Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Jehovah noun [ Hebrew usually yĕhōvāh (with the vowel points of ădōnāi Lord), sometimes (to avoid repetition) yĕhōvih (with the vowel points of ĕlōhīm God); but only the four Heb, consonants yhvh are conceded to be certainly known.] A Scripture name of the Supreme Being, by which he was revealed to the Jews as their covenant God or Sovereign of the theocracy; the "ineffable name" of the Supreme Being, which was not pronounced by the Jews.

Jehovist noun
1. One who maintains that the vowel points of the word Jehovah , in Hebrew, are the proper vowels of that word; -- opposed to adonist .

2. The writer of the passages of the Old Testament, especially those of the Pentateuch, in which the Supreme Being is styled Jehovah . See Elohist .

The characteristic manner of the Jehovist differs from that of his predecessor [ the Elohist]. He is fuller and freer in his descriptions; more reflective in his assignment of motives and causes; more artificial in mode of narration.
S. Davidson.

Jehovistic adjective Relating to, or containing, Jehovah, as a name of God; -- said of certain parts of the Old Testament, especially of the Pentateuch, in which Jehovah appears as the name of the Deity. See Elohistic .

Jehu noun [ From Jehu , son of Nimshi. 2 Kings ix. 20.] A coachman; a driver; especially, one who drives furiously. [ Colloq.]

Jejunal adjective Pertaining to the jejunum.

Jejune adjective [ Latin jejunus fasting, hungry, dry, barren, scanty; of unknown origin.]


1. Lacking matter; empty; void of substance.

2. Void of interest; barren; meager; dry; as, a jejune narrative.

- Je*june"ly , adverb -- Je*june"ness , noun Bacon.

Jejunity noun The quality of being jejune; jejuneness.

Jejunum noun [ New Latin , from Latin jejunus empty, dry.] (Anat.) The middle division of the small intestine, between the duodenum and ileum; -- so called because usually found empty after death.

Jelerang noun [ Native name.] (Zoology) A large, handsome squirrel ( Sciurus Javensis ), native of Java and Southern Asia; -- called also Java squirrel .

Jell intransitive verb To jelly. [ Colloq.]

Jellied adjective Brought to the state or consistence of jelly.

Jellify transitive verb & i. [ imperfect & past participle Jellified ; present participle & verbal noun Jellifying .] To make, or to become, gelatinous; to jelly. -- Jel`li*fi*ca"tion noun

Jelly noun ; plural Jellies . [ Formerly gelly , gely , French gelée jelly, frost, from geler to freeze. Latin gelare ; akin to gelu frost. See Gelid .]


1. Anything brought to a gelatinous condition; a viscous, translucent substance in a condition between liquid and solid; a stiffened solution of gelatin, gum, or the like.

2. The juice of fruits or meats boiled with sugar to an elastic consistence; as, currant jelly ; calf's- foot jelly .

Jelly bag , a bag through which the material for jelly is strained. -- Jelly mold , a mold for forming jelly in ornamental shapes. -- Jelly plant (Botany) , Australian name of an edible seaweed ( Eucheuma speciosum ), from which an excellent jelly is made. J. Smith. -- Jelly powder , an explosive, composed of nitroglycerin and collodion cotton; -- so called from its resemblance to calf's-foot jelly.

Jelly intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Jellied ; present participle & verbal noun Jellying .] To become jelly; to come to the state or consistency of jelly.

Jellyfish noun (Zoology) Any one of the acalephs, esp. one of the larger species, having a jellylike appearance. See Medusa .

Jemidar (jĕm"ĭ*där`) noun [ Persian & Hind. jama-dār .] The chief or leader of a band or body of persons; esp., in the native army of India, an officer of a rank corresponding to that of lieutenant in the English army. [ Written also jemadar , jamadar .]

Jemlah goat (jĕm"lȧ gōt`). (Zoology) The jharal.

Jemminess noun Spruceness. [ Slang, Eng.] Pegge (1814).

Jemmy adjective [ Confer Gim , and Gimp , adjective ] Spruce. [ Slang, Eng.] Smart.

Jemmy noun
1. A short crowbar. See Jimmy .

2. A baked sheep's head. [ Slang, Eng.] Dickens.

Jeniquen noun [ Spanish jeniquen .] (Botany) A Mexican name for the Sisal hemp ( Agave rigida , var. Sisalana ); also, its fiber. [ Written also henīequen .]

Jenite noun (Min.) See Yenite .

Jenkins noun A name of contempt for a flatterer of persons high in social or official life; as, the Jenkins employed by a newspaper. [ Colloq. Eng. & U.S.] G. W. Curtis.

Jennet (jĕn"nĕt) noun [ French genet , Spanish jinete , orig., a mounted soldier, Arabic zenāta a tribe of Barbary celebrated for its cavalry.] A small Spanish horse; a genet.

Jenneting noun [ Prob. from a dim. of Jean John, so named as becoming ripe about St. John's day, June 24. French Jean is from Latin Johannes . See Zany .] A variety of early apple. See Juneating . [ Written also geniting .]

