Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Pin transitive verb (Metal Working) To peen.
Pin transitive verb
[ Confer Pen
to confine, or Pinfold
.] To inclose; to confine; to pen; to pound.
[ Middle English pinne
, Anglo-Saxon pinn
a pin, peg; confer Dutch pin
, German pinne
, Icelandic pinni
, W. pin
, Gael. & Ir. pinne
; all from Latin pinna
a pinnacle, pin, feather, perhaps orig. a different word from pinna
feather. Confer Fin
of a fish, Pen
a feather.] 1. A piece of wood, metal, etc., generally cylindrical, used for fastening separate articles together, or as a support by which one article may be suspended from another; a peg; a bolt.
With pins of adamant Milton. 2. Especially, a small, pointed and headed piece of brass or other wire (commonly tinned), largely used for fastening clothes, attaching papers, etc. 3. Hence, a thing of small value; a trifle.
And chains they made all fast.
He . . . did not care a pin for her. Spectator. 4. That which resembles a pin in its form or use
; as: (a) A peg in musical instruments, for increasing or relaxing the tension of the strings. (b) A linchpin. (c) A rolling-pin. (d) A clothespin. (e) (Machinery) A short shaft, sometimes forming a bolt, a part of which serves as a journal.
of Knuckle joint
, under Knuckle
. (f) (Joinery) The tenon of a dovetail joint. 5. One of a row of pegs in the side of an ancient drinking cup to mark how much each man should drink. 6. The bull's eye, or center, of a target; hence, the center.
[ Obsolete] "The very pin
of his heart cleft." Shak. 7. Mood; humor.
[ Obsolete] "In merry pin
." Cowper. 8. (Medicine) Caligo. See Caligo . Shak. 9. An ornament, as a brooch or badge, fastened to the clothing by a pin; as, a Masonic pin . 10. The leg; as, to knock one off his pins .
[ Slang] Banking pin (Horol.)
, a pin against which a lever strikes, to limit its motion.
-- Pin drill (Mech.)
, a drill with a central pin or projection to enter a hole, for enlarging the hole, or for sinking a recess for the head of a bolt, etc.; a counterbore.
-- Pin grass
. (Botany) See Alfilaria .
-- Pin hole
, a small hole made by a pin; hence, any very small aperture or perforation.
-- Pin lock
, a lock having a cylindrical bolt; a lock in which pins, arranged by the key, are used instead of tumblers.
-- Pin money
, an allowance of money, as that made by a husband to his wife, for private and personal expenditure.
-- Pin rail (Nautical)
, a rail, usually within the bulwarks, to hold belaying pins. Sometimes applied to the fife rail . Called also pin rack .
-- Pin wheel
. (a) A contrate wheel in which the cogs are cylindrical pins
. (b) (Fireworks) A small coil which revolves on a common pin and makes a wheel of yellow or colored fire.
Pin transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Pinned
; present participle & verbal noun Pinning
.] [ See Pin
] To fasten with, or as with, a pin; to join; as, to pin a garment; to pin boards together.
"As if she would pin
her to her heart." Shak. To pin one's faith upon
, to depend upon; to trust to.
Pinacate bug [ Orig. uncert.] Any of several clumsy, wingless beetles of the genus Eleodes , found in the Pacific States.
Pinacoid noun [ Greek ..., ..., a tablet + -oid .] (Crystallog.) A plane parallel to two of the crystalline axes.
Pinacolin noun [ Pinac one + Latin ol eum oil.] (Chemistry) A colorless oily liquid related to the ketones, and obtained by the decomposition of pinacone; hence, by extension, any one of the series of which pinacolin proper is the type. [ Written also pinacoline .]
Pinacone noun [ From Greek ..., ..., a tablet. So called because it unites with water so as to form tablet- shaped crystals.] (Chemistry) A white crystalline substance related to the glycols, and made from acetone; hence, by extension, any one of a series of substances of which pinacone proper is the type. [ Written also pinakone .]
