sardius , lapis sardinus , Greek ..., ..., .... See Sard .] A precious stone, probably a carnelian, one of which was set in Aaron's breastplate. Ex. xxviii. 17.

Sardoin noun [ Confer French sardoine .] (Min.) Sard; carnelian.

Sardonian adjective [ Confer French sardonien .] Sardonic. [ Obsolete] "With Sardonian smile." Spenser.

Sardonic adjective [ French sardonique , Latin sardonius , Greek ..., ..., perhaps from ... to grin like a dog, or from a certain plant of Sardinia , Greek ..., which was said to screw up the face of the eater.] Forced; unnatural; insincere; hence, derisive, mocking, malignant, or bitterly sarcastic; -- applied only to a laugh, smile, or some facial semblance of gayety.

Where strained, sardonic smiles are glozing still,
And grief is forced to laugh against her will.
Sir H. Wotton.

The scornful, ferocious, sardonic grin of a bloody ruffian.

Sardonic grin or laugh , an old medical term for a spasmodic affection of the muscles of the face, giving it an appearance of laughter.

Sardonic adjective Of, pertaining to, or resembling, a kind of linen made at Colchis.

Sardonyx noun [ Latin , from Greek .... See Sard , and Onyx .] (Min.) A variety of onyx consisting of sard and white chalcedony in alternate layers.

Saree noun [ Hind. ....] The principal garment of a Hindoo woman. It consists of a long piece of cloth, which is wrapped round the middle of the body, a portion being arranged to hang down in front, and the remainder passed across the bosom over the left shoulder.

Sargasso noun [ Spanish sargazo seaweed.] (Botany) The gulf weed. See under Gulf .

Sargasso Sea , a large tract of the North Atlantic Ocean where sargasso in great abundance floats on the surface.

Sargassum noun [ New Latin ] A genus of algæ including the gulf weed.

Sargo noun [ Spanish sargo , Latin sargus a kind of fish.] (Zoology) Any one of several species of sparoid fishes belonging to Sargus , Pomadasys , and related genera; -- called also sar , and saragu .

Sari noun Same as Saree .

Sarigue noun [ French, from Braz. çarigueia , çarigueira .] (Zoology) A small South American opossum ( Didelphys opossum ), having four white spots on the face.

Sark noun [ Anglo-Saxon serce , syrce , a shirt; akin to Icelandic serkr , Swedish särk .] A shirt. [ Scot.]

Sark transitive verb (Carp.) To cover with sarking, or thin boards.

Sarkin noun [ Greek sa`rx , sa`rkos , flesh.] (Physiol. Chem.) Same as Hypoxanthin .

Sarking noun [ From Sark shirt.] (Carp.) Thin boards for sheathing, as above the rafters, and under the shingles or slates, and for similar purposes.

Sarlac, Sarlyk noun [ Mongolian sarlyk .] (Zoology) The yak.