Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Phanar noun [ Turk. fanar , from NGr. ... lighthouse, Greek ... lantern; -- from a lighthouse on a point projecting into the Golden Horn.] A quarter of Constantinople which, after the Turkish conquest of the city, became the chief Greek quarter; hence, the Greek officials of Turkey, or phanariots, as a class.
[ NGr. ..., from Phanar
. See Phanar
.] One of the Greeks of Constantinople who after the Turkish conquest became powerful in clerical and other offices under Turkish patronage.
Phane noun See Fane .
[ Obsolete] Joye.
Phanerite adjective [ Greek ... visible, from ... to bring to light.] Evident; visible. Phanerite series (Geol.) , the uppermost part of the earth's crust, consisting of deposits produced by causes in obvious operation.
Phanerocarpæ noun plural
[ New Latin , from Greek ... evident + ... fruit (but taken to mean, ovary).] (Zoology) Same as Acraspeda .
Phanerocodonic adjective [ Greek ... evident + ... a bell.] (Zoology) Having an umbrella- shaped or bell-shaped body, with a wide, open cavity beneath; -- said of certain jellyfishes.
Phanerocrystalline adjective [ Greek ... visible + English crystalline .] (Geol.) Distinctly crystalline; -- used of rocks. Opposed to cryptocrystalline .
Phanerodactyla noun plural
[ New Latin , from Greek ... evident + ... finger.] (Zoology) Same as Saururæ .
Phanerogamia noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ... visible (fr. ... to bring to light) + ... marriage.] (Botany) That one of the two primary divisions of the vegetable kingdom which contains the phanerogamic, or flowering, plants.
Phanerogamian adjective (Botany) Phanerogamous.
Phanerogamic, Phanerogamous adjective Having visible flowers containing distinct stamens and pistils; -- said of plants.
Phaneroglossal adjective [ Greek ... evident + ... tongue.] (Zoology) Having a conspicious tongue; -- said of certain reptiles and insects.
Phantascope noun [ Greek ... image + -scope .] An optical instrument or toy, resembling the phenakistoscope, and illustrating the same principle; -- called also phantasmascope .
[ Latin phantasma
. See Phantom
, and confer Fantasm
.] [ Spelt also fantasm
.] 1. An image formed by the mind, and supposed to be real or material; a shadowy or airy appearance; sometimes, an optical illusion; a phantom; a dream.
They be but phantasms or apparitions. Sir W. Raleigh. 2. A mental image or representation of a real object; a fancy; a notion. Cudworth.
Figures or little features, of which the description had produced in you no phantasm or expectation. Jer. Taylor.
Phantasma noun [ Latin ] A phantasm.
Phantasmagoria noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... a phantasm + ... an assembly, from ... to gather: confer French phantasmagorie .]
1. An optical effect produced by a magic lantern. The figures are painted in transparent colors, and all the rest of the glass is opaque black. The screen is between the spectators and the instrument, and the figures are often made to appear as in motion, or to merge into one another. 2. The apparatus by which such an effect is produced. 3. Fig.: A medley of figures; illusive images. "This mental phantasmagoria ." Sir W. Scott.
Phantasmagorial adjective Of, relating to, or resembling phantasmagoria; phantasmagoric.
Phantasmagoric adjective Of or pertaining to phantasmagoria; phantasmagorial. Hawthorne.
Phantasmal adjective Pertaining to, of the nature of, or resembling, a phantasm; spectral; illusive.
Phantasmatical adjective [ Latin phantasmaticus .] Phantasmal. Dr. H. More.
Phantasmatography noun [ Greek ..., ..., phantasm + -graphy .] A description of celestial phenomena, as rainbows, etc.
Phantastic, Phantastical adjective See Fantastic .
[ Middle English fantome
, Old French fantôme
, from Latin phantasma
, Greek ..., from ... to show. See Fancy
, and confer Phaëton
.] That which has only an apparent existence; an apparition; a specter; a phantasm; a sprite; an airy spirit; an ideal image.
Strange phantoms rising as the mists arise. Pope.
She was a phantom of delight. Wordsworth. Phantom ship
. See Flying Dutchman , under Flying .
