Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Perron noun [ French] (Architecture) An out-of-door flight of steps, as in a garden, leading to a terrace or to an upper story; -- usually applied to mediævel or later structures of some architectural pretensions.
[ French] See Peruke .
Perruquier noun [ French] A marker of perukes or wigs.
[ Old French peré
, French poiré
, from poire
a pear, Latin pirum
. See Pear
the fruit.] A fermented liquor made from pears; pear cider. Mortimer.
Perry noun A suddent squall. See Pirry .
Pers adjective [ French pers .] Light blue; grayish blue; -- a term applied to different shades at different periods. -- noun A cloth of sky-blue color. [ Obsolete] "A long surcoat of pers ." Chaucer.
Persalt noun (Chemistry) A term formerly given to the salts supposed to be formed respectively by neutralizing acids with certain peroxides. [ Obsoles.]
Persant adjective [ French perçant , present participle of percer to pierce.] Piercing. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Perscrutation noun [ Latin perscrutatio , from perscrutari to search through.] A thorough searching; a minute inquiry or scrutiny. Carlyle
Persecute transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Persecuted
; present participle & verbal noun Persecuting
.] [ French persécueter
, Latin persequi
, to pursue, prosecute; per + sequi
to follow, pursue. See Per-
, and Second
.] 1. To pursue in a manner to injure, grieve, or afflict; to beset with cruelty or malignity; to harass; especially, to afflict, harass, punish, or put to death, for adherence to a particular religious creed or mode of worship.
Do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you. Matt. v. 44. 2. To harass with importunity; to pursue with persistent solicitations; to annoy. Johnson. Syn.
-- To oppress; harass; distress; worry; annoy.
[ French persécution
, Latin persecutio
.] 1. The act or practice of persecuting; especially, the infliction of loss, pain, or death for adherence to a particular creed or mode of worship.
Persecution produces no sincere conviction. Paley. 2. The state or condition of being persecuted. Locke. 3. A carrying on; prosecution.
Persecutor noun [ Latin : confer French persécuteur .] One who persecutes, or harasses. Shak.
Persecutrix noun [ Latin ] A woman who persecutes.
Perseid noun (Astron.) One of a group of shooting stars which appear yearly about the 10th of August, and cross the heavens in paths apparently radiating from the constellation Perseus . They are beleived to be fragments once connected with a comet visible in 1862.
[ From Perseus
.] (Astron.) One of a group of shooting stars appearing annually about the 10th of August. They are probably fragments of Swift's comet 1862 (III).
Perseus noun [ Latin , from Greek ....]
1. (Class. Myth.) A Grecian legendary hero, son of Jupiter and Danaë, who slew the Gorgon Medusa. 2. (Astron.) A consellation of the northern hemisphere, near Taurus and Cassiopea. It contains a star cluster visible to the naked eye as a nebula.
Persever intransitive verb To persevere. [ Obsolete]
[ French persévérance
, Latin perseverantia
.] 1. The act of persevering; persistence in anything undertaken; continued pursuit or prosecution of any business, or enterprise begun.
"The king-becoming graces . . . perseverance
, mercy, lowliness." Shak.
Whose constant perseverance overcame Milton. 2. Discrimination.
Whate'er his cruel malice could invent.
[ Obsolete] Sir J. Harrington. 3. (Theol.) Continuance in a state of grace until it is succeeded by a state of glory; sometimes called final perseverance , and the perseverance of the saints . See Calvinism . Syn.
-- Persistence; steadfastness; constancy; steadiness; pertinacity.
Perseverant adjective [ Latin perseverans , -antis , present participle: confer French persévérant .] Persevering. [ R.] " Perseverant faith." Whitby. -- Per`se*ver"ant*ly , adverb [ R.]
Persevere intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Persevered
; present participle & verbal noun Persevering
.] [ French persévérer
, Latin perseverare
, from perseverus
very strict; per + severus
strict, severe. See Per-
, and Severe
.] To persist in any business or enterprise undertaken; to pursue steadily any project or course begun; to maintain a purpose in spite of counter influences, opposition, or discouragement; not to give or abandon what is undertaken.
Thrice happy, if they know Milton. Syn.
Their happiness, and persevere upright.
