Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Phelloderm noun [ Greek ... cork + -derm .] (Botany) A layer of green parenchimatous cells formed on the inner side of the phellogen.
Phellogen noun [ Greek ... cork + - gen .] (Botany) The tissue of young cells which produces cork cells.
Phelloplastics noun [ Greek ... cork + ... to mold.] Art of modeling in cork.
Phenacetin, Phenacetine noun [ Phen yl + acet ic + -in .] (Pharm.) A white, crystalline compound, C 10 H 13 O 2 N, used in medicine principally as an antipyretic.
Phenacite noun [ Greek ..., ..., impostor, deceiver.] (Min.) A glassy colorless mineral occurring in rhombohedral crystals, sometimes used as a gem. It is a silicate of glucina, and receives its name from its deceptive similarity to quartz.
Phenakistoscope noun [ Greek ... a deceiver + -scope .] A revolving disk on which figures drawn in different relative attitudes are seen successively, so as to produce the appearance of an object in actual motion, as an animal leaping, etc., in consequence of the persistence of the successive visual impressions of the retina. It is often arranged so that the figures may be projected upon a screen.
Phenalgin noun [ Phen yl + an alg etic + -in .] (Pharm.) An ammoniated compound of phenyl and acetamide, used as an analgesic and antipyretic. It resembles phenacetin in its therapeutic action.
Phenanthrene noun [ Phen yl + antr ac ene .] (Chemistry) A complex hydrocarbon, C 14 H 10 , found in coal tar, and obtained as a white crystalline substance with a bluish fluorescence.
Phenanthridine noun [ Phenanthr ene + pyr idine .] (Chemistry) A nitrogenous hydrocarbon base, C 13 H 9 N, analogous to phenanthrene and quinoline.
Phenanthroline noun [ Phenanthr ene + quin oline .] (Chemistry) Either of two metameric nitrogenous hydrocarbon bases, C 12 H 8 N 2 , analogous to phenanthridine, but more highly nitrogenized.
Phene noun (Chemistry) Benzene. [ Obsolete]
Phenetol noun [ Phen yl + et hyl + Latin ol eum oil.] (Chemistry) The ethyl ether of phenol, obtained as an aromatic liquid, C 6 H 5 .O.C 2 H 5 .
Phenic adjective (Chemistry) Of, pertaining to, derived from, or resembling, phenyl or phenol. Phenic acid (Chemistry) , a phenol. [ Obsoles.]
Phenicine noun [ Greek foi^nix purple red: confer French phénicine .] (Chemistry) (a) A purple powder precipitated when a sulphuric solution of indigo is diluted with water. (b) A coloring matter produced by the action of a mixture of strong nitric and sulphuric acids on phenylic alcohol. Watts.
Phenicious adjective [ Latin phoeniceus , Greek foini`keos , from ... purple red.] Of a red color with a slight mixture of gray. Dana.
Phenicopter noun [ Latin phoenicopterus , Greek foiniko`pteros , i. e., red- feathered; foi^nix , foi`nikos , purple red + ptero`n feather: confer French phénicoptère .] (Zoology) A flamingo.
; plural Phenixes
. [ Latin phoenix
, Greek foi^nix
.] [ Written also phœnix
.] 1. (Gr. Myth.) A bird fabled to exist single, to be consumed by fire by its own act, and to rise again from its ashes. Hence, an emblem of immortality. 2. (Astron.) A southern constellation. 3. A marvelous person or thing.
[ R.] Latimer.
Phenocryst noun [ Greek ... to appear + ... crystal.] (Geol.) One of the prominent embedded crystals of a porphyry.
Phenogamia noun plural (Botany) Same as Phænogamia .
[ Greek ... to show + - ol
: confer French phénol
.] (Chemistry) 1. A white or pinkish crystalline substance, C 6 H 5 OH, produced by the destructive distillation of many organic bodies, as wood, coal, etc., and obtained from the heavy oil from coal tar.
» It has a peculiar odor, somewhat resembling creosote, which is a complex mixture of phenol derivatives. It is of the type of alcohols, and is called also phenyl alcohol
, but has acid properties, and hence is popularly called carbolic acid
, and was formerly called phenic acid
. It is a powerful caustic poison, and in dilute solution has been used as an antiseptic. 2. Any one of the series of hydroxyl derivatives of which phenol proper is the type. Glacial phenol (Chemistry)
, pure crystallized phenol or carbolic acid.
-- Phenol acid (Chemistry)
, any one of a series of compounds which are at once derivatives of both phenol and some member of the fatty acid series; thus, salicylic acid is a phenol acid .
-- Phenol alcohol (Chemistry)
, any one of series of derivatives of phenol and carbinol which have the properties of both combined; thus, saligenin is a phenol alcohol .
-- Phenol aldehyde (Chemistry)
, any one of a series of compounds having both phenol and aldehyde properties.
- - Phenol phthalein
. See under Phthalein .
Phenolate noun [ Phenol + -ate .] (Chemistry) A compound of phenol analogous to a salt.
