Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Japonica noun [ New Latin , Japanese, from Japonia Japan.] (Botany) A species of Camellia ( Camellia Japonica ), a native of Japan, bearing beautiful red or white flowers. Many other genera have species of the same name.

Japonism noun [ French japonisme , from Japon Japan.] A quality, idiom, or peculiarity characteristic of the Japanese or their products, esp. in art.

Jar (jär) noun [ See Ajar .] A turn. [ Only in phrase.]

On the jar , on the turn, ajar, as a door.

Jar (jär) noun [ French jarre , Spanish jarra , from Arabic jarrah ewer; confer Pers. jarrah .]
1. A deep, broad-mouthed vessel of earthenware or glass, for holding fruit, preserves, etc., or for ornamental purposes; as, a jar of honey; a rose jar . Dryden.

2. The measure of what is contained in a jar; as, a jar of oil; a jar of preserves.

Bell jar , Leyden jar . See in the Vocabulary.

Jar intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Jarred ; present participle & verbal noun Jarring .] [ Confer Middle English charken to creak, Anglo-Saxon cearcian to gnash, French jars a gander, Latin garrire to chatter, prate, Old High German kerran to chatter, croak, German quarren to grumble, and English jargon , ajar .]


1. To give forth a rudely quivering or tremulous sound; to sound harshly or discordantly; as, the notes jarred on my ears.

When such strings jar , what hope of harmony ?
Shak.

A string may jar in the best master's hand.
Roscommon.

2. To act in opposition or disagreement; to clash; to interfere; to quarrel; to dispute.

When those renowned noble peers Greece
Through stubborn pride among themselves did jar .
Spenser.

For orders and degrees
Jar not with liberty, but well consist.
Milton.

Jar transitive verb
1. To cause a short, tremulous motion of, to cause to tremble, as by a sudden shock or blow; to shake; to shock; as, to jar the earth; to jar one's faith.

2. To tick; to beat; to mark or tell off. [ Obsolete]

My thoughts are minutes, and with sighs they jar
Their watches on unto mine eyes.
Shak.

Jar noun
1. A rattling, tremulous vibration or shock; a shake; a harsh sound; a discord; as, the jar of a train; the jar of harsh sounds.

2. Clash of interest or opinions; collision; discord; debate; slight disagreement.

And yet his peace is but continual jar .
Spenser.

Cease, cease these jars , and rest your minds in peace.
Shak.

3. A regular vibration, as of a pendulum.

I love thee not a jar of the clock.
Shak.

4. plural In deep well boring, a device resembling two long chain links, for connecting a percussion drill to the rod or rope which works it, so that the drill is driven down by impact and is jerked loose when jammed.

Jar-owl noun (Zoology) The goatsucker.

Jararaca noun [ Portuguese , from the native name.] (Zoology) A poisonous serpent of Brazil ( Bothrops jararaca ), about eighteen inches long, and of a dusky, brownish color, variegated with red and black spots.

Jarble transitive verb To wet; to bemire. [ Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.

Jardinière noun [ French, fem. of jardinier gardener. See Garden .] An ornamental stand or receptacle for plants, flowers, etc., used as a piece of decorative furniture in room.

Jardinière noun (Cookery) A preparation of mixed vegetables stewed in a sauce with savory herbs, etc.; also, a soup made in this way.

Jards noun [ French jarde , jardon .] (Far.) A callous tumor on the leg of a horse, below the hock.

Jargle intransitive verb [ Confer OSw. jerga to repeat angrily, to brawl, Icelandic jarg tedious iteration, French jargonner to talk jargon. See Jargon gabble.] To emit a harsh or discordant sound. [ Obsolete] Bp. Hall.

Jargon noun [ French jargon , Old French also gargon , perhaps akin to English garrulous , or gargle .] Confused, unintelligible language; gibberish; hence, an artificial idiom or dialect; cant language; slang. "A barbarous jargon ." Macaulay. "All jargon of the schools." Prior.

The jargon which serves the traffickers.
Johnson.

Jargon (jär"gŏn) intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Jargoned (-gŏnd); present participle & verbal noun Jargoning .] To utter jargon; to emit confused or unintelligible sounds; to talk unintelligibly, or in a harsh and noisy manner.

The noisy jay,
Jargoning like a foreigner at his food.
Longfellow.

Jargon noun [ English jargon , Italian jiargone ; perhaps from Pers. zarg...n gold-colored, from zar gold. Confer Zircon .] (Min.) A variety of zircon. See Zircon .

Jargonelle noun [ French jargonelle a very gritty variety of pear. See Jargon zircon.] A variety of pear which ripens early.

Jargonic adjective Of or pertaining to the mineral jargon.

Jargonist noun One addicted to jargon; one who uses cant or slang. Macaulay.

Jarl noun [ Icelandic , nobleman, chief. See Earl .] A chief; an earl; in English history, one of the leaders in the Danish and Norse invasions. Longfellow.

Jarnut noun [ Of Scand. origin: confer Danish jordnöd .] (Botany) An earthnut. Dr. Prior.

Jarosite noun [ From Barranco Jaroso , in Spain.] (Min.) An ocher-yellow mineral occurring in minute rhombohedral crystals. It is a hydrous sulphate of iron and potash.

Jarrah noun The mahoganylike wood of the Australian Eucalyptus marginata . See Eucalyptus .

Jarring adjective [ See Jar. ] Shaking; disturbing; discordant. "A jarring sound." Dryden.

