Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Pisé noun [ French pisé , from piser to stamp, pound, Latin pisare .] (Architecture) A species of wall made of stiff earth or clay rammed in between molds which are carried up as the wall rises; -- called also pisé work . Gwilt.
Pish interj. An exclamation of contempt.
Pish intransitive verb To express contempt. Pope.
Pishu noun (Zoology) The Canada lynx. [ Written also peeshoo .]
Pisiform adjective [ Latin pisum a pea + -form : confer French pisiforme .] Resembling a pea or peas in size and shape; as, a pisiform iron ore.
Pisiform noun (Anat.) A small bone on the ulnar side of the carpus in man and many mammals. See Illust. of Artiodactyla .
; so called because it discharges a moisture vulgarly considered urine. See Mire
an ant.] (Zoology) An ant, or emmet.
Pisolite noun [ Greek ... a pea + - lite : confer French pisolithe .] (Min.) A variety of calcite, or calcium carbonate, consisting of aggregated globular concretions about the size of a pea; -- called also peastone , peagrit . » Oölite is similar in structure, but the concretions are as small as the roe of a fish.
Pisolitic adjective [ Confer French pisolithique .] (Min.) Composed of, containing, or resembling, pisolite.
Pisophalt noun [ For pissasphalt .] (Min.) Pissasphalt. [ Obsolete]
Piss transitive verb & i. [ Middle English pissen , French pisser ; akin to Italian pisciare , D. & German pissen , Danish pisse , Icelandic pissa .] To discharge urine, to urinate. Shak.
Piss noun Urine.
Pissabed noun (Botany) A name locally applied to various wild plants, as dandelion, bluet, oxeye daisy, etc.
Pissasphalt noun [ Latin pissasphaltus , Greek ...; ... pitch + ... asphalt: confer French pissasphalte .] (Min.) Earth pitch; a soft, black bitumen of the consistence of tar, and of a strong smell. It is inflammable, and intermediate between petroleum and asphalt. [ Written also pisasphaltum , pisasphalt , etc.]
Pist noun (Man.) See Piste .
[ Middle English pistace
, from French pistache
. See Pistachio
.] (Botany) The anacardiaceous tree Pistacia vera , which yields the pistachio nut; also, the nut itself and the flavoring extract prepared from it.
[ Italian pistacchio
(cf. Spanish pistacho
, French pistache
), from Latin pistacium
, Greek ..., ..., from Persian pistah
. Confer Fistinut
.] (Botany) The nut of the Pistacia vera , a tree of the order Anacardiaceæ , containing a kernel of a pale greenish color, which has a pleasant taste, resembling that of the almond, and yields an oil of agreeable taste and odor; -- called also pistachio nut . It is wholesome and nutritive. The tree grows in Arabia, Persia, Syria, and Sicily.
[ Written also pistachia
1. The small anacardiaceous tree, of southern Europe and Asia Minor, which bears the pistachio nut. 2. (Cookery) The flavor of the pistachio nut, or an ice or confection flavored with it. 3. Pistachio green.
Pistachio green A light yellowish green color resembling that of the pistachio nut.
[ New Latin See Pistachio
.] (Botany) The name of a genus of trees, including the tree which bears the pistachio, the Mediterranean mastic tree ( Pistacia Lentiscus ), and the species ( P. Terebinthus ) which yields Chian or Cyprus turpentine.
[ Confer French pistacite
. So called from its green color. See Pistachio
.] (Min.) Epidote.
Pistareen noun An old Spanish silver coin of the value of about twenty cents.
Piste noun [ French, from Latin pisere , pinsere , pistum , to pound.] (Min.) The track or tread a horseman makes upon the ground he goes over. Johnson.
Pistel, Pistil noun An epistle. [ Obsolete]
Pistic adjective [ Latin pisticus , Greek ....] Pure; genuine. [ R.] Jer. Taylor.
[ Latin pistillum
, a pestle: confer French pistil
. See Pestle
.] (Botany) The seed-bearing organ of a flower. It consists of an ovary, containing the ovules or rudimentary seeds, and a stigma, which is commonly raised on an elongated portion called a style . When composed of one carpel a pistil is simple; when composed of several, it is compound. See Illust. of Flower , and Ovary .
Pistillaceous adjective (Botany) Growing on, or having nature of, the pistil; of or pertaining to a pistil. Barton.
Pistillate adjective (Botany) Having a pistil or pistils; -- usually said of flowers having pistils but no stamens.
Pistillation noun [ Latin pistillum a pestle.] The act of pounding or breaking in a mortar; pestillation. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.
; plural Pistillida
. [ New Latin , from English pistil
.] (Botany) Same as Archegonium .
Pistilliferous adjective [ Pistil + -ferous : confer French pistillifère .] (Botany) Pistillate.
Pistillody noun [ Pistil + Greek ... form.] (Botany) The metamorphosis of other organs into pistils.
[ French pistole
, Italian pistola
; probably from a form Pistola
, for Pistoja
, a town in Italy where pistols were first made. Confer Pistole
.] The smallest firearm used, intended to be fired from one hand, -- now of many patterns, and bearing a great variety of names. See Illust. of Revolver . Pistol carbine
, a firearm with a removable but-piece, and thus capable of being used either as a pistol or a carbine.
-- Pistol pipe (Metal.)
, a pipe in which the blast for a furnace is heated, resembling a pistol in form.
-- Pistol shot
. (a) The discharge of a pistol
. (b) The distance to which a pistol can propel a ball.
