Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Phryganeid noun (Zoology) Any insect belonging to the Phryganeides.
Phryganeides noun plural
[ New Latin , from Phryganea
, the typical genus, from Greek ... a dry stick.] (Zoology) A tribe of neuropterous insects which includes the caddice flies; -- called also Trichoptera . See Trichoptera .
[ Written also Phryganides
Phrygian adjective [ Latin Phrygius , Greek ..., from ... Phrygia, a country of Asia Minor.] Of or pertaining to Phrygia, or to its inhabitants. Phrygian mode (Mus.) , one of the ancient Greek modes, very bold and vehement in style; -- so called because fabled to have been invented by the Phrygian Marsyas. Moore (Encyc. of Music). -- Phrygian stone , a light, spongy stone, resembling a pumice, -- used by the ancients in dyeing, and said to be drying and astringent.
1. A native or inhabitant of Phrygia. 2. (Eccl. Hist.) A Montanist.
Phrygian cap A close-fitting cap represented in Greek art as worn by Orientals, assumed to have been conical in shape. It has been adopted in modern art as the so-called liberty cap , or cap of liberty .
Phthalate noun (Chemistry) A salt of phthalic acid.
[ See Phthalic
.] (Chemistry) One of a series of artificial organic dyes made as condensation products of the phenols with phthalic acid, and well represented by phenol phthaleïn. Their alkaline solutions are fluorescent. Phenol phthalein
, a white or yellowish white crystalline substance made from phthalic acid and phenol. Its solution in alkalies is brilliant red, but is decolorized by acids, and as this reaction is exceedingly delicate it is used as an indicator.
Phthalic adjective [ Na phthal ene + -ic .] (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or designating, a dibasic acid obtained by the oxidation of naphthalene and allied substances. Phthalic acid (Chemistry) , a white crystalline substance, C 6 H 4 .(CO 2 H) 2 , analogous to benzoic acid, and employed in the brilliant dyestuffs called the phthaleins.
Phthalide noun [ Phthal yl + anhydr ide .] (Chemistry) A lactone obtained by reduction of phthalyl chloride, as a white crystalline substance; hence, by extension, any one of the series of which phthalide proper is the type. [ Written also phthalid .]
ic + imide
.] (Chemistry) An imido derivative of phthalic acid, obtained as a white crystalline substance, C 6 H 4 .(CO) 2 NH, which has itself (like succinimide) acid properties, and forms a series of salts. Confer Imido acid , under Imido .
Phthalin noun (Chemistry) A colorless crystalline substance obtained by reduction from phthaleïn, into which it is easily converted by oxidation; hence, any one of the series of which phthalin proper is the type.
Phthalyl noun [ Phthal ic + -yl .] (Chemistry) The hypothetical radical of phthalic acid.
Phthiriasis noun [ Latin , from Greek ..., from ... louse.] (Medicine) A disease ( morbus pediculous ) consisting in the excessive multiplication of lice on the human body.
[ Latin phthisicus
, Greek ...: confer French phthisique
. See Phthisis
.] Of or pertaining to phthisis; affected with phthisis; wasting; consumptive.
Phthisicky adjective Having phthisis, or some symptom of it, as difficulty in breathing.
Phthisiology noun [ Phthisis + -logy .] (Medicine) A treatise on phthisis. Dunglison.
Phthisipneumonia, Phthisipneumony noun
[ New Latin See Phthisis
.] (Medicine) Pulmonary consumption.
[ Latin , from Greek ..., from ... to pass or waste away: confer French phthisie
.] (Medicine) A wasting or consumption of the tissues. The term was formerly applied to many wasting diseases, but is now usually restricted to pulmonary phthisis, or consumption. See Consumption . Fibroid phthisis
. See under Fibroid .
Phthongal adjective [ Greek ... voice.] Formed into, or characterized by, voice; vocalized; -- said of all the vowels and the semivowels, also of the vocal or sonant consonants g , d , b , l , r , v , z , etc.
Phthongal noun A vocalized element or letter.
Phthongometer noun [ Greek ... voice + -meter .] An instrument for measuring vocal sounds. Whewell.
Phthor noun [ French phthore , Greek ... to destroy.] (Old Chem.) Fluorine. [ Written also phthor .]
[ Greek ... seaweed.] (Chemistry) See Erythrite , 1.
