Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Affix transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Affixed
; present participle & verbal noun Affixing
.] [ Late Latin affixare
, Latin affixus
, past participle of affigere
to fasten to; ad
to fasten: confer Middle English affichen
, French afficher
, ultimately from Latin affigere
. See Fix
.] 1. To subjoin, annex, or add at the close or end; to append to; to fix to any part of; as, to affix a syllable to a word; to affix a seal to an instrument; to affix one's name to a writing. 2. To fix or fasten in any way; to attach physically.
Should they [ caterpillars] affix them to the leaves of a plant improper for their food. 3. To attach, unite, or connect with; as, names affixed to ideas, or ideas affixed to things; to affix a stigma to a person; to affix ridicule or blame to any one. 4. To fix or fasten figuratively; -- with on or upon ; as, eyes affixed upon the ground.
[ Obsolete] Spenser. Syn.
-- To attach; subjoin; connect; annex; unite.
; plural Affixes
. [ Latin affixus
, past participle of affigere
: confer French affixe
.] That which is affixed; an appendage; esp. one or more letters or syllables added at the end of a word; a suffix; a postfix.
Affixion noun [ Latin affixio , from affigere .] Affixture. [ Obsolete] T. Adams.
Affixture noun The act of affixing, or the state of being affixed; attachment.
Afflation noun [ Latin afflatus , past participle of afflare to blow or breathe on; ad + flare to blow.] A blowing or breathing on; inspiration.
[ Latin , from afflare
. See Afflation
.] 1. A breath or blast of wind. 2. A divine impartation of knowledge; supernatural impulse; inspiration.
A poet writing against his genius will be like a prophet without his afflatus .
Afflict transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Afflicted
; present participle & verbal noun Afflicting
.] [ Latin afflictus
, past participle of affigere
to cast down, deject; ad
to strike: confer Old French aflit
, past participle Confer Flagellate
.] 1. To strike or cast down; to overthrow.
[ Obsolete] "Reassembling our afflicted
powers." Milton. 2. To inflict some great injury or hurt upon, causing continued pain or mental distress; to trouble grievously; to torment.
They did set over them taskmasters to afflict them with their burdens.
Exod. i. 11.
That which was the worst now least afflicts me. 3. To make low or humble.
[ Obsolete] Spenser.
Men are apt to prefer a prosperous error before an afflicted truth. Syn.
-- To trouble; grieve; pain; distress; harass; torment; wound; hurt.
Afflict past participle & adjective [ Latin afflictus , past participle ] Afflicted. [ Obsolete] Becon.
Afflictedness noun The state of being afflicted; affliction. [ Obsolete] Bp. Hall.
Afflicter noun One who afflicts.
Afflicting adjective Grievously painful; distressing; afflictive; as, an afflicting event. -- Af*flict"ing*ly, adv .
[ French affliction
, Latin afflictio
, from affligere
.] 1. The cause of continued pain of body or mind, as sickness, losses, etc.; an instance of grievous distress; a pain or grief.
To repay that money will be a biting affliction . 2. The state of being afflicted; a state of pain, distress, or grief.
Some virtues are seen only in affliction . Syn.
-- Calamity; sorrow; distress; grief; pain; adversity; misery; wretchedness; misfortune; trouble; hardship. -- Affliction
. Affliction and sorrow
are terms of wide and general application; grief
have reference to particular cases. Affliction
is the stronger term. The suffering lies deeper in the soul, and usually arises from some powerful cause, such as the loss of what is most dear -- friends, health, etc. We do not speak of mere sickness or pain as "an affliction," though one who suffers from either is said to be afflicted
; but deprivations of every kind, such as deafness, blindness, loss of limbs, etc., are called afflictions
, showing that term applies particularly to prolonged sources of suffering. Sorrow
are much alike in meaning, but grief
is the stronger term of the two, usually denoting poignant mental suffering for some definite cause, as, grief
for the death of a dear friend; sorrow
is more reflective, and is tinged with regret, as, the misconduct of a child is looked upon with sorrow
is often violent and demonstrative; sorrow
deep and brooding. Distress
implies extreme suffering, either bodily or mental. In its higher stages, it denotes pain of a restless, agitating kind, and almost always supposes some struggle of mind or body. Affliction
is allayed, grief
is soothed, distress
Afflictionless adjective Free from affliction.
[ Confer French afflictif
.] Giving pain; causing continued or repeated pain or grief; distressing.
Spreads slow disease, and darts afflictive pain.
Afflictively adverb In an afflictive manner.
[ French affluence
, Latin affluentia
, from affluens
, present participle of affluere
to flow to; ad
to flow. See Flux
.] 1. A flowing to or towards; a concourse; an influx.
The affluence of young nobles from hence into Spain.
There is an unusual affluence of strangers this year. 2. An abundant supply, as of thought, words, feelings, etc.; profusion; also, abundance of property; wealth.
And old age of elegance, affluence , and ease. Syn.
-- Abundance; riches; profusion; exuberance; plenty; wealth; opulence.
Affluency noun Affluence. [ Obsolete] Addison.
[ Confer French affluent
, Latin affluens
, present participle See Affluence
.] 1. Flowing to; flowing abundantly.
blood." Harvey. 2. Abundant; copious; plenteous; hence, wealthy; abounding in goods or riches.
Language . . . affluent in expression.
Loaded and blest with all the affluent store,
Which human vows at smoking shrines implore.
Affluent noun A stream or river flowing into a larger river or into a lake; a tributary stream.
