Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Perch (pẽrch) noun [ Written also pearch .] [ Middle English perche , French perche , Latin perca , from Greek pe`rkh ; confer perkno`s dark-colored, Sanskrit prçni spotted, speckled, and English freckle .] (Zoology) Black perch . (a) The black bass . (b) The flasher . (c) The sea bass. -- Blue perch , the cunner. -- Gray perch , the fresh-water drum. -- Red perch , the rosefish. -- Red-bellied perch , the long- eared pondfish. -- Perch pest , a small crustacean, parasitic in the mouth of the perch. -- Silver perch , the yellowtail. -- Stone , or Striped , perch , the pope. -- White perch , the Roccus, or Morone, Americanus , a small silvery serranoid market fish of the Atlantic coast.
1. Any fresh-water fish of the genus Perca and of several other allied genera of the family Percidæ , as the common American or yellow perch ( Perca flavescens, or Americana ), and the European perch ( P. fluviatilis ). 2. Any one of numerous species of spiny-finned fishes belonging to the Percidæ , Serranidæ , and related families, and resembling, more or less, the true perches.
[ French perche
, Latin pertica
.] 1. A pole; a long staff; a rod; esp., a pole or other support for fowls to roost on or to rest on; a roost; figuratively, any elevated resting place or seat.
As chauntecleer among his wives all Chaucer.
Sat on his perche , that was in his hall.
Not making his high place the lawless perch Tennyson. 2. (a) A measure of length containing five and a half yards; a rod, or pole. (b) In land or square measure: A square rod; the 160th part of an acre. (c) In solid measure: A mass 16½ feet long, 1 foot in height, and 1½ feet in breadth, or 24¾ cubic feet (in local use, from 22 to 25 cubic feet); -- used in measuring stonework. 3. A pole connecting the fore gear and hind gear of a spring carriage; a reach.
Of winged ambitions.
Perch intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Perched
; present participle & verbal noun Perching
.] [ French percher
. See Perch
a pole.] To alight or settle, as a bird; to sit or roost.
Wrens make prey where eagles dare not perch . Shak.
Perch transitive verb
1. To place or to set on, or as on, a perch. 2. To occupy as a perch. Milton.
[ French par
by (L. per
) + chance
. See Par
, and Chance
.] By chance; perhaps; peradventure.
Perchant noun [ French] A bird tied by the foot, to serve as decoy to other birds by its fluttering.
[ From Perch
, intransitive verb
] 1. One who, or that which, perches. J. Burroughs. 2. One of the Insessores. 3.
[ From Perch
a pole.] A Paris candle anciently used in England; also, a large wax candle formerly set upon the altar.
[ Obsolete] Bailey.
Percheron noun [ French] One of a breed of draught horses originating in Perche , an old district of France; -- called also Percheron-Norman .
Perchlorate noun (Chemistry) A salt of perchloric acid.
Perchloric adjective [ Prefix per- + chloric .] (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or designating, the highest oxygen acid (HClO 4 ), of chlorine; -- called also hyperchloric .
Perchloride noun (Chemistry) A chloride having a higher proportion of chlorine than any other chloride of the same substance or series.
Perchromic adjective [ Prefix per- + chromic .] (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or designating, a certain one of the highly oxidized compounds of chromium, which has a deep blue color, and is produced by the action of hydrogen peroxide.
Perciform adjective [ New Latin , & Latin perca a perch + -form .] (Zoology) Pertaining to the Perciformes.
Perciformes noun plural [ New Latin ] (Zoology) An extensive tribe or suborder of fishes, including the true perches ( Percidæ ); the pondfishes ( Centrarchidæ ); the sciænoids ( Sciænidæ ); the sparoids ( Sparidæ ); the serranoids ( Serranidæ ), and some other related families.
Percipience, Percipiency noun The faculty, act or power of perceiving; perception. Mrs. Browning.
[ Latin percipiens
, present participle of percipere
. See Perceive
.] Having the faculty of perception; perceiving; as, a percipient being. Bentley.
-- noun One who, or that which, is percipient. Glanvill.
[ Old French parclose
an inclosed place; Latin per
through + claudere
, to shut.] 1. (Eccl. Arch.) Same as Parclose . 2. Conclusion; end.
[ Obsolete] Sir W. Raleigh.
Percoid adjective [ Latin perca a perch + -oid : confer French percoïde .] (Zoology) Belonging to, or resembling, the perches, or family Percidæ . -- noun Any fish of the genus Perca , or allied genera of the family Percidæ .
Percoidea noun plural
[ New Latin ] (Zoology) Same as Perciformes .
Percolate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Percolated
; present participle & verbal noun Percolating
.] [ Latin percolatus
, past participle of percolare
to percolate; per
through + colare
to strain.] To cause to pass through fine interstices, as a liquor; to filter; to strain. Sir M. Hale.
Percolate intransitive verb To pass through fine interstices; to filter; as, water percolates through porous stone.
Percolation noun [ Latin percolatio .] The act or process of percolating, or filtering; filtration; straining. Specifically (Pharm.) , the process of exhausting the virtues of a powdered drug by letting a liquid filter slowly through it.
Percolator noun One who, or that which, filters. "[ Tissues] act as percolators ." Henfrey.
