|Phacellus Pha·cel"lus noun
; plural Phacelli
. [ New Latin , from Greek ... a bundle of fagots.] (Zoology) One of the filaments on the inner surface of the gastric cavity of certain jellyfishes.
Phacochere Phac"o·chere noun [ Greek ... a lentil seed, a wart + ... a pig.] (Zoology) The wart hog.
Phacoid Pha"coid adjective [ Greek ... a lentil + -oid .] Resembling a lentil; lenticular.
Phacolite Phac"o·lite noun [ Greek ... lentil + -lite .] (Min.) A colorless variety of chabazite; the original was from Leipa, in Bohemia.
Phacops Pha"cops noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... a lentil + ..., ..., the eye.] (Paleon.) A genus of trilobites found in the Silurian and Devonian formations. Phacops bufo is one of the most common species.
Phaëthon Pha"ë·thon noun [ Latin , Phaëthon (in sense 1), from Greek ..., from ..., ..., to shine. See Phantom .] 1. (Class. Myth.) The son of Helios (Phœbus), that is, the son of light, or of the sun. He is fabled to have obtained permission to drive the chariot of the sun, in doing which his want of skill would have set the world on fire, had he not been struck with a thunderbolt by Jupiter, and hurled headlong into the river Po. 2. (Zoology) A genus of oceanic birds including the tropic birds.
Phaëton Pha"ë·ton noun [ French phaéton a kind of carriage, from Phaéthon Phaëthon, the son of Helios. See Phaëthon .] 1. A four-wheeled carriage (with or without a top), open, or having no side pieces, in front of the seat. It is drawn by one or two horses. 2. See Phaëthon . 3. (Zoology) A handsome American butterfly ( Euphydryas, or Melitæa, Phaëton ). The upper side of the wings is black, with orange-red spots and marginal crescents, and several rows of cream-colored spots; -- called also Baltimore .
Phagedena Phag`e·de"na noun [ Latin phagedaena , Greek ..., from ... to eat.] (Medicine) (a) A canine appetite; bulimia. [ Obsolete] (b) Spreading, obstinate ulceration.
Phagedenic, PhagedenicAL Phag`e·den"ic, Phag`e·den"ic·AL adjective [ Latin phagedaenicus , Greek ...: confer French phagédénique .] (Medicine) Of, like, or pertaining to, phagedena; used in the treatment of phagedena; as, a phagedenic ulcer or medicine. -- noun A phagedenic medicine.
Phagedenous Phag`e·de"nous adjective (Medicine) Phagedenic.
Phagocyte Phag"o·cyte noun [ Greek ... to eat + ... a hollow vessel.] (Physiol.) A leucocyte which plays a part in retrogressive processes by taking up (eating), in the form of fine granules, the parts to be removed.
Phainopepla Pha·i`no·pep"la noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... shining + ... robe.] (Zoology) A small crested passerine bird ( Phaïnopepla nitens ), native of Mexico and the Southern United States. The adult male is of a uniform glossy blue-black; the female is brownish. Called also black flycatcher .
Phakoscope Phak"o·scope noun [ Greek ... a lentil, or lenticular body + -scope .] (Physiol.) An instrument for studying the mechanism of accommodation.
Phalangeal, Phalangal Pha·lan"ge·al, Pha·lan"gal adjective Of or pertaining to the phalanges. See Phalanx , 2.
Phalanger Pha·lan"ger noun [ Confer French phalanger . See Phalanx .] (Zoology) Any marsupial belonging to Phalangista , Cuscus , Petaurus , and other genera of the family Phalangistidæ . They are arboreal, and the species of Petaurus are furnished with lateral parachutes. See Flying phalanger , under Flying .
Phalanges Pha·lan"ges noun , plural of Phalanx .
Phalangial, Phalangian Pha·lan"gi·al, Pha·lan"gi·an adjective (Anat.) Phalangeal.
Phalangid Pha·lan"gid noun
; plural Phalangides (Zoology) One of the Phalangoidea.
Phalangious Pha·lan"gi·ous adjective [ Latin phalangium a kind of venomous spider, Greek ..., from ... a spider. Confer Phalanx .] (Zoology) Of or pertaining to Phalangoidea.
Phalangist Pha·lan"gist noun (Zoology) Any arboreal marsupial of the genus Phalangista . The vulpine phalangist ( P. vulpina ) is the largest species, the full grown male being about two and a half feet long. It has a large bushy tail.
Phalangister, Phalangistine Phal`an·gis"ter, Phal`an·gis"tine noun (Zoology) Same as Phalangist .
Phalangite Phal"an·gite noun [ Greek ...: confer French phalangite .] A soldier belonging to a phalanx. [ Obsolete]
Phalangoidea Phal`an·goi"de·a noun plural [ New Latin , from Phalangium the daddy longlegs (see Phalangious ) + Greek ... form.] (Zoology) A division of Arachnoidea, including the daddy longlegs or harvestman ( Phalangium ) and many similar kinds. They have long, slender, many-jointed legs; usually a rounded, segmented abdomen; and chelate jaws. They breathe by tracheæ. Called also Phalangides , Phalangidea , Phalangiida , and Opilionea .
Phalanstére Pha`lan`stére" noun [ French] A phalanstery.
Phalansterian Phal`an·ste"ri·an adjective [ French phalanstérien , adjective & noun ] Of or pertaining to phalansterianism.
Phalansterian Phal`an·ste"ri·an noun One who favors the system of phalansteries proposed by Fourier.
