Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Jehovah noun [ Hebrew usually yĕhōvāh (with the vowel points of ădōnāi Lord), sometimes (to avoid repetition) yĕhōvih (with the vowel points of ĕlōhīm God); but only the four Heb, consonants yhvh are conceded to be certainly known.] A Scripture name of the Supreme Being, by which he was revealed to the Jews as their covenant God or Sovereign of the theocracy; the "ineffable name" of the Supreme Being, which was not pronounced by the Jews.
Jehovist noun 1. One who maintains that the vowel points of the word Jehovah , in Hebrew, are the proper vowels of that word; -- opposed to adonist . 2. The writer of the passages of the Old Testament, especially those of the Pentateuch, in which the Supreme Being is styled Jehovah . See Elohist .
The characteristic manner of the Jehovist differs from that of his predecessor [ the Elohist]. He is fuller and freer in his descriptions; more reflective in his assignment of motives and causes; more artificial in mode of narration. S. Davidson.
Jehovistic adjective Relating to, or containing, Jehovah, as a name of God; -- said of certain parts of the Old Testament, especially of the Pentateuch, in which Jehovah appears as the name of the Deity. See Elohistic .
Jehu noun [ From Jehu , son of Nimshi. 2 Kings ix. 20.] A coachman; a driver; especially, one who drives furiously. [ Colloq.]
Jejunal adjective Pertaining to the jejunum.
Jejune adjective [ Latin jejunus fasting, hungry, dry, barren, scanty; of unknown origin.]
1. Lacking matter; empty; void of substance. 2. Void of interest; barren; meager; dry; as, a jejune narrative. - Je*june"ly , adverb -- Je*june"ness , noun Bacon.
Jejunity noun The quality of being jejune; jejuneness.
Jejunum noun [ New Latin , from Latin jejunus empty, dry.] (Anat.) The middle division of the small intestine, between the duodenum and ileum; -- so called because usually found empty after death.
Jelerang noun [ Native name.] (Zoology) A large, handsome squirrel ( Sciurus Javensis ), native of Java and Southern Asia; -- called also Java squirrel .
Jell intransitive verb To jelly. [ Colloq.]
Jellied adjective Brought to the state or consistence of jelly.
Jellify transitive verb & i.
[ imperfect & past participle Jellified
; present participle & verbal noun Jellifying
.] To make, or to become, gelatinous; to jelly.
-- Jel`li*fi*ca"tion noun
; plural Jellies
. [ Formerly gelly
, French gelée
jelly, frost, from geler
to freeze. Latin gelare
; akin to gelu
frost. See Gelid
.] 1. Anything brought to a gelatinous condition; a viscous, translucent substance in a condition between liquid and solid; a stiffened solution of gelatin, gum, or the like. 2. The juice of fruits or meats boiled with sugar to an elastic consistence; as, currant jelly ; calf's- foot jelly . Jelly bag
, a bag through which the material for jelly is strained.
-- Jelly mold
, a mold for forming jelly in ornamental shapes.
-- Jelly plant (Botany)
, Australian name of an edible seaweed ( Eucheuma speciosum ), from which an excellent jelly is made. J. Smith.
-- Jelly powder
, an explosive, composed of nitroglycerin and collodion cotton; -- so called from its resemblance to calf's-foot jelly.
Jelly intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Jellied
; present participle & verbal noun Jellying
.] To become jelly; to come to the state or consistency of jelly.
Jellyfish noun (Zoology) Any one of the acalephs, esp. one of the larger species, having a jellylike appearance. See Medusa .
Jemidar (jĕm"ĭ*där`) noun [ Persian & Hind. jama-dār .] The chief or leader of a band or body of persons; esp., in the native army of India, an officer of a rank corresponding to that of lieutenant in the English army. [ Written also jemadar , jamadar .]
Jemlah goat (jĕm"lȧ gōt`). (Zoology) The jharal.
Jemminess noun Spruceness. [ Slang, Eng.] Pegge (1814).
[ Confer Gim
, and Gimp
[ Slang, Eng.] Smart.
Jemmy noun 1. A short crowbar. See Jimmy . 2. A baked sheep's head.
[ Slang, Eng.] Dickens.
Jeniquen noun [ Spanish jeniquen .] (Botany) A Mexican name for the Sisal hemp ( Agave rigida , var. Sisalana ); also, its fiber. [ Written also henīequen .]
Jenite noun (Min.) See Yenite .
Jenkins noun A name of contempt for a flatterer of persons high in social or official life; as, the Jenkins employed by a newspaper. [ Colloq. Eng. & U.S.] G. W. Curtis.
Jennet (jĕn"nĕt) noun [ French genet , Spanish jinete , orig., a mounted soldier, Arabic zenāta a tribe of Barbary celebrated for its cavalry.] A small Spanish horse; a genet.