Pinacotheca noun [ Latin pinacotheca , from Greek ...; ..., ..., a picture + ... repisitory.] A picture gallery.
Pinafore noun [ Pin + afore .] An apron for a child to protect the front part of dress; a tier.
Pinakothek noun [ G.] Pinacotheca.
Pinaster noun [ Latin , from pinus a pine.] (Botany) A species of pine ( Pinus Pinaster ) growing in Southern Europe.
; plural Pinaces
. [ Latin , from Greek ... tablet.] A tablet; a register; hence, a list or scheme inscribed on a tablet.
[ R.] Sir T. Browne.
Pince-nez noun [ French pincer to pinch + nez nose.] Eyeglasses kept on the nose by a spring.
Pincers noun plural
[ Confer French pince
pinchers, from pincer
to pinch. See Pinch
.] See Pinchers .
Pinch transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Pinched
; present participle & verbal noun Pinching
.] [ French pincer
, probably from OD. pitsen
to pinch; akin to German pfetzen
to cut, pinch; perhaps of Celtic origin. Confer Piece
.] 1. To press hard or squeeze between the ends of the fingers, between teeth or claws, or between the jaws of an instrument; to squeeze or compress, as between any two hard bodies. 2. o seize; to grip; to bite; -- said of animals.
He [ the hound] pinched and pulled her down. Chapman. 3. To plait.
Full seemly her wimple ipinched was. Chaucer. 4. Figuratively: To cramp; to straiten; to oppress; to starve; to distress; as, to be pinched for money.
Want of room . . . pinching a whole nation. Sir W. Raleigh. 5. To move, as a railroad car, by prying the wheels with a pinch. See Pinch , noun , 4.
Pinch intransitive verb 1. To act with pressing force; to compress; to squeeze; as, the shoe pinches . 2. (Hunt.) To take hold; to grip, as a dog does.
[ Obsolete] 3. To spare; to be niggardly; to be covetous. Gower.
The wretch whom avarice bids to pinch and spare. Franklin. To pinch at
, to find fault with; to take exception to.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Pinch noun At a pinch , On a pinch , in an emergency; as, he could on a pinch read a little Latin.
1. A close compression, as with the ends of the fingers, or with an instrument; a nip. 2. As much as may be taken between the finger and thumb; any very small quantity; as, a pinch of snuff. 3. Pian; pang. "Necessary's sharp pinch ." Shak. 4. A lever having a projection at one end, acting as a fulcrum, -- used chiefly to roll heavy wheels, etc. Called also pinch bar .
Pinch transitive verb To seize by way of theft; to steal; also, to catch; to arrest. [ Slang] Robert Barr.
Pinchbeck noun [ Said to be from the name of the inventor; confer Italian prencisbecco .] An alloy of copper and zinc, resembling gold; a yellow metal, composed of about three ounces of zinc to a pound of copper. It is much used as an imitation of gold in the manufacture of cheap jewelry.
Pinchbeck adjective Made of pinchbeck; sham; cheap; spurious; unreal. "A pinchbeck throne." J. A. Symonds.
Pinchcock noun A clamp on a flexible pipe to regulate the flow of a fluid through the pipe.
Pinchem noun (Zoology) The European blue titmouse. [ Prov. Eng.]
Pincher noun One who, or that which, pinches.
Pinchers noun plural
[ From Pinch
.] An instrument having two handles and two grasping jaws working on a pivot; -- used for griping things to be held fast, drawing nails, etc.
» This spelling is preferable to pincers
, both on account of its derivation from the English pinch
, and because it represents the common pronunciation.
Pinchfist noun A closefisted person; a miser.
Pinching adjective Compressing; nipping; griping; niggardly; as, pinching cold; a pinching parsimony. Pinching bar
, a pinch bar. See Pinch , noun , 4.
-- Pinching nut
, a check nut. See under Check , noun
Pinchingly adverb In a pinching way.
