Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Philopolemic, Philopolemical adjective [ Greek ... fond of war, warlike; ... loving + ... war.] Fond of polemics or controversy. [ R.]
Philoprogenitive adjective Having the love of offspring; fond of children.
Philoprogenitiveness noun [ Philo- + Latin progenies offspring.] (Phren.) The love of offspring; fondness for children.
Philosophaster noun [ Latin , a bad philosopher, from philosophus : confer Old French philosophastre .] A pretender to philosophy. [ Obsolete] Dr. H. More.
Philosophate intransitive verb [ Latin philosophatus , past participle of philosophari to philosophize.] To play the philosopher; to moralize. [ Obsolete] Barrow.
Philosophation noun Philosophical speculation and discussion. [ Obsolete] Sir W. Petty.
Philosophe noun [ French, a philosopher.] A philosophaster; a philosopher. [ R.] Carlyle.
[ Greek ..., from ... to love knowledge.] A philosophical proposition, doctrine, or principle of reasoning.
This, the most venerable, and perhaps the most ancient, of Grecian myths, is a philosopheme . Coleridge.
[ Middle English philosophre
, French philosophe
, Latin philosophus
, Greek ...; ... loving + ... wise. Confer Philosophy
.] 1. One who philosophizes; one versed in, or devoted to, philosophy.
Then certain philosophers of the Epicureans, and of the Stoics, encountered him. Acts xvii. 18. 2. One who reduces the principles of philosophy to practice in the conduct of life; one who lives according to the rules of practical wisdom; one who meets or regards all vicissitudes with calmness. 3. An alchemist.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer. Philosopher's stone
, an imaginary stone which the alchemists formerly sought as instrument of converting the baser metals into gold.
Philosophic, Philosophical adjective [ Latin philosophicus : confer French philosophique .] Of or pertaining to philosophy; versed in, or imbued with, the principles of philosophy; hence, characterizing a philosopher; rational; wise; temperate; calm; cool. -- Phil`o*soph"ic*al*ly , adverb
Philosophism noun [ Confer French philosophisme .] Spurious philosophy; the love or practice of sophistry. Carlyle.
Philosophist noun [ Confer French philosophiste .] A pretender in philosophy.
Philosophistic, Philosophistical adjective Of or pertaining to the love or practice of sophistry. [ R.]
Philosophize intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Philosophized
; present participle & verbal noun Philosophizing
.] To reason like a philosopher; to search into the reason and nature of things; to investigate phenomena, and assign rational causes for their existence.
Man philosophizes as he lives. He may philosophize well or ill, but philosophize he must. Sir W. Hamilton.
Philosophizer noun One who philosophizes.
; plural Philosophies
. [ Middle English philosophie
, French philosophie
, Latin philosophia
, from Greek .... See Philosopher
.] 1. Literally, the love of, including the search after, wisdom; in actual usage, the knowledge of phenomena as explained by, and resolved into, causes and reasons, powers and laws.
» When applied to any particular department of knowledge, philosophy
denotes the general laws or principles under which all the subordinate phenomena or facts relating to that subject are comprehended. Thus philosophy
, when applied to God and the divine government, is called theology
; when applied to material objects, it is called physics
; when it treats of man, it is called anthropology
, with which are connected logic
; when it treats of the necessary conceptions and relations by which philosophy
is possible, it is called metaphysics
. » " Philosophy
has been defined: tionscience of things divine and human, and the causes in which they are contained; -- the science of effects by their causes; -- the science of sufficient reasons; -- the science of things possible, inasmuch as they are possible; -- the science of things evidently deduced from first principles; -- the science of truths sensible and abstract; -- the application of reason to its legitimate objects; -- the science of the relations of all knowledge to the necessary ends of human reason; -- the science of the original form of the ego, or mental self; -- the science of science; -- the science of the absolute; -- the scienceof the absolute indifference of the ideal and real." Sir W. Hamilton. 2. A particular philosophical system or theory; the hypothesis by which particular phenomena are explained.
[ Books] of Aristotle and his philosophie . Chaucer.
We shall in vain interpret their words by the notions of our philosophy and the doctrines in our school. Locke. 3. Practical wisdom; calmness of temper and judgment; equanimity; fortitude; stoicism; as, to meet misfortune with philosophy .
Then had he spent all his philosophy . Chaucer. 4. Reasoning; argumentation.
Of good and evil much they argued then, . . . Milton. 5. The course of sciences read in the schools. Johnson. 6. A treatise on philosophy. Philosophy of the Academy
Vain wisdom all, and false philosophy .
, that of Plato, who taught his disciples in a grove in Athens called the Academy.
-- Philosophy of the Garden
, that of Epicurus, who taught in a garden in Athens.
-- Philosophy of the Lyceum
, that of Aristotle, the founder of the Peripatetic school, who delivered his lectures in the Lyceum at Athens.
-- Philosophy of the Porch
, that of Zeno and the Stoics; -- so called because Zeno of Citium and his successors taught in the porch of the Poicile, a great hall in Athens.
Philostorgy noun [ Greek ...; ... loving + ... affection.] Natural affection, as of parents for their children. [ R.]
Philotechnic, Philotechnical adjective [ Philo- + Greek ... an art: confer French philotechnique .] Fond of the arts. [ R.]
Philter noun [ French philtre , Latin philtrum , Greek ..., from ... to love, ... dear, loving.] A potion or charm intended to excite the passion of love. [ Written also philtre .] Addison.
Philter transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Philtered
; present participle & verbal noun Philtering
.] 1. To impregnate or mix with a love potion; as, to philter a draught. 2. To charm to love; to excite to love or sexual desire by a potion. Gov. of Tongue.
