Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Pioner noun A pioneer. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Piony noun (Botany) See Peony .
[ See Piet
.] (Zoology) The magpie.
[ Obsolete or Prov. Eng. & Scot.] Holland.
[ Latin pius
: confer French pieux
.] 1. Of or pertaining to piety; exhibiting piety; reverential; dutiful; religious; devout; godly.
Where was the martial brother's pious care? Pope. 2. Practiced under the pretext of religion; prompted by mistaken piety; as, pious errors; pious frauds. Syn.
-- Godly; devout; religious; righteous.
Piously adverb In a pious manner.
[ Middle English pippe
, Dutch pip
, or French pépie
; from Late Latin pipita
, from Latin pituita
slime, phlegm, rheum, in fowls, the pip. Confer Pituite
.] A contagious disease of fowls, characterized by hoarseness, discharge from the nostrils and eyes, and an accumulation of mucus in the mouth, forming a "scale" on the tongue. By some the term pip is restricted to this last symptom, the disease being called roup by them.
[ Formerly pippin
. Confer Pippin
.] (Botany) A seed, as of an apple or orange.
[ Perh. for pick
, French pique
a spade at cards, a pike. Confer Pique
.] One of the conventional figures or "spots" on playing cards, dominoes, etc. Addison.
Pip intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Pipped
; present participle & verbal noun Pipping
.] [ See Peep
.] To cry or chirp, as a chicken; to peep.
To hear the chick pip and cry in the egg. Boyle.
; plural Pipas (Zoology) The Surinam toad ( Pipa Americana ), noted for its peculiar breeding habits.
» The male places the eggs on the back of the female, where they soon become inclosed in capsules formed by the thickening of the skin. The incubation of the eggs takes place in the capsules, and the young, when hatched, come forth with well developed legs.
Pipage noun Transportation, as of petroleum oil, by means of a pipe conduit; also, the charge for such transportation.
[ Anglo-Saxon pīpe
, probably from Latin pipare
, to chirp; of imitative origin. Confer Peep
.] 1. A wind instrument of music, consisting of a tube or tubes of straw, reed, wood, or metal; any tube which produces musical sounds; as, a shepherd's pipe ; the pipe of an organ.
"Tunable as sylvan pipe
Now had he rather hear the tabor and the pipe . Shak. 2. Any long tube or hollow body of wood, metal, earthenware, or the like: especially, one used as a conductor of water, steam, gas, etc. 3. A small bowl with a hollow steam, -- used in smoking tobacco, and, sometimes, other substances. 4. A passageway for the air in speaking and breathing; the windpipe, or one of its divisions. 5. The key or sound of the voice.
[ R.] Shak. 6. The peeping whistle, call, or note of a bird.
The earliest pipe of half-awakened birds. Tennyson. 7. plural The bagpipe; as, the pipes of Lucknow. 8. (Mining) An elongated body or vein of ore. 9. A roll formerly used in the English exchequer, otherwise called the Great Roll , on which were taken down the accounts of debts to the king; -- so called because put together like a pipe. Mozley & W. 10. (Nautical) A boatswain's whistle, used to call the crew to their duties; also, the sound of it. 11.
[ Confer French pipe
, from pipe
a wind instrument, a tube, from Latin pipare
to chirp. See Etymol. above.] A cask usually containing two hogsheads, or 126 wine gallons; also, the quantity which it contains. Pipe fitter
, one who fits pipes together, or applies pipes, as to an engine or a building.
-- Pipe fitting
, a piece, as a coupling, an elbow, a valve, etc., used for connecting lengths of pipe or as accessory to a pipe.
-- Pipe office
, an ancient office in the Court of Exchequer, in which the clerk of the pipe made out leases of crown lands, accounts of cheriffs, etc.
[ Eng.] -- Pipe tree (Botany)
, the lilac and the mock orange; -- so called because their were formerly used to make pipe stems; -- called also pipe privet .
-- Pipe wrench
, or Pipetongs
, a jawed tool for gripping a pipe, in turning or holding it.
