Webster's Dictionary, 1913
; plural Pfennigs
, German Pfennige
. [ G. See Penny
.] A small copper coin of Germany. It is the hundredth part of a mark, or about a quarter of a cent in United States currency.
Phœbe noun (Zoology) The pewee, or pewit.
Phœbus noun [ Latin , from Greek ..., from ... pure, bright.]
1. (Class. Myth.) Apollo; the sun god. 2. The sun. " Phœbus 'gins arise." Shak.
Phœnician adjective Of or pertaining to Phœnica. -- noun A native or inhabitant of Phœnica.
[ New Latin See Phenicopter
.] (Zoology) A genus of birds which includes the flamingoes.
[ Latin , a fabulous bird. See Phenix
.] 1. Same as Phenix . Shak. 2. (Botany) A genus of palms including the date tree.
; plural Phacelli
. [ New Latin , from Greek ... a bundle of fagots.] (Zoology) One of the filaments on the inner surface of the gastric cavity of certain jellyfishes.
Phacochere noun [ Greek ... a lentil seed, a wart + ... a pig.] (Zoology) The wart hog.
Phacoid adjective [ Greek ... a lentil + -oid .] Resembling a lentil; lenticular.
Phacolite noun [ Greek ... lentil + -lite .] (Min.) A colorless variety of chabazite; the original was from Leipa, in Bohemia.
Phacops noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... a lentil + ..., ..., the eye.] (Paleon.) A genus of trilobites found in the Silurian and Devonian formations. Phacops bufo is one of the most common species.
[ Latin , Phaëthon (in sense 1), from Greek ..., from ..., ..., to shine. See Phantom
.] 1. (Class. Myth.) The son of Helios (Phœbus), that is, the son of light, or of the sun. He is fabled to have obtained permission to drive the chariot of the sun, in doing which his want of skill would have set the world on fire, had he not been struck with a thunderbolt by Jupiter, and hurled headlong into the river Po. 2. (Zoology) A genus of oceanic birds including the tropic birds.
[ French phaéton
a kind of carriage, from Phaéthon
Phaëthon, the son of Helios. See Phaëthon
.] 1. A four-wheeled carriage (with or without a top), open, or having no side pieces, in front of the seat. It is drawn by one or two horses. 2. See Phaëthon . 3. (Zoology) A handsome American butterfly ( Euphydryas, or Melitæa, Phaëton ). The upper side of the wings is black, with orange-red spots and marginal crescents, and several rows of cream-colored spots; -- called also Baltimore .
Phagedena noun [ Latin phagedaena , Greek ..., from ... to eat.] (Medicine) (a) A canine appetite; bulimia. [ Obsolete] (b) Spreading, obstinate ulceration.
Phagedenic, PhagedenicAL adjective [ Latin phagedaenicus , Greek ...: confer French phagédénique .] (Medicine) Of, like, or pertaining to, phagedena; used in the treatment of phagedena; as, a phagedenic ulcer or medicine. -- noun A phagedenic medicine.
Phagedenous adjective (Medicine) Phagedenic.
Phagocyte noun [ Greek ... to eat + ... a hollow vessel.] (Physiol.) A leucocyte which plays a part in retrogressive processes by taking up (eating), in the form of fine granules, the parts to be removed.
Phainopepla noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... shining + ... robe.] (Zoology) A small crested passerine bird ( Phaïnopepla nitens ), native of Mexico and the Southern United States. The adult male is of a uniform glossy blue-black; the female is brownish. Called also black flycatcher .
Phakoscope noun [ Greek ... a lentil, or lenticular body + -scope .] (Physiol.) An instrument for studying the mechanism of accommodation.
Phalangeal, Phalangal adjective Of or pertaining to the phalanges. See Phalanx , 2.
[ Confer French phalanger
. See Phalanx
.] (Zoology) Any marsupial belonging to Phalangista , Cuscus , Petaurus , and other genera of the family Phalangistidæ . They are arboreal, and the species of Petaurus are furnished with lateral parachutes. See Flying phalanger , under Flying .
, plural of Phalanx .
Phalangial, Phalangian adjective (Anat.) Phalangeal.
; plural Phalangides (Zoology) One of the Phalangoidea.
