Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Phyllodineous adjective (Botany) Having phyllodia; relating to phyllodia.
; plural Phyllodia
. [ New Latin , from Greek ... leaflike; ... leaf + ... form.] (Botany) A petiole dilated into the form of a blade, and usually with vertical edges, as in the Australian acacias.
[ See Phyllodium
.] (Botany) A retrograde metamorphosis of the floral organs to the condition of leaves.
Phylloid adjective [ Phyllo- + - oid .] Resembling a leaf.
Phyllomania noun [ Phyllo- + mania .] (Botany) An abnormal or excessive production of leaves.
Phyllome noun [ Greek ... foliage, from ... a leaf.] (Botany) A foliar part of a plant; any organ homologous with a leaf, or produced by metamorphosis of a leaf.
[ New Latin See Phyllo-
.] (Botany) The succession and variation of leaves during different seasons. R. Brown.
Phyllophagan noun [ Phyllo- + Greek ... to eat.] (Zoology) (a) One of a group of marsupials including the phalangists. (b) One of a tribe of beetles which feed upon the leaves of plants, as the chafers.
Phyllophagous adjective (Zoology) Substituting on leaves; leaf- eating.
Phyllophorous adjective [ Phyllo- + Greek ... to bear.] (Botany) Leaf-bearing; producing leaves.
Phyllopod noun (Zoology) One of the Phyllopoda. [ Also used adjectively.]
Phyllopoda noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ... a leaf + -poda .] (Zoology) An order of Entomostraca including a large number of species, most of which live in fresh water. They have flattened or leaflike legs, often very numerous, which they use in swimming. Called also Branchiopoda . » In some, the body is covered with a bivalve shell ( Holostraca ); in others, as Apus, by a shield-shaped carapace ( Monostraca ); in others, like Artemia, there is no carapace, and the body is regularly segmented. Sometimes the group is made to include also the Cladocera.
Phyllopodous adjective (Zoology) Of or pertaining to the Phyllopoda.
Phyllorhine adjective [ Phyllo- + Greek ..., ..., the nose.] (Zoology) Of or pertaining to Phyllorhina and other related genera of bats that have a leaflike membrane around the nostrils.
[ New Latin See Phyllo-
, and -some
body.] (Zoology) The larva of the spiny lobsters ( Palinurus and allied genera). Its body is remarkably thin, flat, and transparent; the legs are very long. Called also glass-crab , and glass- shrimp .
Phyllostome (fĭl"lo*stōm) noun [ Phyllo- + Greek sto`ma mouth.] (Zoology) Any bat of the genus Phyllostoma , or allied genera, having large membranes around the mouth and nose; a nose-leaf bat.
Phyllostomid noun A phyllostome.
Phyllotactic adjective (Botany) Of or pertaining to phyllotaxy.
Phyllotaxy, Phyllotaxis noun [ Phyllo- + Greek ta`xis order.] (Botany) The order or arrangement of leaves on the stem; the science of the relative position of leaves.
Phyllous adjective (Botany) Homologous with a leaf; as, the sepals, petals, stamens, and pistils are phyllous organs.
Phylloxanthin noun [ Phyllo- + Greek ... yellow.] (Botany) A yellow coloring matter extracted from chlorophyll.
Phylloxera noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... leaf + ... dry.]
1. (Zoology) A small hemipterous insect ( Phylloxera vastatrix ) allied to the aphids. It attacks the roots and leaves of the grapevine, doing great damage, especially in Europe. » It exists in several forms, some of which are winged, other wingless. One form produces galls on the leaves and twigs, another affects the roots, causing galls or swellings, and often killing the vine. 2. The diseased condition of a vine caused by the insect just described.
Phylogenesis, Phylogeny noun [ Greek ... tribe + English genesis , or root of Greek ... to be born.] The history of genealogical development; the race history of an animal or vegetable type; the historic exolution of the phylon or tribe, in distinction from ontogeny , or the development of the individual organism, and from biogenesis , or life development generally.
Phylogenetic adjective Relating to phylogenesis, or the race history of a type of organism. -- Phy*lo*ge*net"ic*al*ly adverb
; plural Phyla
. [ New Latin , from Greek ... race, tribe.] (Biol.) A tribe.
; plural Phyla
. [ New Latin See Phylon
.] (Zoology) One of the larger divisions of the animal kingdom; a branch; a grand division.
Phylum noun (Biol.) A series of animals or plants genetically connected.
; plural Phymata
. [ New Latin , from Greek ..., from ... to produce.] (Medicine) A tubercle on any external part of the body.
[ New Latin , from Greek ... a bellows.] (Zoology) A genus of fresh-water Pulmonifera, having reversed spiral shells. See Pond snail , under Pond .
Physalia noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... a bladder, from ... a bellows.] (Zoology) A genus of large oceanic Siphonophora which includes the Portuguese man-of- war. » It has a large air sac, or float, with a sail-like crest on its upper side. Numerous zooids of different kinds are attached to the under side of the float. Some of the zooids have very long tentacles; some have a mouth and digest food; others produce gonophores. The American species ( Physalia arethusa ) is brilliantly colored, the float being pink or purple, and bright blue; the zooids blue. It is noted for its virulent stinging powers, as well as for its beautiful colors, graceful motions, and its ability to sail to windward.
