Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Latin pictura
, from pingere
, to paint: confer French peinture
. See Paint
.] 1. The art of painting; representation by painting.
Any well-expressed image . . . either in picture or sculpture. Sir H. Wotton. 2. A representation of anything (as a person, a landscape, a building) upon canvas, paper, or other surface, produced by means of painting, drawing, engraving, photography, etc.; a representation in colors. By extension, a figure; a model.
Pictures and shapes are but secondary objects. Bacon.
The young king's picture . . . in virgin wax. Howell. 3. An image or resemblance; a representation, either to the eye or to the mind; that which, by its likeness, brings vividly to mind some other thing; as, a child is the picture of his father; the man is the picture of grief.
My eyes make pictures when they are shut. Coleridge.
is often used adjectively, or in forming self-explaining compounds; as, picture
book or picture
- book, picture
frame or picture
seller or picture
-seller, etc. Picture gallery
, a gallery, or large apartment, devoted to the exhibition of pictures.
-- Picture red
, a rod of metal tube fixed to the walls of a room, from which pictures are hung.
-- Picture writing
. (a) The art of recording events, or of expressing messages, by means of pictures representing the actions or circumstances in question
. Tylor. (b) The record or message so represented; as, the picture writing of the American Indians. Syn.
. Every kind of representation by drawing or painting is a picture
, whether made with oil colors, water colors, pencil, crayons, or India ink; strictly, a painting
is a picture made by means of colored paints, usually applied moist with a brush.
Picture transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Pictured
; present participle & verbal noun Picturing
.] To draw or paint a resemblance of; to delineate; to represent; to form or present an ideal likeness of; to bring before the mind.
"I . . . do picture
it in my mind." Spenser.
I have not seen him so pictured . Shak.
Picture noun -- Animated picture , a moving picture.
Pictured adjective Furnished with pictures; represented by a picture or pictures; as, a pictured scene.
Picturer noun One who makes pictures; a painter. [ R.] Fuller.
[ Italian pittoresco
: confer French pittoresque
. See Pictorial
.] Forming, or fitted to form, a good or pleasing picture; representing with the clearness or ideal beauty appropriate to a picture; expressing that peculiar kind of beauty which is agreeable in a picture, natural or artificial; graphic; vivid; as, a picturesque scene or attitude; picturesque language.
What is picturesque as placed in relation to the beautiful and the sublime? It is . . . the characteristic pushed into a sensible excess. De Quincey.
Picturesquish adjective Somewhat picturesque. [ R.]
Picturize transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Picturized
; present participle & verbal noun Picturizing
.] [ R.] 1. To picture. 2. To adorn with pictures.
Picul noun [ Jav. & Malay pikul , from pikul to carry on the back, to carry a burden; noun , a man's burden.] A commercial weight varying in different countries and for different commodities. In Borneo it is 135⅝ lbs.; in China and Sumatra, 133½ lbs.; in Japan, 133⅓ lbs.; but sometimes 130 lbs., etc. Called also, by the Chinese, tan . [ Written also pecul , and pecal .]
[ Dim. of Picus
.] (Zoology) Any species of very small woodpeckers of the genus Picumnus and allied genera. Their tail feathers are not stiff and sharp at the tips, as in ordinary woodpeckers.
; plural Pici
. [ Latin , a woodpecker.] (Zoology) A genus of woodpeckers, including some of the common American and European species.
Piddle intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Piddled
; present participle & verbal noun Piddling
.] [ Confer dial. Swedish pittla
to keep picking at, Swedish peta
to pick.] 1. To deal in trifles; to concern one's self with trivial matters rather than with those that are important. Ascham. 2. To be squeamishly nice about one's food. Swift. 3. To urinate; -- child's word.
Piddler noun One who piddles.
Piddling adjective Trifling; trivial; frivolous; paltry; -- applied to persons and things.
The ignoble hucksterage of piddling tithes. Milton.
[ Etymol. uncertain.] (Zoology) Any species of Pholas; a pholad. See Pholas .
[ Middle English pie
; confer Ir. & Gael. pighe
pie, also Gael. pige
an earthen jar or pot. Confer Piggin
.] 1. An article of food consisting of paste baked with something in it or under it; as, chicken pie ; venison pie ; mince pie ; apple pie ; pumpkin pie . 2. See Camp , noun , 5.
