Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Saporosity noun The quality of a body by which it excites the sensation of taste.

Saporous adjective [ Latin saporus that relishes well, savory, from sapor taste.] Having flavor or taste; yielding a taste. [ R.] Bailey.

Sapota noun [ New Latin , from Spanish sapote , zapote . See Sapodilla .] (Botany) The sapodilla.

Sapotaceous adjective (Botany) Of or pertaining to a natural order ( Sapotaceæ ) of (mostly tropical) trees and shrubs, including the star apple, the Lucuma, or natural marmalade tree, the gutta-percha tree ( Isonandra ), and the India mahwa, as well as the sapodilla, or sapota, after which the order is named.

Sappan wood Sapan wood.

Sappare noun [ French sappare ; -- so called by Saussure.] (Min.) Kyanite. [ Written also sappar .]

Sapper noun [ Confer French sapeur .] One who saps; specifically (Mil.) , one who is employed in working at saps, building and repairing fortifications, and the like.

Sapphic adjective [ Latin Sapphicus , Greek ..., from ... Sappho.]
1. Of or pertaining to Sappho, the Grecian poetess; as, Sapphic odes; Sapphic verse.

2. (Pros.) Belonging to, or in the manner of, Sappho; -- said of a certain kind of verse reputed to have been invented by Sappho, consisting of five feet, of which the first, fourth, and fifth are trochees, the second is a spondee, and the third a dactyl.

Sapphic noun (Pros.) A Sapphic verse.

Sapphire noun [ Middle English saphir , French saphir , Latin sapphirus , Greek ..., of Oriental origin; confer Hebrew sappīr .]
1. (Min.) Native alumina or aluminium sesquioxide, Al 2 O 3 ; corundum; esp., the blue transparent variety of corundum, highly prized as a gem.

Of rubies, sapphires , and of pearlés white.
Chaucer.

» Sapphire occurs in hexagonal crystals and also in granular and massive forms. The name sapphire is usually restricted to the blue crystals, while the bright red crystals are called Oriental rubies (see under Ruby ), the amethystine variety Oriental amethyst (see under Amethyst ), and the dull massive varieties corundum (a name which is also used as a general term to include all varieties). See Corundum .

2. The color of the gem; bright blue.

3. (Zoology) Any humming bird of the genus Hylocharis , native of South America. The throat and breast are usually bright blue.

Star sapphire , or Asteriated sapphire (Min.) , a kind of sapphire which exhibits asterism.

Sapphire adjective Of or resembling sapphire; sapphirine; blue. "The sapphire blaze." Gray.

Sapphirine noun Resembling sapphire; made of sapphire; having the color, or any quality of sapphire. " Sapphirine degree of hardness." Boyle.

Sappho noun [ See Sapphic .] (Zoology) Any one of several species of brilliant South American humming birds of the genus Sappho , having very bright- colored and deeply forked tails; -- called also firetail .

Sappiness noun The quality of being sappy; juiciness.

Sappodilla noun (Botany) See Sapodilla .

Sappy adjective [ Compar. Sappier ; superl. Sappiest .] [ From 1st Sap .]


1. Abounding with sap; full of sap; juicy; succulent.

2. Hence, young, not firm; weak, feeble.

When he had passed this weak and sappy age.
Hayward.

3. Weak in intellect. [ Low]

4. (Botany) Abounding in sap; resembling, or consisting largely of, sapwood.

Sappy adjective [ Written also sapy .] [ Confer Latin sapere to taste.] Musty; tainted. [ Obsolete]

Saprophagan noun [ Greek sapro`s rotten + fagei^n to eat: confer French saprophage .] (Zoology) One of a tribe of beetles which feed upon decaying animal and vegetable substances; a carrion beetle.

Saprophagous adjective (Zoology) Feeding on carrion.

Saprophyte noun [ Greek sapro`s rotten + fyto`n a plant.] (Botany) Any plant growing on decayed animal or vegetable matter, as most fungi and some flowering plants with no green color, as the Indian pipe.

Saprophytic adjective Feeding or growing upon decaying animal or vegetable matter; pertaining to a saprophyte or the saprophytes.

Saprophytism noun State or fact of being saprophytic.

Sapsago noun [ German schabzieger ; schaben to shave, to scrape + zieger a sort of whey.] A kind of Swiss cheese, of a greenish color, flavored with melilot.

Sapskull noun A saphead. [ Low]

Sapucaia noun [ Portuguese sapucaya .] (Botany) A Brazilian tree. See Lecythis , and Monkey-pot . [ Written also sapucaya .]

Sapucaia nut (Botany) , the seed of the sapucaia; -- called also paradise nut .

Sapwood noun (Botany) The alburnum, or part of the wood of any exogenous tree next to the bark, being that portion of the tree through which the sap flows most freely; -- distinguished from heartwood .

Sarabaite noun [ Late Latin Sarabaïtae , plural] (Eccl. Hist.) One of certain vagrant or heretical Oriental monks in the early church.

