Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ See Jetsam
.] 1. (Mar. Law) The throwing overboard of goods from necessity, in order to lighten a vessel in danger of wreck. 2. See Jetsam , 1.
Jetton noun [ French jeton .] A metal counter used in playing cards.
Jetty adjective Made of jet, or like jet in color.
The people . . . are of a jetty . Sir T. Browne.
; plural Jetties
. [ French jetée
a pier, a jetty, a causeway. See Jet
a shooting forth, and confer Jutty
.] 1. (Architecture) A part of a building that jets or projects beyond the rest, and overhangs the wall below. 2. A wharf or pier extending from the shore. 3. (Hydraul. Engin.) A structure of wood or stone extended into the sea to influence the current or tide, or to protect a harbor; a mole; as, the Eads system of jetties at the mouth of the Mississippi River. Jetty head (Nautical)
, a projecting part at the end of a wharf; the front of a wharf whose side forms one of the cheeks of a dock.
Jetty intransitive verb To jut out; to project. [ Obsolete] Florio.
Jeu d'esprit [ French, play of mind.] A witticism.
Jeunesse dorée [ French] Lit., gilded youth; young people of wealth and fashion, esp. if given to prodigal living; -- in the French Revolution, applied to young men of the upper classes who aided in suppressing the Jacobins after the Reign of Terror.
[ Old French Juis
, plural, French Juif
, Latin Judaeus
, Greek ..., from ... the country of the Jews, Judea, from Hebrew Y...h...dāh
Judah, son of Jacob. Confer Judaic
.] Originally, one belonging to the tribe or kingdom of Judah; after the return from the Babylonish captivity, any member of the new state; a Hebrew; an Israelite. Jew's frankincense
, gum styrax, or benzoin.
-- Jew's mallow (Botany)
, an annual herb ( Corchorus olitorius ) cultivated in Syria and Egypt as a pot herb, and in India for its fiber.
-- Jew's pitch
, asphaltum; bitumen.
-- The Wandering Jew
, an imaginary personage, who, for his cruelty to the Savior during his passion, is doomed to wander on the earth till Christ's second coming.
Jew's-ear noun (Botany) A species of fungus ( Hirneola Auricula-Judæ, or Auricula ), bearing some resemblance to the human ear.
Jew's-harp noun [ Jew + harp ; or possibly a corrupt. of jaw's harp ; confer German maultrommel , lit., mouthdrum.]
1. An instrument of music, which, when placed between the teeth, gives, by means of a bent metal tongue struck by the finger, a sound which is modulated by the breath; -- called also Jew's-trump . 2. (Nautical) The shackle for joining a chain cable to an anchor.
Jew's-stone, Jewstone noun (Paleon.) A large clavate spine of a fossil sea urchin.
Jewbush noun (Botany) A euphorbiaceous shrub of the genus Pedilanthus ( P. tithymaloides ), found in the West Indies, and possessing powerful emetic and drastic qualities.
[ Middle English juel
, Old French jouel
, French joyau
, dim. of Old French joie
joy, jewel, F. joie joy. See Joy
.] 1. An ornament of dress usually made of a precious metal, and having enamel or precious stones as a part of its design.
Plate of rare device, and jewels Shak. 2. A precious stone; a gem. Shak. 3. An object regarded with special affection; a precious thing.
Of rich and exquisite form.
"Our prince ( jewel
of children)." Shak. 4. A bearing for a pivot a pivot in a watch, formed of a crystal or precious stone, as a ruby. Jewel block (Nautical)
, block at the extremity of a yard, through which the halyard of a studding sail is rove.
Jewel transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Jeweled
, or Jewelled
; present participle & verbal noun Jeweling
, or Jewelling
.] To dress, adorn, deck, or supply with jewels, as a dress, a sword hilt, or a watch; to bespangle, as with jewels.
The long gray tufts . . . are jeweled thick with dew. M. Arnold.
[ Confer French joaillier
.] One who makes, or deals in, jewels, precious stones, and similar ornaments.
[ Written also jeweller
.] Jeweler's gold
. See under Gold .
Jewellery noun See Jewelry . Burke.
Jewelry noun [ Confer French joaillerie .]
1. The art or trade of a jeweler. Cotgrave. 2. Jewels, collectively; as, a bride's jewelry .
. A Hebrew woman.
