Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Affrightedly adverb With fright. Drayton.
Affrighten transitive verb To frighten. [ Archaic] "Fit tales . . . to affrighten babes." Southey.
Affrighter noun One who frightens. [ Archaic]
Affrightful adjective Terrifying; frightful.
Bugbears or affrightful apparitions.
Affrightment noun Affright; the state of being frightened; sudden fear or alarm.
Passionate words or blows . . . fill the child's mind with terror and affrightment .
Affront transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Affronted
; present participle & verbal noun Affronting
.] [ Old French afronter
, French affronter
, to confront, Late Latin affrontare
to strike against, from Latin ad
forehead, front. See Front
.] 1. To front; to face in position; to meet or encounter face to face.
All the sea-coasts do affront the Levant.
That he, as 't were by accident, may here 2. To face in defiance; to confront; as, to affront death; hence, to meet in hostile encounter.
[ Archaic] 3. To offend by some manifestation of disrespect; to insult to the face by demeanor or language; to treat with marked incivility.
How can any one imagine that the fathers would have dared to affront the wife of Aurelius? Syn.
-- To insult; abuse; outrage; wound; illtreat; slight; defy; offend; provoke; pique; nettle.
[ Confer French affront
, from affronter
.] 1. An encounter either friendly or hostile.
I walked about, admired of all, and dreaded 2. Contemptuous or rude treatment which excites or justifies resentment; marked disrespect; a purposed indignity; insult.
On hostile ground, none daring my affront .
Offering an affront to our understanding. 3. An offense to one's self-respect; shame. Arbuthnot. Syn.
. An affront
is a designed mark of disrespect, usually in the presence of others. An insult
is a personal attack either by words or actions, designed to humiliate or degrade. An outrage
is an act of extreme and violent insult or abuse. An affront
piques and mortifies; an insult
irritates and provokes; an outrage
wounds and injures.
Captious persons construe every innocent freedom into an affront . When people are in a state of animosity, they seek opportunities of offering each other insults . Intoxication or violent passion impels men to the commission of outrages .
Affronté adjective [ French affronté , past participle ] (Her.) Face to face, or front to front; facing.
Affrontedly adverb Shamelessly. [ Obsolete] Bacon.
Affrontee noun One who receives an affront. Lytton.
Affronter noun One who affronts, or insults to the face.
Affrontingly adverb In an affronting manner.
Affrontive adjective Tending to affront or offend; offensive; abusive.
How affrontive it is to despise mercy.
Affrontiveness (ăf*frŭnt"ĭv*nĕs) noun The quality that gives an affront or offense. [ R.] Bailey.
(ăf*fūz") transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Affused
(-fūzd"); present participle & verbal noun Affusing
] [ Latin affusus
, past participle of affundere
to pour to; ad
. See Fuse
.] To pour out or upon.
I first affused water upon the compressed beans.
Affusion (ăf*fū"zhŭn) noun [ Confer French affusion .] The act of pouring upon, or sprinkling with a liquid, as water upon a child in baptism. Specifically: (Med) The act of pouring water or other fluid on the whole or a part of the body, as a remedy in disease. Dunglison.
Affy transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Affied
; present participle Affying
.] [ Old French afier
, Late Latin affidare
. Confer Affiance
.] 1. To confide (one's self to , or in ); to trust.
[ Obsolete] 2. To betroth or espouse; to affiance.
[ Obsolete] Shak. 3. To bind in faith.
[ Obsolete] Bp. Montagu.
Affy intransitive verb To trust or confide. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Afghan adjective Of or pertaining to Afghanistan.
1. A native of Afghanistan. 2. A kind of worsted blanket or wrap.
[ Prefix a-
.] 1. To, in, or on the field.
"We drove afield
How jocund did they drive their team afield ! 2. Out of the way; astray.
Why should he wander afield at the age of fifty- five!
Afire (ȧ*fīr") adverb & adjective [ Prefix a- + fire .] On fire.
