Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Affectedly adverb
1. In an affected manner; hypocritically; with more show than reality.

2. Lovingly; with tender care. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Affectedness noun Affectation.

Affecter noun One who affects, assumes, pretends, or strives after. " Affecters of wit." Abp. Secker.

Affectibility noun The quality or state of being affectible. [ R.]

Affectible adjective That may be affected. [ R.]

Lay aside the absolute, and, by union with the creaturely, become affectible .
Coleridge.

Affecting adjective
1. Moving the emotions; fitted to excite the emotions; pathetic; touching; as, an affecting address; an affecting sight.

The most affecting music is generally the most simple.
Mitford.

2. Affected; given to false show. [ Obsolete]

A drawling; affecting rouge.
Shak.

Affectingly adverb In an affecting manner; is a manner to excite emotions.

Affection noun [ French affection , Latin affectio , from afficere . See Affect .]
1. The act of affecting or acting upon; the state of being affected.

2. An attribute; a quality or property; a condition; a bodily state; as, figure, weight, etc. , are affections of bodies. "The affections of quantity." Boyle.

And, truly, waking dreams were, more or less,
An old and strange affection of the house.
Tennyson.

3. Bent of mind; a feeling or natural impulse or natural impulse acting upon and swaying the mind; any emotion; as, the benevolent affections , esteem, gratitude, etc.; the malevolent affections , hatred, envy, etc.; inclination; disposition; propensity; tendency.

Affection is applicable to an unpleasant as well as a pleasant state of the mind, when impressed by any object or quality.
Cogan.

4. A settled good will; kind feeling; love; zealous or tender attachment; -- often in the plural Formerly followed by to , but now more generally by for or towards ; as, filial, social, or conjugal affections ; to have an affection for or towards children.

All his affections are set on his own country.
Macaulay.

5. Prejudice; bias. [ Obsolete] Bp. Aylmer.

6. (Medicine) Disease; morbid symptom; malady; as, a pulmonary affection . Dunglison.

7. The lively representation of any emotion. Wotton.

8. Affectation. [ Obsolete] "Spruce affection ." Shak.

9. Passion; violent emotion. [ Obsolete]

Most wretched man,
That to affections does the bridle lend.
Spenser.

Syn. -- Attachment; passion; tenderness; fondness; kindness; love; good will. See Attachment ; Disease .

Affectional adjective Of or pertaining to the affections; as, affectional impulses; an affectional nature.

Affectionate adjective [ Confer French affectionné .]
1. Having affection or warm regard; loving; fond; as, an affectionate brother.

2. Kindly inclined; zealous. [ Obsolete] Johson.

Man, in his love God, and desire to please him, can never be too affectionate .
Sprat.

3. Proceeding from affection; indicating love; tender; as, the affectionate care of a parent; affectionate countenance, message, language.

4. Strongly inclined; -- with to . [ Obsolete] Bacon.

Syn. -- Tender; attached; loving; devoted; warm; fond; earnest; ardent.

Affectionated adjective Disposed; inclined. [ Obsolete]

Affectionated to the people.
Holinshed.

Affectionately adverb With affection; lovingly; fondly; tenderly; kindly.

Affectionateness noun The quality of being affectionate; fondness; affection.

Affectioned adjective
1. Disposed. [ Archaic]

Be kindly affectioned one to another.
Rom. xii. 10.

2. Affected; conceited. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Affective adjective [ Confer French affectif .]
1. Tending to affect; affecting. [ Obsolete] Burnet.

2. Pertaining to or exciting emotion; affectional; emotional. Rogers.

Affectively adverb In an affective manner; impressively; emotionally.

Affectuous adjective [ Latin affectuous : confer French affectueux . See Affect .] Full of passion or emotion; earnest. [ Obsolete] -- Af*fec"tu*ous*ly , adverb [ Obsolete] Fabyan.

Affeer transitive verb [ Old French aforer , afeurer , to tax, appraise, assess, from Latin ad + forum market, court of justice, in Late Latin also meaning price .]
1. To confirm; to assure. [ Obsolete] "The title is affeered ." Shak.

2. (Old Law) To assess or reduce, as an arbitrary penalty or amercement, to a certain and reasonable sum.

Amercements . . . were affeered by the judges.
Blackstone.

Affeerer, Affeeror noun [ Old French aforeur , Late Latin afforator .] (Old Law) One who affeers. Cowell.

Affeerment noun [ Confer Old French aforement .] (Old Law) The act of affeering. Blackstone.