Phycochrome noun [ Greek ... seaweed + ... color.] (Botany) A bluish green coloring matter of certain algæ.
Phycocyanin, Phycocyanine noun [ Greek ... seaweed + English cyanin .] A blue coloring matter found in certain algæ.
Phycoerythrin, Phycoerythrine noun [ Greek ... seaweed + English erythrin , - ine .] A red coloring matter found in algæ of the subclass Florideæ .
Phycography noun [ Greek ... seaweed + -graphy .] A description of seaweeds.
Phycology noun [ Greek ... seaweed + -logy .] The science of algæ, or seaweeds; algology.
Phycomater noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... seaweed + Latin mater mother.] (Botany) A gelatin in which the algæ spores have been supposed to vegetate.
Phycomycetes noun plural [ New Latin ; Greek ... seaweed + mycetes .] (Botany) A large, important class of parasitic or saprophytic fungi, the algal or algalike fungi. The plant body ranges from an undifferentiated mass of protoplasm to a well-developed and much-branched mycelium. Reproduction is mainly sexual, by the formation of conidia or sporangia; but the group shows every form of transition from this method through simple conjugation to perfect sexual reproduction by egg and sperm in the higher forms. -- Phy`co*my*ce"tous adjective
Phycophæine noun [ Greek ... seaweed + dusky.] A brown coloring matter found in certain algæ.
Phycoxanthin, Phycoxanthine noun [ Greek ... seaweed + ... yellow.] A yellowish coloring matter found in certain algæ.
Phylacter noun A phylactery. Sandys.
Phylactered adjective Wearing a phylactery.
Phylacteric, Phylacterical adjective Of or pertaining to phylacteries.
; plural Phylacteries
. [ Middle English filateri
, Old French filatire
, French phylactère
, Latin phylacterium
, Greek ..., from ... a watcher, guard, ... to watch, guard. Confer Philatory
.] 1. Any charm or amulet worn as a preservative from danger or disease. 2. A small square box, made either of parchment or of black calfskin, containing slips of parchment or vellum on which are written the scriptural passages Exodus xiii. 2-10, and 11-17, Deut. vi. 4-9, 13-22. They are worn by Jews on the head and left arm, on week-day mornings, during the time of prayer. Schaff-Herzog Encyc. 3. Among the primitive Christians, a case in which the relics of the dead were inclosed.
Phylactocarp noun [ Greek ... to guard + ... fruit.] (Zoology) A branch of a plumularian hydroid specially modified in structure for the protection of the gonothecæ.
Phylactolema Phy*lac`to*le"ma*ta noun plural [ New Latin ] (Zoology) Same as Phylactolæma .
Phylactolæma Phy*lac`to*læ"ma*ta noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ... to guard + ... the gullet.] (Zoology) An order of fresh-water Bryozoa in which the tentacles are arranged on a horseshoe-shaped lophophore, and the mouth is covered by an epistome. Called also Lophopoda , and hippocrepians .
Phylactolæmatous adjective (Zoology) Of or pertaining to the Phylactolæma.
[ Latin phylarchus
, Greek .... See Phyle
, and -arch
.] (Gr. Antiq.) The chief of a phyle, or tribe.
Phylarchy noun [ Greek ....] The office of a phylarch; government of a class or tribe.
; plural Phylæ
. [ New Latin , from Greek ... a body of men united by ties of blood or habitation.] A local division of the people in ancient Athens; a clan; a tribe.
[ See Phylo-
.] (Min.) (a) A mineral related to ottrelite. (b) Clay slate; argillaceous schist.
Phyllo- A combining form from Greek ... a leaf ; as, phyllo pod, phyllo taxy.
; plural Phyllobranciæ
. [ New Latin See Phyllo-
, and Branchia
.] (Zoology) A crustacean gill composed of lamellæ.
; plural Phyllocladia
. [ New Latin , from Greek ... a leaf + ... a sprout.] (Botany) A flattened stem or branch which more or less resembles a leaf, and performs the function of a leaf as regards respiration and assimilation.
Phyllocyanin noun [ Phyllo- + cyanin .] (Chemistry) A blue coloring matter extracted from chlorophyll. [ Written also phyllocyanine .]
Phyllocyst noun [ Phyllo- + cyst .] (Zoology) The cavity of a hydrophyllium.