[ Prov. Eng.] Halliwell. Pie crust
, the paste of a pie.
[ French pie
, Latin pica
; confer picus
to paint; the bird being perhaps named from its colors. Confer Pi
.] 1. (Zoology) (a) A magpie. (b) Any other species of the genus Pica , and of several allied genera.
[ Written also pye
.] 2. (R. C. Ch.) The service book. 3. (Pritn.) Type confusedly mixed. See Pi . By cock and pie
, an adjuration equivalent to "by God and the service book." Shak.
-- Tree pie (Zoology)
, any Asiatic bird of the genus Dendrocitta , allied to the magpie.
-- Wood pie
. (Zoology) See French pie , under French .
Pie transitive verb See Pi .
Piebald adjective [ Pie the party- colored bird + bald .]
1. Having spots and patches of black and white, or other colors; mottled; pied. "A piebald steed of Thracian strain." Dryden. 2. Fig.: Mixed. " Piebald languages." Hudibras.
[ Middle English pece
, French pièce
, Late Latin pecia
, probably of Celtic origin; confer W. peth
a thing, a part, portion, a little, Armor. pez
, Gael. & Ir. cuid
part, share. Confer Petty
.] 1. A fragment or part of anything separated from the whole, in any manner, as by cutting, splitting, breaking, or tearing; a part; a portion; as, a piece of sugar; to break in pieces .
Bring it out piece by piece . Ezek. xxiv. 6. 2. A definite portion or quantity, as of goods or work; as, a piece of broadcloth; a piece of wall paper. 3. Any one thing conceived of as apart from other things of the same kind; an individual article; a distinct single effort of a series; a definite performance
; especially: (a) A literary or artistic composition; as, a piece of poetry, music, or statuary. (b) A musket, gun, or cannon; as, a battery of six pieces ; a following piece . (c) A coin; as, a sixpenny piece ; -- formerly applied specifically to an English gold coin worth 22 shillings. (d) A fact; an item; as, a piece of news; a piece of knowledge. 4. An individual; -- applied to a person as being of a certain nature or quality; often, but not always, used slightingly or in contempt.
"If I had not been a piece
of a logician before I came to him." Sir P. Sidney.
Thy mother was a piece of virtue. Shak.
His own spirit is as unsettled a piece as there is in all the world. Coleridge. 5. (Chess) One of the superior men, distinguished from a pawn. 6. A castle; a fortified building.
[ Obsolete] Spenser. Of a piece
, of the same sort, as if taken from the same whole; like; -- sometimes followed by with . Dryden.
-- Piece of eight
, the Spanish piaster, formerly divided into eight reals.
-- To give a piece of one's mind to
, to speak plainly, bluntly, or severely to (another). Thackeray.
-- Piece broker
, one who buys shreds and remnants of cloth to sell again.
-- Piece goods
, goods usually sold by pieces or fixed portions, as shirtings, calicoes, sheetings, and the like.
Piece transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Pieced
; present participle & verbal noun Piecing
.] 1. To make, enlarge, or repair, by the addition of a piece or pieces; to patch; as, to piece a garment; -- often with out . Shak. 2. To unite; to join; to combine. Fuller.
His adversaries . . . pieced themselves together in a joint opposition against him. Fuller.
Piece intransitive verb To unite by a coalescence of parts; to fit together; to join. "It pieced better." Bacon.
Pieceless adjective Not made of pieces; whole; entire.
Piecely adverb In pieces; piecemeal. [ Obsolete]
[ Middle English pecemele
a piece + Anglo-Saxon m...lum
, dat. plural of m...l
part. See Meal
a portion.] 1. In pieces; in parts or fragments.
"On which it piecemeal
The beasts will tear thee piecemeal . Tennyson. 2. Piece by piece; by little and little in succession.
Piecemeal they win, this acre first, than that. Pope.
Piecemeal adjective Made up of parts or pieces; single; separate. "These piecemeal guilts." Gov. of Tongue.
Piecemeal noun A fragment; a scrap. R. Vaughan.
Piecemealed adjective Divided into pieces.
Piecener noun 1. One who supplies rolls of wool to the slubbing machine in woolen mills. 2. Same as Piecer , 2.