Pinchpenny noun A miserly person.
Pincoffin noun [ From Pincoff , an English manufacturer.] A commercial preparation of garancin, yielding fine violet tints.
Pincpinc noun [ Named from its note.] (Zoology) An African wren warbler. ( Drymoica textrix ).
Pincushion noun A small cushion, in which pins may be stuck for use.
Pindal, Pindar noun [ Dutch piendel .] (Botany) The peanut ( Arachis hypogæa ); -- so called in the West Indies.
Pindaric adjective [ Latin Pindaricus , Greek ..., from ... (L. Pindarus ) Pindar: confer French pindarique .] Of or pertaining to Pindar, the Greek lyric poet; after the style and manner of Pindar; as, Pindaric odes. -- noun A Pindaric ode.
Pindarical adjective Pindaric.
Too extravagant and Pindarical for prose. Cowley.
Pindarism noun Imitation of Pindar.
Pindarist noun One who imitates Pindar.
Pinder noun [ Anglo-Saxon pyndan to pen up, from pund a pound.] One who impounds; a poundkeeper. [ Obsolete]
[ Anglo-Saxon pīn
, Latin poena
penalty. See Pain
.] Woe; torment; pain.
[ Obsolete] " Pyne
of hell." Chaucer.
Pine transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Pined
; present participle & verbal noun Pining
.] [ Anglo-Saxon pīnan
to torment, from pīn
torment. See 1st Pine
] 1. To inflict pain upon; to torment; to torture; to afflict.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer. Shak.
That people that pyned him to death. Piers Plowman.
One is pined in prison, another tortured on the rack. Bp. Hall. 2. To grieve or mourn for.
[ R.] Milton.
Pine intransitive verb 1. To suffer; to be afflicted.
[ Obsolete] 2. To languish; to lose flesh or wear away, under any distress or anexiety of mind; to droop; -- often used with away .
"The roses wither and the lilies pine
." Tickell. 3. To languish with desire; to waste away with longing for something; -- usually followed by for .
For whom, and not for Tybalt, Juliet pined . Shak. Syn.
-- To languish; droop; flag; wither; decay.
Pine-clad, Pine-crowned adjective Clad or crowned with pine trees; as, pine-clad hills.
Pine-tree State Maine; -- a nickname alluding to the pine tree in its coat of arms.
Pineal adjective [ Latin pinea the cone of a pine, from pineus of the pine, from pinus a pine: confer French pinéale .] Of or pertaining to a pine cone; resembling a pine cone. Pineal gland (Anat.) , a glandlike body in the roof of the third ventricle of the vertebrate brain; -- called also pineal body , epiphysis , conarium . In some animals it is connected with a rudimentary eye, the so-called pineal eye , and in other animals it is supposed to be the remnant of a dorsal median eye.
Pineapple noun (Botany) A tropical plant ( Ananassa sativa ); also, its fruit; -- so called from the resemblance of the latter, in shape and external appearance, to the cone of the pine tree. Its origin is unknown, though conjectured to be American.
Pinedrops noun (Botany) A reddish herb ( Pterospora andromedea ) of the United States, found parasitic on the roots of pine trees.
Pinefinch noun (Zoology) (a) A small American bird ( Spinus, or Chrysomitris, spinus ); -- called also pine siskin , and American siskin . (b) The pine grosbeak.
Pinenchyma noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... a tablet + -enchyma , as in parenchyma .] (Botany) Tabular parenchyma, a form of cellular tissue in which the cells are broad and flat, as in some kinds of epidermis.
; plural Pineries 1. A pine forest; a grove of pines. 2. A hothouse in which pineapples are grown.
Pinesap noun (Botany) A reddish fleshy herb of the genus Monotropa ( M. hypopitys ), formerly thought to be parasitic on the roots of pine trees, but more probably saprophytic.
Pinetum noun [ Latin , a pine grove.] A plantation of pine trees; esp., a collection of living pine trees made for ornamental or scientific purposes.