Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Peristomial adjective (Zoology) Of or pertaining to a peristome.
[ New Latin ] Same as Peristome .
Peristrephic adjective [ Greek ... to turn round.] Turning around; rotatory; revolving; as, a peristrephic painting (of a panorama).
[ Latin peristylum
, Greek ..., ...; ... about + ... a column: confer French péristyle
.] (Architecture) A range of columns with their entablature, etc.; specifically, a complete system of columns, whether on all sides of a court, or surrounding a building, such as the cella of a temple. Used in the former sense, it gives name to the larger and inner court of a Roman dwelling, the peristyle . See Colonnade .
Perisystole noun [ Prefix peri- + systole : confer French périsystole .] (Physiol.) The interval between the diastole and systole of the heart. It is perceptible only in the dying.
Perite adjective [ Latin peritus .] Skilled. [ Obsolete]
Perithecium noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... around + ... box.] (Botany) An organ in certain fungi and lichens, surrounding and enveloping the masses of fructification. Henslow.
[ Greek ... cut off all around. See Peri-
, and Tome
.] (Min.) Cleaving in more directions than one, parallel to the axis.
Peritoneal adjective [ Confer French péritonéal .] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the peritoneum.
Peritoneum noun [ Latin peritoneum , peritonaeum , Greek ..., ..., from ... to stretch all around or over; ... around + ... to stretch.] (Anat.) The smooth serous membrane which lines the cavity of the abdomen, or the whole body cavity when there is no diaphragm, and, turning back, surrounds the viscera, forming a closed, or nearly closed, sac. [ Written also peritonæum .]
[ New Latin See Peritoneum
, and -itis
.] (Medicine) Inflammation of the peritoneum.
Peritracheal adjective (Zoology) Surrounding the tracheæ.
Peritreme noun [ Prefix peri- + Greek ... a hole.] (Zoology) (a) That part of the integument of an insect which surrounds the spiracles. (b) The edge of the aperture of a univalve shell.
Peritricha noun plural
[ New Latin , from Greek ... about + ..., ..., hair.] (Zoology) A division of ciliated Infusoria having a circle of cilia around the oral disk and sometimes another around the body. It includes the vorticellas. See Vorticella .
[ New Latin , from Greek ...; ... around + ... a wheel.] (Mech.) The wheel which, together with the axle, forms the axis in peritrochio , which see under Axis .
Peritropal adjective [ Greek ..., from ... to turn around; ... around + ... to turn: confer French péritrope .]
1. Rotatory; circuitous. [ R.] 2. Having the axis of the seed perpendicular to the axis of the pericarp to which it is attached.
Peritropous adjective Peritropal.
[ New Latin See Peri-
, and Typhlitis
.] (Medicine) Inflammation of the connective tissue about the cæcum.
Periuterine adjective (Medicine) Surrounding the uterus.
Perivascular adjective Around the blood vessels; as, perivascular lymphatics.
Perivertebral adjective (Anat.) Surrounding the vertebræ.
Perivisceral adjective (Anat.) Around the viscera; as, the perivisceral cavity.
Perivitelline adjective [ Prefix peri- + vitelline .] (Biol.) Situated around the vitellus, or between the vitellus and zona pellucida of an ovum.
[ Middle English perrwige
, corrupt. from French perruque
; confer OD. peruyk
, from French. See Peruke
, and confer Wig
.] A headdress of false hair, usually covering the whole head, and representing the natural hair; a wig. Shak.
Periwig transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Perwigged
; present participle & verbal noun Perwigging
.] To dress with a periwig, or with false hair. Swift.
[ From Anglo-Saxon pinewincla
a shellfish, in which pine-
is from Latin pina
, a kind of mussel, akin to Greek .... Confer Winkle
.] (Zoology) Any small marine gastropod shell of the genus Littorina. The common European species ( Littorina littorea ), in Europe extensively used as food, has recently become naturalized abundantly on the American coast. See Littorina .
