Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Physico-philosophy noun [ Physico- + philosophy .] The philosophy of nature.
Physico-theology noun [ Physico- + theology .] Theology or divinity illustrated or enforced by physics or natural philosophy.
[ See Physic
.] The science of nature, or of natural objects; that branch of science which treats of the laws and properties of matter, and the forces acting upon it; especially, that department of natural science which treats of the causes (as gravitation, heat, light, magnetism, electricity, etc.) that modify the general properties of bodies; natural philosophy.
, though a branch of general physics
, is commonly treated as a science by itself, and the application of physical principles which it involves constitute a branch called chemical physics
, which treats more especially of those physical properties of matter which are used by chemists in defining and distinguishing substances.
Physiocrat noun [ Greek fy`sis nature + ... to rule.] One of the followers of Quesnay of France, who, in the 18th century, founded a system of political economy based upon the supremacy of natural order. F. A. Walker. -- Phys`i*o*crat"ic adjective
[ Greek fy`sis
nature + root of ... to be born.] (Biol.) The germ history of the functions, or the history of the development of vital activities, in the individual, being one of the branches of ontogeny. See Morphogeny . Haeckel.
Physiognomer noun Physiognomist.
Physiognomic, Physiognomical adjective [ Greek ...: confer French physiognomonique .] Of or pertaining to physiognomy; according with the principles of physiognomy. -- Phys`i*og*nom"ic*al*ly , adverb
Physiognomist noun [ Confer French physiognomiste .]
1. One skilled in physiognomy. Dryden. 2. One who tells fortunes by physiognomy. Holland.
Physiognomize transitive verb To observe and study the physiognomy of. [ R.] Southey.
Physiognommonic adjective Physiognomic.
; plural Physiognomies
. [ Middle English fisonomie
, Old French phisonomie
, French physiognomie
, from Greek ...; fy`sis
nature + ... one who knows or examines, a judge, from ..., ..., to know. See Physic
, and Know
, and confer Phiz
.] 1. The art and science of discovering the predominant temper, and other characteristic qualities of the mind, by the outward appearance, especially by the features of the face. 2. The face or countenance, with respect to the temper of the mind; particular configuration, cast, or expression of countenance, as denoting character. 3. The art telling fortunes by inspection of the features.
[ Obsolete] Bale. 4. The general appearance or aspect of a thing, without reference to its scientific characteristics; as, the physiognomy of a plant, or of a meteor.
Physiogony noun [ Greek fy`sis nature + go`nos birth.] The birth of nature. [ R.] Coleridge.
Physiographic, Physiographical adjective [ Confer French physiographique .] Of or pertaining to physiography.
Physiography noun [ Greek fy`sis nature + -graphy : confer French physiographie .] The science which treats of the earth's exterior physical features, climate, life, etc., and of the physical movements or changes on the earth's surface, as the currents of the atmosphere and ocean, the secular variations in heat, moisture, magnetism, etc.; physical geography.
Physiography noun The descriptive part of a natural science as distinguished from the explanatory or theoretic part; as, mineral physiography .
Physiolatry noun [ Greek fy`sis nature + ... service.] The worship of the powers or agencies of nature; materialism in religion; nature worship. "The physiolatry of the Vedas." M. Williams.
Physiologer noun A physiologist.
Physiologic adjective [ Latin physiologicus , Greek ...: confer French physiologique .] Physiological.
Physiological adjective Of or pertaining to physiology; relating to the science of the functions of living organism; as, physiological botany or chemistry.
Physiologically adverb In a physiological manner.
Physiologist noun [ Confer French physiologiste .] One who is versed in the science of physiology; a student of the properties and functions of animal and vegetable organs and tissues.
Physiologize intransitive verb To speculate in physiology; to make physiological investigations. Cudworth.
; plural Physiologies
. [ Latin physiologia
, Greek ...; fy`sis
nature + ... discourse: confer French physiologie
.] 1. The science which treats of the phenomena of living organisms; the study of the processes incidental to, and characteristic of, life.
» It is divided into animal
and vegetable physiology
, dealing with animal and vegetable life respectively. When applied especially to a study of the functions of the organs and tissues in man, it is called human physiology
. 2. A treatise on physiology. Mental physiology
, the science of the functions and phenomena of the mind, as distinguished from a philosophical explanation of the same.
[ Greek fy`sis
nature + ... a clan.] (Biol.) The tribal history of the functions, or the history of the paleontological development of vital activities, -- being a branch of phylogeny . See Morphophyly . Haeckel.
[ French See Physic
.] The natural constitution, or physical structure, of a person.
With his white hair and splendid physique . Mrs. Stowe.
Physnomy noun Physiogmony. [ Obsolete]
Physoclist noun (Zoology) One of the Physoclisti.
Physoclisti noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ... a bellows + ... to close.] (Zoology) An order of teleost in which the air bladder has no opening.
Physograde noun [ Greek ... a bellows + Latin gradi to walk, go.] (Zoology) Any siphonophore which has an air sac for a float, as the Physalia.
Physophoræ noun plural
[ New Latin , from Greek ... a bellows + ... to bear.] (Zoology) An order of Siphonophora, furnished with an air sac, or float, and a series of nectocalyces. See Illust. under Nectocalyx .
Physopod noun (Zoology) One of the Physopoda; a thrips.
Physopoda noun plural
[ New Latin , from Greek ... a bellows + -poda
.] (Zoology) Same as Thysanoptera .
Physostigmine noun (Chemistry) An alkaloid found in the Calabar bean (the seed of Physostigma venenosum ), and extracted as a white, tasteless, substance, amorphous or crystalline; -- formerly called eserine , with which it was regarded as identical.
Physostomi noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ... a bellows + ... mouth.] (Zoology) An order of fishes in which the air bladder is provided with a duct, and the ventral fins, when present, are abdominal. It includes the salmons, herrings, carps, catfishes, and others.
Physostomous adjective (Zoology) (a) Having a duct to the air bladder. (b) Pertaining to the Physostomi.
Phytelephas noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... a plant + ... the elephant; also, ivory.] (Botany) A genus of South American palm trees, the seeds of which furnish the substance called vegetable ivory .
Phytivorous adjective [ Phyto- + Latin vorare to eat greedily.] Feeding on plants or herbage; phytophagous; as, phytivorous animals. Ray.
[ See Physic
.] A combining form from Greek fyto`n a plant ; as, phyto chemistry, phyto graphy.
Phytochemical adjective Relating to phytochemistry. R. Hunt.
Phytochemistry noun [ Phyto- + chemistry .] Chemistry in its relation to vegetable bodies; vegetable chemistry. R. Hunt.
Phytochimy noun [ French phytochimie ; Greek ... a plant + French chimie chemistry.] Phytochemistry. [ Obsoles.]
Phytogenesis, Phytogeny noun [ Phyto- + genesis , or root of Greek ... to be born.] The doctrine of the generation of plants.
Phytogeographical adjective Of or pertaining to phytogeography.
Phytogeography noun [ Phyto- + geography .] The geographical distribution of plants.
Phytoglyphic adjective Relating to phytoglyphy.
+ Greek ... to engrave.] See Nature printing , under Nature .
Phytographical adjective [ Confer French phytographique .] Of or pertaining to phytography.
Phytography noun [ Phyto- + -graphy : confer French phytographie .] The science of describing plants in a systematic manner; also, a description of plants.
Phytoid adjective [ Phyto- + - oid .] Resembling a plant; plantlike.