Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ See Peptone
, and Hydrochloric
.] (Physiol. Chem.) Designating a hypothetical acid (called peptohydrochloric acid , pepsinhydrochloric acid , and chloropeptic acid) which is supposed to be formed when pepsin and dilute (0.1-0.4 per cent) hydrochloric acid are mixed together.
Peptone noun [ Greek ... cooked.] (Physiol. Chem.) (a) The soluble and diffusible substance or substances into which albuminous portions of the food are transformed by the action of the gastric and pancreatic juices. Peptones are also formed from albuminous matter by the action of boiling water and boiling dilute acids. (b) Collectively, in a broader sense, all the products resulting from the solution of albuminous matter in either gastric or pancreatic juice. In this case, however, intermediate products (albumose bodies), such as antialbumose , hemialbumose , etc., are mixed with the true peptones. Also termed albuminose . » Pure peptones are of three kinds, amphopeptone , antipeptone , and hemipeptone , and, unlike the albumose bodies, are not precipitated by saturating their solutions with ammonium sulphate.
Peptonize transitive verb (Physiol.) To convert into peptone; to digest or dissolve by means of a proteolytic ferment; as, peptonized food.
Peptonoid noun [ Peptone + -oid .] (Physiol. Chem.) A substance related to peptone.
[ New Latin See Peptone
, and Urine
.] (Medicine) The presence of peptone, or a peptonelike body, in the urine.
Peptotoxine noun [ Pepto ne + tox ic + -ine .] (Physiol. Chem.) A toxic alkaloid found occasionally associated with the peptones formed from fibrin by pepsinhydrochloric acid.
Pequots noun plural ; sing. Pequot (Ethnol.) A tribe of Indians who formerly inhabited Eastern Connecticut. [ Written also Pequods .]
[ Latin Confer Far
, and confer Par
.] Through; by means of; through the agency of; by; for; for each; as, per annum; per capita, by heads, or according to individuals; per curiam, by the court; per se, by itself, of itself. Per is also sometimes used with English words. Per annum
, by the year; in each successive year; annually.
-- Per cent
, Per centum
, by the hundred; in the hundred; -- used esp. of proportions of ingredients, rate or amount of interest, and the like; commonly used in the shortened form per cent .
-- Per diem
, by the day.
[ For other phrases from the Latin, see Quotations, Phrases, etc., from Foreign Languages, in the Supplement.]
Per diem [ Latin ] By the day; substantively (chiefly U. S.), an allowance or amount of so much by the day.
[ See Per
.] 1. A prefix used to signify through , throughout , by , for , or as an intensive as per haps, by hap or chance; per ennial, that lasts throughout the year; per force, through or by force; per foliate, per forate; per spicuous, evident throughout or very evident; per plex, literally, to entangle very much. 2. (Chemistry) Originally, denoting that the element to the name of which it is prefixed in the respective compounds exercised its highest valence ; now, only that the element has a higher valence than in other similar compounds; thus, barium per oxide is the highest oxide of barium; while nitrogen and manganese per oxides, so-called, are not the highest oxides of those elements.
Peract transitive verb [ Latin peractus , past participle of peragere .] To go through with; to perform. [ Obsolete] Sylvester.
[ Latin peracutus
. See Per-
, and Acute
.] Very sharp; very violent; as, a peracute fever.
[ R.] Harvey.
Peradventure adverb & conj.
[ Middle English per aventure
, French par aventure
. See Per
, and Adventure
.] By chance; perhaps; it may be; if; supposing.
he speak against me." Shak.
Peradventure there be fifty righteous within the city. Gen. xviii. 24.
Peradventure noun Chance; hap; hence, doubt; question; as, proved beyond peradventure . South.
Peragrate transitive verb [ Latin peragratus , past participle of peragrate .] To travel over or through. [ Obsolete]
Peragration noun [ Latin peragratio : confer French peragration .] The act or state of passing through any space; as, the peragration of the moon in her monthly revolution. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.
Perambulate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Perambulated
; present participle & verbal noun Perambulating
.] [ Latin perambulatus
, past participle of perambulare
to perambulate; per
through + ambulare
to walk. See Per-
, and Amble
.] To walk through or over; especially, to travel over for the purpose of surveying or examining; to inspect by traversing; specifically, to inspect officially the boundaries of, as of a town or parish, by walking over the whole line.
Perambulate intransitive verb To walk about; to ramble; to stroll; as, he perambulated in the park.
1. The act of perambulating; traversing. Bacon. 2. An annual survey of boundaries, as of town, a parish, a forest, etc. 3. A district within which one is authorized to make a tour of inspection. "The . . . bounds of his own perambulation ." [ Obsolete] Holyday.
Perambulator noun 1. One who perambulates. 2. A surveyor's instrument for measuring distances. It consists of a wheel arranged to roll along over the ground, with an apparatus of clockwork, and a dial plate upon which the distance traveled is shown by an index. See Odometer . 3. A low carriage for a child, propelled by pushing.
[ New Latin , from Greek ... a pouch + Latin meles
a badger.] (Zoology) Any marsupial of the genus Perameles , which includes numerous species found in Australia. They somewhat resemble rabbits in size and form. See Illust. under Bandicoot .
[ Obsolete] See Parbreak .
Perbromate noun (Chemistry) A salt of perbromic acid.
Perbromic adjective [ Prefix per- + bromic .] (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or designating, the highest oxygen acid, HBrO 4 , of bromine.
