Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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James's powder (Medicine) Antimonial powder, first prepared by Dr. James , an English physician; -- called also fever powder .

Jamesonite noun [ From Prof. Jameson , of Edinburgh.] (Min.) A steel-gray mineral, of metallic luster, commonly fibrous massive. It is a sulphide of antimony and lead, with a little iron.

Jamestown weed (Botany) The poisonous thorn apple or stramonium ( Datura stramonium ), a rank weed early noticed at Jamestown , Virginia. See Datura .

» This name is often corrupted into jimson , jimpson , and gympsum .

Jan (jăn) noun [ Arabic ] (Moham. Myth.) One of an intermediate order between angels and men.

Jane (jān) noun [ Late Latin Janua Genoa; Latin Genua , also Middle English Jean .]
1. A coin of Genoa; any small coin. Chaucer.

2. A kind of twilled cotton cloth. See Jean .

Jane-of-apes noun A silly, pert girl; -- corresponding to jackanapes . Massinger.

Jangle intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Jangled ; present participle & verbal noun Jangling .] [ Middle English janglen to quarrel, Old French jangler to rail, quarrel; of Dutch or German origin; confer Dutch jangelen , janken , to whimper, chide, brawl, quarrel.]


1. To sound harshly or discordantly, as bells out of tune.

2. To talk idly; to prate; to babble; to chatter; to gossip. "Thou janglest as a jay." Chaucer.

3. To quarrel in words; to altercate; to wrangle.

Good wits will be jangling ; but, gentles, agree.
Shak.

Prussian Trenck . . . jargons and jangles in an unmelodious manner.
Carlyle.

Jangle transitive verb To cause to sound harshly or inharmoniously; to produce discordant sounds with.

Like sweet bells jangled , out of tune, and harsh.
Shak.

Jangle noun [ Confer Old French jangle .]


1. Idle talk; prate; chatter; babble. Chaucer.

2. Discordant sound; wrangling.

The musical jangle of sleigh bells.
Longfellow.

Jangler noun [ Confer Old French jangleor .]


1. An idle talker; a babbler; a prater. Chaucer.

2. A wrangling, noisy fellow.

Jangleress noun A female prater or babbler.

Janglery noun [ Confer Old French janglerie chattering, talk.] Jangling. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Jangling adjective Producing discordant sounds. "A jangling noise." Milton.

Jangling noun
1. Idle babbling; vain disputation.

From which some, having swerved, have turned aside unto vain jangling .
1 Tim. i. 6.

2. Wrangling; altercation. Lamb.

Janissary noun See Janizary .

Janitor noun [ Latin , from janua a door.] A door-keeper; a porter; one who has the care of a public building, or a building occupied for offices, suites of rooms, etc.

Janitress, Janitrix noun [ Latin janitrix . See Janitor .] A female janitor.

Janizar noun A janizary. [ R.] Byron.

Janizarian adjective Of or pertaining to the janizaries, or their government. Burke.

Janizary noun ; plural Janizaries . [ French janissaire , from Turk. ye...i-tsheri new soldiers or troops.] A soldier of a privileged military class, which formed the nucleus of the Turkish infantry, but was suppressed in 1826. [ written also janissary .]

Janker noun A long pole on two wheels, used in hauling logs. [ Scot.] Jamieson.

Jansenism noun [ French Jansénisme .] (Eccl. Hist.) The doctrine of Jansen regarding free will and divine grace.

Jansenist noun [ French Janséniste .] (Eccl. Hist.) A follower of Cornelius Jansen , a Roman Catholic bishop of Ypres, in Flanders, in the 17th century, who taught certain doctrines denying free will and the possibility of resisting divine grace.

Jant intransitive verb See Jaunt .

Janthina noun (Zoology) See Ianthina .

Jantily adverb See Jauntily .

Jantiness noun See Jauntiness .

Jantu noun A machine of great antiquity, used in Bengal for raising water to irrigate land. Knight.

Janty adjective See Jaunty .

