Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Greek ... firelike.] (Min.) A kind of mica having generally a peculiar bronze- red or copperlike color and a pearly luster. It is a silicate of aluminia, with magnesia, potash, and some fluorine. It is characteristic of crystalline limestone or dolomite and serpentine. See Mica .
Phlogosis noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... burning heat.] (Medicine) Inflammation of external parts of the body; erysipelatous inflammation.
Phlogotic noun (Medicine) Of or pertaining to phlogisis.
Phloramine noun [ Phlor lucin + amine .] (Chemistry) A basic amido derivative of phloroglucin, having an astringent taste.
Phloretic adjective (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or derived from, or designating, an organic acid obtained by the decomposition of phloretin.
Phloretin noun [ From Phlorizin.] (Chemistry) A bitter white crystalline substance obtained by the decomposition of phlorizin, and formerly used to some extent as a substitute for quinine.
Phlorizin noun [ Greek ..., ..., bark + ... root.] (Chemistry) A bitter white crystalline glucoside extracted from the root bark of the apple, pear, cherry, plum, etc. [ Formerly also written phloridzin .]
Phloroglucin noun [ Phlor etin + Greek ... sweet.] (Chemistry) A sweet white crystalline substance, metameric with pyrogallol, and obtained by the decomposition of phloretin, and from certain gums, as catechu, kino, etc. It belongs to the class of phenols. [ Called also phloroglucinol .]
Phlorol noun [ Phlor etic + -ol .] (Chemistry) A liquid metameric with xylenol, belonging to the class of phenols, and obtained by distilling certain salts of phloretic acid.
Phlorone noun [ Phlor ol + quin one .] (Chemistry) A yellow crystalline substance having a peculiar unpleasant odor, resembling the quinones, and obtained from beechwood tar and coal tar, as also by the oxidation of xylidine; -- called also xyloquinone .
[ Latin , a kind of flower, from Greek ... flame, from ... to burn.] (Botany) A genus of American herbs, having showy red, white, or purple flowers. Phlox worm (Zoology)
, the larva of an American moth ( Heliothis phloxiphaga ). It is destructive to phloxes.
-- Phlox subulata
, the moss pink. See under Moss .
Phlyctenular adjective [ Greek ... a blister or pustule.] (Medicine) Characterized by the presence of small pustules, or whitish elevations resembling pustules; as, phlyctenular ophthalmia.
[ Latin , a seal, from Greek ....] (Zoology) A genus of seals. It includes the common harbor seal and allied species. See Seal .
Phocacean noun (Zoology) Any species of Phoca; a seal.
Phocal adjective (Zoology) Pertaining to seals.
Phocenic adjective [ Greek ... a porpoise.] (Chemistry) Of or pertaining to dolphin oil or porpoise oil; - - said of an acid (called also delphinic acid) subsequently found to be identical with valeric acid. Watts.
[ Confer French phocénine
.] (Chemistry) See Delphin .
Phocine adjective [ Latin phoca a seal.] (Zoology) Of or pertaining to the seal tribe; phocal.
Phocodont noun (Zoology) One of the Phocodontia.
Phocodontia noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ... a seal + ..., ..., a tooth.] (Zoology) A group of extinct carnivorous whales. Their teeth had compressed and serrated crowns. It includes Squalodon and allied genera.
Pholad noun (Zoology) Any species of Pholas.
Pholadean noun (Zoology) Pholad.
; plural Pholades
. [ New Latin , from Greek ..., ..., a kind of mollusk.] (Zoology) Any one of numerous species of marine bivalve mollusks of the genus Pholas , or family Pholadidæ . They bore holes for themselves in clay, peat, and soft rocks.
Phonal adjective [ Greek ... the voice.] Of or relating to the voice; as, phonal structure. Max Müller.
Phonascetics noun [ Greek ... to practice the voice; ... voice + ... to practice.] Treatment for restoring or improving the voice.
Phonation noun [ Greek ... the voice.] The act or process by which articulate sounds are uttered; the utterance of articulate sounds; articulate speech.
