Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Philanthropist noun [ Greek ...; ... loving + ... man: confer French philanthrope .] One who practices philanthropy; one who loves mankind, and seeks to promote the good of others.

Philanthropistic adjective Pertaining to, or characteristic of, a philanthropist. [ R.] Carlyle.

Philanthropy noun [ Latin philanthropia , Greek ...: confer French philanthropie .] Love to mankind; benevolence toward the whole human family; universal good will; desire and readiness to do good to all men; -- opposed to misanthropy . Jer. Taylor.

Philatelic adjective Of or pertaining to philately.

Philatelist noun One versed in philately; one who collects postage stamps.

Philately noun [ Philo- + Greek ... exemption from tax; confer frank to send free.] The collection of postage stamps of various issues.

Philathea noun [ Coined from Greek ... loving + ... truth.] An international, interdenominational organization of Bible classes of young women.

Philatory noun [ Old French filatiere , philatiere . See Phylactery .] (Eccl.) A kind of transparent reliquary with an ornamental top.

Philauty noun [ Greek ...; ... loving + ... self.] Self-love; selfishness. [ Obsolete] Beaumont.

Philharmonic adjective [ Philo- + Greek ... harmony: confer French philharmonique .] Loving harmony or music.

Philharmonic noun One who loves harmony or music; also (Colloq.), short for Philharmonic Society , concert , assemblage , or the like.

Philhellene noun A friend of Greece, or of the Greeks; a philhellenist. Emerson.

Philhellenic adjective Of or pertaining to philhellenism.

Philhellenism noun Love of Greece.

Philhellenist noun [ Philo- + Greek ... a Greek: confer French philhellène .] A friend of Greece; one who supports the cause of the Greeks; particularly, one who supported them in their struggle for independence against the Turks; a philhellene.

Philibeg noun See Filibeg . [ Scot.]

Philip noun [ So called from their notes.] (Zoology) (a) The European hedge sparrow. (b) The house sparrow. Called also phip . [ Prov. Eng.]

Philippian adjective Of or pertaining to Philippi, a city of ancient Macedonia. -- noun A native or an inhabitant of Philippi.

Philippic noun [ Latin Philippicus belonging to Philip, Philippic, Greek ..., from ... Philip, ... fond of horses: confer French philippique .]
1. Any one of the series of famous orations of Demosthenes, the Grecian orator, denouncing Philip, king of Macedon.

2. Hence: Any discourse or declamation abounding in acrimonious invective.

Philippium noun [ New Latin So named from Philippe Plantamour, of Geneva, Switzerland.] (Chemistry) A rare and doubtful metallic element said to have been discovered in the mineral samarskite.

Philippize intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Philippized ; present participle & verbal noun Philippizing .] [ Greek ... to be on Philip's side.]
1. To support or advocate the cause of Philip of Macedon.

2. [ See Philippic .] To write or speak in the style of a philippic.

Philister noun [ G.] A Philistine; -- a cant name given to townsmen by students in German universities.

Philistine noun [ Latin Philistinus , Hebrew Phlishthī , plural Phlishthīm .]
1. A native or an inhabitant of ancient Philistia, a coast region of southern Palestine.

2. A bailiff. [ Cant, Eng.] [ Obsolete] Swift.

3. A person deficient in liberal culture and refinement; one without appreciation of the nobler aspirations and sentiments of humanity; one whose scope is limited to selfish and material interests. [ Recent] M. Arnold.

Philistine adjective
1. Of or pertaining to the Philistines.

2. Uncultured; commonplace.

Philistinism noun The condition, character, aims, and habits of the class called Philistines. See Philistine , 3. [ Recent] Carlyle.

On the side of beauty and taste, vulgarity; on the side of morals and feeling, coarseness; on the side of mind and spirit, unintelligence, -- this is Philistinism .
M. Arnold.