-- To smoke the pipe of peace
, to smoke from the same pipe in token of amity or preparatory to making a treaty of peace, -- a custom of the American Indians.
Pipe intransitive verb 1. To play on a pipe, fife, flute, or other tubular wind instrument of music.
We have piped unto you, and ye have not danced. Matt. xi. 17. 2. (Nautical) To call, convey orders, etc., by means of signals on a pipe or whistle carried by a boatswain. 3. To emit or have a shrill sound like that of a pipe; to whistle.
"Oft in the piping
shrouds." Wordsworth. 4. (Metal.) To become hollow in the process of solodifying; -- said of an ingot, as of steel.
Pipe transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Piped
; present participle & verbal noun Piping
.] 1. To perform, as a tune, by playing on a pipe, flute, fife, etc.; to utter in the shrill tone of a pipe.
A robin . . . was piping a few querulous notes. W. Irving. 2. (Nautical) To call or direct, as a crew, by the boatswain's whistle.
As fine a ship's company as was ever piped aloft. Marryat. 3. To furnish or equip with pipes; as, to pipe an engine, or a building.
Pipe clay (klā`). A plastic, unctuous clay of a grayish white color, -- used in making tobacco pipes and various kinds of earthenware, in scouring cloth, and in cleansing soldiers' equipments.
Pipe line A line of pipe with pumping machinery and apparatus for conveying liquids, esp. petroleum, between distant points.
Pipe-line transitive verb To convey by a pipe line; to furnish with a pipe line or pipe lines.
Pipeclay transitive verb
1. To whiten or clean with pipe clay, as a soldier's accouterments. 2. To clear off; as, to pipeclay accounts. [ Slang, Eng.]
Piped adjective Formed with a pipe; having pipe or pipes; tubular.
Pipefish noun (Zoology) Any lophobranch fish of the genus Siphostoma , or Syngnathus , and allied genera, having a long and very slender angular body, covered with bony plates. The mouth is small, at the end of a long, tubular snout. The male has a pouch on his belly, in which the incubation of the eggs takes place.
Pipelayer noun , or Pipe" lay`er
1. One who lays conducting pipes in the ground, as for water, gas, etc. 2. (Polit. Cant) A politician who works in secret; -- in this sense, usually written as one word. [ U.S.]
Pipelaying noun , or Pipe" lay`ing
1. The laying of conducting pipes underground, as for water, gas, etc. 2. (Polit. Cant) The act or method of making combinations for personal advantage secretly or slyly; -- in this sense, usually written as one word. [ U.S.]
Pipemouth noun (Zoology) Any fish of the genus Fistularia; -- called also tobacco pipefish . See Fistularia .
[ Latin ] See Pepper .
Piper noun To pay the piper , to bear the cost, expense, or trouble.
1. (Mus.) One who plays on a pipe, or the like, esp. on a bagpipe. "The hereditary piper and his sons." Macaulay. 2. (Zoology) (a) A common European gurnard ( Trigla lyra ), having a large head, with prominent nasal projection, and with large, sharp, opercular spines. (b) A sea urchin ( Goniocidaris hystrix ) having very long spines, native of both the American and European coasts.
Piperaceous adjective [ Latin piper pepper.] (Botany) Of or pertaining to the order of plants ( Piperaceæ ) of which the pepper ( Piper nigrum ) is the type. There are about a dozen genera and a thousand species, mostly tropical plants with pungent and aromatic qualities.
Piperazine noun Also - zin [ Piper idine + az ote + -ine .] (Chemistry) A crystalline substance, (C 2 H 4 NH) 2 , formed by action of ammonia on ethylene bromide, by reduction of pyrazine, etc. It is a strong base, and is used as a remedy for gout.
Piperic (pi*pĕr"ĭk) adjective (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or derived from, or designating, a complex organic acid found in the products of different members of the Pepper family, and extracted as a yellowish crystalline substance.
Piperidine noun (Chemistry) An oily liquid alkaloid, C 5 H 11 N, having a hot, peppery, ammoniacal odor. It is related to pyridine, and is obtained by the decomposition of piperine.