Phonautograph noun [ Phono- + Greek ... self + -graph .] (Physics) An instrument by means of which a sound can be made to produce a visible trace or record of itself. It consists essentially of a resonant vessel, usually of paraboloidal form, closed at one end by a flexible membrane. A stylus attached to some point of the membrane records the movements of the latter, as it vibrates, upon a moving cylinder or plate.
Phone noun & transitive verb Colloq. for Telephone .
Phoneidoscope noun [ Phono- + Greek ... form + -scope .] (Physics) An instrument for studying the motions of sounding bodies by optical means. It consists of a tube across the end of which is stretched a film of soap solution thin enough to give colored bands, the form and position of which are affected by sonorous vibrations.
[ Greek ..., from ... a sound, tone; akin to Greek ... to speak: confer French phonétique
. See Ban
a proclamation.] 1. Of or pertaining to the voice, or its use. 2. Representing sounds; as, phonetic characters; -- opposed to ideographic ; as, a phonetic notation. Phonetic spelling
, spelling in phonetic characters, each representing one sound only; -- contrasted with Romanic spelling , or that by the use of the Roman alphabet.
Phonetically adverb In a phonetic manner.
Phonetician noun One versed in phonetics; a phonetist.
1. The doctrine or science of sounds; especially those of the human voice; phonology. 2. The art of representing vocal sounds by signs and written characters.
Phonetism noun The science which treats of vocal sounds. J. Peile.
1. One versed in phonetics; a phonologist. 2. One who advocates a phonetic spelling.
Phonetization noun The act, art, or process of representing sounds by phonetic signs.
Phonetize transitive verb To represent by phonetic signs. Lowell.
Phonic adjective [ Greek ... sound: confer French phonique .] Of or pertaining to sound; of the nature of sound; acoustic. Tyndall.
Phono noun (Zoology) A South American butterfly ( Ithonia phono ) having nearly transparent wings.
Phono- A combining form from Greek ... sound , tone ; as, phono graph, phono logy.
Phonocamptic adjective [ Phono- + Greek ... to bend: confer French phonocamptique .] Reflecting sound. [ R.] " Phonocamptic objects." Derham.
.] 1. A letter, character, or mark used to represent a particular sound.
Phonograms are of three kinds: (1) Verbal signs, which stand for entire words; (2) Syllabic signs, which stand for the articulations of which words are composed; (3) Alphabetic signs, or letters, which represent the elementary sounds into which the syllable can be resolved. I. Taylor (The Alphabet). 2. A record of sounds made by a phonograph.
Phonograph noun [ Phono- + -graph .]
1. A character or symbol used to represent a sound, esp. one used in phonography. 2. (Physics) An instrument for the mechanical registration and reproduction of audible sounds, as articulate speech, etc. It consists of a rotating cylinder or disk covered with some material easily indented, as tinfoil, wax, paraffin, etc., above which is a thin plate carrying a stylus. As the plate vibrates under the influence of a sound, the stylus makes minute indentations or undulations in the soft material, and these, when the cylinder or disk is again turned, set the plate in vibration, and reproduce the sound.
Phonographer noun 1. One versed or skilled in phonography. 2. One who uses, or is skilled in the use of, the phonograph. See Phonograph , 2.
Phonographic, Phonographical adjective [ Confer French phonographique .]
1. Of or pertaining to phonography; based upon phonography. 2. Of or pertaining to phonograph; done by the phonograph.
Phonographically adverb In a phonographic manner; by means of phonograph.
Phonographist noun Phonographer.
.] 1. A description of the laws of the human voice, or sounds uttered by the organs of speech. 2. A representation of sounds by distinctive characters; commonly, a system of shorthand writing invented by Isaac Pitman, or a modification of his system, much used by reporters.
» The consonants are represented by straight lines and curves; the vowels by dots and short dashes; but by skilled phonographers, in rapid work, most vowel marks are omitted, and brief symbols for common words and combinations of words are extensively employed. The following line is an example of phonography, in which all the sounds are indicated: --
They also serve who only stand and wait. Milton. 3. The art of constructing, or using, the phonograph.
Phonolite noun [ Phono- + -lite : confer French phonolithe .] (Min.) A compact, feldspathic, igneous rock containing nephelite, haüynite, etc. Thin slabs give a ringing sound when struck; -- called also clinkstone .