Affluently adverb Abundantly; copiously.
Affluentness noun Great plenty. [ R.]
[ Latin affluxum
, past participle of affluere
: confer French afflux
. See Affluence
.] A flowing towards; that which flows to; as, an afflux of blood to the head.
Affluxion noun The act of flowing towards; afflux. Sir T. Browne.
Affodill noun Asphodel. [ Obsolete]
Afforce transitive verb [ Old French afforcier , Late Latin affortiare ; ad + fortiare , from Latin fortis strong.] To reënforce; to strengthen. Hallam.
Afforcement noun [ Old French ]
1. A fortress; a fortification for defense. [ Obsolete] Bailey. 2. A reënforcement; a strengthening. Hallam.
(ăf*fōrd") transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Afforded
; present participle & verbal noun Affording
.] [ Middle English aforthen
, Anglo-Saxon geforðian
, to further, accomplish, afford, from forð
forth, forward. The prefix ge-
has no well defined sense. See Forth
.] 1. To give forth; to supply, yield, or produce as the natural result, fruit, or issue; as, grapes afford wine; olives afford oil; the earth affords fruit; the sea affords an abundant supply of fish. 2. To give, grant, or confer, with a remoter reference to its being the natural result; to provide; to furnish; as, a good life affords consolation in old age.
His tuneful Muse affords the sweetest numbers.
The quiet lanes . . . afford calmer retreats. 3. To offer, provide, or supply, as in selling, granting, expending, with profit, or without loss or too great injury; as, A affords his goods cheaper than B; a man can afford a sum yearly in charity. 4. To incur, stand, or bear without serious detriment, as an act which might under other circumstances be injurious; -- with an auxiliary, as can , could , might , etc.; to be able or rich enough.
The merchant can afford to trade for smaller profits.
He could afford to suffer
With those whom he saw suffer.
Affordable adjective That may be afforded.
Affordment noun Anything given as a help; bestowal. [ Obsolete]
Afforest transitive verb
[ Late Latin afforestare
. See Forest
.] To convert into a forest; as, to afforest a tract of country.
Afforestation noun The act of converting into forest or woodland. Blackstone.
Afformative noun An affix.
Affranchise transitive verb
[ French affranchir
) + franc
free. See Franchise
.] To make free; to enfranchise. Johnson.
Affranchisement noun [ Confer French affranchissement .] The act of making free; enfranchisement. [ R.]
Affrap transitive verb & i.
[ Confer Italian affrappare
, to cut, mince, French frapper
to strike. See Frap
.] To strike, or strike down.
[ Obsolete] Spenser.
Affray transitive verb
[ past participle Affrayed
.] [ Middle English afraien
, Old French effreer
, French effrayer
, orig. to disquiet, put out of peace, from Latin ex
+ Old High German fridu
peace (akin to English free
). Confer Afraid
inclosure.] [ Archaic] 1. To startle from quiet; to alarm.
Smale foules a great heap 2. To frighten; to scare; to frighten away.
That had afrayed [ affrayed] me out of my sleep.
That voice doth us affray .
[ Middle English afrai
, Old French esfrei
, French effroi
, from Old French esfreer
. See Affray
, transitive verb
] 1. The act of suddenly disturbing any one; an assault or attack.
[ Obsolete] 2. Alarm; terror; fright.
[ Obsolete] Spenser. 3. A tumultuous assault or quarrel; a brawl; a fray.
"In the very midst of the affray
." Motley. 4. (Law) The fighting of two or more persons, in a public place, to the terror of others. Blackstone.
» A fighting in private is not, in a legal sense, an affray
-- Quarrel; brawl; scuffle; encounter; fight; contest; feud; tumult; disturbance.
Affrayer noun One engaged in an affray.
Affrayment noun Affray. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Affreight transitive verb
[ Prefix ad-
: confer French affréter
. See Freight
.] To hire, as a ship, for the transportation of goods or freight.
Affreighter noun One who hires or charters a ship to convey goods.
Affreightment noun [ Confer French affrétement .] The act of hiring, or the contract for the use of, a vessel, or some part of it, to convey cargo.
Affret noun [ Confer Italian affrettare to hasten, fretta haste.] A furious onset or attack. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Affricate noun [ Latin affricatus , past participle of affricare to rub against; af- = ad- + fricare to rub.] (Phon.) A combination of a stop, or explosive, with an immediately following fricative or spirant of corresponding organic position, as pf in german Pfeffer , pepper, z ( = ts ) in German Zeit , time.
[ Latin affricare
to rub on. See Friction
.] The act of rubbing against.
Affriended past participle Made friends; reconciled. [ Obsolete] "Deadly foes . . . affriended ." Spenser.
Affright transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Affrighted
; present participle & verbal noun Affrighting
.] [ Orig. past participle ; Middle English afright
, Anglo-Saxon āfyrhtan
to terrify; ā-
(cf. Goth. us-
, German er-
, orig. meaning out
) + fyrhto
fright. See Fright
.] To impress with sudden fear; to frighten; to alarm.
Dreams affright our souls.
A drear and dying sound Syn.
Affrights the flamens at their service quaint.
-- To terrify; frighten; alarm; dismay; appall; scare; startle; daunt; intimidate.
Affright p. adjective Affrighted. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Affright noun 1. Sudden and great fear; terror. It expresses a stronger impression than fear , or apprehension , perhaps less than terror .
He looks behind him with affright , and forward with despair. 2. The act of frightening; also, a cause of terror; an object of dread. B. Jonson.