-- Phantom tumor (Medicine)
, a swelling, especially of the abdomen, due to muscular spasm, accumulation of flatus, etc., simulating an actual tumor in appearance, but disappearing upon the administration of an anæsthetic.
Phantom adjective Being, or of the nature of, a phantom.
Phantom isles are floating in the skies. B. Taylor.
Phantom circuit (Electricity) The equivalent of an additional circuit or wire, in reality not existing, obtained by certain arrangements of real circuits, as in some multiplex telegraph systems.
Phantomatic adjective Phantasmal. [ R.] Coleridge.
[ Hebrew parōh
; of Egyptian origin: confer Latin pharao
, Greek .... Confer Faro
.] 1. A title by which the sovereigns of ancient Egypt were designated. 2. See Faro . Pharaoh's chicken (Zoology)
, the gier-eagle, or Egyptian vulture; -- so called because often sculpured on Egyptian monuments. It is nearly white in color.
-- Pharaoh's rat (Zoology)
, the common ichneumon.
Pharaonic adjective [ Confer French pharaonique .] Of or pertaining to the Pharaohs, or kings of ancient Egypt.
[ See Pharos
.] 1. A beacon tower; a lighthouse.
[ Obsolete] 2. Hence, a harbor. Howell.
[ Latin Pharisaicus
, Greek Farisai:ko`s
: confer French pharisaïque
. See Pharisee
.] 1. Of or pertaining to the Pharisees; resembling the Pharisees.
sect among the Jews." Cudworth. 2.
Hence: Addicted to external forms and ceremonies; making a show of religion without the spirit of it; ceremonial; formal; hypocritical; self-righteous.
"Excess of outward and pharisaical
Pharisaism noun [ Confer French pharisaisme .]
1. The notions, doctrines, and conduct of the Pharisees, as a sect. Sharp. 2. Rigid observance of external forms of religion, without genuine piety; hypocrisy in religion; a censorious, self-righteous spirit in matters of morals or manners. "A piece of pharisaism ." Hammond.
Pharisean adjective [ Latin Pharisaeus , Greek Farisai^os .] Following the practice of Pharisees; Pharisaic. [ Obsolete] " Pharisean disciples." Milton.
Pharisee (făr"ĭ*sē) noun [ Latin Pharisaeus , Greek Farisai^os , from Hebrew pārash to separate.] One of a sect or party among the Jews, noted for a strict and formal observance of rites and ceremonies and of the traditions of the elders, and whose pretensions to superior sanctity led them to separate themselves from the other Jews.
[ Latin pharmaceuticus
, Greek farmakeytiko`s
, from farmakey`ein
: confer French pharmaceutique
. See Pharmacy
.] Of or pertaining to the knowledge or art of pharmacy, or to the art of preparing medicines according to the rules or formulas of pharmacy; as, pharmaceutical preparations.
, adverb Pharmaceutical chemistry
, that department of chemistry which ascertains or regulates the composition of medicinal substances.
Pharmaceutics noun The science of preparing medicines.
Pharmaceutist noun One skilled in pharmacy; a druggist. See the Note under Apothecary .
Pharmacist noun One skilled in pharmacy; a pharmaceutist; a druggist.
Pharmacodymanics noun [ Greek ... drug + English dynamics .] That branch of pharmacology which treats of the action and the effects of medicines.
Pharmacodynamics noun [ Greek fa`rmakon medicine + English dynamics .] That branch of pharmacology which considers the mode of action, and the effects, of medicines. Dunglison.
Pharmacognosis noun [ Greek fa`rmakon a drug + gnw^sis a knowing.] That branch of pharmacology which treats of unprepared medicines or simples; -- called also pharmacography , and pharmacomathy .
Pharmacognosy noun Pharmacognosis.
[ Greek fa`rmakon
a drug + -graphy
.] See Pharmacognosis .
Pharmacolite noun [ Greek fa`rmakon drug, poisonous drug + -lite : confer French pharmacolithe .] (Min.) A hydrous arsenate of lime, usually occurring in silky fibers of a white or grayish color.
Pharmacologist noun [ Confer French pharmacologiste .] One skilled in pharmacology.
Pharmacology noun [ Greek fa`rmakon drug + -logy : confer French pharmacologie .]
1. Knowledge of drugs or medicines; the art of preparing medicines. 2. A treatise on the art of preparing medicines.