January noun [ Latin Januarius , from Janus an old Latin deity, the god of the sun and the year, to whom the month of January was sacred; confer janua a door, Sanskrit to go.] The first month of the year, containing thirty-one days.

» Before the adoption of New Style, the commencement of the year was usually reckoned from March 25.

Janus noun [ Latin See January .] (Rom. Antiq.) A Latin deity represented with two faces looking in opposite directions. Numa is said to have dedicated to Janus the covered passage at Rome, near the Forum, which is usually called the Temple of Janus. This passage was open in war and closed in peace. Dr. W. Smith.

Janus cloth , a fabric having both sides dressed, the sides being of different colors, -- used for reversible garments.

Janus-faced adjective Double- faced; deceitful.

Janus-faced lock , one having duplicate faces so as to go upon a right or a left hand door, the key entering on either side indifferently. Knight.

Janus-headed adjective Double- headed.

Japan (jȧ*păn") noun [ From Japan , the country.] Work varnished and figured in the Japanese manner; also, the varnish or lacquer used in japanning.

Japan adjective Of or pertaining to Japan, or to the lacquered work of that country; as, Japan ware.

Japan allspice (Botany) , a spiny shrub from Japan ( Chimonanthus fragrans ), related to the Carolina allspice. -- Japan black (Chemistry) , a quickly drying black lacquer or varnish, consisting essentially of asphaltum dissolved in naphtha or turpentine, and used for coating ironwork; -- called also Brunswick black , Japan lacquer , or simply Japan . -- Japan camphor , ordinary camphor brought from China or Japan, as distinguished from the rare variety called borneol or Borneo camphor . -- Japan clover , or Japan pea (Botany) , a cloverlike plant ( Lespedeza striata ) from Eastern Asia, useful for fodder, first noticed in the Southern United States about 1860, but now become very common. During the Civil War it was called variously Yankee clover and Rebel clover . -- Japan earth . See Catechu . -- Japan ink , a kind of writing ink, of a deep, glossy black when dry. -- Japan varnish , a varnish prepared from the milky juice of the Rhus vernix , a small Japanese tree related to the poison sumac.

Japan (jȧ*păn") transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Japanned (jȧ*pănd"); present participle & verbal noun Japanning .]


1. To cover with a coat of hard, brilliant varnish, in the manner of the Japanese; to lacquer.

2. To give a glossy black to, as shoes. [ R.] Gay.

Japan current A branch of the equatorial current of the Pacific, washing the eastern coast of Formosa and thence flowing northeastward past Japan and merging into the easterly drift of the North Pacific; -- called also Kuro-Siwo , or Black Stream , in allusion to the deep blue of its water. It is similar in may ways to the Gulf Stream.

Japanese adjective Of or pertaining to Japan, or its inhabitants.

Japanese noun sing. & plural


1. A native or inhabitant of Japan; collectively, the people of Japan.

2. sing. The language of the people of Japan.

Japanned adjective Treated, or coated, with varnish in the Japanese manner.

Japanned leather , leather treated with coatings of Japan varnish, and dried in a stove. Knight.

Japanner noun
1. One who varnishes in the manner of the Japanese, or one skilled in the art.

2. A bootblack. [ R.]

Japanning noun The art or act of varnishing in the Japanese manner.

Japannish adjective After the manner of the Japanese; resembling japanned articles. Carlyle.

Jape intransitive verb [ Prob. from the same source as gab , influenced by French japper to yelp. See Gab to deceive.] To jest; to play tricks; to jeer. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Jape transitive verb To mock; to trick. Chaucer.

I have not been putting a jape upon you.
Sir W. Scott.

The coy giggle of the young lady to whom he has imparted his latest merry jape .
W. Besant.

Japer noun A jester; a buffoon. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Japery noun [ Confer Old French japerie a yelping.] Jesting; buffoonery. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Japhethite noun A Japhetite. Kitto.

Japhetic adjective Pertaining to, or derived from, Japheth, one of the sons of Noah; as, Japhetic nations, the nations of Europe and Northern Asia; Japhetic languages.

Japhetite noun A descendant of Japheth.