Afferent adjective [ Latin afferens , present participle of afferre ; ad + ferre to bear.] (Physiol.) Bearing or conducting inwards to a part or organ; -- opposed to efferent ; as, afferent vessels; afferent nerves, which convey sensations from the external organs to the brain.

Affettuoso adverb [ Italian ] (Mus.) With feeling.

Affiance noun [ Middle English afiaunce trust, confidence, Old French afiance , from afier to trust, from Late Latin affidare to trust; ad + fidare to trust, from Latin fides faith. See Faith , and confer Affidavit , Affy , Confidence .]
1. Plighted faith; marriage contract or promise.

2. Trust; reliance; faith; confidence.

Such feelings promptly yielded to his habitual affiance in the divine love.
Sir J. Stephen.

Lancelot, my Lancelot, thou in whom I have
Most joy and most affiance .
Tennyson.

Affiance transitive verb [ imperfect ... past participle Affianced ; present participle ... verbal noun Affiancing ] [ Confer Old French afiancier , from afiance .]
1. To betroth; to pledge one's faith to for marriage, or solemnly promise (one's self or another) in marriage.

To me, sad maid, he was affianced .
Spenser.

2. To assure by promise. [ Obsolete] Pope.

Affiancer noun One who makes a contract of marriage between two persons.

Affiant noun [ From present participle of Old French afier , Late Latin affidare . See Affidavit .] (Law) One who makes an affidavit. [ U. S.] Burrill.

Syn. -- Deponent. See Deponent .

Affiche noun [ French, from afficher to affix.] A written or printed notice to be posted, as on a wall; a poster; a placard.

Affidavit noun [ Late Latin affidavit he has made oath, perfect tense of affidare . See Affiance , Affy .] (Law) A sworn statement in writing; a declaration in writing, signed and made upon oath before an authorized magistrate. Bouvier. Burrill.

» It is always made ex parte , and without cross-examination, and in this differs from a deposition . It is also applied to written statements made on affirmation.

Syn. -- Deposition. See Deposition .

Affile transitive verb [ Old French afiler , French affiler , to sharpen; a (L. ad ) + fil thread, edge.] To polish. [ Obsolete]

Affiliable adjective Capable of being affiliated to or on, or connected with in origin.

Affiliate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Affiliated ; present participle & verbal noun Affiliating ] [ Late Latin adfiliare , affiliare , to adopt as son; ad + filius son: confer French affilier .]
1. To adopt; to receive into a family as a son; hence, to bring or receive into close connection; to ally.

Is the soul affiliated to God, or is it estranged and in rebellion?
I. Taylor.

2. To fix the paternity of; -- said of an illegitimate child; as, to affiliate the child to (or on or upon ) one man rather than another.

3. To connect in the way of descent; to trace origin to.

How do these facts tend to affiliate the faculty of hearing upon the aboriginal vegetative processes?
H. Spencer.

4. To attach ( to ) or unite ( with ); to receive into a society as a member, and initiate into its mysteries, plans, etc.; -- followed by to or with .

Affiliated societies , societies connected with a central society, or with each other.

Affiliate intransitive verb To connect or associate one's self; -- followed by with ; as, they affiliate with no party.

Affiliation noun [ French affiliation , Late Latin affiliatio .]
1. Adoption; association or reception as a member in or of the same family or society.

2. (Law) The establishment or ascertaining of parentage; the assignment of a child, as a bastard, to its father; filiation.

3. Connection in the way of descent. H. Spencer.

Affinal adjective [ Latin affinis .] Related by marriage; from the same source.

Affine transitive verb [ French affiner to refine; ... (L. ad ) + fin fine. See Fine .] To refine. [ Obsolete] Holland.

Affined adjective [ Old French afiné related, past participle , from Late Latin affinare to join, from Latin affinis neighboring, related to; ad + finis boundary, limit.] Joined in affinity or by any tie. [ Obsolete] "All affined and kin." Shak.

Affinitative adjective Of the nature of affinity. -- Af*fin"i*ta*tive*ly , adverb

Affinitive adjective Closely connected, as by affinity.

Affinity noun ; plural Affinities [ Old French afinité , French affinité , Latin affinites , from affinis . See Affined .]


1. Relationship by marriage (as between a husband and his wife's blood relations, or between a wife and her husband's blood relations); -- in contradistinction to consanguinity , or relationship by blood; -- followed by with , to , or between .

Solomon made affinity with Pharaoh.
1 Kings iii. 1.

2. Kinship generally; close agreement; relation; conformity; resemblance; connection; as, the affinity of sounds, of colors, or of languages.

There is a close affinity between imposture and credulity.
Sir G. C. Lewis.