1. One who pieces; a patcher. 2. A child employed in spinning mill to tie together broken threads.
Piecework noun Work done by the piece or job; work paid for at a rate based on the amount of work done, rather than on the time employed.
The reaping was piecework , at so much per acre. R. Jefferies.
Pied imperfect & past participle of Pi , or Pie , v.
[ From Pie
the party- colored bird.] Variegated with spots of different colors; party- colored; spotted; piebald.
"Meadows trim with daisies pied
." Milton. Pied antelope (Zoology)
, the bontebok.
-- Pied-billed grebe (Zoology)
, the dabchick.
-- Pied blackbird (Zoology)
, any Asiatic thrush of the genus Turdulus .
-- Pied finch (Zoology) (a) The chaffinch. (b) The snow bunting
. [ Prov. Eng.] -- Pied flycatcher (Zoology)
, a common European flycatcher ( Ficedula atricapilla ). The male is black and white.
Piedmont adjective [ French pied foot + mont mountain.] (Geol.) Noting the region of foothills near the base of a mountain chain.
Piedmontite noun (Min.) A manganesian kind of epidote, from Piedmont . See Epidote .
Piedness noun The state of being pied. Shak.
Piédouche noun [ French, from Italian peduccio console, corbel.] A pedestal of small size, used to support small objects, as busts, vases, and the like.
Piedstall noun See Pedestal .
; plural Piemen A man who makes or sells pies.
[ Confer Danish pind
a peg.] See Peen .
Pieno adjective [ Italian , from Latin plenus full.] (Mus.) Full; having all the instruments.
Pieplant noun (Botany) A plant ( Rheum Rhaponticum ) the leafstalks of which are acid, and are used in making pies; the garden rhubarb.
Piepoudre, Piepowder noun [ Lit., dustyfoot, i. e., dusty-footed dealers, from French pied foot + poudreux dusty.] (O. Eng. Law) An ancient court of record in England, formerly incident to every fair and market, of which the steward of him who owned or had the toll was the judge. Blackstone.
[ Middle English pere
, Old French piere
a stone, French pierre
, from Latin petra
, Greek .... Confer Petrify
.] 1. (Architecture) (a) Any detached mass of masonry, whether insulated or supporting one side of an arch or lintel, as of a bridge; the piece of wall between two openings. (b) Any additional or auxiliary mass of masonry used to stiffen a wall. See Buttress . 2. A projecting wharf or landing place. Abutment pier
, the pier of a bridge next the shore; a pier which by its strength and stability resists the thrust of an arch.
-- Pier glass
, a mirror, of high and narrow shape, to be put up between windows.
-- Pier table
, a table made to stand between windows.
Pierce transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Pierced
; present participle & verbal noun Piercing
.] [ Middle English percen
, French percer
, Old French percier
; perhaps from (assumed) Late Latin pertusiare
, from Latin pertundere
, to beat, push, bore through; per
through + tundere
to beat: confer Old French pertuisier
to pierce, French pertuis
a hole. Confer Contuse
.] 1. To thrust into, penetrate, or transfix, with a pointed instrument.
. . . her tender side." Dryden. 2. To penetrate; to enter; to force a way into or through; to pass into or through; as, to pierce the enemy's line; a shot pierced the ship. 3. Fig.: To penetrate; to affect deeply; as, to pierce a mystery.
with grief." Pope.
Can no prayers pierce thee? Shak.
Pierce intransitive verb To enter; to penetrate; to make a way into or through something, as a pointed instrument does; -- used literally and figuratively.
And pierced to the skin, but bit no more. Spenser.
She would not pierce further into his meaning. Sir P. Sidney.
Pierceable adjective That may be pierced.
Pierced adjective Penetrated; entered; perforated.
Piercel noun [ Confer French perce .] A kind of gimlet for making vents in casks; -- called also piercer .
1. One who, or that which, pierces or perforates ; specifically: (a) An instrument used in forming eyelets; a stiletto. (b) A piercel. 2. (Zoology) (a) The ovipositor, or sting, of an insect. (b) An insect provided with an ovipositor.
Piercing adjective Forcibly entering, or adapted to enter, at or by a point; perforating; penetrating; keen; -- used also figuratively; as, a piercing instrument, or thrust. " Piercing eloquence." Shak. -- Pier"cing*ly , adverb -- Pier"cing*ness , noun