Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Jugated adjective (Botany) Coupled together.

Juge noun A judge. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Jugement noun Judgment. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Juger noun [ Latin jugerum .] A Roman measure of land, measuring 28,800 square feet, or 240 feet in length by 120 in breadth.

Jugger noun (Zoology) An East Indian falcon. See Lugger .

Juggernaut noun [ Sanskrit jagannātha lord of the world.] One of the names under which Vishnu, in his incarnation as Krishna, is worshiped by the Hindoos. [ Written also Juggernnath , Jaganath , Jaganatha , etc.]

» The principal seat of the worship of Juggernaut is at Pûri in Orissa. At certain times the idol is drawn from the temple by the multitude, on a high car with sixteen wheels. Formerly, fanatics sometimes threw themselves under the wheels to be crushed as a sacrifice to the god.

Juggle intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Juggled ; present participle & verbal noun Juggling .] [ Middle English juglen ; confer Old French jogler , jugler , French jongler . See Juggler .]


1. To play tricks by sleight of hand; to cause amusement and sport by tricks of skill; to conjure.

2. To practice artifice or imposture.

Be these juggling fiends no more believed.
Shak.

Juggle transitive verb To deceive by trick or artifice.

Is't possible the spells of France should juggle
Men into such strange mysteries?
Shak.

Juggle noun
1. A trick by sleight of hand.

2. An imposture; a deception. Tennyson.

A juggle of state to cozen the people.
Tillotson.

3. A block of timber cut to a length, either in the round or split. Knight.

Juggler noun [ Middle English jogelour , juglur , Old French jogleor , jugleor , jongleor , French jongleur , from Latin joculator a jester, joker, from joculus a little jest or joke, dim. of jocus jest, joke. See Joke , and confer Jongleur , Joculator .]


1. One who practices or exhibits tricks by sleight of hand; one skilled in legerdemain; a conjurer.

As nimble jugglers that deceive the eye.
Shak.

Jugglers and impostors do daily delude them.
Sir T. Browne.

2. A deceiver; a cheat. Shak.

Juggleress noun
1. A female juggler. T. Warton.

Jugglery noun [ Middle English & Old French joglerie , French jonglerie .]


1. The art or act of a juggler; sleight of hand.

2. Trickery; imposture; as, political jugglery .

Juggling adjective Cheating; tricky. -- Jug"gling*ly , adverb

Juggling noun Jugglery; underhand practice.

Juggs noun plural See Jougs . [ Scot.]

Juglandin noun [ Latin juglans , -andis , a walnut: confer French juglandine .] (Chemistry) An extractive matter contained in the juice of the green shucks of the walnut ( Juglans regia ). It is used medicinally as an alterative, and also as a black hair dye.

Juglandine noun An alkaloid found in the leaves of the walnut ( Juglans regia ).

Juglans noun [ Latin , walnut.] (Botany) A genus of valuable trees, including the true walnut of Europe, and the America black walnut, and butternut.

Juglone noun [ Latin jugl ans the walnut + -one .] (Chemistry) A yellow crystalline substance resembling quinone, extracted from green shucks of the walnut ( Juglans regia ); -- called also nucin .

Jugular adjective [ Latin jugulum the collar bone, which joins together the shoulders and the breast, the throat, akin to jungere to yoke, to join: confer French jugulaire . See Join .]


1. (Anat.) (a) Of or pertaining to the throat or neck; as, the jugular vein. (b) Of or pertaining to the jugular vein; as, the jugular foramen.

2. (Zoology) Having the ventral fins beneath the throat; -- said of certain fishes.

Jugular noun [ Confer French jugulaire . See Jugular , adjective ]


1. (Anat.) One of the large veins which return the blood from the head to the heart through two chief trunks, an external and an internal, on each side of the neck; -- called also the jugular vein .

2. (Zoology) Any fish which has the ventral fins situated forward of the pectoral fins, or beneath the throat; one of a division of fishes ( Jugulares ).

Jugulate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Jugulated ; present participle & verbal noun Jugulating .] [ Latin jugulatus , past participle of jugulare , from jugulatum . See Jugular .] To cut the throat of. [ R.] Jacob Bigelow.

Jugulum noun ; plural Jugula . [ Latin ] (Zoology) The lower throat, or that part of the neck just above the breast.

Jugum noun ; plural Latin Juga , English Jugums . [ Latin , a yoke, ridge.] (Botany) (a) One of the ridges commonly found on the fruit of umbelliferous plants. (b) A pair of the opposite leaflets of a pinnate plant.

Juice (jūs) noun [ Middle English juse , French jus broth, gravy, juice, Latin jus ; akin to Sanskrit yūsha .] The characteristic fluid of any vegetable or animal substance; the sap or part which can be expressed from fruit, etc.; the fluid part which separates from meat in cooking.

An animal whose juices are unsound.
Arbuthnot.

The juice of July flowers.
B. Jonson.

The juice of Egypt's grape.
Shak.

Letters which Edward Digby wrote in lemon juice .
Macaulay.

Cold water draws the juice of meat.
Mrs. Whitney.