1. A kind of coffee pot in which the heated water is caused to filter through the coffee and thus extract its essence. 2. (Pharmacy) An apparatus for producing an extract from a drug by percolation.
Percomorphi noun plural [ New Latin , from Latin perca perch + Greek ... form.] (Zoology) A division of fishes including the perches and related kinds.
[ Prob. corrupt. from portcullised
.] (Her.) Latticed. See Lattice , noun , 2.
Percurrent adjective [ Latin percurrens , present participle of percurrere to run through; per through + currere to run.] Running through the entire length.
[ Latin percursor
one who runs through, from percurrere
. See Percurrent
.] Running over slightly or in haste; cursory.
Percuss transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Percussed
; present participle & verbal noun Percussing
.] [ Latin percussus
, past participle of percutere
; per + quatere
to shake, strike. See Quash
.] To strike smartly; to strike upon or against; as, to percuss the chest in medical examination.
Flame percussed by air giveth a noise. Bacon.
Percuss intransitive verb (Medicine) To strike or tap in an examination by percussion. See Percussion , 3. Quain.
[ Latin percussio
: confer French percussion
. See Percuss
.] 1. The act of percussing, or striking one body against another; forcible collision, esp. such as gives a sound or report. Sir I. Newton. 2. Hence: The effect of violent collision; vibratory shock; impression of sound on the ear.
The thunderlike percussion of thy sounds. Shak. 3. (Medicine) The act of tapping or striking the surface of the body in order to learn the condition of the parts beneath by the sound emitted or the sensation imparted to the fingers. Percussion is said to be immediate if the blow is directly upon the body; if some interventing substance, as a pleximeter, is, used, it is called mediate . Center of percussion
. See under Center .
-- Percussion bullet
, a bullet containing a substance which is exploded by percussion; an explosive bullet.
-- Percussion cap
, a small copper cap or cup, containing fulminating powder, and used with a percussion lock to explode gunpowder.
-- Percussion fuze
. See under Fuze .
-- Percussion lock
, the lock of a gun that is fired by percussion upon fulminating powder.
-- Percussion match
, a match which ignites by percussion.
-- Percussion powder
, powder so composed as to ignite by slight percussion; fulminating powder.
-- Percussion sieve
, Percussion table
, a machine for sorting ores by agitation in running water.
Percussive adjective Striking against; percutient; as, percussive force.
[ Latin percutiens
, present participle of percutere
. See Percuss
.] Striking; having the power of striking.
-- noun That which strikes, or has power to strike. Bacon.
[ See Perdix
.] (Zoology) Of or pertaining to the family Perdicidæ , or partridges.
Perdie adverb See Parde . Spenser.
Perdifoil noun [ Latin perdere to lose + folium leaf.] (Botany) A deciduous plant; - - opposed to evergreen . J. Barton.
[ French, from Latin perditio
, from perdere
, to ruin, to lose; per
(cf. Sanskrit parā
away) + -dere
(only in comp.) to put; akin to Greek ..., English do
. See Do
.] 1. Entire loss; utter destruction; ruin; esp., the utter loss of the soul, or of final happiness in a future state; future misery or eternal death.
The mere perdition of the Turkish fleet. Shak.
If we reject the truth, we seal our own perdition . J. M. Mason. 2. Loss of diminution.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
Perditionable adjective Capable of being ruined; worthy of perdition. [ R.] Pollok.
Perdix (pẽr"dĭks) noun [ Latin , a partridge, Greek pe`rdix .] (Zoology) A genus of birds including the common European partridge. Formerly the word was used in a much wider sense to include many allied genera.
[ See Perdu
] 1. One placed on watch, or in ambush. 2. A soldier sent on a forlorn hope. Shak.
[ French perdu
, f. perdue
, lost, past participle of perdre
to lose, Latin perdere
. See Perdition
.] 1. Lost to view; in concealment or ambush; close.
He should lie perdue who is to walk the round. Fuller. 2. Accustomed to, or employed in, desperate enterprises; hence, reckless; hopeless.
captain." Beau. & Fl.
Perduellion noun [ Latin perduellio ; per + duellum , bellum , war.] (Civil Law) Treason.
[ See Perdu
] Lost; thrown away.
[ Obsolete] Abp. Bramhall.
Perdurability noun Durability; lastingness. [ Archaic] Chaucer.
(pẽr*dūr"ȧ*b'l; 277) noun
[ Confer French perdurable
, Middle English pardurable
. See Perdure
.] Very durable; lasting; continuing long.
[ Archaic] Chaucer. Shak.
Perdurance (pẽr*dūr" a ns), Per`du*ra"tion (pẽr`du*rā"shŭn) noun Long continuance. [ Archaic]
(pẽr*dūr") intransitive verb
[ Latin perdurare
through + durare
to last.] To last or endure for a long time; to be perdurable or lasting.
The mind perdures while its energizing may construct a thousand lines. Hickok.
Perdy adverb Truly. See Parde .
Ah, dame! perdy ye have not done me right. Spenser.
Pere noun A peer. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
[ French, from Latin pater
. See Father
.] Father; -- often used after French proper names to distinguish a father from his son; as, Dumas père .
Peregal adjective [ Old French par very (L. per ) + egal equal, Latin aequalis .] Fully equal. [ Obsolete] Chaucer. " Peregal to the best." Spenser.