Phalansterism, Phalansterianism Pha·lan"ster·ism, Phal`an·ste"ri·an·ism noun A system of phalansteries proposed by Fourier; Fourierism.
Phalanstery Phal"an·ster·y noun
; plural -ies
. [ French phalanstère
, from Greek ... a phalanx + ... firm, solid.] 1. An association or community organized on the plan of Fourier. See Fourierism . 2. The dwelling house of a Fourierite community.
Phalanx Pha"lanx noun
; plural Phalanxes
, Latin Phalanges
. [ Latin , from Greek ....] 1. (Gr. Antiq.) A body of heavy-armed infantry formed in ranks and files close and deep. There were several different arrangements, the phalanx varying in depth from four to twenty-five or more ranks of men.
"In cubic phalanx
firm advanced." Milton.
The Grecian phalanx , moveless as a tower. Pope. 2. Any body of troops or men formed in close array, or any combination of people distinguished for firmness and solidity of a union.
At present they formed a united phalanx . Macaulay.
The sheep recumbent, and the sheep that grazed, Cowper. 3. A Fourierite community; a phalanstery. 4. (Anat.) One of the digital bones of the hand or foot, beyond the metacarpus or metatarsus; an internode. 5.
All huddling into phalanx , stood and gazed.
.] (Botany) A group or bundle of stamens, as in polyadelphous flowers.
Phalarope Phal"a·rope noun [ Greek ... having a patch of white + ..., ..., a foot: confer French phalarope .] (Zoology) Any species of Phalaropus and allied genera of small wading birds ( Grallæ ), having lobate toes. They are often seen far from land, swimming in large flocks. Called also sea goose .
Phallic Phal"lic adjective [ Greek ....] Of or pertaining to the phallus, or to phallism.
Phallicism Phal"li·cism noun See Phallism .
Phallism Phal"lism noun The worship of the generative principle in nature, symbolized by the phallus.
Phallus Phal"lus noun
; plural Phalli
[ Latin , a phallus (in sense 1), Greek ....] 1. The emblem of the generative power in nature, carried in procession in the Bacchic orgies, or worshiped in various ways. 2. (Anat.) The penis or clitoris, or the embryonic or primitive organ from which either may be derived. 3. (Botany) A genus of fungi which have a fetid and disgusting odor; the stinkhorn.
Phalæna Pha·læ"na noun [ New Latin , from Greek ..., ..., a kind od moth.] (Zoology) A linnæan genus which included the moths in general.
Phalænid Pha·læ"nid noun [ Greek ..., ..., a kind od moth.] (Zoology) Any moth of the family Phalænidæ , of which the cankerworms are examples; a geometrid.
Phanar Phan"ar noun [ Turk. fanar , from NGr. ... lighthouse, Greek ... lantern; -- from a lighthouse on a point projecting into the Golden Horn.] A quarter of Constantinople which, after the Turkish conquest of the city, became the chief Greek quarter; hence, the Greek officials of Turkey, or phanariots, as a class.
Phanariot Pha·nar"i·ot noun Also Pha*nar"i*ote [ NGr. ..., from Phanar . See Phanar .] One of the Greeks of Constantinople who after the Turkish conquest became powerful in clerical and other offices under Turkish patronage.
Phane Phane noun See Fane . [ Obsolete] Joye.
Phanerite Phan"er·ite adjective [ Greek ... visible, from ... to bring to light.] Evident; visible. Phanerite series (Geol.) , the uppermost part of the earth's crust, consisting of deposits produced by causes in obvious operation.
Phanerocarpæ Phan`er·o·car"pæ noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ... evident + ... fruit (but taken to mean, ovary).] (Zoology) Same as Acraspeda .
Phanerocodonic Phan`er·o·co·don"ic adjective [ Greek ... evident + ... a bell.] (Zoology) Having an umbrella- shaped or bell-shaped body, with a wide, open cavity beneath; -- said of certain jellyfishes.
Phanerocrystalline Phan`er·o·crys"tal·line adjective [ Greek ... visible + English crystalline .] (Geol.) Distinctly crystalline; -- used of rocks. Opposed to cryptocrystalline .
Phanerodactyla Phan`er·o·dac"ty·la noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ... evident + ... finger.] (Zoology) Same as Saururæ .
Phanerogamia Phan`er·o·ga"mi·a noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ... visible (fr. ... to bring to light) + ... marriage.] (Botany) That one of the two primary divisions of the vegetable kingdom which contains the phanerogamic, or flowering, plants.
Phanerogamian Phan`er·o·ga"mi·an adjective (Botany) Phanerogamous.
Phanerogamic, Phanerogamous Phan`er·o·gam"ic, Phan`er·og"a·mous adjective Having visible flowers containing distinct stamens and pistils; -- said of plants.
Phaneroglossal Phan`er·o·glos"sal adjective [ Greek ... evident + ... tongue.] (Zoology) Having a conspicious tongue; -- said of certain reptiles and insects.
Phantascope Phan"ta·scope noun [ Greek ... image + -scope .] An optical instrument or toy, resembling the phenakistoscope, and illustrating the same principle; -- called also phantasmascope .
Phantasm Phan"tasm noun
[ Latin phantasma
. See Phantom
, and confer Fantasm
.] [ Spelt also fantasm
.] 1. An image formed by the mind, and supposed to be real or material; a shadowy or airy appearance; sometimes, an optical illusion; a phantom; a dream.
They be but phantasms or apparitions. Sir W. Raleigh. 2. A mental image or representation of a real object; a fancy; a notion. Cudworth.
Figures or little features, of which the description had produced in you no phantasm or expectation. Jer. Taylor.