» In America the name is often applied to several large univalves, as Fulgur carica
, and F. canaliculata
[ Middle English pervenke
, Anglo-Saxon pervince
, from Latin pervinca
.] (Botany) A trailing herb of the genus Vinca .
» The common perwinkle ( Vinca minor
) has opposite evergreen leaves and solitary blue or white flowers in their axils. In America it is often miscalled myrtle
. See under Myrtle
[ Confer Pear
, and Jenneting
.] A kind of pear.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Perjure transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Perjured
; present participle & verbal noun Perjuring
.] [ French parjurer
, Latin perjurare
through, over + jurare
to swear. See Jury
.] 1. To cause to violate an oath or a vow; to cause to make oath knowingly to what is untrue; to make guilty of perjury; to forswear; to corrupt; -- often used reflexively; as, he perjured himself.
Want will perjure Shak. 2. To make a false oath to; to deceive by oaths and protestations.
The ne'er-touched vestal.
And with a virgin innocence did pray J. Fletcher. Syn.
For me, that perjured her.
-- To Perjure
. These words have been used interchangeably; but there is a tendency to restrict perjure
to that species of forswearing which constitutes the crime of perjury at law, namely, the willful violation of an oath administered by a magistrate or according to law.
Perjure noun [ Latin perjurus : confer Old French parjur , French parjure .] A perjured person. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Perjured adjective Guilty of perjury; having sworn falsely; forsworn. Shak. " Perjured persons." 1 Tim. i. 10. "Their perjured oath." Spenser.
Perjurer noun One who is guilty of perjury; one who perjures or forswears, in any sense.
Perjurious, Perjurous adjective [ Latin perjuriosus , perjurus .] Guilty of perjury; containing perjury. [ Obsolete] Quarles. B. Johnson.
; plural Perjuries
. [ Latin perjurium
. See Perjure
] 1. False swearing. 2. (Law) At common law, a willfully false statement in a fact material to the issue, made by a witness under oath in a competent judicial proceeding. By statute the penalties of perjury are imposed on the making of willfully false affirmations.
» If a man swear falsely in nonjudicial affidavits, it is made perjury by statute in some jurisdictions in the United States.
Perk transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Perked
; present participle & verbal noun Perking
.] [ Confer W. percu
to trim, to make smart.] To make trim or smart; to straighten up; to erect; to make a jaunty or saucy display of; as, to perk the ears; to perk up one's head. Cowper. Sherburne.
Perk intransitive verb To exalt one's self; to bear one's self loftily. "To perk over them." Barrow. To perk it , to carry one's self proudly or saucily. Pope.
Perk adjective Smart; trim; spruce; jaunty; vain. " Perk as a peacock." Spenser.
Perk intransitive verb To peer; to look inquisitively. Dickens.
Perkin noun A kind of weak perry.
Perkinism noun (Medicine) A remedial treatment, by drawing the pointed extremities of two rods, each of a different metal, over the affected part; tractoration, -- first employed by Dr. Elisha Perkins of Norwich, Conn. See Metallotherapy .
Perky adjective Perk; pert; jaunty; trim.
There amid perky larches and pines. Tennyson.
[ See Pearl
.] Pearly; resembling pearl.
Perlid noun (Zoology) Any insect of the genus Perla , or family Perlidæ . See Stone fly , under Stone .
Perlitic adjective (Min.) Relating to or resembling perlite, or pearlstone; as, the perlitic structure of certain rocks. See Pearlite .
Perlous adjective Perilous. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
[ Latin perlustrare
to wander all through, to survey. See 3d Luster
.] The act of viewing all over.
[ Archaic] Howell.
Permanable adjective Permanent; durable. [ Obsolete] Lydgate.
Permanence, Permanency noun [ Confer French permanence .] The quality or state of being permanent; continuance in the same state or place; duration; fixedness; as, the permanence of institutions; the permanence of nature.