Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Jilt noun [ Contr. from Scot. jillet a giddy girl, a jill-flirt, dim. of jill a jill.] A woman who capriciously deceives her lover; a coquette; a flirt. Otway.

Jilt transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Jilted ; present participle & verbal noun Jilting .] To cast off capriciously or unfeelingly, as a lover; to deceive in love. Locke.

Jilt intransitive verb To play the jilt; to practice deception in love; to discard lovers capriciously. Congreve.

Jim Crow A negro; -- said to be so called from a popular negro song and dance, the refrain of which is "Wheel about and turn about and jump Jim Crow," produced in 1835 by T. D. Rice, a famous negro minstrel. [ Slang, U. S.]

Jim-crow noun (Machinery)
1. A machine for bending or straightening rails.

2. A planing machine with a reversing tool, to plane both ways.

Jimcrack noun See Gimcrack .

Jimmy noun ; plural Jimmies . [ Confer Jemmy .] A short crowbar used by burglars in breaking open doors. [ Written also jemmy .]

Jimp adjective [ Confer Gimp , adjective ] Neat; handsome; elegant. See Gimp .

Jimson weed See Jamestown weed . [ Local, U.S.]

Jin, Jinn noun See Jinnee . "Solomon is said to have had power over the jin ." Balfour (Cyc. of India).

Jingal noun [ Hind. jangāl a swivel, a large musket.] A small portable piece of ordnance, mounted on a swivel. [ Written also gingal and jingall .] [ India]

Jingle intransitive verb [ Middle English gingelen , ginglen ; probably akin to English chink ; confer also English jangle .]


1. To sound with a fine, sharp, rattling, clinking, or tinkling sound; as, sleigh bells jingle . [ Written also gingle .]

2. To rhyme or sound with a jingling effect. " Jingling street ballads." Macaulay.

Jingle transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Jingled ; present participle & verbal noun Jingling .] To cause to give a sharp metallic sound as a little bell, or as coins shaken together; to tinkle.

The bells she jingled , and the whistle blew.
Pope.

Jingle noun
1. A rattling, clinking, or tinkling sound, as of little bells or pieces of metal.

2. That which makes a jingling sound, as a rattle.

If you plant where savages are, do not only entertain them with trifles and jingles , but use them justly.
Bacon.

3. A correspondence of sound in rhymes, especially when the verse has little merit; hence, the verse itself. " The least jingle of verse." Guardian.

Jingle shell . See Gold shell (b) , under Gold .

Jingler noun One who, or that which, jingles.

Jingling noun The act or process of producing a jingle; also, the sound itself; a chink. "The jingling of the guinea." Tennyson.

Jinglingly adverb So as to jingle. Lowell.

Jingo noun ; plural Jingoes . [ Said to be a corruption of St. Gingoulph .]


1. A word used as a jocular oath. "By the living jingo ." Goldsmith.

2. A statesman who pursues, or who favors, aggressive, domineering policy in foreign affairs. [ Cant, Eng.]

» This sense arose from a doggerel song which was popular during the Turco-Russian war of 1877 and 1878. The first two lines were as follows: --

We don't want to fight, but by Jingo if we do,
We 've got the ships, we 've got the men, we 've got the money too.

Jingoism noun The policy of the Jingoes, so called. See Jingo , 2. [ Cant, Eng.]

Jink intransitive verb [ Confer Jig , intransitive verb ]
1. To move quickly, esp. with a sudden turn; hence, to dodge; to escape by a quick turn; -- obsolete or dial., except as a hunting term in pig-sticking.

2. (Card Playing) In the games of spoilfive and forty-five, to win the game by taking all five tricks; also, to play to win all five tricks, losing what has been already won if unsuccessful.

Jinnee (jĭn"nē) noun ; plural Jinn (jĭn). [ Arabic ] (Arabian & Mohammedan Myth.) A genius or demon; one of the fabled genii, good and evil spirits, supposed to be the children of fire, and to have the power of assuming various forms. [ Written also jin , djinnee , etc.]

» Jinn is also used as sing. , with plural jinns

Jinny road [ Confer Gin an engine, Ginnycarriage .] (Mining) An inclined road in a coal mine, on which loaded cars descend by gravity, drawing up empty ones. Knight.

Jinrikisha noun [ Jap. jin man + riki power + sha carriage.] A small, two- wheeled, hooded vehicle drawn by one or more men. [ Japan]

Jinx noun A person, object, influence, or supernatural being which is supposed to bring bad luck or to cause things to go wrong. [ Slang]

Jippo (jĭp"po) noun [ Abbrev. from juppon .] A waistcoat or kind of stays for women.

Jo noun ; plural Joes . [ Etymol. uncertain.] A sweetheart; a darling. [ Scot.] Burns.

Job (jŏb) noun [ Prov. English job , gob , noun , a small piece of wood, v., to stab, strike; confer English gob , gobbet ; perhaps influenced by English chop to cut off, to mince. See Gob .]


1. A sudden thrust or stab; a jab.

2. A piece of chance or occasional work; any definite work undertaken in gross for a fixed price; as, he did the job for a thousand dollars.

3. A public transaction done for private profit; something performed ostensibly as a part of official duty, but really for private gain; a corrupt official business.

4. Any affair or event which affects one, whether fortunately or unfortunately. [ Colloq.]

5. A situation or opportunity of work; as, he lost his job . [ Colloq.]

» Job is used adjectively to signify doing jobs , used for jobs , or let on hire to do jobs ; as, job printer; job master; job horse; job wagon, etc.

