Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Jauntily adverb In a jaunty manner.
Jauntiness noun The quality of being jaunty.
That jauntiness of air I was once master of. Addison.
[ Compar. Jauntier
; superl. Jauntiest
.] [ Formerly spelt janty
, from French gentil
. See Gentle
, and confer Genty
.] Airy; showy; finical; hence, characterized by an affected or fantastical manner.
Java noun Java cat (Zoology) , the musang. -- Java sparrow (Zoology) , a species of finch ( Padda oryzivora ), native of Java, but very commonly kept as a cage bird; -- called also ricebird , and paddy bird . In the male the upper parts are glaucous gray, the head and tail black, the under parts delicate rose, and the cheeks white. The bill is large and red. A white variety is also kept as a cage bird.
1. One of the islands of the Malay Archipelago belonging to the Netherlands. 2. Java coffee, a kind of coffee brought from Java.
Javanese adjective Of or pertaining to Java, or to the people of Java. -- noun sing. & plural A native or natives of Java.
Javel noun A vagabond. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
[ French javeline
; akin to Spanish jabalina
, Italian giavelina
, and French javelot
, Old French gavlot
. Confer Gavelock
.] A sort of light spear, to be thrown or cast by the hand; anciently, a weapon of war used by horsemen and foot soldiers; now used chiefly in hunting the wild boar and other fierce game.
Flies the javelin swifter to its mark, Addison.
Launched by the vigor of a Roman arm?
Javelin transitive verb To pierce with a javelin. [ R.] Tennyson.
Javelinier noun A soldier armed with a javelin. Holland.
[ A modification of chaw
, formed under the influence of French joue
the cheek. See Chaw
.] 1. (Anat.) (a) One of the bones, usually bearing teeth, which form the framework of the mouth. (b) Hence, also, the bone itself with the teeth and covering. (c) In the plural, the mouth. 2. Fig.: Anything resembling the jaw of an animal in form or action; esp., plural , the mouth or way of entrance; as, the jaws of a pass; the jaws of darkness; the jaws of death. Shak. 3. (Machinery) (a) A notch or opening. (b) A notched or forked part, adapted for holding an object in place; as, the jaw of a railway-car pedestal. See Axle guard . (b) One of a pair of opposing parts which are movable towards or from each other, for grasping or crushing anything between them, as, the jaws of a vise, or the jaws of a stone-crushing machine. 4. (Nautical) The inner end of a boom or gaff, hollowed in a half circle so as to move freely on a mast. 5. Impudent or abusive talk.
[ Slang] H. Kingsley. Jaw bit (Railroad)
, a bar across the jaws of a pedestal underneath an axle box.
-- Jaw breaker
, a word difficult to pronounce.
[ Obsolete] -- Jaw rope (Nautical)
, a rope which holds the jaws of a gaff to the mast.
-- Jaw tooth
, a molar or grinder; a back tooth.
Jaw intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Jawed
; present participle & verbal noun Jawing
.] To scold; to clamor.
[ Low] Smollett.
Jaw transitive verb To assail or abuse by scolding. [ Low]
Jaw-fall noun Depression of the jaw; hence, depression of spirits. M. Griffith (1660).
Jaw-fallen adjective Dejected; chopfallen.
Jawbone noun The bone of either jaw; a maxilla or a mandible.
Jawed (jad) adjective Having jaws; - - chiefly in composition; as, lantern- jawed . " Jawed like a jetty." Skelton.
Jawing noun Scolding; clamorous or abusive talk. [ Slang] H. Kingsley.
Jawn intransitive verb See Yawn .
[ Obsolete] Marston.
Jawy adjective Relating to the jaws. Gayton.
[ French geai
, Old French gai
, perhaps from Old High German gāhi
. Confer Gay
.] (Zoology) Any one of the numerous species of birds belonging to Garrulus , Cyanocitta , and allied genera. They are allied to the crows, but are smaller, more graceful in form, often handsomely colored, and usually have a crest.
» The European jay ( Garrulus glandarius
) is a large and handsomely colored species, having the body pale reddish brown, lighter beneath; tail and wing quills blackish; the primary coverts barred with bright blue and black; throat, tail coverts, and a large spot on the wings, white. Called also jay pie
, Jenny jay
, and kæ
. The common blue jay ( Cyanocitta cristata
.), and the related species, are brilliantly colored, and have a large erectile crest. The California jay ( Aphelocoma Californica
), the Florida jay ( A. Floridana
), and the green jay ( Xanthoura luxuosa
), of Texas and Mexico, are large, handsome, crested species. The Canada jay ( Perisoreus Canadensis
), and several allied species, are much plainer and have no crest. See Blue jay
, and Whisky jack
. Jay thrush (Zoology)
, any one several species of Asiatic singing birds, of the genera Garrulax , Grammatoptila , and related genera of the family Crateropodidæ ; as, the white-throated jay thrush ( G. albogularis ), of India.
Jayet noun (Min.) See Jet .
Jayhawker noun A name given to a free-booting, unenlisted, armed man or guerrilla. [ A term of opprobrium used in the war of 1861-65, U. S.]
Jazel noun A gem of an azure color. [ Obsolete]
Jazerant noun [ Old French jacerant , jaseran , Spanish jacerina , cota jacerina , from jazarino Algerine, from Arabic jazāīr Algiers.] A coat of defense made of small plates of metal sewed upon linen or the like; also, this kind of armor taken generally; as, a coat of jazerant .