Jewfish noun (Zoology)
1. A very large serranoid fish ( Promicrops itaiara ) of Florida and the Gulf of Mexico. It often reaches the weight of five hundred pounds. Its color is olivaceous or yellowish, with numerous brown spots. Called also guasa , and warsaw . 2. A similar gigantic fish ( Stereolepis gigas ) of Southern California, valued as a food fish. 3. The black grouper of Florida and Texas. 4. A large herringlike fish; the tarpum.
Jewise noun Same as Juise .
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Jewish adjective Of or pertaining to the Jews or Hebrews; characteristic of or resembling the Jews or their customs; Israelitish. -- Jew"ish*ly , adverb -- Jew"ish*ness , noun
[ Middle English Jewerie
, Old French Juierie
, French Juiverie
.] Judea; also, a district inhabited by Jews; a Jews' quarter. Chaucer.
Teaching throughout all Jewry . Luke xxiii. 5.
Jezebel noun [ From Jezebel , Hebrew Izebel , the wife of Ahab king of Israel.] A bold, vicious woman; a termagant. Spectator.
Jharal noun [ Native name.] (Zoology) A wild goat ( Capra Jemlaica ) which inhabits the loftiest mountains of India. It has long, coarse hair, forming a thick mane on its head and neck.
[ Named from its shifting from side to side. See Jib
, intransitive verb
.] 1. (Nautical) A triangular sail set upon a stay or halyard extending from the foremast or fore-topmast to the bowsprit or the jib boom. Large vessels often carry several jibs; as, inner jib ; outer jib ; flying jib ; etc. 2. (Machinery) The projecting arm of a crane, from which the load is suspended. Jib boom (Nautical)
, a spar or boom which serves as an extension of the bowsprit. It is sometimes extended by another spar called the flying jib boom
. [ Written also gib boom
.] -- Jib crane (Machinery)
, a crane having a horizontal jib on which a trolley moves, bearing the load.
-- Jib door (Architecture)
, a door made flush with the wall, without dressings or moldings; a disguised door.
-- Jib header (Nautical)
, a gaff-topsail, shaped like a jib; a jib-headed topsail.
-- Jib topsail (Nautical)
, a small jib set above and outside of all the other jibs.
-- The cut of one's jib
, one's outward appearance.
[ Colloq.] Sir W. Scott.
Jib intransitive verb [ Connected with jibe ; confer Old French giber to shake.] To move restively backward or sidewise, -- said of a horse; to balk. [ Written also jibb .] [ Eng.]
1. One that jibs, or balks; a jibber. 2. A stationary condition; a standstill.
Jib transitive verb & i.
[ imperfect & past participle Jibbed
; present participle & verbal noun Jibbing
.] Also Jibb
[ Confer Jib
a sail, Gybe
.] (Chiefly Naut.) To shift, or swing round, as a sail, boom, yard, etc., as in tacking.
Jibber noun A horse that jibs. [ Eng.]
(jīb) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Jibed
(jībd); present participle & verbal noun Jibing
(jīb"ĭng).] [ Confer Danish gibbe
, Dutch gijpen
, intransitive verb
, and dial. Swedish gippa
to jerk. Confer Jib
& intransitive verb
] (Nautical) To shift, as the boom of a fore-and-aft sail, from one side of a vessel to the other when the wind is aft or on the quarter. See Gybe .
Jibe intransitive verb 1. (Nautical) To change a ship's course so as to cause a shifting of the boom. See Jibe , transitive verb , and Gybe . 2. To agree; to harmonize.
[ Colloq.] Bartlett.
Jiffy noun [ Perh. corrupt. from gliff .] [ Written also giffy .] A moment; an instant; as, I will be ready in a jiffy . [ Colloq.] J. & H. Smith.
[ Old French gigue
a stringed instrument, a kind of dance, French gigue
dance, tune, gig; of German origin; confer Middle High German gīge
fiddle, German geige
. Confer Gig
a fiddle, Gig
a whirligig.] 1. (Mus.) A light, brisk musical movement.
Hot and hasty, like a Scotch jig . Shak. 3. A light, humorous piece of writing, esp. in rhyme; a farce in verse; a ballad.
A jig shall be clapped at, and every rhyme Beau. & Fl. 4. A piece of sport; a trick; a prank.
Praised and applauded.
Is't not a fine jig , Beau. & Fl. 5. A trolling bait, consisting of a bright spoon and a hook attached. 6. (Machinery) (a) A small machine or handy tool
A precious cunning, in the late Protector?
