Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Adz transitive verb To cut with an adz. [ R.] Carlyle.
Adz, Adze noun [ Middle English adese , adis , adse , Anglo-Saxon adesa , adese , ax, hatchet.] A carpenter's or cooper's tool, formed with a thin arching blade set at right angles to the handle. It is used for chipping or slicing away the surface of wood.
Aëneous adjective [ Latin aëneus .] (Zoology) Colored like bronze.
Aërate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Aërated
; present participle & verbal noun Aërating
] [ Confer French aérer
. See Air
, transitive verb
] 1. To combine or charge with gas; usually with carbonic acid gas, formerly called fixed air .
His sparkling sallies bubbled up as from aërated natural fountains. 2. To supply or impregnate with common air; as, to aërate soil; to aërate water. 3. (Physiol.) To expose to the chemical action of air; to oxygenate (the blood) by respiration; to arterialize. Aërated bread
, bread raised by charging dough with carbonic acid gas, instead of generating the gas in the dough by fermentation.
Aëration noun [ Confer French aération .]
1. Exposure to the free action of the air; airing; as, aëration of soil, of spawn, etc. 2. (Physiol.) A change produced in the blood by exposure to the air in respiration; oxygenation of the blood in respiration; arterialization. 3. The act or preparation of charging with carbonic acid gas or with oxygen.
Aërator noun That which supplies with air; esp. an apparatus used for charging mineral waters with gas and in making soda water.
Aërenchym A`ër*en"chy*ma noun [ New Latin aërenchyma . See Aëro- ; Enchyma .] (Botany) A secondary respiratory tissue or modified periderm, found in many aquatic plants and distinguished by the large intercellular spaces.
[ Latin aërius
. See Air
.] 1. Of or pertaining to the air, or atmosphere; inhabiting or frequenting the air; produced by or found in the air; performed in the air; as, aërial regions or currents.
voyages." Darwin. 2. Consisting of air; resembling, or partaking of the nature of air. Hence: Unsubstantial; unreal. 3. Rising aloft in air; high; lofty; as, aërial spires. 4. Growing, forming, or existing in the air, as opposed to growing or existing in earth or water, or underground; as, aërial rootlets, aërial plants. Gray. 5. Light as air; ethereal. Aërial acid
, carbonic acid.
[ Obsolete] Ure.
-- Aërial perspective
. See Perspective .
Aërial railway (a) A stretched wire or rope elevated above the ground and forming a way along which a trolley may travel, for conveying a load suspended from the trolley. (b) An elevated cableway.
Aërial sickness A sickness felt by aëronauts due to high speed of flights and rapidity in changing altitudes, combining some symptoms of mountain sickness and some of seasickness.
Aëriality noun The state of being aërial; unsubstantiality. [ R.] De Quincey.
Aërially adverb Like, or from, the air; in an aërial manner. "A murmur heard aërially ." Tennyson.
[ Middle English aire
, nest, also origin, descent, Old French aire
, Late Latin area
, nest of a bird of prey, perhaps from Latin area
an open space (for birds of prey like to build their nests on flat and open spaces on the top of high rocks). Confer Area
.] The nest of a bird of prey, as of an eagle or hawk; also a brood of such birds; eyrie. Shak. Also fig.: A human residence or resting place perched like an eagle's nest.
Aëriferous adjective [ Latin aër air + -ferous : confer French aérifère .] Conveying or containing air; air- bearing; as, the windpipe is an aëriferous tube.
[ Confer French aérification
. See A...rify
.] 1. The act of combining air with another substance, or the state of being filled with air. 2. The act of becoming aërified, or of changing from a solid or liquid form into an aëriform state; the state of being aëriform.
Aëriform adjective [ Latin aër air + -form : confer French aériforme .] Having the form or nature of air, or of an elastic fluid; gaseous. Hence fig.: Unreal.
Aërify transitive verb [ Latin aër air + -fly .]