Jarring noun
1. A shaking; a tremulous motion; as, the jarring of a steamship, caused by its engines.

2. Discord; a clashing of interests. "Endless jarrings and immortal hate." Dryden.

Jarringly adverb In a jarring or discordant manner.

Jarvey, Jarvy noun
1. The driver of a hackney coach. [ Slang, Eng.] Carlyle.

2. A hackney coach. [ Slang, Eng.]

The litter at the bottom of the jarvy .
T. Hook.

Jasey noun A wig; -- so called, perhaps, from being made of, or resembling, Jersey yarn. Thackeray.

Jashawk noun [ A corruption of eyas hawk .] (Zoology) A young hawk. Booth.

Jasmine noun [ French jasmin , Spanish jazmin , Arabic yāsmīn , Pers. yāsmīn ; confer Italian gesmino , gelsomino . Confer Jessamine .] (Botany) A shrubby plant of the genus Jasminum , bearing flowers of a peculiarly fragrant odor. The J. officinale , common in the south of Europe, bears white flowers. The Arabian jasmine is J. Sambac , and, with J. angustifolia , comes from the East Indies. The yellow false jasmine in the Gelseminum sempervirens (see Gelsemium ). Several other plants are called jasmine in the West Indies, as species of Calotropis and Faramea . [ Written also jessamine .]

Cape jasmine , or Cape jessamine , the Gardenia florida , a shrub with fragrant white flowers, a native of China, and hardy in the Southern United States.

Jasp noun Jasper. [ Obsolete] Spenser.

Jaspachate noun [ Latin iaspachates , Greek ....] (Min.) Agate jasper. [ Obsolete]

Jaspé adjective [ French, p.p. of jasper to mottle. See Jasper .] (Ceramics) Having the surface decorated with cloudings and streaks, somewhat as if imitating jasper.

Jasper noun [ Middle English jaspre , jaspe , Old French jaspre , jaspe , French jaspe , Latin iaspis , Greek ...; confer Persian yashp , yashf , Arabic yashb , yasb , yasf , Hebrew yāshpheh . Confer Diaper .] (Min.) An opaque, impure variety of quartz, of red, yellow, and other dull colors, breaking with a smooth surface. It admits of a high polish, and is used for vases, seals, snuff boxes, etc. When the colors are in stripes or bands, it is called striped or banded jasper . The Egyptian pebble is a brownish yellow jasper.

Jasper opal , a yellow variety of opal resembling jasper. -- Jasper ware , a delicate kind of earthenware invented by Josiah Wedgwood. It is usually white, but is capable of receiving color.

Jasperated adjective mixed with jasper; containing particles of jasper; as, jasperated agate.

Jasperize transitive verb [ Usually past participle Jasperized ] To convert into, or make to resemble, jasper.

Polished specimens of jasperized and agatized woods.
Pop. Sci. Monthly.

Jaspery adjective Of the nature of jasper; mixed with jasper.

Jaspidean, Jaspideous adjective [ Latin iaspideus . See Jasper .] Consisting of jasper, or containing jasper; jaspery; jasperlike.

Jaspilite noun [ Jasper + -lite .] (Min.) A compact siliceous rock resembling jasper.

Jaspoid adjective [ French jaspoïde ; jaspe jasper + Greek ... form.] Resembling jasper. [ R.]

Jasponyx noun [ Latin iasponyx , Greek ... . See Jasper , and Onyx .] (min.) An onyx, part or all of whose layers consist of jasper.

Jatrophic adjective Of or pertaining to physic nuts, the seeds of plants of the genus Jatropha .

Jaunce intransitive verb [ Old French jancer . Confer Jounce , Jaunt .] To ride hard; to jounce. [ Obsolete]

Spurr'd, galled and tired by jauncing Bolingbroke.
Shak.

Jaundice noun [ Middle English jaunis , French jaunisse , from jaune yellow, orig. jalne , from Latin galbinus yellowish, from galbus yellow.] (Medicine) A morbid condition, characterized by yellowness of the eyes, skin, and urine, whiteness of the fæces, constipation, uneasiness in the region of the stomach, loss of appetite, and general languor and lassitude. It is caused usually by obstruction of the biliary passages and consequent damming up, in the liver, of the bile, which is then absorbed into the blood.

Blue jaundice . See Cyanopathy .

Jaundice transitive verb To affect with jaundice; to color by prejudice or envy; to prejudice.

The envy of wealth jaundiced his soul.
Ld. Lytton.

Jaundiced adjective
1. Affected with jaundice.

Jaundiced eyes seem to see all objects yellow.
Bp. Hall.

2. Prejudiced; envious; as, a jaundiced judgment.

Jaunt intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Jaunted ; present participle & verbal noun Jaunting .] [ Confer Scot. jaunder to ramble, jaunt to taunt, jeer, dial. Swedish ganta to play the buffoon, romp, jest; perhaps akin to English jump . Confer Jaunce .]


1. To ramble here and there; to stroll; to make an excursion.

2. To ride on a jaunting car.

Jaunting car , a kind of low-set open vehicle, used in Ireland, in which the passengers ride sidewise, sitting back to back. [ Written also jaunty car .] Thackeray.

Jaunt transitive verb To jolt; to jounce. [ Obsolete] Bale.

Jaunt noun
1. A wearisome journey. [ R.]

Our Savior, meek, and with untroubled mind
After his aëry jaunt , though hurried sore.
Hungry and cold, betook him to his rest.
Milton.

2. A short excursion for pleasure or refreshment; a ramble; a short journey.