Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Petioled adjective Petiolate.

Petiolulate adjective (Botany) Supported by its own petiolule. Gray.

Petiolule noun [ Confer French pétiolule .] (Botany) A small petiole, or the petiole of a leaflet.

Petit adjective [ French See Petty .] Small; little; insignificant; mean; -- Same as Petty . [ Obsolete, except in legal language.]

By what small, petit hints does the mind catch hold of and recover a vanishing notion.
South.

Petit constable , an inferior civil officer, subordinate to the high constable. -- Petit jury , a jury of twelve men, impaneled to try causes at the bar of a court; -- so called in distinction from the grand jury . -- Petit larceny , the stealing of goods of, or under, a certain specified small value; -- opposed to grand larceny . The distinction is abolished in England. -- Petit maître [ French, lit., little master.] A fop; a coxcomb; a ladies' man. Goldsmith. -- Petit serjeanty (Eng. Law) , the tenure of lands of the crown, by the service of rendering annually some implement of war, as a bow, an arrow, a sword, a flag, etc. -- Petit treason , formerly, in England, the crime of killing a person to whom the offender owed duty or subjection, as one's husband, master, mistress, etc. The crime is now not distinguished from murder.

Petit mal [ French, lit., little sickness.] (Medicine) The mildest form of epilepsy, with momentary faintness or unconsciousness, but without convulsions; -- opposed to grand mal .

Petite adjective [ French, fem. of petit .] Small, little; of a woman or girl, of small size and trim figure.

Petition noun [ French pétition , Latin petitio , from petere , petitum , to beg, ask, seek; perhaps akin to English feather , or find .]
1. A prayer; a supplication; an imploration; an entreaty; especially, a request of a solemn or formal kind; a prayer to the Supreme Being, or to a person of superior power, rank, or authority; also, a single clause in such a prayer.

A house of prayer and petition for thy people.
1 Macc. vii. 37.

This last petition heard of all her prayer.
Dryden.

2. A formal written request addressed to an official person, or to an organized body, having power to grant it; specifically (Law) , a supplication to government, in either of its branches, for the granting of a particular grace or right; -- in distinction from a memorial , which calls certain facts to mind; also, the written document.

Petition of right (Law) , a petition to obtain possession or restitution of property, either real or personal, from the Crown, which suggests such a title as controverts the title of the Crown, grounded on facts disclosed in the petition itself. Mozley & W. -- The Petition of Right (Eng. Hist.) , the parliamentary declaration of the rights of the people, assented to by Charles I.

Petition transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Petitioned ; present participle & verbal noun Petitioning .] To make a prayer or request to; to ask from; to solicit; to entreat; especially, to make a formal written supplication, or application to, as to any branch of the government; as, to petition the court; to petition the governor.

You have . . . petitioned all the gods for my prosperity.
Shak.

Petition intransitive verb To make a petition or solicitation.

Petitionarily adverb By way of begging the question; by an assumption. [ R.] Sir T. Browne.

Petitionary adjective
1. Supplicatory; making a petition.

Pardon Rome, and any petitionary countrymen.
Shak.

2. Containing a petition; of the nature of a petition; as, a petitionary epistle. Swift.

Petitionee noun A person cited to answer, or defend against, a petition.

Petitioner noun One who presents a petition.

Petitioning noun The act of presenting apetition; a supplication.

Petitor noun [ Latin , from petere to seek.] One who seeks or asks; a seeker; an applicant. [ R.] Fuller.

Petitory adjective [ Latin petitorius , from petere , petitum , to beg, ask: confer French pétitore .] Petitioning; soliciting; supplicating. Sir W. Hamilton.

Petitory suit or action (Admiralty Law) , a suit in which the mere title to property is litigated and sought to be enforced, as distinguished from a possessory suit; also (Scots Law) , a suit wherein the plaintiff claims something as due him by the defendant. Burrill.

Petong noun (Metal.) See Packfong .

Petralogy noun See Petrology .

Petrary noun [ Latin petra stone. Confer Spanish petraria , and English Pederero .] An ancient war engine for hurling stones.

Petre (pē"tẽr) noun See Saltpeter .

Petrean (pe*trē" a n) adjective [ Latin petraeus , Greek petrai^os , from pe`tra a rock.] Of or pertaining to rock. G. S. Faber.

Petrel noun [ French pétrel ; a dim. of the name Peter , Latin Petrus , Greek ... a stone ( John i. 42 ); -- probably so called in allusion to St. Peter's walking on the sea. See Petrify .] (Zoology) Any one of numerous species of longwinged sea birds belonging to the family Procellaridæ . The small petrels, or Mother Carey's chickens, belong to Oceanites , Oceanodroma , Procellaria , and several allied genera.

Diving petrel , any bird of the genus Pelecanoides . They chiefly inhabit the southern hemisphere. -- Fulmar petrel , Giant petrel . See Fulmar . -- Pintado petrel , the Cape pigeon. See under Cape . -- Pintado petrel , any one of several small petrels, especially Procellaria pelagica , or Mother Carey's chicken, common on both sides of the Atlantic.

Petrescence noun The process of changing into stone; petrification.

Petrescent adjective [ Latin petra rock, stone, Greek ....] Petrifying; converting into stone; as, petrescent water. Boyle.

