Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Adjudicature noun Adjudication.
Adjugate transitive verb [ Latin adjugatus , past participle of adjugare ; ad + jugum a yoke.] To yoke to. [ Obsolete]
Adjument (ăd"ju*m e nt) noun [ Latin adjumentum , for adjuvamentum , from adjuvare to help; ad + juvare to help.] Help; support; also, a helper. [ Obsolete] Waterhouse.
[ Latin adjunctus
, past participle of adjungere
. See Adjoin
.] Conjoined; attending; consequent.
Though that my death were adjunct to my act. Adjunct notes (Mus.)
, short notes between those essential to the harmony; auxiliary notes; passing notes.
Adjunct noun 1. Something joined or added to another thing, but not essentially a part of it.
Learning is but an adjunct to our self. 2. A person joined to another in some duty or service; a colleague; an associate. Wotton. 3. (Gram.) A word or words added to quality or amplify the force of other words; as, the History of the American Revolution , where the words in italics are the adjunct or adjuncts of "History." 4. (Metaph.) A quality or property of the body or the mind, whether natural or acquired; as, color , in the body, judgment in the mind. 5. (Mus.) A key or scale closely related to another as principal; a relative or attendant key. [ R.] See Attendant keys , under Attendant , adjective
[ Latin adjunctio
, from adjungere
: confer French adjonction
, and see Adjunct
.] The act of joining; the thing joined or added.
[ Latin adjunctivus
, from adjungere
. See Adjunct
.] Joining; having the quality of joining; forming an adjunct.
Adjunctive noun One who, or that which, is joined.
Adjunctively adverb In an adjunctive manner.
Adjunctly adverb By way of addition or adjunct; in connection with.
[ Latin adjuratio
, from adjurare
: confer French adjuration
. See Adjure
.] 1. The act of adjuring; a solemn charging on oath, or under the penalty of a curse; an earnest appeal.
What an accusation could not effect, an adjuration shall. 2. The form of oath or appeal.
Persons who . . . made use of prayer and adjurations .
Adjuratory adjective [ Latin adjuratorius .] Containing an adjuration.
Adjure transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Adjured
; present participle & verbal noun Adjuring
]. [ Latin adjurare
, to swear to; later, to adjure: confer French adjurer
. See Jury
.] To charge, bind, or command, solemnly, as if under oath, or under the penalty of a curse; to appeal to in the most solemn or impressive manner; to entreat earnestly.
Joshua adjured them at that time, saying, Cursed be the man before the Lord, that riseth up and buildeth this city Jericho.
Josh. vi. 26.
The high priest . . . said . . . I adjure thee by the living God, that thou tell us whether thou be the Christ.
Matt. xxvi. 63.
The commissioners adjured them not to let pass so favorable an opportunity of securing their liberties.
Adjurer noun One who adjures.
Adjust transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Adjusted
; present participle & verbal noun Adjusting
.] [ Old French ajuster
(whence French ajouter
to add), Late Latin adjuxtare
to fit; from Latin ad
near; confused later with Latin ad
just, right, whence French ajuster
to adjust. See Just
, transitive verb and confer Adjute
.] 1. To make exact; to fit; to make correspondent or conformable; to bring into proper relations; as, to adjust a garment to the body, or things to a standard. 2. To put in order; to regulate, or reduce to system.
Adjusting the orthography. 3. To settle or bring to a satisfactory state, so that parties are agreed in the result; as, to adjust accounts; the differences are adjusted . 4. To bring to a true relative position, as the parts of an instrument; to regulate for use; as, to adjust a telescope or microscope. Syn.
-- To adapt; suit; arrange; regulate; accommodate; set right; rectify; settle.
Adjustable adjective Capable of being adjusted.
[ Confer Ajutage
Adjuster noun One who, or that which, adjusts.
Adjusting plane, surface (Aëronautics) A small plane or surface, usually capable of adjustment but not of manipulation, for preserving lateral balance in an aëroplane or flying machine.
Adjustive adjective Tending to adjust. [ R.]
[ Confer French ajustement
. See Adjust
.] 1. The act of adjusting, or condition of being adjusted; act of bringing into proper relations; regulation.
Success depends on the nicest and minutest adjustment of the parts concerned. 2. (Law) Settlement of claims; an equitable arrangement of conflicting claims, as in set-off, contribution, exoneration, subrogation, and marshaling. Bispham. 3. The operation of bringing all the parts of an instrument, as a microscope or telescope, into their proper relative position for use; the condition of being thus adjusted; as, to get a good adjustment ; to be in or out of adjustment . Syn.
-- Suiting; fitting; arrangement; regulation; settlement; adaptation; disposition.
[ See Adjutant
.] 1. The office of an adjutant. 2. Skillful arrangement in aid; assistance.
It was, no doubt, disposed with all the adjutancy of definition and division.
[ Latin adjutans
, present participle of adjutare
to help. See Aid
.] 1. A helper; an assistant. 2. (Mil.) A regimental staff officer, who assists the colonel, or commanding officer of a garrison or regiment, in the details of regimental and garrison duty. Adjutant general (a) (Mil.)
, the principal staff officer of an army, through whom the commanding general receives communications and issues military orders. In the U. S. army he is brigadier general. (b) (Among the Jesuits)
, one of a select number of fathers, who resided with the general of the order, each of whom had a province or country assigned to his care. 3. (Zoology) A species of very large stork ( Ciconia argala ), a native of India; -- called also the gigantic crane , and by the native name argala . It is noted for its serpent-destroying habits.