Physaliæ noun plural [ New Latin ] (Zoology) An order of Siphonophora which includes Physalia.
Physemaria noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ... a blowing.] (Zoology) A group of simple marine organisms, usually classed as the lowest of the sponges. They have inflated hollow bodies.
Physeter noun [ Latin , from Greek ..., from ... to blow: confer French physétère .]
1. (Zoology) The genus that includes the sperm whale. 2. A filtering machine operated by air pressure.
Physianthropy noun [ Greek fy`sis nature + ... man.] The philosophy of human life, or the doctrine of the constitution and diseases of man, and their remedies.
[ Middle English phisike
, Old French phisique
, French physique
knowledge of nature, physics, Latin physica
, from Greek ..., from fysiko`s
natural, from fy`sis
nature, from ... to produce, grow, akin to English be
. See Be
, and confer Physics
.] 1. The art of healing diseases; the science of medicine; the theory or practice of medicine.
"A doctor of physik
." Chaucer. 2. A specific internal application for the cure or relief of sickness; a remedy for disease; a medicine. 3. Specifically, a medicine that purges; a cathartic. 4. A physician.
[ R.] Shak. Physic nut (Botany)
, a small tropical American euphorbiaceous tree ( Jatropha Curcas ), and its seeds, which are well flavored, but contain a drastic oil which renders them dangerous if eaten in large quantities.
Physic transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Physiced
; present participle & verbal noun Physicking
.] 1. To treat with physic or medicine; to administer medicine to, esp. a cathartic; to operate on as a cathartic; to purge. 2. To work on as a remedy; to heal; to cure.
The labor we delight in physics pain. Shak.
A mind diseased no remedy can physic . Byron.
Physical adjective 1. Of or pertaining to nature (as including all created existences); in accordance with the laws of nature; also, of or relating to natural or material things, or to the bodily structure, as opposed to things mental, moral, spiritual, or imaginary; material; natural; as, armies and navies are the physical force of a nation; the body is the physical part of man.
Labor, in the physical world, is . . . employed in putting objects in motion. J. S. Mill.
A society sunk in ignorance, and ruled by mere physical force. Macaulay. 2. Of or pertaining to physics, or natural philosophy; treating of, or relating to, the causes and connections of natural phenomena; as, physical science; physical laws.
philosophy." Pope. 3. Perceptible through a bodily or material organization; cognizable by the senses; external; as, the physical , opposed to chemical , characters of a mineral. 4. Of or pertaining to physic, or the art of medicine; medicinal; curative; healing; also, cathartic; purgative.
[ Obsolete] " Physical
herbs." Sir T. North.
Is Brutus sick? and is it physical Shak. Physical astronomy
To walk unbraced, and suck up the humors
Of the dank morning?
, that part of astronomy which treats of the causes of the celestial motions; specifically, that which treats of the motions resulting from universal gravitation.
-- Physical education
, training of the bodily organs and powers with a view to the promotion of health and vigor.
-- Physical examination (Medicine)
, an examination of the bodily condition of a person.
-- Physical geography
. See under Geography .
-- Physical point
, an indefinitely small portion of matter; a point conceived as being without extension, yet having physical properties, as weight, inertia, momentum, etc.; a material point.
-- Physical signs (Medicine)
, the objective signs of the bodily state afforded by a physical examination.
Physically adverb In a physical manner; according to the laws of nature or physics; by physical force; not morally.
I am not now treating physically of light or colors. Locke. 2. According to the rules of medicine.
He that lives physically must live miserably. Cheyne.
[ Middle English fisician
, Old French physucien
, a physician, in F., a natural philosopher, an experimentalist in physics. See Physic
.] 1. A person skilled in physic, or the art of healing; one duty authorized to prescribe remedies for, and treat, diseases; a doctor of medicine. 2. Hence, figuratively, one who ministers to moral diseases; as, a physician of the soul.
Physicianed adjective Licensed as a physician. [ Obsolete] "A physicianed apothecary." Walpole.
Physicism noun The tendency of the mind toward, or its preoccupation with, physical phenomena; materialism in philosophy and religion.
Anthropomorphism grows into theology, while physicism (if I may so call it) develops into science. Huxley.
Physicist noun One versed in physics. 2. (Biol.) A believer in the theory that the fundamental phenomena of life are to be explained upon purely chemical and physical principles; -- opposed to vitalist .
Physicking present participle & verbal noun from Physic , transitive verb
Physico- [ Fr. Greek ... natural, physical.] A combining form, denoting relation to , or dependence upon , natural causes , or the science of physics .
Physico-mathematics noun [ Physico- + mathematics .] Mixed mathematics.
Physicochemical adjective [ Physico- + chemical .] Involving the principles of both physics and chemistry; dependent on, or produced by, the joint action of physical and chemical agencies. Huxley.
Physicologic noun [ Physico- + logic .] Logic illustrated by physics.
Physicological adjective Of or pertaining to physicologic. Swift.
Physicology noun [ Physico- + -logy .] Physics. [ R.] -- Phys`i*col"o*gist noun [ R.]