Piperine noun [ Latin piper pepper: confer French piperin , piperine .] (Chemistry) A white crystalline compound of piperidine and piperic acid. It is obtained from the black pepper ( Piper nigrum ) and other species.
Piperonal noun (Chemistry) A white crystalline substance obtained by oxidation of piperic acid, and regarded as a complex aldehyde.
Piperylene noun [ Piper idine + acet ylene .] (Chemistry) A hydrocarbon obtained by decomposition of certain piperidine derivatives.
Pipestem noun The hollow stem or tube of a pipe used for smoking tobacco, etc.
Took a long reed for a pipestem . Longfellow.
Pipestone noun A kind of clay slate, carved by the Indians into tobacco pipes. Confer Catlinite .
Pipette noun [ French, dim. of pipe .] A small glass tube, often with an enlargement or bulb in the middle, and usually graduated, -- used for transferring or delivering measured quantities.
Pipevine noun (Botany) The Dutchman's pipe. See under Dutchman .
Pipevine noun Any climbing species of Aristolochia ; esp., the Dutchman's pipe ( A. sipho ).
Pipewood noun An ericaceous shrub ( Leucothoë acuminata ) of the southern United States, from the wood of which pipe bowls are made.
Pipewort noun (Botany) Any plant of a genus ( Eriocaulon ) of aquatic or marsh herbs with soft grass-like leaves.
[ From Pipe
] 1. Playing on a musical pipe.
"Lowing herds and piping swains
." Swift. 2. Peaceful; favorable to, or characterized by, the music of the pipe rather than of the drum and fife. Shak. 3. Emitting a high, shrill sound. 4. Simmering; boiling; sizzling; hissing; -- from the sound of boiling fluids. Piping crow
, Piping crow shrike
, Piping roller (Zoology)
, any Australian bird of the genus Gymnorhina , esp. G. tibicen , which is black and white, and the size of a small crow. Called also caruck .
-- Piping frog (Zoology)
, a small American tree frog ( Hyla Pickeringii ) which utters a high, shrill note in early spring.
-- Piping hot
, boiling hot; hissing hot; very hot.
[ Colloq.] Milton.
1. A small cord covered with cloth, -- used as trimming for women's dresses. 2. Pipes, collectively; as, the piping of a house. 3. The act of playing on a pipe; the shrill noted of birds, etc. 4. A piece cut off to be set or planted; a cutting; also, propagation by cuttings.
Pipistrel, Pipistrelle noun [ French pipistrelle , Italian pipistrello .] (Zoology) A small European bat ( Vesperugo pipistrellus ); -- called also flittermouse .
Pipit noun [ So named from its call note.] (Zoology) Any one of numerous species of small singing birds belonging to Anthus and allied genera, of the family Motacillidæ . They strongly resemble the true larks in habits, colors, and the great length of the hind claw. They are, therefore, often called titlarks , and pipit larks . » The meadow pipit ( Anthus pratensis ); the tree pipit , or tree lark ( A. trivialis ); and the rock pipit , or sea lark ( A. obscurus ) are well-known European species. The common American pipit , or brown lark, is Anthus Pensilvanicus . The Western species ( A. Spraguei ) is called the American skylark , on account of its musical powers.
[ Dim. of Pipe
.] A small earthen boiler.
[ Probably from Middle English pippin
a seed, as being raised from the seed. See Pip
a seed.] (Botany) (a) An apple from a tree raised from the seed and not grafted; a seedling apple. (b) A name given to apples of several different kinds, as Newtown pippin , summer pippin , fall pippin , golden pippin .
We will eat a last year's pippin . Shak. Normandy pippins
, sun-dried apples for winter use.
; plural Pipras
. [ New Latin , from Greek ... a woodpecker.] (Zoology) Any one of numerous species of small clamatorial birds belonging to Pipra and allied genera, of the family Pipridæ . The male is usually glossy black, varied with scarlet, yellow, or sky blue. They chiefly inhabit South America.
Piprine adjective (Zoology) Of or pertaining to the pipras, or the family Pipridæ .