; esp.: (Metal Working) A contrivance fastened to or inclosing a piece of work, and having hard steel surfaces to guide a tool, as a drill, or to form a shield or templet to work to, as in filing. (b) (Mining) An apparatus or a machine for jigging ore. Drill jig
, a jig for guiding a drill. See Jig , 6 (a) .
-- Jig drilling
, Jig filing (Metal Working)
, a process of drilling or filing in which the action of the tool is directed or limited by a jig.
-- Jig saw
, a sawing machine with a narrow, vertically reciprocating saw, used to cut curved and irregular lines, or ornamental patterns in openwork, a scroll saw; -- called also gig saw .
Jig transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Jigged
; present participle & verbal noun Jigging
.] 1. To sing to the tune of a jig.
Jig off a tune at the tongue's end. Shak. 2. To trick or cheat; to cajole; to delude. Ford. 3. (Mining) To sort or separate, as ore in a jigger or sieve. See Jigging , noun 4. (Metal Working) To cut or form, as a piece of metal, in a jigging machine.
Jig intransitive verb To dance a jig; to skip about.
You jig , you amble, and you lisp. Shak.
Jig intransitive verb To move with a skip or rhythm; to move with vibrations or jerks.
The fin would jig off slowly, as if it were looking for nothing at all. Kipling.
[ A corrupt. of chigre
.] (Zoology) A species of flea ( Sarcopsylla, or Pulex, penetrans ), which burrows beneath the skin. See Chigoe .
[ See Jig
, noun & v.
] 1. One who, or that which, jigs; specifically, a miner who sorts or cleans ore by the process of jigging; also, the sieve used in jigging. 2. (Pottery) (a) A horizontal table carrying a revolving mold, on which earthen vessels are shaped by rapid motion; a potter's wheel. (b) A templet or tool by which vessels are shaped on a potter's wheel. 3. (Nautical) (a) A light tackle, consisting of a double and single block and the fall, used for various purposes, as to increase the purchase on a topsail sheet in hauling it home; the watch tackle. Totten. (b) A small fishing vessel, rigged like a yawl.
[ New Eng.] (c) A supplementary sail. See Dandy , noun , 2 (b) . 4. A pendulum rolling machine for slicking or graining leather; same as Jack , 4 (i) . Jigger mast
. (Nautical) (a) The after mast of a four-masted vessel
. (b) The small mast set at the stern of a yawl-rigged boat.
Jigger (jĭg"gẽr) noun (Zoology) Any one of several species of small red mites (esp. Tetranychus irritans and T. Americanus ) which, in the larval or leptus stage, burrow beneath the skin of man and various animals, causing great annoyance. [ Southern U. S.]
Jigger transitive verb
[ Confer Jiggle
.] To move, send, or drive with a jerk; to jerk; also, to drive or send over with a jerk, as a golf ball.
He could jigger the ball o'er a steeple tall as most men would jigger a cop. Harper's Mag.
Jigging noun (Mining) The act or using a jig; the act of separating ore with a jigger, or wire-bottomed sieve, which is moved up and down in water. Jigging machine . (a) (Mining) A machine for separating ore by the process of jigging . (b) (Metal Working) A machine with a rotary milling cutter and a templet by which the action of the cutter is guided or limited; -- used for forming the profile of an irregularly shaped piece; a profiling machine.
Jiggish adjective 1. Resembling, or suitable for, a jig, or lively movement. Tatler. 2. Playful; frisky.
She is never sad, and yet not jiggish . Habington.
Jiggle intransitive verb [ Freq. of jig .] To wriggle or frisk about; to move awkwardly; to shake up and down.
Jigjog noun A jolting motion; a jogging pace.
Jigjog adjective Having a jolting motion.
Jihad, Jehad noun
[ Arabic jihād
.] (Moham.) A religious war against infidels or Mohammedan heretics; also, any bitter war or crusade for a principle or belief.
[ Their] courage in war . . . had not, like that of the Mohammedan dervishes of the Sudan, or of Mohammedans anywhere engaged in a jehad , a religious motive and the promise of future bliss behind it. James Bryce.
[ See Gill
sweetheart.] A young woman; a sweetheart. See Gill . Beau. & Fl.
Jill-flirt noun A light, giddy, or wanton girl or woman. See Gill-flirt .