[ Latin phalangium
a kind of venomous spider, Greek ..., from ... a spider. Confer Phalanx
.] (Zoology) Of or pertaining to Phalangoidea.
Phalangist noun (Zoology) Any arboreal marsupial of the genus Phalangista . The vulpine phalangist ( P. vulpina ) is the largest species, the full grown male being about two and a half feet long. It has a large bushy tail.
Phalangister, Phalangistine noun (Zoology) Same as Phalangist .
Phalangite noun [ Greek ...: confer French phalangite .] A soldier belonging to a phalanx. [ Obsolete]
Phalangoidea noun plural
[ New Latin , from Phalangium
the daddy longlegs (see Phalangious
) + Greek ... form.] (Zoology) A division of Arachnoidea, including the daddy longlegs or harvestman ( Phalangium ) and many similar kinds. They have long, slender, many-jointed legs; usually a rounded, segmented abdomen; and chelate jaws. They breathe by tracheæ. Called also Phalangides , Phalangidea , Phalangiida , and Opilionea .
Phalanstére noun [ French] A phalanstery.
Phalansterian adjective [ French phalanstérien , adjective & noun ] Of or pertaining to phalansterianism.
Phalansterian noun One who favors the system of phalansteries proposed by Fourier.
Phalansterism, Phalansterianism noun A system of phalansteries proposed by Fourier; Fourierism.
; plural -ies
. [ French phalanstère
, from Greek ... a phalanx + ... firm, solid.] 1. An association or community organized on the plan of Fourier. See Fourierism . 2. The dwelling house of a Fourierite community.
; plural Phalanxes
, Latin Phalanges
. [ Latin , from Greek ....] 1. (Gr. Antiq.) A body of heavy-armed infantry formed in ranks and files close and deep. There were several different arrangements, the phalanx varying in depth from four to twenty-five or more ranks of men.
"In cubic phalanx
firm advanced." Milton.
The Grecian phalanx , moveless as a tower. Pope. 2. Any body of troops or men formed in close array, or any combination of people distinguished for firmness and solidity of a union.
At present they formed a united phalanx . Macaulay.
The sheep recumbent, and the sheep that grazed, Cowper. 3. A Fourierite community; a phalanstery. 4. (Anat.) One of the digital bones of the hand or foot, beyond the metacarpus or metatarsus; an internode. 5.
All huddling into phalanx , stood and gazed.
.] (Botany) A group or bundle of stamens, as in polyadelphous flowers.
Phalarope noun [ Greek ... having a patch of white + ..., ..., a foot: confer French phalarope .] (Zoology) Any species of Phalaropus and allied genera of small wading birds ( Grallæ ), having lobate toes. They are often seen far from land, swimming in large flocks. Called also sea goose .
Phallic adjective [ Greek ....] Of or pertaining to the phallus, or to phallism.
Phallism noun The worship of the generative principle in nature, symbolized by the phallus.
; plural Phalli
[ Latin , a phallus (in sense 1), Greek ....] 1. The emblem of the generative power in nature, carried in procession in the Bacchic orgies, or worshiped in various ways. 2. (Anat.) The penis or clitoris, or the embryonic or primitive organ from which either may be derived. 3. (Botany) A genus of fungi which have a fetid and disgusting odor; the stinkhorn.
Phalæna noun [ New Latin , from Greek ..., ..., a kind od moth.] (Zoology) A linnæan genus which included the moths in general.
Phalænid noun [ Greek ..., ..., a kind od moth.] (Zoology) Any moth of the family Phalænidæ , of which the cankerworms are examples; a geometrid.
Phæacian adjective Of or pertaining to the Phæacians, a fabulous seafaring people fond of the feast, the lyre, and the dance, mentioned by Homer.
Phænogam noun (Botany) Any plant of the class Phænogamia.
Phænogamia noun plural [ New Latin , from ... to show + ... marriage.] (Botany) The class of flowering plants including all which have true flowers with distinct floral organs; phanerogamia.
Phænogamian, Phænogamic adjective Same as Phænogamous .
Phænogamous adjective (Botany) Having true flowers with with distinct floral organs; flowering.
Phæospore noun [ Greek ... dusky + English spore .] (Botany) A brownish zoöspore, characteristic of an order ( Phæosporeæ ) of dark green or olive-colored algæ. -- Phæ`o*spor"ic adjective