[ Prob. from a dim. of Jean
John, so named as becoming ripe about St. John's
day, June 24. French Jean
is from Latin Johannes
. See Zany
.] A variety of early apple. See Juneating .
[ Written also geniting
; plural Jennies 1. A familiar or pet form of the proper name Jane . 2. (Zoology) A familiar name of the European wren. Jenny ass (Zoology)
, a female ass.
[ A corruption of gin
an engine; influenced by Jenny
, the proper name. See Gin
an engine, and confer Ginny-carriage
.] A machine for spinning a number of threads at once, -- used in factories.
Jentling noun (Zoology) A fish of the genus Leuciscus ; the blue chub of the Danube.
Jeofail (jĕf"al) noun [ French j'ai failli I have failed.] (Law) An oversight in pleading, or the acknowledgment of a mistake or oversight. Blackstone.
Jeopard transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Jeoparded
; present participle & verbal noun Jeoparding
.] [ From Jeopardy
.] To put in jeopardy; to expose to loss or injury; to imperil; to hazard. Sir T. North.
A people that jeoparded their lives unto the death. Judg. v. 18. Syn.
-- To hazard; risk; imperil; endanger; expose.
Jeoparder noun One who puts in jeopardy. [ R.]
Jeopardize transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Jeopardized
; present participle & verbal noun Jeopardizing
.] To expose to loss or injury; to risk; to jeopard.
That he should jeopardize his willful head H. Taylor.
Only for spite at me.
Jeopardous adjective Perilous; hazardous.
His goodly, valiant, and jeopardous enterprise. Fuller.
, adverb Huloet.
[ Middle English jupartie
, Old French jeu parti
an even game, a game in which the chances are even; Old French jeu
, French jeu
jest) + French partier
to divide, Latin partire
to divide. See Joke
, and Part
.] Exposure to death, loss, or injury; hazard; danger.
There came down a storm of wind on the lake; and they were filled with water, and were in jeopardy . Luke viii. 23.
Look to thyself, thou art in jeopardy . Shak. Syn.
-- Danger; peril; hazard; risk. See Danger
Jeopardy transitive verb To jeopardize. [ R.] Thackeray.
Jequirity noun , or Je*quir"i*ty bean` [ Prob. from a native name.] (Botany) The seed of the wild licorice ( Abrus precatorius ) used by the people of India for beads in rosaries and necklaces, as a standard weight, etc.; -- called also jumble bead .
Jerboa noun [ Arabic yarb...' .] (Zoology) Any small jumping rodent of the genus Dipus , esp . D. Ægyptius , which is common in Egypt and the adjacent countries. The jerboas have very long hind legs and a long tail. [ Written also gerboa .] » The name is also applied to other small jumping rodents, as the Pedetes Caffer , of the Cape of Good Hope. Jerboa kangaroo (Zoology) , small Australian kangaroo ( Bettongia penicillata ), about the size of a common hare.
[ Arabic jerīd
. Confer Djereed
.] A blunt javelin used by the people of the Levant, especially in mock fights.
[ Written also jerreed
Jeremiad, Jeremiade noun
[ From Jeremiah
, the prophet: confer French jérémiade
.] A tale of sorrow, disappointment, or complaint; a doleful story; a dolorous tirade; -- generally used satirically.
He has prolonged his complaint into an endless jeremiad . Lamb.
Jerfalcon noun (Zoology) The gyrfalcon.
(jẽrk) transitive verb
[ Corrupted from Peruv. charqui
dried beef.] To cut into long slices or strips and dry in the sun; as, to jerk beef. See Charqui .
Jerk transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Jerked
(jẽrkt); present participle & verbal noun Jerking
.] [ Akin to yerk
, and perhaps also to yard
a measure.] 1. To beat; to strike.
[ Obsolete] Florio. 2. To give a quick and suddenly arrested thrust, push, pull, or twist, to; to yerk; as, to jerk one with the elbow; to jerk a coat off. 3. To throw with a quick and suddenly arrested motion of the hand; as, to jerk a stone.
Jerk intransitive verb
1. To make a sudden motion; to move with a start, or by starts. Milton. 2. To flout with contempt.
Jerk noun 1. A short, sudden pull, thrust, push, twitch, jolt, shake, or similar motion.
His jade gave him a jerk . B. Jonson. 2. A sudden start or spring.
Lobsters . . . swim backwards by jerks or springs. Grew.
1. A beater. [ Obsolete] Beau. & Fl. 2. One who jerks or moves with a jerk. 3. (Zoology) A North American river chub ( Hybopsis biguttatus ).
Jerkin noun [ Dim. of Dutch jurk a frock.] A jacket or short coat; a close waistcoat. Shak.
Jerkin noun (Zoology) A male gyrfalcon.
Jerking noun The act of pulling, pushing, or throwing, with a jerk. -- Jerk"ing*ly , adverb