[ Contracted from Phenomenology
.] (Biol.) The science of the relations between climate and periodic biological phenomena, as the migrations and breeding of birds, the flowering and fruiting of plants, etc.
-- Phe`no*log"ic*al adjective
-- Phe*nol"o*gist noun
Phenolphthalein noun , or Phenol phthalein (Chemistry) A white or yellowish white crystalline substance, C 20 H 14 O 4 , formed by condensation of the anhydride of phthalic acid and phenol. Its solution in alkalies is brilliant red, but is decolorized by acids. This reaction, being very delicate, is used as an indicator.
Phenomenal adjective [ Confer French phénoménal .] Relating to, or of the nature of, a phenomenon; hence, extraordinary; wonderful; as, a phenomenal memory. -- Phe*nom"e*nal*ly , adverb
Phenomenalism noun (Metaph.) That theory which limits positive or scientific knowledge to phenomena only, whether material or spiritual.
Phenomenist noun One who believes in the theory of phenomenalism.
Phenomenology noun [ Phenomenon + -logy : confer French phénoménologie .] A description, history, or explanation of phenomena. "The phenomenology of the mind." Sir W. Hamilton.
; plural Phenomena
. [ Latin phaenomenon
, Greek faino`menon
, from fai`nesqai
to appear, fai`nein
to show. See Phantom
.] 1. An appearance; anything visible; whatever, in matter or spirit, is apparent to, or is apprehended by, observation; as, the phenomena of heat, light, or electricity; phenomena of imagination or memory.
In the phenomena of the material world, and in many of the phenomena of mind. Stewart. 2. That which strikes one as strange, unusual, or unaccountable; an extraordinary or very remarkable person, thing, or occurrence; as, a musical phenomenon .
Phenose noun [ Phen yl + dextr ose .] (Chemistry) A sweet amorphous deliquescent substance obtained indirectly from benzene, and isometric with, and resembling, dextrose.
Phenyl noun [ Greek ... to bring to light + -yl : confer French phényle . So called because it is a by-product of illuminating gas.] (Chemistry) A hydrocarbon radical (C 6 H 5 ) regarded as the essential residue of benzene, and the basis of an immense number of aromatic derivatives. Phenyl hydrate (Chemistry) , phenol or carbolic acid. -- Phenyl hydrazine (Chemistry) , a nitrogenous base (C 6 H 5 .N 2 H 3 ) produced artificially as a colorless oil which unites with acids, ketones, etc., to form well-crystallized compounds.
Phenylamine noun [ Phenyl + amine .] (Chemistry) Any one of certain class of organic bases regarded as formed from ammonia by the substitution of phenyl for hydrogen.
Phenylene noun (Chemistry) A hypothetic radical (C 6 H 4 ) occurring in certain derivatives of benzene; as, phenylene diamine.
Phenylic adjective (Chemistry) Pertaining to, derived from, or containing, phenyl. Phenylic alcohol (Chemistry) , phenol.
Pheon noun [ Prob. from Old French.] (Her.) A bearing representing the head of a dart or javelin, with long barbs which are engrailed on the inner edge.
[ French fiole
, Latin phiala
a broad, flat, shallow cup or bowl, Greek .... confer Vial
.] A glass vessel or bottle, especially a small bottle for medicines; a vial.
Phial transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Phialed
; present participle & verbal noun Phialing
.] To put or keep in, or as in, a phial.
Its phial'd wrath may fate exhaust. Shenstone.
Philadelphian adjective [ Greek filadelfia brotherly love, from fila`delfos brotherly; fi`los loved, loving, friendly + 'adelfo`s brother.] Of or pertaining to Ptolemy Philadelphus, or to one of the cities named Philadelphia, esp. the modern city in Pennsylvania.
1. A native or an inhabitant of Philadelphia. 2. (Eccl. Hist.) One of a society of mystics of the seventeenth century, -- called also the Family of Love . Tatler.
Philalethist noun [ Philo- + Greek ... truth.] A lover of the truth. [ Obsolete] Brathwait.
Philander intransitive verb
[ Greek ... fond of men; ... loving + ... man.] To make love to women; to play the male flirt.
You can't go philandering after her again. G. Eliot.
Philander noun A lover. [ R.] Congreve.
Philander noun (Zoology) (a) A South American opossum ( Didelphys philander ). (b) An Australian bandicoot ( Perameles lagotis ).
Philanderer noun One who hangs about women; a male flirt. [ R.] C. Kingsley.
Philanthrope noun [ French] A philanthropist. [ Obsolete] R. North.
Philanthropic, Philanthropical adjective [ Confer French philanthropique .] Of or pertaining to philanthropy; characterized by philanthropy; loving or helping mankind; as, a philanthropic enterprise. -- Phil`an*throp"ic*al*ly , adverb
Philanthropinism noun A system of education on so-called natural principles, attempted in Germany in the last century by Basedow, of Dessau.
Philanthropinist noun An advocate of, or believer in, philanthropinism.