2. Companionship; acquaintance. [ Obsolete]

About forty years past, I began a happy affinity with William Cranmer.
Burton.

4. (Chemistry) That attraction which takes place, at an insensible distance, between the heterogeneous particles of bodies, and unites them to form chemical compounds; chemism; chemical or elective affinity or attraction.

5. (Nat. Hist.) A relation between species or highe... groups dependent on resemblance in the whole plan of structure, and indicating community of origin.

6. (Spiritualism) A superior spiritual relationship or attraction held to exist sometimes between persons, esp. persons of the opposite sex; also, the man or woman who exerts such psychical or spiritual attraction.

Affirm (ăf*fẽrm") transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Affirmed (-fẽrmd"); present participle & verbal noun Affirming .] [ Middle English affermen , Old French afermer , French affirmer , affermir , from Latin affirmare ; ad + firmare to make firm, firmus firm. See Firm .]
1. To make firm; to confirm, or ratify; esp. (Law) , to assert or confirm, as a judgment, decree, or order, brought before an appellate court for review.

2. To assert positively; to tell with confidence; to aver; to maintain as true; -- opposed to deny .

Jesus, . . . whom Paul affirmed to be alive.
Acts xxv. 19.

3. (Law) To declare, as a fact, solemnly, under judicial sanction. See Affirmation , 4.

Syn. -- To assert; aver; declare; asseverate; assure; pronounce; protest; avouch; confirm; establish; ratify. -- To Affirm , Asseverate , Aver , Protest . We affirm when we declare a thing as a fact or a proposition. We asseverate it in a peculiarly earnest manner, or with increased positiveness as what can not be disputed. We aver it, or formally declare it to be true, when we have positive knowledge of it. We protest in a more public manner and with the energy of perfect sincerity. People asseverate in order to produce a conviction of their veracity; they aver when they are peculiarly desirous to be believed; they protest when they wish to free themselves from imputations, or to produce a conviction of their innocence.

Affirm intransitive verb
1. To declare or assert positively.

Not that I so affirm , though so it seem
To thee, who hast thy dwelling here on earth.
Milton.

2. (Law) To make a solemn declaration, before an authorized magistrate or tribunal, under the penalties of perjury; to testify by affirmation.

Affirmable adjective Capable of being affirmed, asserted, or declared; -- followed by of ; as, an attribute affirmable of every just man.

Affirmance noun [ Confer Old French afermance .]
1. Confirmation; ratification; confirmation of a voidable act.

This statute . . . in affirmance of the common law.
Bacon.

2. A strong declaration; affirmation. Cowper.

Affirmant (ăf*fẽrm" a nt) noun [ Latin affirmans , -antis , present participle See Affirm .]
1. One who affirms or asserts.

2. (Law) One who affirms, instead of taking an oath.

Affirmation noun [ Latin affirmatio : confer French affirmation .]
1. Confirmation of anything established; ratification; as, the affirmation of a law. Hooker.

2. The act of affirming or asserting as true; assertion; -- opposed to negation or denial .

3. That which is asserted; an assertion; a positive statement; an averment; as, an affirmation , by the vender, of title to property sold, or of its quality.

4. (Law) A solemn declaration made under the penalties of perjury, by persons who conscientiously decline taking an oath, which declaration is in law equivalent to an oath. Bouvier.

Affirmative adjective [ Latin affirmativus : confer French affirmatif .]
1. Confirmative; ratifying; as, an act affirmative of common law.

2. That affirms; asserting that the fact is so; declaratory of what exists; answering "yes" to a question; -- opposed to negative ; as, an affirmative answer; an affirmative vote.

3. Positive; dogmatic. [ Obsolete] J. Taylor.

Lysicles was a little by the affirmative air of Crito.
Berkeley.

4. (logic) Expressing the agreement of the two terms of a proposition.

5. (Alg.) Positive; -- a term applied to quantities which are to be added, and opposed to negative , or such as are to be subtracted.

Affirmative noun
1. That which affirms as opposed to that which denies; an affirmative proposition; that side of question which affirms or maintains the proposition stated; -- opposed to negative ; as, there were forty votes in the affirmative , and ten in the negative .

Whether there are such beings or not, 't is sufficient for my purpose that many have believed the affirmative .
Dryden.

2. A word or phrase expressing affirmation or assent; as, yes , that is so , etc.

Affirmatively adverb In an affirmative manner; on the affirmative side of a question; in the affirmative; -- opposed to negatively .

Affirmatory adjective Giving affirmation; assertive; affirmative. Massey.

Affirmer noun One who affirms.