Adjutator noun (Eng. Hist.) A corruption of Agitator .
Adjute transitive verb [ French ajouter ; confused with Latin adjutare .] To add. [ Obsolete]
[ Latin , from adjuvare
. See Aid
.] A helper or assistant.
[ Archaic] Drayton.
Adjutory adjective [ Latin adjutorius .] Serving to help or assist; helping. [ Obsolete]
[ Latin See Adjutor
.] A female helper or assistant.
[ Latin adjuvans
, present participle of adjuvare
to aid: confer French adjuvant
. See Aid
.] Helping; helpful; assisting.
[ R.] " Adjuvant
1. An assistant. [ R.] Yelverton. 2. (Medicine) An ingredient, in a prescription, which aids or modifies the action of the principal ingredient.
[ Latin adlegatio
, a sending away; from adlegare
, to send away with a commission; ad
in addition + legare
to send as ambassador. Confer Allegation
.] A right formerly claimed by the states of the German Empire of joining their own ministers with those of the emperor in public treaties and negotiations to the common interest of the empire. Encyc. Brit.
Admarginate transitive verb [ Prefix ad- + margin .] To write in the margin. [ R.] Coleridge.
Admaxillary adjective [ Prefix ad- + maxillary .] (Anat.) Near to the maxilla or jawbone.
Admeasure transitive verb
[ Confer Old French amesurer
, Late Latin admensurare
. See Measure
.] 1. To measure. 2. (Law) To determine the proper share of, or the proper apportionment; as, to admeasure dower; to admeasure common of pasture. Blackstone. 2. The measure of a thing; dimensions; size. 3. (Law) Formerly, the adjustment of proportion, or ascertainment of shares, as of dower or pasture held in common. This was by writ of admeasurement , directed to the sheriff.
Admeasurer noun One who admeasures.
[ Late Latin admensuratio
; Latin ad
to measure. See Mensuration
.] Same as Admeasurement .
Adminicle noun [ Latin adminculum support, orig., that on which the hand rests; ad + manus hand + dim. ending -culym .]
1. Help or support; an auxiliary. Grote. 2. (Law) Corroborative or explanatory proof. In Scots law , any writing tending to establish the existence or terms of a lost deed. Bell.
Adminicular adjective Supplying help; auxiliary; corroborative; explanatory; as, adminicular evidence. H. Spencer.
Adminiculary adjective Adminicular.
Administer transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Administered
; present participle & verbal noun Administering
.] [ Middle English aministren
, Old French aministrer
, French administer
, from Latin administrare
to serve. See Minister
.] 1. To manage or conduct, as public affairs; to direct or superintend the execution, application, or conduct of; as, to administer the government or the state.
For forms of government let fools contest: 2. To dispense; to serve out; to supply; execute; as, to administer relief, to administer the sacrament.
Whate'er is best administered is best.
[ Let zephyrs] administer their tepid, genial airs.
Justice was administered with an exactness and purity not before known. 3. To apply, as medicine or a remedy; to give, as a dose or something beneficial or suitable. Extended to a blow , a reproof , etc.
A noxious drug had been administered to him. 4. To tender, as an oath.
Swear . . . to keep the oath that we administer . 5. (Law) To settle, as the estate of one who dies without a will, or whose will fails of an executor. Syn.
-- To manage; conduct; minister; supply; dispense; give out; distribute; furnish.
Administer intransitive verb 1. To contribute; to bring aid or supplies; to conduce; to minister.
A fountain . . . administers to the pleasure as well as the plenty of the place. 2. (Law) To perform the office of administrator; to act officially; as, A administers upon the estate of B.
Administer noun Administrator. [ Obsolete] Bacon.
Administerial adjective Pertaining to administration, or to the executive part of government.
Administrable adjective Capable of being administered; as, an administrable law.
[ French, present participle of administrer
. See Administer
.] Executive; acting; managing affairs.
-- noun One who administers.
Administrate transitive verb [ Latin administratus , past participle of administrare .] To administer. [ R.] Milman.
[ Middle English administracioun
, Latin administratio
: confer French administration
.] 1. The act of administering; government of public affairs; the service rendered, or duties assumed, in conducting affairs; the conducting of any office or employment; direction; management.
His financial administration was of a piece with his military administration . 2. The executive part of government; the persons collectively who are intrusted with the execution of laws and the superintendence of public affairs; the chief magistrate and his cabinet or council; or the council, or ministry, alone, as in Great Britain.
A mild and popular administration .
The administration has been opposed in parliament. 3. The act of administering, or tendering something to another; dispensation; as, the administration of a medicine, of an oath, of justice, or of the sacrament. 4. (Law) (a) The management and disposal, under legal authority, of the estate of an intestate, or of a testator having no competent executor. (b) The management of an estate of a deceased person by an executor, the strictly corresponding term execution not being in use. Administration with the will annexed
, administration granted where the testator has appointed no executor, or where his appointment of an executor for any cause has failed, as by death, incompetency, refusal to act, etc. Syn.
-- Conduct; management; direction; regulation; execution; dispensation; distribution.
Administrative adjective [ Latin administrativus : confer French administratif .] Pertaining to administration; administering; executive; as, an administrative body, ability, or energy. -- Ad*min"is*tra`tive*ly , adverb