Saraband noun [ French sarabande , Spanish zarabanda , from Persian serbend a song.] A slow Spanish dance of Saracenic origin, to an air in triple time; also, the air itself.

She has brought us the newest saraband from the court of Queen Mab.
Sir W. Scott.

Saracen noun [ Latin Saracenus perhaps from Arabic sharqi , plural sharqiīn , Oriental, Eastern, from sharaqa to rise, said of the sun: confer French sarrasin . Confer Sarcenet , Sarrasin , Sirocco .] Anciently, an Arab; later, a Mussulman; in the Middle Ages, the common term among Christians in Europe for a Mohammedan hostile to the crusaders.

Saracens' consound (Botany) , a kind of ragwort ( Senecio Saracenicus ), anciently used to heal wounds.

Saracenic, Saracenical adjective Of or pertaining to the Saracens; as, Saracenic architecture. " Saracenic music." Sir W. Scott.

Sarasin noun (Architecture) See Sarrasin .

Saraswati noun [ Sanskrit Sarasvatī .] (Hind. Myth.) The sakti or wife of Brahma; the Hindoo goddess of learning, music, and poetry.

Sarcasm noun [ French sarcasme , Latin sarcasmus , Greek sarkasmo`s , from sarka`zein to tear flesh like dogs, to bite the lips in rage, to speak bitterly, to sneer, from sa`rx , sa`rkos , flesh.] A keen, reproachful expression; a satirical remark uttered with some degree of scorn or contempt; a taunt; a gibe; a cutting jest.

The sarcasms of those critics who imagine our art to be a matter of inspiration.
Sir J. Reynolds.

Syn. -- Satire; irony; ridicule; taunt; gibe.

Sarcasmous adjective Sarcastic. [ Obsolete] " Sarcasmous scandal." Hubidras.

Sarcastic, Sarcastical adjective Expressing, or expressed by, sarcasm; characterized by, or of the nature of, sarcasm; given to the use of sarcasm; bitterly satirical; scornfully severe; taunting.

What a fierce and sarcastic reprehension would this have drawn from the friendship of the world!
South.

Sarcastically adverb In a sarcastic manner.

Sarcel noun [ Old French cercel , French cerceau , Latin circellus , dim. of circulus . See Circle .] One of the outer pinions or feathers of the wing of a bird, esp. of a hawk.

Sarceled adjective (her.) Cut through the middle.

Sarcelle noun [ French, from Latin querquedula .] (Zoology) The old squaw, or long- tailed duck.

Sarcenet noun [ Old French sarcenet ; confer Late Latin saracenicum cloth made by Saracens. See Saracen .] A species of fine thin silk fabric, used for linings, etc. [ Written also sarsenet .]

Thou green sarcenet flap for a sore eye.
Shak.

Sarcin noun Same as Hypoxanthin .

Sarcina noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... of flesh, from sa`rx , sa`rkos , flesh.] (Biol.) A genus of bacteria found in various organic fluids, especially in those those of the stomach, associated with certain diseases. The individual organisms undergo division along two perpendicular partitions, so that multiplication takes place in two directions, giving groups of four cubical cells. Also used adjectively; as, a sarcina micrococcus; a sarcina group.

Sarcina form (Biol.) , the tetrad form seen in the division of a dumb-bell group of micrococci into four; -- applied particularly to bacteria. See micrococcus .

Sarcle transitive verb [ French sarcler to weed, from Latin sarculare to hoe, from sarculum hoe.] To weed, or clear of weeds, with a hoe. [ Obsolete] Ainsworth.

Sarco- A combining form from Greek sa`rx , sa`rkos , flesh ; as, sarco phagous, flesh-eating; sarco logy.

Sarcobasis noun ; plural Sarcobases . [ New Latin , from Greek sa`rx , sa`rkos , flesh + ... base.] (Botany) A fruit consisting of many dry indehiscent cells, which contain but few seeds and cohere about a common style, as in the mallows.

Sarcoblast noun [ Sarco- + -blast .] (Zoology) A minute yellowish body present in the interior of certain rhizopods.

Sarcocarp noun [ Sarco- + Greek ... fruit: confer French sarcocarpe .] (Botany) The fleshy part of a stone fruit, situated between the skin, or epicarp, and the stone, or endocarp, as in a peach. See Illust. of Endocarp .

» The term has also been used to denote any fruit which is fleshy throughout. M. T. Masters.

Sarcocele noun [ Greek ...; sa`rx , sa`rkos , flesh + ... tumor: confer French sarcocèle .] (Medicine) Any solid tumor of the testicle.

Sarcocol, Sarcocolla noun [ Latin sarcocolla , from Greek ...; sa`rx , sa`rkos , flesh + ... glue: confer French sarcocolle .] A gum resin obtained from certain shrubs of Africa ( Penæa ), -- formerly thought to cause healing of wounds and ulcers.

Sarcode noun [ Greek ... fleshy; sa`rx , flesh + e'i^dos form. Confer Sarcoid .] (Biol.) A name applied by Dujardin in 1835 to the gelatinous material forming the bodies of the lowest animals; protoplasm.