Petrifaction noun [ See Petrify .]
1. The process of petrifying, or changing into stone; conversion of any organic matter (animal or vegetable) into stone, or a substance of stony hardness.

2. The state or condition of being petrified.

3. That which is petrified; popularly, a body incrusted with stony matter; an incrustation.

4. Fig.: Hardness; callousness; obduracy. " Petrifaction of the soul." Cudworth.

Petrifactive adjective
1. Having the quality of converting organic matter into stone; petrifying.

2. Pertaining to, or characterized by, petrifaction.

The . . . petrifactive mutations of hard bodies.
Sir T. Browne.

Petrific adjective [ Confer French pétrifique .] Petrifying; petrifactive.

Death with his mace petrific , cold and dry.
Milton.

Petrificate transitive verb To petrify. [ Obsolete]

Our hearts petrificated were.
J. Hall (1646).

Petrification noun [ Confer French pétrification . See Petrify .]
1. See Petrifaction .

2. Fig.: Obduracy; callousness. Hallywell.

Petrify transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Petrified ; present participle & verbal noun Petrifying .] [ Latin petra rock, Greek ... (akin to ... a stone) + -fy : confer French pétrifier . Confer Parrot , Petrel , Pier .]
1. To convert, as any animal or vegetable matter, into stone or stony substance.

A river that petrifies any sort of wood or leaves.
Kirwan.

2. To make callous or obdurate; to stupefy; to paralyze; to transform; as by petrifaction; as, to petrify the heart. Young . " Petrifying accuracy." Sir W. Scott.

And petrify a genius to a dunce.
Pope.

The poor, petrified journeyman, quite unconscious of what he was doing.
De Quincey.

A hideous fatalism, which ought, logically, to petrify your volition.
G. Eliot.

Petrify intransitive verb
1. To become stone, or of a stony hardness, as organic matter by calcareous deposits.

2. Fig.: To become stony, callous, or obdurate.

Like Niobe we marble grow,
And petrify with grief.
Dryden.

Petrine adjective Of or pertaining to St.Peter; as, the Petrine Epistles.

Petro- A combining form from Greek ... a rock , ... a stone ; as, petro logy, petro glyphic.

Petrogale noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... a rock + ... a weasel.] (Zoology) Any Australian kangaroo of the genus Petrogale , as the rock wallaby ( P. penicillata ).

Petroglyphic adjective Of or pertaining to petroglyphy.

Petroglyphy noun [ Petro + Greek ... to carve.] The art or operation of carving figures or inscriptions on rock or stone.

Petrographic, Petrographical adjective Pertaining to petrography.

Petrography noun [ Petro + -graphy .]
1. The art of writing on stone.

2. The scientific description of rocks; that department of science which investigates the constitution of rocks; petrology.

Petrohyoid adjective [ Petro + hyoid .] (Anat.) Pertaining to petrous, oe periotic, portion of the skull and the hyoid arch; as, the petrohyoid muscles of the frog.

Petrol noun Petroleum. [ R.]

Petrolatum noun (Chem. & Pharm.) A semisolid unctuous substance, neutral, and without taste or odor, derived from petroleum by distilling off the lighter portions and purifying the residue. It is a yellowish, fatlike mass, transparent in thin layers, and somewhat fluorescent. It is used as a bland protective dressing, and as a substitute for fatty materials in ointments. U. S. Pharm.

» Petrolatum is the official name for the purified product. Cosmoline and vaseline are commercial names for substances essentially the same, but differing slightly in appearance and consistency or fusibility.

Petroleum noun [ New Latin , from Latin petra a rock + oleum oil: confer French pétrole . Confer Petrify , and Oil .] Rock oil, mineral oil, or natural oil, a dark brown or greenish inflammable liquid, which, at certain points, exists in the upper strata of the earth, from whence it is pumped, or forced by pressure of the gas attending it. It consists of a complex mixture of various hydrocarbons, largely of the methane series, but may vary much in appearance, composition, and properties. It is refined by distillation, and the products include kerosene, benzine, gasoline, paraffin, etc.

Petroleum spirit , a volatile liquid obtained in the distillation of crude petroleum at a temperature of 170° Fahr., or below. The term is rather loosely applied to a considerable range of products, including benzine and ligroin. The terms petroleum ether , and naphtha , are sometimes applied to the still more volatile products, including rhigolene, gasoline, cymogene, etc.

Pétroleur noun m. Pé`tro`leuse" noun f. }[ French] One who makes use of petroleum for incendiary purposes.

Petroline noun (Chemistry) A paraffin obtained from petroleum from Rangoon in India, and practically identical with ordinary paraffin.

Petrologic, Petrological adjective Of or pertaining to petrology.

Petrologically adverb According to petrology.

Petrologist noun One who is versed in petrology.

Petrology noun [ Petro + -logy .]
1. The department of science which is concerned with the mineralogical and chemical composition of rocks, and with their classification: lithology.

2. A treatise on petrology.

Petromastoid adjective [ Petro + mastoid .] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the petrous and mastoid parts of the temporal bone, periotic.

Petromyzont noun [ Petro + Greek ... to suck in.] (Zoology) A lamprey.