1. To infuse air into; to combine air with. 2. To change into an aëriform state.
Aëro noun An aëroplane, airship, or the like. [ Colloq.]
Aëro- [ Greek ..., ..., air.] The combining form of the Greek word meaning air .
Aërobic adjective (Biol.) Growing or thriving only in the presence of oxygen; also, pertaining to, or induced by, aërobies; as, aërobic fermentation. -- A`ër*o"bic*al*ly adverb
Aërobies noun plural [ Aëro- + Greek ... life.] (Biol.) Microörganisms which live in contact with the air and need oxygen for their growth; as the microbacteria which form on the surface of putrefactive fluids.
Aërobiotic adjective (Biol.) Related to, or of the nature of, aërobies; as, aërobiotic plants, which live only when supplied with free oxygen.
Aëroboat noun [ Aëro- + boat .] A form of hydro- aëroplane; a flying boat.
Aërobus noun [ Aëro- + bus .] An aëroplane or airship designed to carry passengers.
Aëroclub noun [ Aëro- + club .] A club or association of persons interested in aëronautics.
Aërocurve noun [ Aëro- + curve .] (Aëronautics) A modification of the aëroplane, having curved surfaces, the advantages of which were first demonstrated by Lilienthal.
Aërocyst noun [ Aëro- + cyst .] (Botany) One of the air cells of algals.
Aërodonetics noun [ Aëro- + Greek ... shaken, ... to shake.] (Aëronautics) The science of gliding and soaring flight.
Aërodrome noun [ Aëro- + Greek ... a running.] (Aëronautics) (a) A shed for housing an airship or aëroplane. (b) A ground or field, esp. one equipped with housing and other facilities, used for flying purposes. -- A`ër*o*drom"ic adjective
Aërodynamic adjective Pertaining to the force of air in motion.
Aërodynamics noun [ Aëro- + dynamics : confer French aérodynamique .] The science which treats of the air and other gaseous bodies under the action of force, and of their mechanical effects.
Aërofoil noun [ Aëro- + foil .] A plane or arched surface for sustaining bodies by its movement through the air; a spread wing, as of a bird.
Aërognosy noun [ Aëro- + Greek ... knowing, knowledge: confer French aérognosie .] The science which treats of the properties of the air, and of the part it plays in nature. Craig.
Aërographer noun One versed in aëography: an aërologist.
Aërographic, Aërographical adjective Pertaining to aërography; aërological.
Aërography noun [ Aëro- + -graphy : confer French aérographie .] A description of the air or atmosphere; aërology.
Aërogun noun [ Aëro- + gun .] A cannon capable of being trained at very high angles for use against aircraft.
Aërohydrodynamic adjective [ Aëro- + hydrodynamic .] Acting by the force of air and water; as, an aërohydrodynamic wheel.
Aërolite noun [ Aëro- + -lite : confer French aérolithe .] (Meteor.) A stone, or metallic mass, which has fallen to the earth from distant space; a meteorite; a meteoric stone. » Some writers limit the word to stony meteorites.
Aërolithology noun [ Aëro- + lithology .] The science of aërolites.
Aërolitic adjective Of or pertaining to aërolites; meteoric; as, aërolitic iron. Booth.
Aërologic, Aërological adjective Of or pertaining to aërology.
Aërologist noun One versed in aërology.
Aërology noun [ Aëro- + -logy : confer French aérologie .] That department of physics which treats of the atmosphere.
Aëromancy noun [ Aëro- + -mancy : confer French aéromancie .] Divination from the state of the air or from atmospheric substances; also, forecasting changes in the weather.
Aëromechanic noun A mechanic or mechanician expert in the art and practice of aëronautics.
Aëromechanic, Aëromechanical adjective Of or pert. to aëromechanics.
Aëromechanics noun The science of equilibrium and motion of air or an aëriform fluid, including aërodynamics and aërostatics.