Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Pesterous adjective Inclined to pester. Also, vexatious; encumbering; burdensome. [ Obsolete] Bacon.
Pestful adjective Pestiferous. "After long and pestful calms." Coleridge.
Pesthouse noun A house or hospital for persons who are infected with any pestilential disease.
Pestiduct noun [ Latin pestis pest + ductus a leading, from ducere to lead.] That which conveys contagion or infection. [ Obsolete] Donne.
[ Latin pestiferus
pest + ferre
to bear: confer French pestifère
.] 1. Pest-bearing; pestilential; noxious to health; malignant; infectious; contagious; as, pestiferous bodies.
creatures begging alms." Evelyn.
"Unwholesome and pestiferous
occupations." Burke. 2. Noxious to peace, to morals, or to society; vicious; hurtful; destructive; as, a pestiferous demagogue.
Pestiferous reports of men very nobly held. Shak.
Pestiferously adverb In a pestiferuos manner.
[ French pestilence
, Latin pestilentia
. See Pestilent
.] 1. Specifically, the disease known as the plague; hence, any contagious or infectious epidemic disease that is virulent and devastating.
The pestilence That walketh in darkness. Ps. xci. 6. 2. Fig.: That which is pestilent, noxious, or pernicious to the moral character of great numbers.
I'll pour this pestilence into his ear. Shak. Pestilence weed (Botany)
, the butterbur coltsfoot ( Petasites vulgaris ), so called because formerly considered a remedy for the plague. Dr. Prior.
Pestilent adjective [ Latin pestilens , -entis , from pestis pest: confer French pestilent .] Pestilential; noxious; pernicious; mischievous. "Corrupt and pestilent ." Milton. "What a pestilent knave is this same!" Shak.
[ Confer French pestilentiel
.] 1. Having the nature or qualities of a pestilence.
"Sends the pestilential
vapors." Longfellow. 2. Hence: Mischievous; noxious; pernicious; morally destructive.
So pestilential , so infectious a thing is sin. Jer. Taylor.
Pestilentially adverb Pestilently.
Pestilentious adjective Pestilential. [ Obsolete]
Pestilently adverb In a pestilent manner; mischievously; destructively. "Above all measure pestilently noisome." Dr. H. More.
Pestilentness noun The quality of being pestilent.
[ Late Latin pestillum
, Latin pistillum
. See Pestle
.] The act of pounding and bruising with a pestle in a mortar. Sir T. Browne.
(pĕs"'l; 277) noun
[ Middle English pestel
, Old French pestel
, Late Latin pestellum
, Latin pistillum
, a pounder, pestle, from pisere
, to pound, crush, akin to Greek ..., Sanskrit pish
. Confer Pistil
.] 1. An implement for pounding and breaking or braying substances in a mortar. 2. A constable's or bailiff's staff; -- so called from its shape.
[ Obsolete] Chapman. 3. The leg and leg bone of an animal, especially of a pig; as, a pestle of pork.
Pestle transitive verb & i.
[ imperfect & past participle Pestled
; present participle & verbal noun Pestling
.] To pound, pulverize, bray, or mix with a pestle, or as with a pestle; to use a pestle.
[ Formerly peat
, perhaps from Ir. peat
, akin to Gael. peata
.] 1. A cade lamb; a lamb brought up by hand. 2. Any person or animal especially cherished and indulged; a fondling; a darling; often, a favorite child.
The love of cronies, pets , and favorites. Tatler. 3.
[ Prob. from Pet
a fondling, hence, the behavior or humor of a spoiled child.] A slight fit of peevishness or fretfulness.
"In a pet
she started up." Tennyson.
Pet adjective Petted; indulged; admired; cherished; as, a pet child; a pet lamb; a pet theory.
Some young lady's pet curate. F. Harrison. Pet cock
. [ Perh. for petty cock
.] (Machinery) A little faucet in a water pipe or pump, to let air out, or at the end of a steam cylinder, to drain it.
Pet transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Petted
; present participle & verbal noun Petting
.] To treat as a pet; to fondle; to indulge; as, she was petted and spoiled.
Pet intransitive verb To be a pet. Feltham.
[ Greek ... a leaf, a leaf or plate of metal, from ... outspread, broad, flat: confer French pétale
. See Fathom
.] 1. (Botany) One of the leaves of the corolla, or the colored leaves of a flower. See Corolla , and Illust. of Flower . 2. (Zoology) One of the expanded ambulacra which form a rosette on the black of certain Echini.
Petaled adjective (Botany) Having petals; as, a petaled flower; -- opposed to apetalous , and much used in compounds; as, one- petaled , three- petaled , etc.
Petaliferous adjective [ Petal + -ferous .] Bearing petals.
Petaliform adjective (Botany) Having the form of a petal; petaloid; petal-shaped.
Petaline adjective [ Confer French pétalin .] (Botany) Pertaining to a petal; attached to, or resembling, a petal.