[ Middle English jalous
, Old French jalous
, French jaloux
, Late Latin zelosus
zealous, from zelus
emulation, zeal, jealousy, Greek zh^los
. See Zeal
, and confer Zealous
.] 1. Zealous; solicitous; vigilant; anxiously watchful.
I have been very jealous for the Lord God of hosts. Kings xix. 10.
How nicely jealous is every one of us of his own repute! Dr. H. More. 2. Apprehensive; anxious; suspiciously watchful.
'This doing wrong creates such doubts as these, Waller.
Renders us jealous and disturbs our peace.
The people are so jealous of the clergy's ambition. Swift. 3. Exacting exclusive devotion; intolerant of rivalry.
Thou shalt worship no other God; for the Lord, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God. Ex. xxxiv. 14. 4. Disposed to suspect rivalry in matters of interest and affection; apprehensive regarding the motives of possible rivals, or the fidelity of friends; distrustful; having morbid fear of rivalry in love or preference given to another; painfully suspicious of the faithfulness of husband, wife, or lover.
If the spirit of jealousy come upon him, and he be jealous of his wife . Num. v. 14.
To both these sisters have I sworn my love: Shak.
Each jealous of the other, as the stung
Are of the adder.
It is one of the best bonds, both of chastity and obedience, in the wife, if she think her husband wise; which she will never do if she find him jealous . Bacon. Syn.
-- Suspicious; anxious; envious. Jealous
is the wider term. We suspect
a person when we distrust his honesty and imagine he has some bad design. We are jealous
when we suspect him of aiming to deprive us of what we dearly prize. Iago began by awakening the suspicions
of Othello, and converted them at last into jealousy
. " Suspicion
may be excited by some kind of accusation, not supported by evidence sufficient for conviction, but sufficient to trouble the repose of confidence." " Jealousy
is a painful apprehension of rivalship in cases that are peculiarly interesting to us." Cogan.
Jealoushood noun Jealousy. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Jealously adverb In a jealous manner.
Jealousness noun State or quality of being jealous.
; plural Jealousies
. [ French jalousie
. See Jealous
, and confer Jalousie
.] The quality of being jealous; earnest concern or solicitude; painful apprehension of rivalship in cases nearly affecting one's happiness; painful suspicion of the faithfulness of husband, wife, or lover.
I was jealous for jealousy. Zech. viii. 2.
Jealousy is the . . . apprehension of superiority. Shenstone.
Whoever had qualities to alarm our jealousy , had excellence to deserve our fondness. Rambler.
Jeames noun [ Corrup. of James .] A footman; a flunky. [ Slang, Eng.] Thackeray.
[ Prob. named from Genoa
. See Jane
.] A twilled cotton cloth. Satin jean
, a kind of jean woven smooth and glossy, after the manner of satin.
Jears noun plural (Nautical) See 1st Jeer (b) .
Jeat noun (Min.) See Jet .
Jedding ax noun A stone mason's tool, having a flat face and a pointed part. Knight.
Jee transitive verb & i. See Gee .
Jeel noun [ Hind. jhīl .] A morass; a shallow lake. [ Written also jhil .] [ India] Whitworth.
[ Confer Gear
.] (Nautical) (a) A gear; a tackle. (b) plural An assemblage or combination of tackles, for hoisting or lowering the lower yards of a ship. Jeer capstan (Nautical)
, an extra capstan usually placed between the foremast and mainmast.
Jeer intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Jeered
; present participle & verbal noun Jeering
.] [ Perh. a corrup. of cheer
to salute with cheers, taken in an ironical sense; or more probably from D. gek scheren
to jeer, lit., to shear the fool; gek
a fool (see 1st Geck
) + scheren
to shear. See Shear
] To utter sarcastic or scoffing reflections; to speak with mockery or derision; to use taunting language; to scoff; as, to jeer at a speaker.
But when he saw her toy and gibe and jeer . Spenser. Syn.
-- To sneer; scoff; flout; gibe; mock.
Jeer transitive verb To treat with scoffs or derision; to address with jeers; to taunt; to flout; to mock at.
And if we can not jeer them, we jeer ourselves. B. Jonson.
Jeer noun A railing remark or reflection; a scoff; a taunt; a biting jest; a flout; a jibe; mockery.
Midas, exposed to all their jeers , Swift.
Had lost his art, and kept his ears.
Jeerer noun A scoffer; a railer; a mocker.
Jeering adjective Mocking; scoffing. -- noun A mocking utterance. -- Jeer"ing*ly , adverb
Jeers noun plural (Nautical) See 1st Jeer (b) .
Jeffersonia noun [ New Latin Named after Thomas Jefferson .] (Botany) An American herb with a pretty, white, solitary blossom, and deeply two-cleft leaves ( Jeffersonia diphylla ); twinleaf.
Jeffersonian adjective Pertaining to, or characteristic of, Thomas Jefferson or his policy or political doctrines. Lowell.
Jeffersonian simplicity The absence of pomp or display which Jefferson aimed at in his administration as President (1801-1809), eschewing display or ceremony tending to distinguish the President from the people, as in going to the capital on horseback and with no escort, the abolition of court etiquette and the weekly levee, refusal to recognize titles of honor, etc.
Jeffersonite noun [ Named after Thomas Jefferson .] (Min.) A variety of pyroxene of olive-green color passing into brown. It contains zinc.
Jeg noun (Machinery) See Jig , 6.