-- To Persevere
. The idea of not laying aside is common to these words. Continue
is the generic term, denoting simply to do as one has done hitherto. To persevere
is to continue
in a given course in spite of discouragements, etc., from a desire to obtain our end. To persist
is to continue
from a determination of will not to give up. Persist
is frequently used in a bad sense, implying obstinacy in pursuing an unworthy aim.
Persevering adjective Characterized by perseverance; persistent. -- Per`se*ver"ing*ly , adverb
[ From Persia
: confer Italian Persiano
. Confer Parsee
.] Of or pertaining to Persia, to the Persians, or to their language. Persian berry
, the fruit of Rhamnus infectorius , a kind of buckthorn, used for dyeing yellow, and imported chiefly from Trebizond.
-- Persian cat
. (Zoology) Same as Angora cat , under Angora .
-- Persian columns (Architecture)
, columns of which the shaft represents a Persian slave; -- called also Persians . See Atlantes .
-- Persian drill (Mech.)
, a drill which is turned by pushing a nut back and forth along a spirally grooved drill holder.
-- Persian fire (Medicine)
, malignant pustule.
-- Persian powder
. See Insect powder , under Insect .
-- Persian red
. See Indian red (a) , under Indian .
-- Persian wheel
, a noria; a tympanum. See Noria .
Persian noun 1. A native or inhabitant of Persia. 2. The language spoken in Persia. 3. A thin silk fabric, used formerly for linings. Beck. 4. plural (Architecture) See Persian columns , under Persian , adjective
[ Latin Persicus
. Confer Persian
.] Of or relating to Persia.
-- noun The Persian language.
[ New Latin , from Late Latin persicarius
a peach tree. See Peach
.] (Botany) See Lady's thumb .
[ French See Peach
.] A cordial made of the kernels of apricots, nectarines, etc., with refined spirit.
Persienne (pẽr`sĭ*ĕn"; - shĭ*ĕn"; F. pẽr`syĕn") noun [ French, fem. of presien Persian.] Properly, printed calico, whether Oriental or of fanciful design with flowers, etc., in Western work. Hence, as extended in English, material of a similar character.
Persiennes (-ĕnz"; F. pẽr`syĕn") noun plural [ French] Window blinds having movable slats, similar to Venetian blinds.
Persiflage noun [ French, from persifler to quiz, from Latin per + siffler to whistle, hiss, Latin sibilare , sifilare .] Frivolous or bantering talk; a frivolous manner of treating any subject, whether serious or otherwise; light raillery. Hannah More.
Persifleur noun [ French] One who indulges in persiflage; a banterer; a quiz. Carlyle.
Persimmon noun [ Virginia Indian.] (Botany) An American tree ( Diospyros Virginiana ) and its fruit, found from New York southward. The fruit is like a plum in appearance, but is very harsh and astringent until it has been exposed to frost, when it becomes palatable and nutritious. Japanese persimmon , Diospyros Kaki and its red or yellow edible fruit, which outwardly resembles a tomato, but contains a few large seeds.
Persis noun [ Etymol. uncertain.] A kind of coloring matter obtained from lichens.
Persism noun A Persian idiom.
Persism noun Ancient Persian religion, esp. as represented by the Magi.
This system we shall call 'Persism' , in order to free ourselves of the popular associations still connected with such terms as magism, Parseeism, and so forth; meaning by 'Persism' the teaching of Zarathustra as it affected the Greek and Latin world. E. Vernon Arnold.
Persist intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Persisted
; present participle & verbal noun Persisting
.] [ Latin persistere
; per + sistere
to stand or be fixed, from stare
to stand: confer French persister
. See Per-
, and Stand
.] To stand firm; to be fixed and unmoved; to stay; to continue steadfastly; especially, to continue fixed in a course of conduct against opposing motives; to persevere; - - sometimes conveying an unfavorable notion, as of doggedness or obstinacy.
If they persist in pointing their batteries against particular persons, no laws of war forbid the making reprisals. Addison.
Some positive, persisting fops we know, Pope.
Who, if once wrong, will needs be always so.
That face persists . Mrs. Browning. Syn.
It floats up; it turns over in my mind.