Petalism noun [ Greek ..., from ... a leaf: confer French pétalisme .] (Gr. Antiq.) A form of sentence among the ancient Syracusans by which they banished for five years a citizen suspected of having dangerous influence or ambition. It was similar to the ostracism in Athens; but olive leaves were used instead of shells for ballots.
Petalite noun [ Confer French pétalite .] (Min.) A rare mineral, occurring crystallized and in cleavable masses, usually white, or nearly so, in color. It is a silicate of aluminia and lithia.
Petalody noun [ Petal + Greek ... form.] (Botany) The metamorphosis of various floral organs, usually stamens, into petals.
Petaloid adjective [ Petal + - oid : confer French pétaloïde .] (Botany) Petaline.
Petaloideous adjective (Botany) Having the whole or part of the perianth petaline. Petaloideous division , that division of endogenous plants in which the perianth is wholly or partly petaline, embracing the Liliaceæ , Orchidaceæ , Amaryllideæ , etc.
Petalosticha noun plural
[ New Latin , from Greek ... a leaf + ... a row.] (Zoology) An order of Echini, including the irregular sea urchins, as the spatangoids. See Spatangoid .
Petalous adjective Having petals; petaled; -- opposed to apetalous .
; plural Petala
. [ New Latin ] A petal.
Petar noun See Petard .
[ Obsolete] "Hoist with his own petar
Petard noun [ French pétard , from péter to break wind, to crack, to explode, Latin pedere , peditum .] (Mil.) A case containing powder to be exploded, esp. a conical or cylindrical case of metal filled with powder and attached to a plank, to be exploded against and break down gates, barricades, drawbridges, etc. It has been superseded.
Petardeer, Petardier noun [ French pétardier .] (Mil.) One who managed a petard.
Petasus noun [ Latin , from Greek ....] (Gr. & Rom. Antiq.) The winged cap of Mercury; also, a broad-brimmed, low-crowned hat worn by Greeks and Romans.
[ Latin petaurista
a ropedancer, Greek ..., from ... to dance on a rope, from ... a pole, a stage for ropedancers: confer French pétauriste
.] (Zoology) Any flying marsupial of the genera Petaurus , Phalangista , Acrobata , and allied genera. See Flying mouse , under Flying , and Phalangister .
Petechial adjective [ Confer French pétéchial , Late Latin petecchialis .] (Medicine) Characterized by, or pertaining to, petechiæ; spotted. Petechial fever , a malignant fever, accompanied with livid spots on the skin.
Petechiæ noun plural ; sing. Petechia [ New Latin , from Late Latin peteccia ; confer French pétéchie , Italian petecchia , Spanish petequia , Greek ... a label, plaster.] (Medicine) Small crimson, purple, or livid spots, like flea-bites, due to extravasation of blood, which appear on the skin in malignant fevers, etc.
Peter noun A common baptismal name for a man. The name of one of the apostles, Peter boat , a fishing boat, sharp at both ends, originally of the Baltic Sea, but now common in certain English rivers. -- Peter Funk , the auctioneer in a mock auction. [ Cant, U.S.] -- Peter pence , or Peter's pence . (a) An annual tax or tribute, formerly paid by the English people to the pope, being a penny for every house, payable on Lammas or St.Peter's day; -- called also Rome scot , and hearth money . (b) In modern times, a voluntary contribution made by Roman Catholics to the private purse of the pope. -- Peter's fish (Zoology) , a haddock; -- so called because the black spots, one on each side, behind the gills, are traditionally said to have been caused by the fingers of St. Peter, when he caught the fish to pay the tribute. The name is applied, also, to other fishes having similar spots.
Peter intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Petered
; present participle & verbal noun Petering
.] [ Etymol. uncertain.] To become exhausted; to run out; to fail; -- used generally with out ; as, that mine has petered out.
[ Slang, U.S.]
Peterel noun (Zoology) See Petrel .
; plural Petermen A fisherman; -- so called after the apostle Peter.
[ An obsolete local term in Eng.] Chapman.
Petersham noun [ Named after Lord Petersham .] A rough, knotted woolen cloth, used chiefly for men's overcoats; also, a coat of that material.
Peterwort noun (Botany) See Saint Peter's-wort , under Saint .
Petiolar, Petiolary adjective [ Confer French pétiolarie .] (Botany) Of or pertaining to petiole, or proceeding from it; as, a petiolar tendril; growing or supported upon a petiole; as, a petiolar gland; a petiolar bud.
Petiolate, Petiolated adjective (Bot. & Zoology) Having a stalk or petiole; as, a petioleate leaf; the petiolated abdomen of certain Hymenoptera.
[ French pétiole
, from Latin petiolus
a little foot, a fruit stalk; confer pes
, a foot.] 1. (Botany) A leafstalk; the footstalk of a leaf, connecting the blade with the stem. See Illust. of Leaf . 2. (Zoology) A stalk or peduncle.