Phillipsite noun [ So named after John Phillips , an English mineralogist.] (Min.) (a) A hydrous silicate of aluminia, lime, and soda, a zeolitic mineral commonly occurring in complex twin crystals, often cruciform in shape; -- called also christianite .

Phillygenin noun [ Philly rin + -gen + -in .] (Chemistry) A pearly crystalline substance obtained by the decomposition of phillyrin.

Phillyrea noun [ New Latin , from Greek ..., ....] (Botany) A genus of evergreen plants growing along the shores of the Mediterranean, and breading a fruit resembling that of the olive.

Phillyrin noun (Chemistry) A glucoside extracted from Phillyrea as a bitter white crystalline substance. It is sometimes used as a febrifuge.

Philo- A combining form from Greek fi`los loving , fond of , attached to ; as, philo sophy, philo technic.

Philogynist noun [ See Philogyny .] A lover or friend of women; one who esteems woman as the higher type of humanity; -- opposed to misogynist .

Philogyny noun [ Greek ...; ... loving + ... woman.] Fondness for women; uxoriousness; -- opposed to misogyny . [ R.] Byron.

Philohellenian noun A philhellenist.

Philologer noun [ Confer Latin philologus a man of letters, Greek ..., originally, fond of talking; hence, fond of learning and literature; ... loving + ... speech, discourse.] A philologist. Burton.

Philologian noun A philologist. [ R.]

Philological, Philologic adjective [ Confer French philologique .] Of or pertaining to philology. -- Phil`o*log"ic*al*ly , adverb

Philologist noun One versed in philology.

Philologize intransitive verb To study, or make critical comments on, language. Evelyn.

Philologue noun [ Confer French philologue .] A philologist. [ R.] Carlyle.

Philology noun [ Latin philologia love of learning, interpretation, philology, Greek ...: confer French philologie . See Philologer .]
1. Criticism; grammatical learning. [ R.] Johnson.

2. The study of language, especially in a philosophical manner and as a science; the investigation of the laws of human speech, the relation of different tongues to one another, and historical development of languages; linguistic science.

» Philology comprehends a knowledge of the etymology, or origin and combination of words; grammar, the construction of sentences, or use of words in language; criticism, the interpretation of authors, the affinities of different languages, and whatever relates to the history or present state of languages. It sometimes includes rhetoric, poetry, history, and antiquities.

3. A treatise on the science of language.

Philomath noun [ Greek ...; fi`los loving, a friend + ma`qh learning, from ..., ..., to learn.] A lover of learning; a scholar. Chesterfield.

Philomathematic noun A philomath.

Philomathic adjective [ Confer French philomathique .]
1. Of or pertaining to philomathy.

2. Having love of learning or letters.

Philomathy noun [ Greek ..., ....] The love of learning or letters.

Philomel noun Same as Philomela , the nightingale. [ Poetic] Milton. Cowper.

Philomela noun [ Latin philomela , Greek ..., according to the legend, from ... Philomela (daughter of Pandion, king of Athens), who was changed into a nightingale.]
1. The nightingale; philomel. Shak.

2. (Zoology) A genus of birds including the nightingales.

Philomene noun The nightingale. [ Obsolete]

Philomot adjective [ See Filemot .] Of the color of a dead leaf. [ Obsolete] Addison.

Philomusical adjective [ Philo- + musical .] Loving music. [ R.]Busby.

Philopena noun [ Probably a corruption from German vielliebchen , LG. vielliebken , or Dutch veelliebken , a philopena, literally, much loved; but influenced by Greek ... a friend, and Latin poena penalty, from an idea that the gift was a penalty of friendship or love.] A present or gift which is made as a forfeit in a social game that is played in various ways; also, the game itself. [ Written also fillipeen and phillippine .]

» One of the ways may be stated as follows: A person finding a nut with two kernels eats one, and gives the other to a person of the opposite sex, and then whichever says philopena first at the next meeting wins the present. The name is also applied to the kernels eaten.