-- See Persevere
, and Insist
Persistence, Persistency noun
[ See Persistent
.] 1. The quality or state of being persistent; staying or continuing quality; hence, in an unfavorable sense, doggedness; obstinacy. 2. The continuance of an effect after the cause which first gave rise to it is removed
; as: (a) (Physics) The persistence of motion. (b) (Physiol.) Visual persistence , or persistence of the visual impression; auditory persistence , etc.
[ Latin persistens
, present participle of persistere
. See Persist
.] 1. Inclined to persist; having staying qualities; tenacious of position or purpose. 2. (Biol.) Remaining beyond the period when parts of the same kind sometimes fall off or are absorbed; permanent; as, persistent teeth or gills; a persistent calyx; -- opposed to deciduous , and caducous .
Persistently adverb In a persistent manner.
Persisting adjective Inclined to persist; tenacious of purpose; persistent. -- Per*sist"ing*ly , adverb
Persolve transitive verb [ Latin persolvere .] To pay wholly, or fully. [ Obsolete] E. Hall.
[ Middle English persone
, Old French persone
, French personne
, Latin persona
a mask (used by actors), a personage, part, a person, from personare
to sound through; per + sonare
to sound. See Per-
, and confer Parson
.] 1. A character or part, as in a play; a specific kind or manifestation of individual character, whether in real life, or in literary or dramatic representation; an assumed character.
His first appearance upon the stage in his new person of a sycophant or juggler. Bacon.
No man can long put on a person and act a part. Jer. Taylor.
To bear rule, which was thy part Milton.
And person , hadst thou known thyself aright.
How different is the same man from himself, as he sustains the person of a magistrate and that of a friend! South. 2. The bodily form of a human being; body; outward appearance; as, of comely person .
A fair persone , and strong, and young of age. Chaucer.
If it assume my noble father's person . Shak.
Love, sweetness, goodness, in her person shined. Milton. 3. A living, self-conscious being, as distinct from an animal or a thing; a moral agent; a human being; a man, woman, or child.
Consider what person stands for; which, I think, is a thinking, intelligent being, that has reason and reflection. Locke. 4. A human being spoken of indefinitely; one; a man; as, any person present. 5. A parson; the parish priest.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer. 6. (Theol.) Among Trinitarians, one of the three subdivisions of the Godhead (the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost); an hypostasis.
and one God." Bk. of Com. Prayer. 7. (Gram.) One of three relations or conditions (that of speaking, that of being spoken to, and that of being spoken of) pertaining to a noun or a pronoun, and thence also to the verb of which it may be the subject.
» A noun or pronoun, when representing the speaker, is said to be in the first person
; when representing what is spoken to, in the second person
; when representing what is spoken of, in the third person
. 8. (Biol.) A shoot or bud of a plant; a polyp or zooid of the compound Hydrozoa Anthozoa, etc.; also, an individual, in the narrowest sense, among the higher animals. Haeckel.
True corms, composed of united personæ . . . usually arise by gemmation, . . . yet in sponges and corals occasionally by fusion of several originally distinct persons . Encyc. Brit. Artificial
, or Fictitious
, person (Law)
, a corporation or body politic. blackstone.
-- Natural person (Law)
, a man, woman, or child, in distinction from a corporation.
-- In person
, by one's self; with bodily presence; not by representative.
"The king himself in person
is set forth." Shak.
-- In the person of
, in the place of; acting for. Shak.
Person transitive verb To represent as a person; to personify; to impersonate. [ Obsolete] Milton.
; plural Personæ
. [ Latin ] (Biol.) Same as Person , noun , 8.
Personable adjective 1. Having a well-formed body, or person; graceful; comely; of good appearance; presentable; as, a personable man or woman.
Wise, warlike, personable , courteous, and kind. Spenser.
The king, . . . so visited with sickness, was not personable . E. Hall. 2. (Law) (a) Enabled to maintain pleas in court. Cowell. (b) Having capacity to take anything granted.
[ French personnage
.] 1. Form, appearance, or belongings of a person; the external appearance, stature, figure, air, and the like, of a person.
The damsel well did view his personage . Spenser. 2. Character assumed or represented.
"The actors and personages
of this fable." Broome.
"Disguised in a false personage
." Addison. 3. A notable or distinguished person; a conspicious or peculiar character; as, an illustrious personage ; a comely personage of stature tall. Spenser.