Juice (jūs) transitive verb To moisten; to wet. [ Obsolete] Fuller.

Juiceless adjective Lacking juice; dry. Dr. H. More.

Juiciness noun The state or quality of being juicy; succulence plants.

Juicy adjective [ Compar. Juicier ; superl. Juiciest .] A bounding with juice; succulent. Bacon.

Juise noun [ Old French juise . Latin judicium . See Judicial .] Judgment; justice; sentence. [ Obsolete]

Up [ on] pain of hanging and high juise .
Chaucer.

Jujube (jū"jub) noun [ French, from Latin zizyphum , Greek zi`zyfon , Persian zīzfūn , zizafūn , zayzafūn .] The sweet and edible drupes (fruits) of several Mediterranean and African species of small trees, of the genus Zizyphus , especially the Z. jujuba , Z. vulgaris , Z. mucronata , and Z. Lotus . The last named is thought to have furnished the lotus of the ancient Libyan Lotophagi , or lotus eaters.

Jujube paste , the dried or inspissated jelly of the jujube; also, a confection made of gum arabic sweetened.

Jujube noun A lozenge made of or in imitation of, or flavored with, the jujube fruit.

Jujutsu noun Also Ju"jit`su Jiu"jut`su
Juke intransitive verb [ from Scottish jouk to bow.] To bend the neck; to bow or duck the head. [ Written also jook and jouk .]

The money merchant was so proud of his trust that he went juking and tossing of his head.
L' Estrange.

Juke noun The neck of a bird. [ Prov. Eng.]

Juke intransitive verb [ French juc a roost, perch, jucher to roost, to perch.] To perch on anything, as birds do. [ Obsolete]

Jukes, The A pseudonym used to designate the descendants of two sisters, the "Jukes" sisters, whose husbands were sons of a backwoodsman of Dutch descent. They lived in the State of New York, and their history was investigated by R. Latin Dugdale as an example of the inheritance of criminal and immoral tendencies, disease, and pauperism. Sixty per cent of those traced showed, degeneracy, and they are estimated to have cost society $1,308,000 in 75 years.

Julaceous adjective [ See Julus .] (Botany) Like an ament, or bearing aments; amentaceous.

Julep noun [ French, from Spanish julepe , from Arabic & Persian julāb , jullāb , from Persian gulāb rose water and julep; gul rose + āb water.]


1. A refreshing drink flavored with aromatic herbs ; esp. (Medicine) , a sweet, demulcent, acidulous, or mucilaginous mixture, used as a vehicle. Milton.

Honey in woods, juleps in brooks.
H. Vaughan.

2. A beverage composed of brandy, whisky, or some other spirituous liquor, with sugar, pounded ice, and sprigs of mint; -- called also mint julep . [ U.S.]

Julian (?; 277) adjective [ Latin Julianus , from Julius . Confer July , Gillian .] Relating to, or derived from, Julius Cæsar.

Julian calendar , the calendar as adjusted by Julius Cæsar, in which the year was made to consist of 365 days, each fourth year having 366 days. -- Julian epoch , the epoch of the commencement of the Julian calendar, or 46 b. c. -- Julian period , a chronological period of 7,980 years, combining the solar, lunar, and indiction cycles (28 x 19 x 15 = 7,980), being reckoned from the year 4713 B. C. , when the first years of these several cycles would coincide, so that if any year of the period be divided by 28, 19, or 15, the remainder will be the year of the corresponding cycle. The Julian period was proposed by Scaliger, to remove or avoid ambiguities in chronological dates, and was so named because composed of Julian years. -- Julian year , the year of 365 days, 6 hours, adopted in the Julian calendar, and in use until superseded by the Gregorian year, as established in the reformed or Gregorian calendar.

Julienne noun [ French] A kind of soup containing thin slices or shreds of carrots, onions, etc.

Juliform adjective [ Julus + - form .] (Botany) Having the shape or appearance of a julus or catkin.

Julus noun ; plural Juli . [ Of the same origin as iulus .] (Botany) A catkin or ament. See Ament .

July noun ; plural Julies . [ Latin Julius ; -- named from Caius Julius Cæsar, who was born in this month: confer French Juillet .] The seventh month of the year, containing thirty-one days.

» This month was called Quintilis , or the fifth month, according to the old Roman calendar, in which March was the first month of the year.

July-flower noun See Gillyflower .

Jumart noun [ French] The fabled offspring of a bull and a mare. Locke.

Jumble transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Jumbled ; present participle & verbal noun Jumbling .] [ Prob. from jump , i. e., to make to jump, or shake.] To mix in a confused mass; to put or throw together without order; -- often followed by together or up .

Why dost thou blend and jumble such inconsistencies together?
Burton.

Every clime and age
Jumbled together.
Tennyson.

Jumble intransitive verb To meet or unite in a confused way; to mix confusedly. Swift.

Jumble noun
1. A confused mixture; a mass or collection without order; as, a jumble of words.

2. A small, thin, sugared cake, usually ring- shaped.

Jumblement noun Confused mixture. [ Low]