Phimosis noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... a muzzling, from ... muzzle.] (Medicine) A condition of the penis in which the prepuce can not be drawn back so as to uncover the glans penis.
Phitoness noun Pythoness; witch. [ Obsolete]
; plural Phizes
. [ Contr. from physiognomy
.] The face or visage.
[ Colloq.] Cowper.
Phlebitis noun [ New Latin , from Greek ..., ..., a vein + -itis .] (Medicine) Inflammation of a vein.
Phlebogram noun [ Greek ..., ... + -gram .] (Physiol.) A tracing (with the sphygmograph) of the movements of a vein, or of the venous pulse.
Phlebolite, Phlebolith noun [ Greek ..., ..., a vein + -lite , - lith .] (Medicine) A small calcareous concretion formed in a vein; a vein stone.
Phlebology noun [ Greek ..., ..., a vein + -logy .] A branch of anatomy which treats of the veins.
Phlebotomist noun [ Confer French phlébotomiste .] (Medicine) One who practiced phlebotomy.
Phlebotomize transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Phlebotomized
; present participle & verbal noun Phlebotomizing
.] [ Confer French phlébotomiser
.] To let blood from by opening a vein; to bleed.
[ R.] Howell.
[ Latin phlebotomia
, Greek ...; ..., ..., a vein + ... to cut: confer French phlébotomie
. Confer Fleam
.] (Medicine) The act or practice of opening a vein for letting blood, in the treatment of disease; venesection; bloodletting.
[ Latin , from Greek ..., propast participle pr. of ... to blaze.] (Class Myth.) One of the principal rivers of Hades, in the channel of which fire flowed instead of water.
Fierce Phlegethon , Milton.
Whose waves of torrent fire inflame with rage.
[ French phlegme
, Latin phlegma
, from Greek ... a flame, inflammation, phlegm, a morbid, clammy humor in the body, from ... to burn. Confer Phlox
, and Fluminate
.] 1. One of the four humors of which the ancients supposed the blood to be composed. See Humor . Arbuthnot. 2. (Physiol.) Viscid mucus secreted in abnormal quantity in the respiratory and digestive passages. 3. (Old Chem.) A watery distilled liquor, in distinction from a spirituous liquor. Crabb. 4. Sluggishness of temperament; dullness; want of interest; indifference; coldness.
They judge with fury, but they write with phlegm . Pope.
Phlegmagogue noun [ Greek ... carrying of phlegm; ... phlegm + ... to lead.] (Old Med.) A medicine supposed to expel phlegm.
[ New Latin , from Greek .... See Phlegm
.] (Medicine) An inflammation; more particularly, an inflammation of the internal organs.
[ Latin phlegmaticus
, Greek ...: confer French phlegmatique
.] 1. Watery.
[ Obsolete] "Aqueous and phlegmatic
." Sir I. Newton. 2. Abounding in phlegm; as, phlegmatic humors; a phlegmatic constitution. Harvey. 3. Generating or causing phlegm.
"Cold and phlegmatic
habitations." Sir T. Browne. 4. Not easily excited to action or passion; cold; dull; sluggish; heavy; as, a phlegmatic person. Addison. Phlegmatic temperament (Old Physiol.)
, lymphatic temperament. See under Lymphatic .
Phlegmatical adjective Phlegmatic. Ash.
Phlegmatically adverb In a phlegmatic manner.
Phlegmaticly adjective Phlegmatically. [ Obsolete]
Phlegmon noun [ Latin phlegmone , phlegmon , inflammation beneath the skin, Greek ..., from ... to burn: confer French phlegmon .] (Medicine) Purulent inflammation of the cellular or areolar tissue.
Phlegmonous adjective [ Confer French phlegmoneux .] Having the nature or properties of phlegmon; as, phlegmonous pneumonia. Harvey.
Phleme noun (Surg. & Far.) See Fleam .
Phleum noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... a kind of marsh plant.] (Botany) A genus of grasses, including the timothy ( Phleum pratense ), which is highly valued for hay; cat's-tail grass. Gray.
Phloëm noun [ Greek ... bark.] (Botany) That portion of fibrovascular bundles which corresponds to the inner bark; the liber tissue; -- distinguished from xylem .
Phlogistian noun A believer in the existence of phlogiston.
1. (Old Chem.) Of or pertaining to phlogiston, or to belief in its existence. 2. (Medicine) Inflammatory; belonging to inflammations and fevers.
Phlogistical adjective (Old Chem.) Phlogistic.
Phlogisticate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Phlogisticated
; present participle & verbal noun Phlogisticating
.] (Old Chem.) To combine phlogiston with; -- usually in the form and sense of the past participle or the adj. ; as, highly phlogisticated substances.
Phlogistication noun (Old Chem.) The act or process of combining with phlogiston.
[ New Latin , from Greek ... burnt, set on fire, from ... to set on fire, to burn, from ..., ..., a flame, blaze. See Phlox
.] (Old Chem.) The hypothetical principle of fire, or inflammability, regarded by Stahl as a chemical element.
» This was supposed to be united with combustible ( phlogisticated
) bodies and to be separated from incombustible ( dephlogisticated
) bodies, the phenomena of flame and burning being the escape of phlogiston. Soot and sulphur were regarded as nearly pure phlogiston. The essential principle of this theory was, that combustion was a decomposition rather than the union and combination which it has since been shown to be.
Phlogogenous adjective [ Greek ..., ... fire + -genous .] (Medicine) Causing inflammation.