Perbromide noun (Chemistry) A bromide having a higher proportion of bromine than any other bromide of the same substance or series.
Perca noun [ Latin , a perch.] (Zoology) A genus of fishes, including the fresh-water perch.
Percale noun [ French] A fine cotton fabric, having a linen finish, and often printed on one side, - - used for women's and children's wear.
Percaline noun [ French] A fine kind of French cotton goods, usually of one color.
Percaline noun [ French] A fine kind of cotton goods, usually of one color, and with a glossy surface, -- much use for linings.
Percarbide noun [ Prefix per- + carbide .] (Chemistry) A compound containing a relatively large amount of carbon. [ R.]
Percarburet noun [ Prefix per- + carburet .] (Chemistry) A percarbide. [ Obsoles.]
Percarbureted adjective (Chemistry) Combined with a relatively large amount of carbon.
[ Middle English per cas
. See Parcase
.] Perhaps; perchance.
[ Obsolete] Bacon.
Perce transitive verb To pierce. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Perceivable adjective Capable of being perceived; perceptible. -- Per*ceiv"a*bly , adverb
Perceivance noun Power of perceiving. [ Obsolete] "The senses and common perceivance ." Milton.
Perceive transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Perceived
; present participle & verbal noun Perceiving
.] [ Old French percevoir
, Latin percipere
) + capere
to take, receive. See Capacious
, and confer Perception
.] 1. To obtain knowledge of through the senses; to receive impressions from by means of the bodily organs; to take cognizance of the existence, character, or identity of, by means of the senses; to see, hear, or feel; as, to perceive a distant ship; to perceive a discord. Reid. 2. To take intellectual cognizance of; to apprehend by the mind; to be convinced of by direct intuition; to note; to remark; to discern; to see; to understand.
Jesus perceived their wickedness. Matt. xxii. 18.
You may, fair lady, Shak.
Perceive I speak sincerely.
Till we ourselves see it with our own eyes, and perceive it by our own understandings, we are still in the dark. Locke. 3. To be affected of influented by.
The upper regions of the air perceive the collection of the matter of tempests before the air here below. Bacon. Syn.
-- To discern; distinguish; observe; see; feel; know; understand. -- To Perceive
. To perceive
a thing is to apprehend it as presented to the senses or the intellect; to discern
is to mark differences, or to see a thing as distinguished from others around it. We may perceive
two persons afar off without being able to discern
whether they are men or women. Hence, discern
is often used of an act of the senses or the mind involving close, discriminating, analytical attention. We perceive
that which is clear or obvious; we discern
that which requires much attention to get an idea of it. "We perceive
light, darkness, colors, or the truth or falsehood of anything. We discern
characters, motives, the tendency and consequences of actions, etc." Crabb.
Perceiver noun One who perceives (in any of the senses of the verb). Milton.
Percely noun Parsley. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
[ Per cent
, as in average. See Per
, and Cent
.] (Com.) A certain rate per cent; the allowance, duty, rate of interest, discount, or commission, on a hundred.
[ From Latin percipere
.] That which is perceived. Sir W. Hamilton.
The modern discussion between percept and concept, the one sensuous, the other intellectual. Max Müller.
Perceptibility noun [ Confer French perceptibilité .]
1. The quality or state of being perceptible; as, the perceptibility of light or color. 2. Perception. [ R.] Dr. H. More.
[ Latin perceptibilis
: confer French perceptible
. See Perceive
.] Capable of being perceived; cognizable; discernible; perceivable.
With a perceptible blast of the air. Bacon.
[ Latin perceptio
: confer French perception
. See Perceive
.] 1. The act of perceiving; cognizance by the senses or intellect; apperhension by the bodily organs, or by the mind, of what is presented to them; discernment; apperhension; cognition. 2. (Metaph.) The faculty of perceiving; the faculty, or peculiar part, of man's constitution by which he has knowledge through the medium or instrumentality of the bodily organs; the act of apperhending material objects or qualities through the senses; -- distinguished from conception . Sir W. Hamilton.
Matter hath no life nor perception , and is not conscious of its own existence. Bentley. 3. The quality, state, or capability, of being affected by something external; sensation; sensibility.
This experiment discovereth perception in plants. Bacon. 4. An idea; a notion.
[ Obsolete] Sir M. Hale.
» "The word perception
is, in the language of philosophers previous to Reid, used in a very extensive signification. By Descartes, Malebranche, Locke, Leibnitz, and others, it is employed in a sense almost as unexclusive as consciousness
, in its widest signification. By Reid this word was limited to our faculty acquisitive of knowledge, and to that branch of this faculty whereby, through the senses, we obtain a knowledge of the external world. But his limitation did not stop here. In the act of external perception he distinguished two elements, to which he gave the names of perception
. He ought perhaps to have called these perception proper
and sensation proper
, when employed in his special meaning." Sir W. Hamilton.
Perceptive adjective [ Confer French perceptif .] Of or pertaining to the act or power of perceiving; having the faculty or power of perceiving; used in perception. "His perceptive and reflective faculties." Motley.
Perceptivity noun The quality or state of being perceptive; power of perception. Locke.
Percesoces noun plural [ New Latin , from Latin perca a perch + esox , -ocis , a pike.] (Zoology) An order of fishes including the gray mullets ( Mugil ), the barracudas, the silversides, and other related fishes. So called from their relation both to perches and to pikes.
[ Greek ... on the opposite side + -pod
.] (Zoology) One of the thoracic legs of a crustacean. See Illust. of Crustacea .