By the job , at a stipulated sum for the work, or for each piece of work done; -- distinguished from time work ; as, the house was built by the job . -- Job lot , a quantity of goods, usually miscellaneous, sold out of the regular course of trade, at a certain price for the whole; as, these articles were included in a job lot . -- Job master , one who lest out horses and carriages for hire, as for family use. [ Eng.] -- Job printer , one who does miscellaneous printing, esp. circulars, cards, billheads, etc. -- Odd job , miscellaneous work of a petty kind; occasional work, of various kinds, or for various people.

Job (jŏb) transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Jobbed (jŏbd); present participle & verbal noun Jobbing .]


1. To strike or stab with a pointed instrument. L'Estrange.

2. To thrust in, as a pointed instrument. Moxon.

3. To do or cause to be done by separate portions or lots; to sublet (work); as, to job a contract.

4. (Com.) To buy and sell, as a broker; to purchase of importers or manufacturers for the purpose of selling to retailers; as, to job goods.

5. To hire or let by the job or for a period of service; as, to job a carriage. Thackeray.

Job intransitive verb
1. To do chance work for hire; to work by the piece; to do petty work.

Authors of all work, to job for the season.
Moore.

2. To seek private gain under pretense of public service; to turn public matters to private advantage.

And judges job , and bishops bite the town.
Pope.

3. To carry on the business of a jobber in merchandise or stocks.

Job (jōb) noun The hero of the book of that name in the Old Testament; the typical patient man.

Job's comforter . (a) A false friend; a tactless or malicious person who, under pretense of sympathy, insinuates rebukes. (b) A boil . [ Colloq.] -- Job's news , bad news. Carlyle. -- Job's tears (Botany) , a kind of grass ( Coix Lacryma ), with hard, shining, pearly grains.

Jobation noun [ Prov. English job to scold, to reprove, perhaps from Job , the proper name.] A scolding; a hand, tedious reproof. [ Low] Grose.

Jobber noun
1. One who works by the job.

2. A dealer in the public stocks or funds; a stockjobber. [ Eng.]

3. One who buys goods from importers, wholesalers, or manufacturers, and sells to retailers.

4. One who turns official or public business to private advantage; hence, one who performs low or mercenary work in office, politics, or intrigue.

Jobbernowl noun [ Middle English jobbernoule , from jobarde a stupid fellow; confer English noll .] A blockhead. [ Colloq. & Obsolete] H. Taylor.

Jobbery noun
1. The act or practice of jobbing.

2. Underhand management; official corruption; as, municipal jobbery . Mayhew.

Jobbing adjective
1. Doing chance work or odd jobs; as, a jobbing carpenter.

2. Using opportunities of public service for private gain; as, a jobbing politician. London Sat. Rev.

Jobbing house , a mercantile establishment which buys from importers, wholesalers or manufacturers, and sells to retailers. [ U.S.]

Jocantry noun [ Latin jocans , present participle of jocare to jest, from jocus a jest.] The act or practice of jesting. [ Obsolete]

Jockey noun ; plural Jockeys . [ Dim. of Jack , Scot. Jock ; orig., a boy who rides horses. See 2d Jack .]


1. A professional rider of horses in races. Addison.

2. A dealer in horses; a horse trader. Macaulay.

3. A cheat; one given to sharp practice in trade.

Jockey transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Jockeyed ; present participle & verbal noun Jockeying .]
1. " To jostle by riding against one." Johnson.

2. To play the jockey toward; to cheat; to trick; to impose upon in trade; as, to jockey a customer.

Jockey intransitive verb To play or act the jockey; to cheat.

Jockeying noun The act or management of one who jockeys; trickery. Beaconsfield.

Jockeyism noun The practice of jockeys.

Jockeyship noun The art, character, or position, of a jockey; the personality of a jockey.

Go flatter Sawney for his jockeyship .
Chatterton.

Where can at last his jockeyship retire?
Cowper.

Jocose adjective [ L jocosus , from jocus joke. See Joke .] Given to jokes and jesting; containing a joke, or abounding in jokes; merry; sportive; humorous.

To quit their austerity and be jocose and pleasant with an adversary.
Shaftesbury.

All . . . jocose or comical airs should be excluded.
I. Watts.

Syn. -- Jocular; facetious; witty; merry; pleasant; waggish; sportive; funny; comical.

-- Jo*cose"ly , adverb -- Jo*cose"ness , noun

Spondanus imagines that Ulysses may possibly speak jocosely , but in truth Ulysses never behaves with levity.
Broome.

He must beware lest his letter should contain anything like jocoseness ; since jesting is incompatible with a holy and serious life.
Buckle.

Jocoserious adjective [ Joco se + serious .] Mingling mirth and seriousness. M. Green.

Jocosity noun A jocose act or saying; jocoseness. Sir T. Browne.

Jocular adjective [ Latin jocularis , from joculus , dim. of jocus joke. See Joke .]


1. Given to jesting; jocose; as, a jocular person.

2. Sportive; merry. " Jocular exploits." Cowper.

The style is serious and partly jocular .
Dryden.

Jocularity noun Jesting; merriment.

Jocularly adverb In jest; for sport or mirth; jocosely.

Joculary adjective [ Latin jocularius . Confer Jocular .] Jocular; jocose; sportive. Bacon.

Joculator noun [ Latin See Juggler .] A jester; a joker. [ Obsolete] Strutt.

Joculatory adjective [ Latin joculatorius .] Droll; sportive. [ Obsolete] Cockeram.