Jenny noun ; plural Jennies


1. A familiar or pet form of the proper name Jane .

2. (Zoology) A familiar name of the European wren.

Jenny ass (Zoology) , a female ass.

Jenny noun [ A corruption of gin an engine; influenced by Jenny , the proper name. See Gin an engine, and confer Ginny-carriage .] A machine for spinning a number of threads at once, -- used in factories.

Jentling noun (Zoology) A fish of the genus Leuciscus ; the blue chub of the Danube.

Jeofail (jĕf"al) noun [ French j'ai failli I have failed.] (Law) An oversight in pleading, or the acknowledgment of a mistake or oversight. Blackstone.

Jeopard transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Jeoparded ; present participle & verbal noun Jeoparding .] [ From Jeopardy .] To put in jeopardy; to expose to loss or injury; to imperil; to hazard. Sir T. North.

A people that jeoparded their lives unto the death.
Judg. v. 18.

Syn. -- To hazard; risk; imperil; endanger; expose.

Jeoparder noun One who puts in jeopardy. [ R.]

Jeopardize transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Jeopardized ; present participle & verbal noun Jeopardizing .] To expose to loss or injury; to risk; to jeopard.

That he should jeopardize his willful head
Only for spite at me.
H. Taylor.

Jeopardous adjective Perilous; hazardous.

His goodly, valiant, and jeopardous enterprise.
Fuller.

-- Jeop"ard*ous*ly , adverb Huloet.

Jeopardy noun [ Middle English jupartie , juperti , jeuparti , Old French jeu parti an even game, a game in which the chances are even; Old French jeu , ju , French jeu (L. jocus jest) + French partier to divide, Latin partire to divide. See Joke , and Part .] Exposure to death, loss, or injury; hazard; danger.

There came down a storm of wind on the lake; and they were filled with water, and were in jeopardy .
Luke viii. 23.

Look to thyself, thou art in jeopardy .
Shak.

Syn. -- Danger; peril; hazard; risk. See Danger .

Jeopardy transitive verb To jeopardize. [ R.] Thackeray.

Jequirity noun , or Je*quir"i*ty bean` [ Prob. from a native name.] (Botany) The seed of the wild licorice ( Abrus precatorius ) used by the people of India for beads in rosaries and necklaces, as a standard weight, etc.; -- called also jumble bead .

Jerboa noun [ Arabic yarb...' .] (Zoology) Any small jumping rodent of the genus Dipus , esp . D. Ægyptius , which is common in Egypt and the adjacent countries. The jerboas have very long hind legs and a long tail. [ Written also gerboa .]

» The name is also applied to other small jumping rodents, as the Pedetes Caffer , of the Cape of Good Hope.

Jerboa kangaroo (Zoology) , small Australian kangaroo ( Bettongia penicillata ), about the size of a common hare.

Jereed noun [ Arabic jerīd . Confer Djereed .] A blunt javelin used by the people of the Levant, especially in mock fights. [ Written also jerreed , jerid .] Byron.

Jeremiad, Jeremiade noun [ From Jeremiah , the prophet: confer French jérémiade .] A tale of sorrow, disappointment, or complaint; a doleful story; a dolorous tirade; -- generally used satirically.

He has prolonged his complaint into an endless jeremiad .
Lamb.

Jerfalcon noun (Zoology) The gyrfalcon.

Jerguer noun See Jerquer .

Jerid noun Same as Jereed .

Jerk (jẽrk) transitive verb [ Corrupted from Peruv. charqui dried beef.] To cut into long slices or strips and dry in the sun; as, to jerk beef. See Charqui .

Jerk transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Jerked (jẽrkt); present participle & verbal noun Jerking .] [ Akin to yerk , and perhaps also to yard a measure.]


1. To beat; to strike. [ Obsolete] Florio.

2. To give a quick and suddenly arrested thrust, push, pull, or twist, to; to yerk; as, to jerk one with the elbow; to jerk a coat off.

3. To throw with a quick and suddenly arrested motion of the hand; as, to jerk a stone.

Jerk intransitive verb


1. To make a sudden motion; to move with a start, or by starts. Milton.

2. To flout with contempt.

Jerk noun


1. A short, sudden pull, thrust, push, twitch, jolt, shake, or similar motion.

His jade gave him a jerk .
B. Jonson.

2. A sudden start or spring.

Lobsters . . . swim backwards by jerks or springs.
Grew.

Jerker noun


1. A beater. [ Obsolete] Beau. & Fl.

2. One who jerks or moves with a jerk.

3. (Zoology) A North American river chub ( Hybopsis biguttatus ).

Jerkin noun [ Dim. of Dutch jurk a frock.] A jacket or short coat; a close waistcoat. Shak.

Jerkin noun (Zoology) A male gyrfalcon.

Jerking noun The act of pulling, pushing, or throwing, with a jerk. -- Jerk"ing*ly , adverb