Pistol transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Pistoled
; present participle & verbal noun Pistoling
.] [ Confer French pistoler
.] To shoot with a pistol.
a poacher." Sydney Smith.
Pistolade noun [ French] A pistol shot.
[ French, probably a name given in jest in France to a Spanish coin. Confer Pistol
.] The name of certain gold coins of various values formerly coined in some countries of Europe. In Spain it was equivalent to a quarter doubloon, or about $3.90, and in Germany and Italy nearly the same. There was an old Italian pistole worth about $5.40.
Pistoleer noun [ Confer French pistolier .] One who uses a pistol. [ R.] Carlyle.
Pistolet noun [ French, a dim. of pistole .] A small pistol. Donne. Beau. & Fl.
[ French piston
; confer Italian pistone
piston, also pestone
a large pestle; all from Latin pinsere
, to pound, to stamp. See Pestle
.] (Machinery) A sliding piece which either is moved by, or moves against, fluid pressure. It usually consists of a short cylinder fitting within a cylindrical vessel along which it moves, back and forth. It is used in steam engines to receive motion from the steam, and in pumps to transmit motion to a fluid; also for other purposes. Piston head (Steam Eng.)
, that part of a piston which is made fast to the piston rod.
-- Piston rod
, a rod by which a piston is moved, or by which it communicates motion.
-- Piston valve (Steam Eng.)
, a slide valve, consisting of a piston, or connected pistons, working in a cylindrical case which is provided with ports that are traversed by the valve.
Piston ring (Machinery) A spring packing ring, or any of several such rings, for a piston.
[ Middle English pit
, Anglo-Saxon pytt
a pit, hole, Latin puteus
a well, pit.] 1. A large cavity or hole in the ground, either natural or artificial; a cavity in the surface of a body; an indentation
; specifically: (a) The shaft of a coal mine; a coal pit. (b) A large hole in the ground from which material is dug or quarried; as, a stone pit ; a gravel pit ; or in which material is made by burning; as, a lime pit ; a charcoal pit . (c) A vat sunk in the ground; as, a tan pit .
Tumble me into some loathsome pit . Shak. 2. Any abyss; especially, the grave, or hades.
Back to the infernal pit I drag thee chained. Milton.
He keepth back his soul from the pit . Job xxxiii. 18. 3. A covered deep hole for entrapping wild beasts; a pitfall; hence, a trap; a snare. Also used figuratively.
The anointed of the Lord was taken in their pits . Lam. iv. 20. 4. A depression or hollow in the surface of the human body
; as: (a) The hollow place under the shoulder or arm; the axilla, or armpit. (b) See Pit of the stomach (below). (c) The indentation or mark left by a pustule, as in smallpox. 5. Formerly, that part of a theater, on the floor of the house, below the level of the stage and behind the orchestra; now, in England, commonly the part behind the stalls; in the United States, the parquet; also, the occupants of such a part of a theater. 6. An inclosed area into which gamecocks, dogs, and other animals are brought to fight, or where dogs are trained to kill rats.
"As fiercely as two gamecocks in the pit
." Locke. 7.
[ Confer Dutch pit
, akin to English pith
.] (Botany) (a) The endocarp of a drupe, and its contained seed or seeds; a stone; as, a peach pit ; a cherry pit , etc. (b) A depression or thin spot in the wall of a duct. Cold pit (Hort.)
, an excavation in the earth, lined with masonry or boards, and covered with glass, but not artificially heated, -- used in winter for the storing and protection of half-hardly plants, and sometimes in the spring as a forcing bed.
-- Pit coal
, coal dug from the earth; mineral coal.
-- Pit frame
, the framework over the shaft of a coal mine.
-- Pit head
, the surface of the ground at the mouth of a pit or mine.
-- Pit kiln
, an oven for coking coal.
-- Pit martin (Zoology)
, the bank swallow.
[ Prov. Eng.] -- Pit of the stomach (Anat.)
, the depression on the middle line of the epigastric region of the abdomen at the lower end of the sternum; the infrasternal depression.
-- Pit saw (Mech.)
, a saw worked by two men, one of whom stands on the log and the other beneath it. The place of the latter is often in a pit, whence the name.
-- Pit viper (Zoology)
, any viperine snake having a deep pit on each side of the snout. The rattlesnake and copperhead are examples.
- - Working pit (Min.)
, a shaft in which the ore is hoisted and the workmen carried; -- in distinction from a shaft used for the pumps.
Pit transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Pitted
; present participle & verbal noun Pitting
.] 1. To place or put into a pit or hole.
They lived like beasts, and were pitted like beasts, tumbled into the grave. T. Grander. 2. To mark with little hollows, as by various pustules; as, a face pitted by smallpox. 3. To introduce as an antagonist; to set forward for or in a contest; as, to pit one dog against another.
Pita noun [ Spanish ] (Botany) (a) A fiber obtained from the Agave Americana and other related species, -- used for making cordage and paper. Called also pita fiber , and pita thread . (b) The plant which yields the fiber.
Pitahaya noun [ Spanish , probably from the native name.] (Botany) A cactaceous shrub ( Cereus Pitajaya ) of tropical America, which yields a delicious fruit.
Pitapat adverb [ An onomatopoetic reduplication of pat a light, quick blow.] In a flutter; with palpitation or quick succession of beats. Lowell. "The fox's heart went pitapat ." L'Estrange.
Pitapat noun A light, repeated sound; a pattering, as of the rain. "The pitapat of a pretty foot." Dryden.