Aflame (ȧ*flām") adverb & adjective [ Prefix a- + flame .] In flames; glowing with light or passion; ablaze. G. Eliot.
Aflat (ȧ*flăt") adverb [ Prefix a- + flat .] Level with the ground; flat. [ Obsolete] Bacon.
Aflaunt (ȧ*flant") adverb & adjective [ Prefix a- + flaunt .] In a flaunting state or position. Copley.
Aflicker (ȧ*flĭk"ẽr) adverb & adjective [ Prefix a- + flicker .] In a flickering state.
(ȧ*flōt") adverb & adjective
[ Prefix a-
.] 1. Borne on the water; floating; on board ship.
On such a full sea are we now afloat . 2. Moving; passing from place to place; in general circulation; as, a rumor is afloat . 3. Unfixed; moving without guide or control; adrift; as, our affairs are all afloat .
Afloat adverb & adjective Covered with water bearing floating articles; flooded; as, the decks are afloat .
(ȧ*flō") adverb & adjective
[ Prefix a-
Their founts aflow with tears.
Aflush (ȧ*flŭsh") adverb & adjective [ Prefix a- + flush , noun ] In a flushed or blushing state.
Aflush adverb & adjective
[ Prefix a-
, adjective ] On a level.
The bank is . . . aflush with the sea.
Aflutter adverb & adjective [ Prefix a- + flutter .] In a flutter; agitated.
Afoam adverb & adjective [ Prefix a- + foam .] In a foaming state; as, the sea is all afoam .
[ Prefix a-
.] 1. On foot.
We 'll walk afoot a while. 2. Fig.: In motion; in action; astir; in progress.
The matter being afoot .
[ Middle English afore
, Anglo-Saxon onforan
; prefix a-
.] 1. Before.
If he have never drunk wine afore . 2. (Nautical) In the fore part of a vessel.
Afore preposition Afore the mast , among the common sailors; -- a phrase used to distinguish the ship's crew from the officers.
1. Before (in all its senses). [ Archaic] 2. (Nautical) Before; in front of; farther forward than; as, afore the windlass.
Aforecited adjective Named or quoted before.
Aforegoing adjective Goīng before; foregoing.
Aforehand adverb Beforehand; in anticipation.
[ Archaic or Dial
She is come aforehand to anoint my body.
Mark xiv. 8.
Aforehand adjective Prepared; previously provided; -- opposed to behindhand .
[ Archaic or Dial.]
Aforehand in all matters of power.
Aforementioned adjective Previously mentioned; before-mentioned. Addison.
Aforenamed adjective Named before. Peacham.
Aforesaid adjective Said before, or in a preceding part; already described or identified.
Aforethought adjective Premeditated; prepense; previously in mind; designed; as, malice aforethought , which is required to constitute murder. Bouvier.
Aforethought noun Premeditation.
Aforetime adverb In time past; formerly. "He prayed . . . as he did aforetime ." Dan. vi. 10.
Afoul adverb & adjective [ Prefix a- + foul .] In collision; entangled. Totten. To run afoul of , to run against or come into collision with, especially so as to become entangled or to cause injury.
Afraid p. adjective
[ Middle English afrayed
, past participle of afraien
to affray. See Affray
, and confer Afeard
.] Impressed with fear or apprehension; in fear; apprehensive.
[ Afraid comes after the noun it limits.] "Back they recoiled, afraid
» This word expresses a less degree of fear than terrified
. It is followed by of
before the object of fear, or by the infinitive, or by a dependent clause; as, to be afraid of
death. "I am afraid
to die." "I am afraid
he will chastise me." "Be not afraid
that I your hand should take." Shak. I am afraid
is sometimes used colloquially to soften a statement; as, I am afraid
I can not help you in this matter. Syn.
-- Fearful; timid; timorous; alarmed; anxious.
Afreet noun Same as Afrit .
[ Prefix a-
.] Anew; again; once more; newly.
They crucify . . . the Son of God afresh .
Hebrew vi. 6.